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Calendar     see also      Jyotish




Carat      see also      Rattee
Carat is a measurement of weight which is used in measurement of weight of gems.

Ann.  Grains.

(1) A very low caste of Indian society, such as . People do not like even to touch them - sometime back they were called "untouchables".
(2) Naarad Puraan 2/3, tells three types of Chaandaal - (1) Who is born from a maiden, (2) Who is born from a Sa-Gotra girl in spite of being married, and (3) Who is born from a Shoodra man and a Braahman woman.
(Naarad Puraan, p 596)

Chaandraayan Vrat      see       Vrat and Fasts

Chaar Dhaam

Chaatak    see    Birds, Special
A special bird.

Sacrifice.  A Yagya has four people to complete it, and when a Yagya is completed by these four people, it is called Chaaturhotra - (1) Hotaa to chant Rig Ved, (2) Adhwaryu to chant Yajur Ved, (3) Udgaataa to chant Saam Ved, and (4) Brahmaa to chant Atharv Ved.

(Bhaagvat Puraan, 1/4)



Chakra Vyooh    see also    War
A circular maze of troops to trap the enemy. It is a difficult maze or organization of troops. Army Chiefs used it in MBH war. Only Krishn, Arjun, Drone and Karn could break this maze. Abhimanyu, Arjun's son knew only to enter it, not to come out of it. So one day Drone organized his army in this fashion to defeat Paandav. He sent Arjun away from the battlefield, thus Krishn was also naturally away, from the battlefield as He was the charioteer of Arjun. As Paandav came to know that Abhimanyu could enter the maze, they sent him there with the assurance that they would always be behind him to help him, as he entered the Vyooh, the soldiers did not allow the Paandav to follow Abhimanyu. Young Abhimanyu fought with seven Atirathee alone, but in the end he was killed by Dushaasan's son.

Chakra means Disc, and Paani means hand. Chakrapaani means in whoever's hand is Disc. Another name of Vishnu or Krishn.

Sovereign of a vast empire.

It is used to fly flies from the body. It is made with the hair of the tail of certain cow found in Himaalaya mountains. The hairs are tied to a stick. The person shakes the stick and those hairs help to move flies away from the person. Normally Chamar is used for kings, Bhagavaan's idols and great saints.

Jasmine flower. Its other names Mallikaa, Maalatee, Vaasantee and Yaasmeen (in  Arabic).

Chandaal    see    Chaandaal

Sandal. Its wood is called sandalwood; and a paste is made by rubbing its wood piece on a stone and is applied to the idols of Bhagavaan and on one's forehead as Teekaa or Tilak. Chandan is of two types - white and red. It is because of the color of the sandalwood.


Chandee Paath


Chandra Grahan
Lunar eclipse.

The name of Divine sword given by Shiv to Raavan when Raavan shook Kailaash Parvat.

Another name of Shiv. Chandra means Moon and Mauli means head; so Chandramauli means on whose head Chandra (Moon) sits - means Shiv.

Another name of Shiv.

(1) Moving.  (2) Living beings. Its antonym is - A-Char.

Charanaamrit     see also     Panchaamrit
A compound word - Charan=feet, and Amrit=nectar. The water after washing feet. Whatever water or Panchaamrit is used to wash feet of God, is called Charanaamrit after the feet are washed. This water can be from washing of anybody's feet. People may drink it or sprinkle it in their houses after washing feet of even great people, then what to say of Bhagavaan. Normally Bhagavaan's idol is bathed with Panchaamrit; and great people's and saints' feet are washed with water when they come home. Panchaamrit becomes Charanaamrit after washing feet of Bhagavaan and is normally drunk in the right hand and then the hand is touched with the head. This Panchaamrit (water) is sometimes sprinkled all over the house when it is of very great saint. Panchaamrit and Charanaamrit are used alternatively in Bhagavaan's reference. But theoretically Panchaamrit is made of five things - milk, yogurt, honey, a little Ghee (clarified butter), and sugar. Normally Bhagavaan is bathed with Panchaamrit but sometimes water is also used.

Panchaamrit and Charanaamrit are also called Charanodak.


Chatur-bhuj    see also    Chaturbhuj Roop
(1) Rectangle.  (2) Four-armed.

Chatur-bhuj Roop
Bhagavaan Vishnu's well-known and most popular form in which He has four arms carrying Shankh (conch), Chakra (Divine disc), Gadaa (mace) and Padm (lotus flower). That form of His is called His Chaturbhuj Roop.

The four Ved - Rig Ved, Yajur Ved, Atharv Ved, and Saam Ved.

A 4-Yug period - Sat, Tretaa, Dwaapar and Kali - these four Yug combined are called a Chatur-Yug or Mahaa-Yug.

Another name of Brahmaa Jee

(1) Chaturanginee army (see below)  (2) A game of chess invented in Bhaarat (India) where the pieces represented elephants, chariots, cavalry and infantry. Persians took it and called it Shataranj.

Chaturanginee Army
Chatur means "of four types". Chaturanginee army means the army of four types. In olden times there were four types of soldiers in an army - (1) Foot soldiers or infantry who fought on foot; (2) Who fought on horse or cavalry; (3) who fought on elephants; and (4) who fought on chariots. Whichever army had all these four types of soldiers, was called Chaturanginee army.

The 4th day of any Paksh (fortnight) of Lunar Calendar.



Mind. In everyday use it means consciousness.

One of the 18 main Upanishad.


Umbrella. Used mostly for Bhagavaan's or King's umbrella.

(1) Wisdom.  (2) Consciousness.

Chinese Calendar

(1) Care.  (2) Anxiety.

Chintaamani Grih
Chintaamani is that which yields all objects desired. Of that the chamber or house is built. In the home of Chintaamani, which is on the northern side of Shringaar Van, all is Chintaamani. In the commentary of Gaudpaad Sootra (No 7), the Chintaamani House is said to be the place of origin of all those Mantra which bestow all desired objects. The Lalitaa Sahastra Naam speaks of the Devee as residing there.

(1) Thinking.  (2) Reflecting.

Chiranjeevee   or    Chir-jeevee

Pure knowledge or pure intellect. God is supposed to be "Sat Chit Aanand" - means who is "Absolute Truth", who is "Pure Intellect" and who is "Pure Joy".

(1) Thought.  (2) Mind.  Chitta is general term used for mind, which includes Maanas (lower mind), Ahankaar (ego) and Buddhi (intellect). It is used for subconscious mind, the storehouse of all the subtle impressions of one's thoughts, speech and actions.  Chitta is the collection of conscious, sub-conscious and super-conscious memories (impressions of past experiences) , that condition the way one responds to different situations. Chitta is not shown by a single factor. It is a large factor and comprises of various aspects of life. Chitta extends between Kaaran Shareer (causal body) and Sookshm Shareer (subtle body). However, Chitta Vritti (operation of Chitta) manifests as various electrical signals and chemicals flowing in Sthool Shareer too.

Kaarak show how conditioning from prior experiences is embedded in the causal body as various causative factors and in the subtle body as conditioning. Super-conscious impressions of past desires, actions and experiences are all embedded in Chitta operating in Kaaran Shareer. Conscious and Sub-conscious impressions are all embedded in Chitta operating in Sookshm Shareer. The interface between Chitta and Manas is done by Mercury (storing the observations of Gyaan Indriyaan into Chitta). The interface between Chitta and Buddhi is done by Mercury. Retrieving memories from Chitta for use in decision-making of Buddhi and storing decisions made by Buddhi for future reference in Chitta is controlled by Mercury, while the choice of memories and decisions being stored and retrieved is partly controlled by prior conditioning.

(1) Diadem, top of head.  (2) Braid.  Chotee.  In Tulasee's Maanas Seetaa gives Her Choodaa Mani to Hanumaan as the identification of Herself to be given to Raam. It was an ornament used to beautify hair or Teekaa worn by Indian women on their head.

Choodaa Mani     see     Choodaa

Chowk    see    Mandal

One of the nine Ratn (gems). Ruby.  Laal.

(1) Moving.  (2) Name of a Rishi who contributed some hymns to Ved

Cow   See also  Shiv Bhasm
Five cows appeared from Saagar Manthan - Nandaa, Subhadraa, Surabhi, Sumanaa and Shobhanaavatee.
[Bhavishya Puraan, 1/21]


An ancient linear unit to measure the length. The natural cubit is based on the length of the forearm, from elbow to the tip of the middle finger, usually from 17 to 21 in. (43 to 53 cm). The natural cubit measures 24 digits, or 6 palms, or 45 centimeters, or 18 inches


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 02/12/13