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(1) Ved.   (2) A Gotra of Braahman.   (3) The Lord of speech - another name of Ganesh.

Vaak + Eeshwaree = Vaageeshwaree.  Devee of Vaak (speech) - Saraswatee.


Vaajpeya     see also     Yagya
A name of Yagya.

Vaajsaneyee Sanhitaa    see also    Ved, Yajur
The Sanhitaa of Shukla Yajur Ved. It has two rescensions - Maadhyandin and Kaanv. The former one is more popular.

11 Sookt (49-59) of the 8th Mandal of Rig Ved, sometimes separated as appendix, because of being considered an addition after Ved Vyaas had organized the Rig Ved.

Vaalmeeki Raamaayan     see      Raamaayan

There are two practices to realize God - Dakshinaachaar and Vaamaachaar. In Dakshinaahaar practices, the Upaasak lives in a Saattwik ways, eats Saattwik food, worships in day time, sitting in Yaugik Aasan etc etc. Vaamaachaar practices are those which take odd paths to realize God. Under these practices, the Upaasak does all kinds of odd things, such as living alone, eating fish or meat daily, sitting in Shamashaan (cremation ground), sitting on a dead body, offering sacrifices by killing animals etc etc.

(1) Dwarf.  (2) Bhagavaan's Avataar in which He appeared as a dwarf boy to take Swarg from Daitya king Bali.

Vaaman Puraan       see also     Puraan
One of the 18 principal Puraan.

(1) Monkey.  Bandar,  Kapi, Marakat in Hindee.  (2) According to Aangiras (p 331) Vaanar was a south Indian human tribe belonging to South Kannad region. This tribe perhaps had a totem of monkey and called itself Vaanar for that reason. Baali Sugreev, Hanumaan belonged to this tribe.

The third stage of life, after Brahmcharya and Grihasth Aashram, in which people try to prepare themselves to meet God. They try to detach from this materialistic world by leaving its things. It is not necessary to leave the house in this part of life.

Vaar    see also   Vaar
Days, for example, Sunday, Monday etc - they all are Vaar. They have their Devtaa also, see Devtaa of Days. At the time when sunrise occurs at Equator, from the same time Sunday starts at all places. The sunrise at other places can be calculated from the same time according to their longitude

(1) Means the descendent of Vrishni. Another name of Krishn.   (2) Vaarshneya is a sub-caste in Vaishay caste. They are called Baarah-sainee also.

Liquor, made from rice.

Related to Vasu - means Indra.


Vaastu Devtaa
Deity presiding over the house where a man lives.

Name of the author of Kaam Sootra book.


Vaayu Puraan    see also     Puraan
Name of one of the 18 principal Puraan.

Vadavaa     see also    Animals for more names of animals
Mare.  Ghodee.

Vahni    see  also     Agni
Fire God.

Vahni Kaantaa
Wife of Vahni  (Agni Dev), means Swaahaa. The word to speak in the end of the Mantra while making oblations to Fire in a Yagya.


24 principal 4-armed forms of Krishn.

Related to Ved, or derived from Ved.

Vaidik Deities  see   Devtaa in Ved

Vaidoorya Mani   see also    Ratn
Lahasuniyaa - a type of Ratn (gem). Some are (1) Heeraa - Diamond; (2) Pannaa - Emerald; (3) Laal - Ruby, Chunnee, (4) Motee - Pearl; (5) Moongaa - Coral; (6) Neelam - Sapphire or Indraneel or Neelmani; (7) Vaidoorya Mani (Lahasuniyaa); (8) Pukharaaj - Yellow Sapphire or Pushp-raag; - all are called Mani or Ratn.

Palace of Indra.

(1) Flag.  (2) Vaijayantee Maalaa is the garland of Vishnu.


Vaikhaanas is an ancient ritual inculcated from worship. It is mentioned in Ved, Vedaang, Mahaabhaarat, Puraan, by Ved Vyaas. Dandin also has mentioned about Grih Archanaa according to Vaikhaanas ritual in his Avantee Sundaree (650-700 AD)...... The five Deities in Vaikhaanas form - Vishnu, Purush, Satya, Achyut and Aniruddh are considered as four Ved incarnating the first Deity Vishnu and therefore represents five Agni - Aavaahneeya, Dakshinaagni, Gaarhapatya, and Vaidik Agni.
(from Atri Sanhitaa)

Vaikunth Ekaadashee     see also     List of Ekaadashee

Vaikunth Lok     see      Vishnu's Lok


Vairaaj is the name of Brahmaa's palace in the city named Shreenidhaan on Meru Parvat. His court's name Kaantimatee.
(Padm Puraan, p 43)

The 2nd month of Lunar year. It is also called Maadhav Maas. Whatever Punya is done in this month, it is eternal. Read Padm Puraan 4/19-21  pages for its detailed importance.

Vaisheshik     see also     Darshan
Name of the doctrine propounding seven fundamental substances - air, water, earth, ether, space, time and soul.

There are three sects in Hinduism - Vaishnav, Shaiv and Shaakt. Vaishnav people worship Bhagavaan Vishnu and His Avataar (Raam, Krishn etc); Shaiv people worship Bhagavaan Shiv and his sons - Ganesh and Kaartikeya and his Gan etc; and Shaakt people worship Shakti (power or Devee - Kaalee, Bhavaanee, Saraswatee etc). Although all kinds of people are found everywhere in India, still one may find UP state people mostly Vaishnav; Southern states people mostly Shaiv; and Bengal and Panjaab people mostly Shaakt.

Vaishnav Aparaadh    see also    Aparaadh Towards Vishnu
Offenses towards Bhagavaan.

A group of Devtaa.

(1) Omnipresent.  (2) Another name of Agni.

The third Varn among four Varn. This is the trading and animal rearing race. According to Bhaagvat Puraan, 11/14 its five characteristics are -- belief in Bhagavaan, giving alms, no pride, serving Braahman, and not being satisfied with collection of wealth.


Indra's famous weapon. This weapon he got made from the bones of Maharshi Dadheechi at the time of killing Vritraasur. Vishwakarmaa made it.

Vakrokti Alankaar

(1) Creeper.  (2) Lataa.

Anthill. When Naarad Jee preached Vaalmeeki Jee Raam Mantra, and he did Tapasyaa according to his instructions, ants had built their home around him; that is why he was called Vaalmeeki.

(1) "Vansh" (or sometimes called "Bans", "Baans") literally means bamboo... but is used to mean "patrilineal ancestry". Not really a "family tree" because there's not much in the way of branches; it's all about the trunk. "Harivansh" = "The Vansh of Hari"= the children of Hari.
(1) Descendents. Includes all sons and grandsons etc born from a man is called that man's Vansh (family).
(2) Lineage.

(1) From so and so Vansh, for example "He is Bhrigu Vanshee." It means "He is the descendent of Bhrigu". (2) Flute, or Bansee.

Vaqt kaa Maaraa
Slave of Time.

(1) Boon.  (2) Groom.

Var Maalaa
The garland which is put in groom's neck to show that the groom has won the bride and bride has agreed to marry the groom. This is called Jaya Maalaa which literally means the garland which is put in the neck of the person when he comes back after the victory in a battle against his enemy to show him honor and happiness.

(1)  Boar.   (2)  Varaah Avataar

Varaah Puraan    see also   Puraan
One of the 18 principal Puraan.

(1) Boon.  (2) Granting a wish.

(1) Another name of Vishnu.  (2) Name of the 24th Jain Teerthankar - Mahaaveer.

(1) Class.  (2) Division.  (3) Group.


Varn Dharm
To follow duties according to his Varn (Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya or Shoodra)

Varn-Aashram Dharm
Duties according to one's Varn (Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya or Shoodra), and Aashram (Brahmcharya, Grihasth, Vaanprasth and Sanyaas).


(1) Year.   see   also  Time  (2) Piece of land.  (3) Country, such as Bhaarat Varsh.

Varshaa Ritu
Rainy season. One of the six seasons of India. These six seasons are - (1) Vasant (Spring), (2) Greeshm (Summer), (3) Varshaa (Rainy), (4) Sharad (Autumn or Fall), (5) Hemant (Winter), and (6) Shishir (mild Winter).

Vaidik Divinity. He is responsible to maintain the laws of the Universe and upholding the cosmic order. He is angry by sinful actions and yet, forgives those who repent.

One of the six seasons in India, Spring. These six seasons are - (1) Vasant (Spring), (2) Greeshm (Summer), (3) Varshaa (Rainy), (4) Sharad (Autumn or Fall), (5) Hemant (Winter), and (6) Shishir (mild Winter).

Vasant Panchamee
Maagh Shukla Panchamee is the day of Vasant Panchamee, but ironically it does not fall in Vasant (Spring season). It falls in the season of Shishir (Winter). Some people call it Shree Panchamee, that is also wrong, because Shree is the name of Lakshmee while this festival is associated with Saraswatee. So it should be called Saraswatee Panchamee. She is worshipped on this day to continuously sharpen his intellect and increase his wisdom. Sweet yellow rice is cooked on this day, yellow clothes are worn on this day and mustard flowers are given as a "wish well" to people. In the morning people wear yellow colored clothes after taking bath, take their breakfast and go to the temple or school to worship Saraswatee. In the lunch they cook as many yellow colored dishes as they can. In the evening they donate a book and some money to school.


(1) The Earth.  Prithvi.  Vasudhaa.  Vasundharaa

Banyan tree. Baragad, or Bat, or Nyagrodh, or Ashwatth.

Vatsar     see also      Samvat      Samvatsar
(1) Name of one son of Dhruv, the other son's name was Kalp. Thus both, a Year and a Kalp, were Dhruv's sons.
(2) One year.

(1) Knowledge.  (2) There are four Ved - Rig Ved, Yajur Ved, Atharv Ved and Saam Ved. Some take Aayur Ved as fifth Ved.

Ved Trayee
Ved may be divided on three types also - Prose (Gadya), Poetry (Padya) and

Ved Vyaas
Organizer of scriptures.

(1) Works auxiliary to the Ved other than the Braahman, Aaranyak and Upanishad. There are six parts of Ved which are collectively called Vedaang - (1) Shikshaa - concerned with phonetics (2) Kalp - the procedures for the performance of religious ceremonies, (3) Vyaakaran - grammar, (4) Nirukt - the etymological explanation of words,  (5) Jyotish - the science of astronomy, and (6) Chhand Shaastra - concerning the meters or science of poetry.


Vedee    see also    Kund
A square place surrounded by a low wall, maybe from 6-8" to 1-1.5' in which the sacred fire is established and Aahuti are dropped while doing Yagya, or Hom.

Vedh  or  Viddhaa
Vedh means pierced or intermixed. It is a technical term used in the Panchaang (almanacs). The field is Jyotish. The Tithi may have a Vedh of another Tithi. For example, Dashamee Viddhaa Ekaadashee means, that in the early hours of the day is Dashamee and later Ekadashee has come, so there are two Tithi in one day. This will be called Dashamee Viddhaa Ekaadashee. Normally these Ekaadahee are not good for keeping fast.


An Indian musical string instrument. Only two characters in Indian mythology are seen with it - Naarad Jee and Saraswatee Jee.

Veer Raatri   see   Raatri

Veet Raag
Veet means beyond, Raag means intense love, so Veet Raag means who is beyond intense love.

Veetihotra   see also     Agni
A name of Fire - the eater of oblations or the carrier of oblations.

Venkatesh  or Venkateshwar
Lord of the Venkat Hill, means Vishnu.


Vanshee, or Bansee. Flute.

Vetaal     see      Vaitaal

Used with another word to denote "opposite" or "not", such as Vi-Karm - means which is not the Karm, or Vi-Dharm - means which is not the Dharm, etc.

Vi-Deh - Vi means "no" and Deh means "body", so Vi-Deh means who has no body - or who is liberated of one's soul from bondage to the body
         by the means of enlightenment. In Sanskrit language it is called Jeevan Mukti. King Seeradhwaj (Seetaa's father Janak Jee) is said to
         have attained this state. This meaning is perhaps as recent as to belong to 16th century AD.
Vi-Dharm - Vi-Dharm means who does not observe the same religion for example, a Muslim is Vi-Dharmee for a Hindu.
Vi-Gyaan - Which is not Gyaan. Vi-Gyaan is different from A-Gyaan. Gyaan is spiritual knowledge; Vi-Gyaan means all other kind of Gyaan,
         normally related to world; and A-Gyaan means "no Gyaan" (ignorance).
Vi-Karm - Vi-Karm means non-prescribed Karm or prohibited Karm
Vi-Paksh - Who is in opposite party or camp.

Vibhaavaree Nagaree
Where Chandramaa lives.

(1) Sun.  (2) Fire.


Omni-present - The Supreme Lord.


Vidhi means method and Nishedh means prohibited. Method of worth doing Karm and list of prohibited Karm. Ved describe both types of Karm - method of worth doing arm and the list of prohibited Karm.


A kind of higher species like Devtaa (gods), Gandharv etc.

Vighas Food       see also      Amrit Food
The remaining food after all have eaten is called Vighas food.

Means remover of obstacles, ie Ganesh Jee.

(1) Statue. Idol. (2) Form.

Vigyaan    see   Gyaan for fuller explanation
Experience of the ultimate Tattwa (Brahm). Ved's six parts, four Ved, Meemaansaa, Nyaaya Shaastra, Puraan and Dharm Shaastra - these are 14 Vidyaa (branches of knowledge). To obtain them is called Vigyaan.

Another name of Durgaa.

Vijayaa Dashamee
10th day of the bright half of Aashwin month, associated with Raam's victory over Raavan after 9 days of furious war. Vijayaa Dashamee is preceded by nine days of Nava Durgaa or Nava Raatri festival.

(1) Attribute.  (2) Form.  (3) A foreign material. Impurity in a material.  (4) Defect.  (5) Sickness.  (6) Change.  (7) Prakriti is said to have 16 Vikaar - 10 Indriyaan, one mind, and 5 Mahaa-Bhoot. All joined together make a body. This body is of two types - Sthaavar (movable) and Jangam (immovable).
(Bhaagvat Puraan, 7/3)

Vikalp and Nir-Vikalp
(1) Vikalp means alternative. And Nir-Vikalp means which has no alternative.
(2) Vikalp, according to Yog Sootra (i, 9) is a notion conveyed by mere words, but of which there is no corresponding real object. Nir-Vikalp means devoid of false imaginings.

(1) Sun.  (2) Another name of Adhirath, the Saarathee of Dhritraashtra in Mahaabhaarat.

Vikram Samvat
Hindu calendar beginning in the year 57 BC, on the name of Raajaa Vikramaditya.

Vikrit means changed or altered. It does not necessarily mean degraded. Jeev who is pure and immaculate, takes birth in this world, falling away from his true status of Brahm because of his actions (Karm). Karm, again, are eternal, no beginning is conceivable.

Vilom,   Vilomaj       see also     Soot
(1) Vilom means "the other way", or the "opposite", or "antonym" such as lie is Vilom of truth, black is Vilom of white.
(2) According to rules a Braahman can marry his own Varn and the two lower Varn girls; a Kshatriya boy can marry his own and the lower Varn girl; a Vaishya boy can marry only a Vaishya girl. But when a lower Varn boy, such as Kshatriya boy marrying a Braahman girl, marries a higher Varn girl, this marriage is called Vilom marriage and the children born to such a parents are called Vilomaj or Soot. Such children belong to Vilom or Soot caste.

Vilom + Arghya. Offering Arghya from the feet as normally Arghya is offered at the head

Vimaan      see     Ved/22

Another name of Ganesh.

Seeing things as they are.

Vipra     see also     Braahman
(1) Braahman.   (2) The stages in the life of a Braahman are Shoodra by birth, Dwij after the Upanayan Sanskaar, Vipra when he is well versed in Vaidik knowledge and Braahman when he has the knowledge of the Brahm, as the case of Vishwaamitra illustrates.


The two dots one over the another after a vowel to present the sound "h".

To dismiss.  Sending off or flowing Devtaa's idol in a river or a stream or a pond as the final send off to him after worshipping him is called Visarjan of that idol.

Another name of Kaartikeya - son of Shiv and Paarvatee Jee..

Vishaakhaa     see also    Nakshatra
(1) Name of the 16th Nakshatra.
(2) Name of a friend of Krishn

Subjects (pleasures) of Indriyaan, such as beautiful scenery is the subject of eyes, sweet voices and music is the subject of ears. All these Vishaya attract the Jeev to do some Karm to enjoy them.

Vishisht A-Dwait    see also    Darshan
Doctrine which regards human soul as separate from Supreme Soul though dependent on it.

Vishkambh    see also     Vishkambh Parvat
Maryaadaa. (1) Boundaries. (2) Borders.


Vishnu is one of the three principal Devtaa of Hindu Dharm; and Naabhi means navel; so Vishnu-Naabhi means Vishnu's navel.

Vishnu Puraan       see also     Puraan
One of the 18 principal Puraan.

Vishnu Sahastra Naam
Sahastra means a thousand and Naam means names. Vishnu Sahastra Naam means 1000 names of Vishnu. There are a few Vishnu Sahastra Naam available but the most popular one is recited by Bheeshm to Yudhishthir in Anushaasan Parv of Mahaabhaarat.

Vishuv Yog     see also     Sankraanti,    Zodiac Signs,  
Vishuv Yog is the day when day and night becomes equal, or Soorya enters Mesh Raashi (Aries Sign in March) or Tulaa Raashi ( Libra Sign in September).

(1) Entire.  (2) Universe.

Vishwa Dev

Vishwa Maataa
Mother of the Universe. Brahmaanee, Rudraanee (Mahaashwetaa), Kaumaaree, Vaishnavee, Indraanee, Vaaraahee, and Chaamundaa - these seven are called Vishwa Maataa.
(Bhavishya, p 189)

Another name of Savitra or Bhag

Another name of Shiv.

Another name of Shiv.

They are 10 Vishwedev - (1) Kratu, (2) Daksh, (3) Vasu, (4) Satya, (5) Kaal, (6) Kaam, (7) Muni, (8) Guru, (9) Vipra, and (10) Raam.

Vital Seed

(1) Tree.  (Ped.  Vriksh in Hindee)

(1) Indecision.  (2) Argument on argument.

A compound word. Vitt + Eesh. Vitt means wealth, and Eesh means Lord. Vittesh means the Lord of wealth - means Kuber.

Modified form of the name Vishnu.

Vithobaa     see     Vitthal


Vivaah in Braahman

(1) Sun.  (2) Name of the father of Vaivaswat Manu.

Gyaan, Knowledge of discriminating good and bad. Faculty of distinguishing things by their properties, and classing them according to their real and not apprent nature. In the Vedaant it is the power of distinguishing Truth from Un-Truth, Reality from Illusion.

Vow    see     Vrat and Fasts
(2) To stick to some statement made by somebody at one time

Vow, Unchchha
In this vow, a person subsists upon grains of corn picked up after the manner of the pigeon from the field, after the crops have been cut and removed by the owner.

A degraded or disqualified Braahman.

Vrat and Fasts
(1) Fast.  (2) Resolution.  (3) Vow or oath - to undertake to render some service or gift, or devotes something valuable now and here to his use in the future. This kind of vow is a kind of oath with the deity being both the witness and recipient of the promise.  (4) Religious vow.  (5) Religious observance.

Who observes a Vrat.

Dhaanya, Grains.

Old. MBH, Anushaasan Parv, says that Vriddh people or old people are of five kinds - (1) Gyaan Vriddh - who are more educated or Gyaanee they are called Gyaan Vriddh; (2) Tapo Vriddh - who have performed more Tap, or Tapasyaa, are called Tapo Vriddh; and (3) Vayo Vriddh - who are older in age are called Vayo Vriddh. [They should be greeted in this order.] (4) Gun Vriddh - who are more qualitative,; and (5) Dhan Vriddh - who are elderly by wealth. They all should be treated well

Wolf.  Bhediyaa

Who has the appetite like a wolf - another name of Bheem (the 2nd Paandav).

Tree.  Ped.

(1) Husband.  (2) Bull.  (3) The 2nd Sign of Zodiac.

(1) Bull.  (2) Strong.

Name of an ancestor of Krishn from Krishn got the name of Vaarshneya.

A compound word - Vrish=bull and Utsarg=to donate. So in this Shraaddh a bull is donated. Shraaddh of the second degree in which a bull is donated. The first being Daan Saagar (Ocean of gifts); the third being Chandan Dhenu (Sandalwood and cows) - this is performed only for women who leave surviving their husband and sons; the fourth being is Til Kaanchan (Sesame seed and gold)



There are three Sanaatan Vyaahriti - Bhoor, Bhuvah and Swah. These have been added to Gaayatree Mantra. They destroy all kinds of ill omens. These three have been regarded as the symbol of Pradhaan, Purush and Kaal; Vishnu, Brahmaa and Mahaadev; and Sat, Raj and Tam Gun respectively.

(1) Graammar.  see also   SamaasVakrokti Alankaar
(2) [Bhavishya Puraan, 1/1], says that Vyaakaran is of eight types - Braahm, Aindra, Yaamya, Raudra, Vaayavya, Vaarun, Saavitrya, and Vaishnav.

Vyaapak means diffusive, comprehensive, spreading all over.

(1) Diameter.  (2) Guru.  (3) Divider.  (4) Another name of Krishn Dwaipaayan Jee as Ved Vyaas. He divided one Ved in four by drawing two Vyaas (diameters) on Guru Poornimaa day - Aashaadh Poornimaa day. Sage Vyaas has apparently identified the “Diameter” of a Circle or Sphere as it's most important dimensional parameter. Therefore, this parameter is also named after him - Vyaas.

Vyaas Peeth
Vyaas means Guru and Peeth means the place for sitting; so Vyaas Peeth means the place for Guru to sit. The raised “Platform” in a Lecture Hall premises, (or temple premises or even a riverside tree shade in villages) used by the “Lecturers” to deliver their discourses, is called as Vyaas Peeth, in honor of the Sage Vyaas.

(1) Adultery.  (2) Sin.

Vyakt   see also   A-Vyakt
Whatever can be known through one's senses is called Vyakt.

Defined in Amar Kosh, calamity or disaster, fall or defeat, and vicious habits engendered by lust or anger, of which there are ten and eight (18) kinds respectively. Thee are various kinds, such as excessive addiction of women, intoxicating drinks, gambling, hunting etc. The term is a comprehensive one and is usually used for all defects - sleeping in the day, dancing, singing etc etc.

Vyateepaat Yog
When the 1st Charan of Shravan, Ashwinee, Dhanishthaa and Aashleshaa Nakshatra falls on Sunday, it is called Vyateepaat Yog

(1) Aakaash.  Sky.  Gagan.    (2) Universe.    (3) Space.

Vyooh    see    War

War    see also    Chakra Vyooh
There are several systems to arrange one's army in war. In English language that may be called as array, in Hindi language it is called Vyooh. This type of war was in fashion during Mahaabhaarat times. (1) Sakat Array - In this fashion army is organized in the form of a chariot. Its method is described in Shukra Neeti fully and it occurs in Drone Parv of MBH. (2) Padm Array - In this fashion army is arranged in lotus flower design - circular array with angular projections. It is the same as star with angular projections. Many modern forts are also constructed on this plan. (3) Vajra Array or Suchee Vyooh - In this fashion the army is arranged in wedge-like array. It penetrates into the enemy's division's like a wedge and goes out, routing the foe. [MBH, Aashramvaas 8]

It is said that the warriors get salvation when the die in the battlefield. But this salvation or getting to heavens is of a variety. In war those that sacrifice themselves in the fire of arrows will get Indra Lok and those that conduct warfare unhappily thinking that death is the only result of war they get Gandharv Lok and those that retreat or go begging for their lives but yet are killed get Guhya Lok and those that are fully aware of Kshatriya Dharm and conduct righteous warfare they go to Brahm Lok. So says Mahaabhaarat. The same is said in Bhagavad Geetaa [8:6] too. 
[Valmiki Ramayan, 3/ 29]

Weight Measurement

Worship    see     Poojaa


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 10/12/13