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Hakeek  or Haqeek

Who bears Hal (plough), means Balaraam.


Swan. It is said that if you give a Hans milk mixed with water, it has the power of separating milk out from that mixture and it drinks only milk and leaves the water.

Hanumaan Chaaleesaa
Hanumaan Chaleesaa is written by Goswaamee Tulasee Daas Jee (who has written Raam Charit Maanas also) in praise of Hanumaan Jee. It contains 40 Chaupaaee with two Dohaa in the beginning and one Dohaa to end it. It is believed that Bhoot-Pret do not trouble the person who recites it daily or at the time of need. It alleviates Shani's (Saturn's) bad effect also.

(1) Carrying away.  (2) Abduction or Abducting.  (3) Theft.

Hari Vansh Puraan

Turmeric.   Haridra and Haldee in Hindee.  A spice used by Indians in most of their daily food. ( see "List of Spices" for other spices). It has some medicinal uses also.

Who is beloved of Hari, means Lakshmee.

Name of a Book very similar to Puraan and written in the same style around 400 AD. It is considered a supplement to the MBH. It contains the story of Krishn's childhood and adolescence.

Harivansh Puraan       see also        Puraan
A book composed by a Jain scholar named Swayambhoo Dev.


(1) Haathee.   (2) Hand.  Haath.  (3) One of the 27 Nakshatra.

Hath Yog

Sacrifice.  (1) Its popular meaning is to light a sacrificial fire and offering some herbs and Ghee as libations to gods. Normally Braahman are conversed with this act, but who know Mantra and its method can do it themselves.  (2) Its another meaning is to offer anything for any purpose, for example if somebody spends lots of money in one's father sickness, it is said "He has done Havan of his money for his father", irrespective of whether the father is cured or not.

Havan Kund
Havan Kund is normally a square place where the sacred fire is set, and  Aahuti (libations) of Saamagree, Ghee and other materials are offered in that fire. Who does this daily and on a big scale, such as Rishi Muni etc, they build it permanently with cement etc materials; but who do not do on such a big scale, they have an iron pot which they keep for daily Havan or whenever they need it. They set the fire in it and do the Havan or Yagya in it and later keep it away for next use.

Libation. Whatever is poured in Havan.

Havir Bhaag
In Ved all Devtaa are propitiated and satisfied through Agni. There are certain Devtaa who are not invited in any of the Agni sacrifice a Braahaman is supposed to conduct in his life time or there are some special Agni rites prescribed in Ved for these Devataa who do not get any share of the Aahuti offered in Agni. Therefore, to take care of these Devtaa, not covered by any of the Agni rites, are
satisfied in Shraaddh  ceremony and are given Havir Bhaag through Shraaddh Mantra.


Havishyaann    see     Havishya

Heeraa     see also    Kohinoor Heeraa
Diamond - One of the nine Mani or ratn.

Hemant Ritu
One of the six seasons in India - Winter or cold season. These six seasons are - (1) Vasant (Spring), (2) Greeshm (Summer), (3) Varshaa (Rainy), (4) Sharad (Autumn or Fall), (5) Hemant (Winter), and (6) Shishir (mild Winter).

The word means "prime cause of the elements". It has been incorrectly translated as golden egg. To this day, one of the Rig Ved Mantra (10-121-1) which starts as "Hiranyagarbh Samavartataagre...." is sung by priests on most ceremonial occasions. It means "the prime cause of elements existed in the beginning. As soon as He manifested Himself, He became the One Lord of every creature. He upholds the Earth and the sky. Who other than this Lord shall we worship with our oblation?"

Personification of Himaalaya Mountain, the father of Durgaa. Being the daughter of Parvat she is called Paarvatee and Girijaa also.

Hindu Dharm
See "
Religious Books" for its scriptures.
See "
Darshan" for its philosophy.
See "
Sanskaar" for its sacraments.
See "Hindoo Dharm Requirements" to know who is Hindoo.

Hinduism in Scriptures

Hiranya means the golden color like of deer skin"
(1) Hiranya means gold and Garbh means womb, so Hiranya-garbh means Golden womb - birth of the Master from the golden-egg. Hiranya-garbh is the name of the primordial god;
(2) Hiranya-garbh is the name for the Atharv Vaidik ritual to initiate kings of other casts to make them Vaidik Kshatriya.
When a comparison is drawn between Hiranya and gold, gold refers to Varn, color, radiance, effulgence. Just the way Shikhee-greevaa in Rasaayan Shaastra (chemistry) refers not literally to the throat of a peacock but to the chemical that has that color, in the same way, Hiranya refers to something of the deer-skin color and not to the material itself. In fact gold itself is called so because of that color.

A book of helpful exhortations by Naaraayan and is based on the larger book Panchtantra.

Hom    see     Havan

Jyotish Shaastra has three divisions : the Siddhaant, he Sanhitaa and and the Horaa. Varaah Mihir wrote on all the three.One day (including night) - the period between one Sunrise to next Sunrise is called Aho-Raatra. This one day and night or Aho-Raatra, is divided in 12 parts (2 hours each) for ease of measuring time minutely, this one part is called Lagna.  This Lagna is also divided in two parts (one hour each) that is called Horaa. Horaa word has been taken from the two middle words of Aho-Raatra. This Horaa is called Hour in Western world.

There are four people required to perform a Chaaturhotra Yagya - Adhwaryu, Hotaa, Brahmaa and Udgaataa. Among them (1) Hotaa to chant Rig Ved Mantra, (2) Adhwaryu to chant Yajur Ved Mantra, (3) Udgaataa to chant Saam Ved Mantra, and (4) Brahmaa to chant Atharv Ved Mantra.

Sacrificing priests.

Hutaashan     see also    Agni for detailed description
Hutaashan is a name of sacrificial fire.


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 04/14/13