A kind of black powder which is prepared by lighting an oil lamp,
normally with mustard oil, and then covering it with a plate. Over a
couple of hours black soot is collected on that plate. After it is done
it is collected in a small box and is applied in eyes. Sometimes one or
two drops of mustard oil is added to that powder to make it a bit wet and
the wet Kaajal is also applied in the eyes in the same way.
(1) Time. (2) Death.
see also Aghoree
Aghor is a state of attainment by a person and Lord Dattaatreya is
correlated on positive side and Lord Kaal Bhairav is correlated on
see also Mahaa Kaalee
Kaalee is a form of Paarvatee by which she killed demons. She is known
by several names - Annapoornaa, Lalitaa, Meenaakshee, Kalikaa, Kaatyaayinee,
Satee, Bhavaanee, Maaheshwaree etc etc.
Kaaliya was a Naag (serpent) who lived in Yamunaa River and made its
water poisonous which killed many people and animals in Mathuraa. Krishn
forced him to leave the River and go to the ocean. This activity of
Krishn was called "Kaaliya Daman".
(1) Desire. (2) Sexual desire.
There are 10 phases (Avasthaa) of Kaam - The 6th one is "Manmad"
Avasthaa, means (Pangs of love), called a+rati (non-indulgence).
see also Kaam Shaastra
Cupid, the God of love. Shiv burnt Kaam Dev when he came to disturb his
Tap. He is known as Manmath, Madan, Kandarp, Makarketu, Makardhwaj etc
Kaam Roop Mani
One of the 51
Shakti Peeth in Kaamroop District in Assam, where, it is believed,
the vulva part of Satee fell while Shankar Jee was wandering around carrying
her lifeless body
Another name of Devee.
This is combined word by joining Kaam and Dhenu. Kaam means desires, and
Dhenu means cow. So Kaamdhenu means the cow which fulfills desires. This
cow appeared from Samudra at the time of
Saagar Manthan and Rishi took her.
Bhavishya Puraan, 1/21 says that five cows came out the Saagar
Manthan - Nandaa, Subhadraa, Surabhi, Sumanaa and Shobhanaavatee. In
Puraan, 4/23, Krishn says that the five Divine cows' names were -
Nandaa, Subhadraa, Surabhi, Susheelaa and Bahulaa; among whom Nandaa (or
Nandinee) was given to Maharshi Vashishth, Susheelaa was given to
Maharshi Jamadagni, and other cows were given to Bharadwaaj, Asit and
other mythological accounts, Brahmaa created the Braahman and the Cow at
the same time, the Braahman were to recite Ved and scriptures while the
cow was to afford ghee (clarified butter) for burnt-offerings in
religious sacrifices. The cow is deemed to be the mother of gods and is
declared by Brahmaa to be a proper object of worship. No Griha Pravesh
is complete with out cow and calf entering it at Muhoort time.
Covetous, Lusty. Its root is Kaam - Kaamee means who is
lusty or who always after women.
Its root is also Kaam and it is feminine. The woman who is passionate
(1) Crystal. (2) Glass. (3) Quartz.
(1) Section. (2) Chapter. (3) Happening
It is the name of Brahmaa's court in his Vairaaj named palace, in Shreenidhaan
named city on Meru Parvat.
(Padm Puraan, p 43)
(1) Reason. (2) Cause. There are two Kaaran - Upaadaan and
Naimittik. Upaadaan Kaaran is Material cause and Naimitt Kaaran is
Instrumental or Efficient cause, as opposed to Upaadaan or Material
Cause. Prakriti is the Upaadaan Kaaran or Material Cause whilst Purush
is the Naimittik Kaaran or Instrumental Cause. The proximity of Prakriti
affects the Raj Gun or stirring passionate quality in Prakriti and with
this stirring the Evolution of matter begins. Under the influence of gaze
of Purush, Prakriti makes the world dance.
The 8th month of Hindu Lunar year. It
is very dear to Vishnu and good for Snaan, Daan, especially Deep Daan,
fasting, Bheeshm Panchak Vrat etc. It is said that one who avoids
luxurious foods in the month of Kaartik will daily attain the fruit of
great austerities. The vows of the month of Kaartik are - (1) Hari
Jaagaran - Keeping an all-night vigil for Hari; (2) Praatah Snaan -
Bathing early in the morning; (3) Tulasee Sevan - Serving Tulasee; (4)
Udyaapan - Concluding the Vrat; and (5) Deep Daan - Offering lamps.
Then, options are given for those, who for some unfortunate reason
cannot complete certain vows. If one cannot bathe in water, he should
bathe with the names of Vishnu. If one cannot follow the directions for
completing a vow, one may complete it by feeding Braahmans. If one
cannot offer a lamp of his own, he should light the lamps of others or
protect their lamps from the wind and so forth. If no Tulasee is
available, one should worship a twice-born Vaishnav. In his absence, one
should serve Braahmans, cows, bodhi-trees and banyan trees.
Descendants of Maharshi Kashyap.
6th form of Durgaa Devee.
see also Koorm Avataar
Sacred thread. It is bunch of strands of cotton threads of red and yellow color.
Before worship, at the start of major ceremonies, the priest asks God to purify
the body and mind. In order to symbolize this purification, this thread is tied
on the right wrst of male and left wrist of the female accompanied with chanting
the purification Mantra. Either the priest or any other person can help tie this
Kalaavaa. On Rakshaabandhan day (Shraavan Poornimaa) also sisters and Braahman tie
this Kalaavaa (or Raakhee) on the wrists of their brothers and Yajamaan respectively
asking God to shower blessings to them.
Pitcher. Ghat. It can be made of anything, but normally it is made of
clay or brass or copper. Till recently, it was an integral part of a Hindu
family. It was used to store things, especially water to keep it cool or to
draw water from a river or stream or elsewhere. Villagers still use it for
these purposes. It is used in worship also. When it is used in worship, it
is filled with water and covered with mango leaves or a coconut fruit wrapped
in red cloth. At some places it itself is worshipped.
The fourth of the four divisions of time - Sat Yug, Tretaa Yug, Dwaapar Yug, and Kali Yug.
The 10th Avataar of Vishnu, appearing at the end of the Kali Yug.
Sootra see Sootra
Kalp is a name and Taru means tree. see
Kalp Vriksh below
see also Trees for other trees' names
A special Tree that fulfills all wishes. This tree came out of Ksheer Saagar
when it was churned for Amrit. It was planted in Nandan Van of Indra Puree.
Once Krishn went to Swarg Lok and brought it to Dwaarakaa to please His wife
Satyabhaamaa. It remained there until Krishn was present on Prithvi. It came
again to Swarg Lok when Krishn left earth for His Lok. It is called Paarijaat
Lotus, Aravind, Pankaj
Another name of Lakshmee whose Beej Mantra is Shreeng.
(1) Tremble. (2) Tremor. (3) Quake. Bhoo-kamp means
see also Trees for
other trees' names
A kind of tree - Devadaar tree.
(2) Maiden. Virgin girl - normally under 10 years of age.
(3) According to Bhavishya Puraan, p 198, a girl is of four type -
Gauree (up to 7-years of age), Nagnikaa (10-year old girl), Dev Kanyaa
(a 12-year old girl) and Rohinee (above 12-years of age).
(4) Five Kanyaa or Panch Kanyaa are famous in Hindu mythology. They are not below 10
years of age, as the definition says, but they used to become below 10
years of age every morning. They, according to Mahaabhaarat, are Ahalyaa
(Maharshi Gautam's wife), Kuntee (Paandu's wife), Draupadee (Paandav's
wife), Taaraa (Vaanar Raaj Baali's wife), and Mandodaree (Raavan's wife).
Panel of the door.
(1) Avataar of Vishnu. (2) Red color.
(1) Red color. (2) Wish cow - a cow that fulfills the wishes and desires.
(1) Used in Hindi grammar, a part of sentence, such as Kartaa (subject)
Kriyaa (action) etc parts.
(2) In astrology half a Tithi, or
half lunar day is called Karan. For its details see it under
Where people perform actions. Prithvi or Earth is said to be the Karm Bhoomi
for people, as people do Karm here.
Pure ritualistic activities. Rituals. Whoever does these, is called Karm-kaandee.
Kshetra see Karm Bhoomi
Kartaa and Karan
Kartaa means doer of the Karm, and Karan means means to do the Karm.
Avataar, Koorm Avataar
Musk. Animal perfume - there is a kind of deer in whose navel this
Kastooree is found. It is said that the deer smells the fragrance of the
Kastooree but doesn't know that the fragrance is coming from him only,
and he runs here and there in search of the source of that smell.
One of the 14 main Upanishad.
Literally means the "ocean of stories". It is a collection of
popular stories written by Somdev Bhatt of Kaashmeer about 12th century AD.
His collection of these stories is famous with the name of
It is the name of Krishn's Gadaa (mace).
A Mani (Ratn or gem) obtained from Saagar Manthan and taken by Vishnu.
He wears it on His chest.
(1) Another name of Shiv. (2) The place in Himaalaya where one of
the 12 Shiv
Jyotirling is there.
Singing praise of Bhagavaan (God). Repeating the name of God aloud,
with or without music.
Ken Upanishad is one of the main 18 Upanishad. It is a genuine Upanishad which starts
with a question.
Keshee was a Daitya who was killed by
(1) Tail, (2) Bright appearance. (3) Name of an imaginary planet.
(1) Division. (2) Portion. (3) Chapter. (4) A term in
mathematics. (5) A type of sweets in India.
A section of long poem dealing only with one topic.
A kind of rice pudding. An Indian sweet dish made of rice and milk. Rice
is cooked in milk and later sugar is added to it.
A kind of semi-liquid salty dish. Moong Daal (split Moong beans) and
rice, taken equal portion of each, cooked in water with salt until it is
cooked so soft that one should not chew it. This dish is made with Urad
Daal also. Both are eaten in winter season by healthy people with enough
Ghee. But the Moong Khichadee is good for a dysentery patient. It is very
popular also in UP and Panjaab regions. The patient eats it without Ghee
or very little Ghee.
Kimpurush is a species that look like man but they
are not man, For example: Hanumaan Jee, Riksh Jaambvaan.
A limited geographical area on which a ruler rules.
A kingdom has eight limbs - (1) law, (2) judge, (3) the assessors, (4) the
scribe, (5) the astrologer, (6) gold, (7) fire and (8) water.
(2) The word is a joint word
of "Kim" and "Nar", which means "Is this human?";
and the answer "No" is inherent in the question. Kinnars are
mythical beings with human body and the head of a horse or vice versa.
It is tribe of India which lives in forest and subsists on hunting.
Panel of the door.
Sorrows. Afflictions. According to Yog Darshan, 1-30, there
are five types of Klesh - (1) A-Vidyaa - Ignorance, (2) Asmitaa - Ahankaar
or pride, (3) Raag - Too much attachment, (4) Dwesh - Jealousy, and (5)
Abhinivesh - Death pain.
One of the 18 Puraan. Gives the description of Koorm (Kashchap or
tortoise) Avataar taken by Vishnu at the time of Saagar Manthan.
Tortoise. Kashchp, or Kachchhap.
see also Koorm Puraan
Vishnu incarnated as a tortoise when Saagar Manthan took place. He supported Mandaraachal
Parvat on His back so that it should not shake while Devtaa and Daitya
were churning it. That Avataar is famous as Kashchap or
see also Puraan
Kop means anger, Krodh and Bhavan means room. In olden times when queens
used to be angry with their king, they used to wear torn and dirty
clothes, take off their jewelry and lie down on the floor in this
special room - Kop Bhavan. When Raajaa used to come to his queen's
palace and did not see her there, he used to ask her maids and they
would point him out to that Bhavan. When he saw his queen lying in such
condition, naturally he could not tolerate it and asked her what she
wished. Normally, in such condition, those queens could fulfill their
Ancient measurement of distance. 1 Kos = 3 Kms = 2.25 miles
1 Yojan = 4 Kos = 12 Kms = approx 9 miles
(1) Treasury. (2) Dictionary.
(3) Sheath or coverings - The Kosh are often compared to the layers of
an onion, which veil the truth that the Divine resides within us, the
Bindu and without. These coverings are five in numbers - (1) Anna-maya Kosh
is the sheath "composed of food" and represents the physical body.
(food and that is this gross body), (2) Praan-maya Kosh (life force) is the
sheath "composed of the life force" and is the energy field associated
with sustaining the gross physical body. It connects the physical body to the
mind, (3) Mano-maya Kosh (mental or feelings) is the sheath "composed of
the mind", which refers to the function of the lower mind (Manas) that
processes the input of the senses. Manas is driven by doubt and desire, (4)
Vigyaan-maya Kosh (intellectual or Buddhi) is the sheath "composed of
intelligence" and refers to the higher mind in it's function of discerning
that which is real and unreal. It is the seat of wisdom. Where the lower mind
causes doubt and uncertainty, the higher mind or Buddhi brings certainty and
faith or Shraddhaa, and (5) Aanand-maya Kosh (happiness) is the sheath "composed
of bliss" and is equated with the transcendental Self or the atman. It is
considered to be the final veil surrounding the ultimate Reality. Aatmaa (soul)
is beyond all these Kosh. According to Ved the manifested soul dwells in the
fifth Kosh (sheath) near the heart.
(1) Crore - see the table on Numbers
page Koti representing a Crore.
(2) Type or category or class or division of people or things regarded
as having particular shared characteritics, for example, Uchch Koti.
see a Description of Koti
Koti means Crore (10,000,000) an Rudram is a prayer to Shiv. So in this
this special prayer is recited 10 million times. One of the highest mode
of worshipping of Shiv as narrated in Yajur Ved is called Rudra
Prashnam. 180 Ritwik arrived at Gokarn (Karnaatak State) on
14, 2011 and were able to
chant 55,000 Rudram till
(1) Grace. (2) Kindness. (3) Name of the Kul Guru of Kaurav.
Noun - (1) Very thin. [use - His body is very Krish]. Verb - (1) To do
fasting opposite to Shaastra, drying one's body by doing severe activities,
afflicting Bhagavaan's part Jeev, is to Krish Bhoot (five Bhoot) and
see also Krishn
see also Shukla Paksh
Dark fortnight of the Lunar Calendar in which Moon wanes. According to Indian
calendar, a month is divided into two parts - the first 15 days, from the 1st
day to 15th day, when Moon wanes, up to Amaavasyaa (New Moon), is called Krishn
Paksh; while the other half, from 16th day to 30th day, when Moon waxes, up to
Poornimaa (Full Moon), is called Shukla Paksh.
Krishn Yajur Ved
Another name of Sat Yug, or Satya Yug - the first of the four divisions
of time - Sat Yug, Tretaa Yug, Dwaapar Yug, and Kali Yug.
Krityaa is a man or woman produced through fire or anything else to kill
somebody. If he or she fails to kill that person for whom he or she is
produced to kill, then, he or she may kill the person who has
produced him or her. There are some Krityaa in HIndoo religious
literature - (1) Twashtaa produced a Krityaa (Vritraasur) to kill Indra
when he killed his son Vishwaroop. (2) There was a king of Kaashee named
Paundrak who said himself as Krishn, but Krishn killed him. Paundrak's
son produced a Krityaa to kill Krishn after Krishn had killed Paundrak;
but unfortunately that Krityaa couldn't harm Krishn.
see also Charyaa
Doing something is called Kriyaa or action. (2) Rite. In
this sense it is mostly used for last rites of a person - "We have to do
Forgiveness. Glory of Kshamaa has been written great, not only in Hindu
scriptures, but also in other religions. There is nothing greater than
Kshamaa. Following Kshamaa is even difficult for Devtaa. Kshamaa is grace,
Kshmaa is Dharm, Kshamaa is Yagya, Kshamaa is charity, Kshamaa is truth,
Kshamaa is virtue, Kshamaa is glory, and on Kshamaa alone this whole
universe is abiding.
(1) Destructible. (2) The material case, that is this body. That, which is
seen, is said to be destructible and is called Kshar. (Antonym:
The second Varn among four Varn. This is warrior race. According to Bhaagvat
Puraan, 11/14 a Kshatriya's 10 characteristics are - (1) Tej, (2) Bal (strength),
(3) patience, (4) bravery, (5) tolerance, (6) giving any thing, (7) hardworking,
(8) stabilization, (9) Braahman Bhakti, and (10) wealth.
(1) Mortal. (2) Which is decayed over the period. (Antonym:
see Adhik Maas
see Vishnu's Lok
see also Yog
(1) To protect the means to attain Bhagavaan is called Kshem.
see also Kshetragya
(1) An area of land see also
Kshetra. (2) Human being. (3) This physical body. (4) Aatmaa
(1) Who understands the Truth. (2) Bhagavaan. Brahm.
The treasurer of Devtaa. It is believed that his treasury is never empty.
At the same time it is also said that "if you don't put anything in
the treasury, then even Kuber's treasury is also empty." He lives in
see Weight Measurement
(1) Mars. (2) It is known as Bhaum, Mangal, Rakt, Veer, and Angaarak also.
See also Kanyaa above
Unmarried girls of normally
up to 10 years of age.
see also Praanaayaam
One of Praanaayaam's four processes - others are Rechak,
Shoonyak. In this situation the breath air is locked inside, like a filled
pitcher, and is not released.
A red colored powder used by women to put it on their forehead as a dot
and draw a line parting their hair. Normally this is used by married
women whose husbands are alive. It is made either from turmeric or
saffron (Kesar). Kumkum is different from Sindoor which is made from a
different process. Kumkum is waterproof while Sindoor is not.
A kind of water lily which blooms in night along with the rising of
Moon. On the contrary Kamal (Lotus) blooms in day time along with the
rising of Sun and closes its petals as the Sun sets.
D pronounced as in Devtaa. A flower. Belaa or Mongaraa flower. It
s white in color, small in size and scatters sweet smell around.
D pronounced a in God. (1) Basin. (2) Bowl of water. (3) Pond
or Tank. A water filled place surrounded by a low wall. This may be of any
size, say from 6'-7' square to 50-70 or 100' square, or even larger than
that. (4) Vedee. A lower level place surrounded by a low wall, for
example Havan Kund, Agni Kund. Kund can be of any size. These types of Kund
are normally of smaller sizes, maybe from 8" square place to 4-5', or
even 8" square place as they are meant to do Hom or Yagya, so fire can
be lit in these Kund.
Kutee or Kutiyaa
Small hut made of grass, leaves and branches of a tree etc material.