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It is called Jagaraataa also. Waking up the whole night. This is done in many festivals to celebrate them. Devee Jagaraataa is very famous and popular. On Shiv Raatri also people wake up whole night and sing Bhajan of Shiv Jee. In Padm Puraan, 5/3, Shiv Jee said - "There are nine types of crimes in Jaagaran - (1) Telling bad words about others; (2) being sad; (3) not reading Shaastra; (4) without music; (5) not lighting lamp; (6) not using worship materials according to one's capacity; (7) indifference; (8) abusing somebody; and (9) quarreling. And there are 12 types of qualities of a Jaagaran - (1) Saatwik dance; (2) music; (3) musical instruments; (4) drum beat; (5) oil lamp; (6) Keertan; (7) feeling of Bhakti; (8) happiness; (9) contentment; (10) community presence; (11) Saatwik means of entertainment; and (12) Shaastra reading.

Jaamun    see also   Phal for other fruits
Rose-apple. A kind of small fruit of deep purple color. Its tree is very large but not very strong.

Pronouncing something repeatedly. This pronouncing can be both loud or quiet. Normally Jaap is done for Mantra. Again the Jaap may be with or without counting. If it is done with counting then one has to use rosary (Maalaa) of 108 beads. If any Mantra's Jaap is done for some purpose then counting is necessary, because then one has to complete the prescribed number of Jaap of that Mantra.

In astrology, astrologers call the questioner "Jaatak".

Jaatak Kathaayen
A collection of stories written in Paalee language describing Buddha's life in the previous incarnations. It is a collection of folklore consisting of over 500 stories and legends. Its primary purpose is to shed light on the life and customs of India during the 100 years following the death of Buddha.

(1) Race.  (2) Species.  (3) Caste - such as Braahman (teachers and preachers), Kshatriya (soldiers, warriors, and rulers), Vaishya (merchants and farmers) and Shoodra.  This division of the society is based on their Karm.

Who remembers his past life.

One of the 16 major Sanskaar immediately after the birth of a child, in some cases before the umbilical cord. In this Sanskaar, 
--the Gaayatree Mantra is recited asking God to grant intelligence and wisdom to the newborn, 
--a Mantra is recited praying for the long life of he child,
--chanting a Mantra praying for the child to grow up physically and morally strong,
--reciting a verse in praise of the mother of the newborn, and
--give the child a taste of honey.
It is followed by alms and charity. The ceremony, though desirable has practically gone out of fashion.

(1) Stiff.  (2) Stupid.  (3) Senseless.  (4) Root - of a plant or tree.

Goddess Durgaa.

Goddess Durgaa, means "who supports the world", or "who bears the world".

Lord of the world, Bhagavaan, or the Supreme God.

The Lord of the world. The Supreme God - Vishnu.

Jagaraataa   see   Jaagaran above

Jain   see   Jain Religion
Jain is a religion whose last Teerthankar was Mahaaveer Jee - a contemporary of Gautam Buddha.


Offering water oblations to Pitar and Devtaa.

Which is born from Jal (water), means Kamal or Lotus.

A black or dark purple fruit - Rose Apple.


Short form of Durjanaardan - the annihilator of wicked people, means Shree Krishn.

(1) Father.  (2) The family name of Seeradhwaj, the King of Mihilaa, the father of Seetaa.

Janeoo     see     Yagyopaveet

Jangam     see also     Creation
Creation is of two types - Sthaavar (immovable) and Jangam (movable). Trees, mountains etc come under Sthaavar creation. Jangam creation is of three types - (1) Swedaj - which are born from sweat, such as bedbugs etc, (2) Andaj - which are born from eggs, such as chicks, birds etc, and (3) Jaraayuj - which are born as a child, Naal attached to them, such as human beings, many animals etc.

Term is normally used to call the day Shree Krishn was born - Bhaadrapad Krishn Ashtamee, c 1150 BC. On this day many Hindoo keep fast, do not eat Ann (grains), celebrate the birth of Krishn at midnight, offer special worship and break the fast.

Jap     see also   Jaap
(1) Jap means repetition of holy words or prayer in low voice. It is the activity of doing the Jaap of a Mantra.

There are four types of taking birth in this world,  which are created according to one's Karm (actions) - (1) Udbhij - which come out by bursting the land (trees, plants etc)(2) Swedaj - which are born by sweat, such as insects, worms, small flies, bedbug etc, (3) Andaj - which are born from eggs, such as chicks, birds, crocodiles etc, and (4) Jaraayuj - which are born as a child such as human beings, many animals like cow, buffalo, goat etc.

Matted locks of hair. Normally ascetics keep such hair, sometimes in serpentine coils (Jataajoot).

Jathar means stomach; Agni means fire. The Fire which helps digesting food in the stomach of beings.

(1) Victory, such as Jaya Hind means "Victory to India" or Jaya Bhavaanee means "Victory to Bhavaanee Maa".  (2) Original name of MBH, which was very small book of 8,800 verses written by Ved Vyaas Jee around 1100 BC. In the next 1,300 years, it expanded to as many as 98,000 verses.
[Aangiras, p 139-140]

Jaya Maalaa
Jaya Maalaa is the garland which is put in the neck of the person when he comes back after the victory in a battle against his enemy to show him his people's honor and happiness. From the same concept it was used to put in groom's neck also to show that the groom has won the bride and bride has agreed to marry the groom.


(1) Living being.  (2) Soul. The form of Aatmaa when he is attached to body. Thus the same Aatmaa is Aatmaa until he takes up a body in this world. As soon as he takes up the body, he is called Jeev - the part of Paramaatmaa that lives in all living beings. He, in association with A-Vidyaa (ignorance), conceives itself to be limited.Jeev are born in four ways - (1) Andaj - which are born through breaking eggs (chickens, birds, snakes etc), (2) Jaraayuj - which are born from womb connected with Naal (birth cord) (animals, human beings, 4-legged animals etc), (3) Udbhij -  who are born by breaking Earth eg trees; and, (4) Swedaj - which are born from sweat (lower species insects, worms, flies, bugs etc). All have Praan, although they have different types of bodies.

And there are three kinds of living beings by their habitat - who live in water, who live on land, and who fly in sky.

Same as Aatmaa or soul. In fact when it comes in the world, it is called Jeev-Aatmaa.


Waft.  Gust of wind.


(1) To yoke.  (2) To till the field

Gambling.  Dice game.

 Glow worm. Shalabh.




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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 09/15/12