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Mother. There are five mothers - Gaayatree, Tulasee, Gangaa, Kaamdhenu and Arundhatee (Vashishth's wife).

(1) Another name of Krishn, because He killed Madhu named Daitya.  (2) Related to Spring season.


Maagh Snaan

Anything related to Indra.


Jasmine flower.  Chamelee flower.

Maalatee Maadhav
Name of a drama written by Bhavabhooti based on passion and love.

Female florist.

Name of a drama written by Kaalidaas based on the love story of Shung King Agnimitra and princess Maalvikaa.

(1) Honor.  (2) Pride.

Mental, or related to mind.

Maanas Putra
In the earliest times children were born by just touching, imagining, sneezing etc. The children who were born by just thinking or intending were called Maanas (mentally produced) Putra (sons). Brahmaa Jee thus produced 10 sons - (1) Atri, (2) Mareechi, (3) Angiraa, (4) Pulastya, (5) Pulah, (6) Kratu, (7) Bhrigu, (8) Vashishth, (9) Daksh, and (10) Naarad. They were all Brahmaa's Maanas Putra.

Maandookya Upanishad
One of the genuine Upanishads.

Maansaahaaree     see also   Shaakaahaaree
A compound word - Maans + Aahaaree. Maans means meat and Aahaare means eater; so Maansaahaaree means who eats meat. Non-vegetarian person. It includes food made from all kinds of living beings normally, except human being.

Sprinkling with water - a mode of self-baptism performed by the worshipper sprinkling water on the head while the following verses are recited
(1) Aapo Hi Shtaa Mayo Bhuvah | Taan Oorje Dadhaatan | Mahe Ranaaya Chaksh Se
(2) Yo Vah Shiv Tamorasah | Tasya Bhaajaya Teh Nah | Ushveeteeriv Maatarah
(3) Tasmaa Aram Gamaam Vah | Yasya Kshayaaya Jinvath | Aapo Jan Yathaa cha Nah
They are first three verses of Rig Ved, Mandal 10, Sookt 9. They also occur in Taittireeya Sanhitaa, Kaand 4, Prashn 1, Anuvaak 5. They can also be found in Atharv ved with slight modification and in several places in Taittireeya Aranykaa

Maarkandeya Puraan    see also  Puraan
One of the 18 genuine Puraan. It was written about 9th century AD. It contains the prayer for Durgaa which has become known as "Devee Mahaatmya", or "Chandeepaath", or " Durgaa Saptshatee" and is recited throughout India by the worshippers of Devee. Other than this, Maarkandeya Puraan does not have seem to have much value as a piece of religious literature.

Another name of the Soorya (the Sun).

Maas    see also    Adhik Maas;   Origin and Development of Calendars in the World under Calendar Vaidik

Mother. There are five mothers - Gaayatree, Tulasee, Gangaa, Kaamdhenu and Arundhatee (Vashishth's wife).



(1) Who knows and uses Maayaa.  (2) A name of a Rakshas - son of Maya Daanav, brother of Mandodaree.

Pride.  Ahankaar.

Another name of Kaam Dev.

Another name of Krishn - means "loving cowherd".

Who deluges Madan (Kaam Dev), means Krishn.

(1) Honey.  (2) Spring season.  (3) An ancestor of Krishn because of whom he acquired the name Maadhav.  (4) Name of a Daitya, killed by Vishnu, because of which Vishnu and Krishn are called Madhusoodan - the slayer of Madhu.

Black bee, or Bumble bee.  Bhanvaraa.  Bhramar. Bhaunraa, or Milind.

Mixture of milk, yogurt, and honey,

Madhuraa    see    Mathuraa

Madhyaanhikaa  or   Madhyaahn Kaal

One of the two rescensions of the Sanhitaa of Shukla Yajur Ved - Madhyaandin and Kaanv. The former one is the popular version.

(1) The middle one, neither very high nor very low. (2) The fourth note of North Indian music. There are seven notes in North Indian music - Shadaj, Rishabh, Gandhaar, Madhyam, Pancham, Dhaivat, and Nishaad.

Maadhyandin    see also  Yajur Ved
One of the two, and the more popular, rescensions of Shukla Yajur Ved

Who has equal feelings and sentiments for both parties.

Mahaa Mrityunjaya Mantra

Mahaa Pralaya
The great dissolution of the Universe at the end of a Kalp.

Mahaa-Pret are five Shiv -  Brahmaa, Vishnu, Rudra, Eeshwar and Sadaa-Shiv.
[Rudra Yaamal Tantra]

A 4-Yug period - Sat, Tretaa, Dwaapar and Kali - these four Yug combined are called a Chatur-Yug or Mahaa-Yug.

It is the largest book of the world. It is classified as Smriti, secondary text based on the Ved. It is a history of five generations. Consists of approximately 95,000 verses describing the history of Kaurav and Paandav. It began as a book of 8,000 verses in the times of Shree Krishn (1100 BC) and was called "Jaya". It was written by Krishn Dwaipaayan, popularly known as Vyaas or Ved Vyaas (means the editor and organizer of Ved). Over the period, perhaps other innumerable people added their own material increasing to its size 1200%, and the name was changed to Mahaabhaarat. Bhagvad-Geetaa was also made a part of it. It is good source for the information on Krishn's life events.

Commentary by Patanjali on Ashtaadhyaayee - the book of Sanskrit grammar written by Paanini.


Mahaa + Abhishek = Solemn anointing of the Lord's image.

The five basic elements - Space, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth.

The great God - another name of Shiv.

Another name of Shiv. He has a temple with this name in Ujjain, MP - Mahaakaaleshwar Temple.

Mahaakaalee   see also   Durgaa's Names
Another name of Durgaa.

Another name of Prakriti. The Great illusion.

A compound word - Mahaa + Mantra = the Great Divine Mantra.

Mahaa + Rathee = Great warrior, or great charioteer.

(1) Great soul.  (2) Noble person.

Great sage.

Mahat Tattwa
(1) The total material energy.  (2) Soul. The form of Aatmaa when it is attached to body. Thus the Aatmaa remains Aatmaa until he takes up a body in this world. As soon as he takes up the body, he is called Jeev. The part of Paramaatmaa that lives in all living beings. He is called Jeev or Sootraatmaa also.

Another name of Shiv.

Mahilaa Rishi
Means Rishi who are women or Rishikaa. Among the women to whom the hymns of Rig Ved are attributed. The most outstanding Mahilaa Rishi are Lopaamudraa, Vishwaaraa, Apaalaa and Ghoshaa. It is not clear that whether Lopaamudraa, the wife of Maharshi Agastya, actually composed the hymns or was merely a heroine, but there is no doubt about the contributions of the other three.

Glory. Greatness.

(1) Buffalo.  (2) Name of a great Asur - Mahishaasur, slain by Durgaa, that is why she is called Mahishaasur Mardinee.

Sexual intercourse. There are 8 types of Maithun described - (1) seeing a man or woman, (2) touching a man or woman, (3) enjoying in a lonely place, (4) talking to each other, (5) reading or talking about man or woman, (6) playing together, (7) thinking about man or woman, and (8) actual intercourse.

Capricorn - the name of the 11th Zodiac Sign of 12 Signs through which Soorya passes to make a round of Earth.

Makar Sankraanti

Panch Makaar (5 Ms) or Panch Tattwa or Panch Dravya are used in Devee Worship. These five Ms are - (1) Madya (wine),  (2) Maans (meat),  (3) Matsya (fish),  (4) Mudraa (parched grain),  (5) Maithun (union with a woman)

Mal Maas    see    Adhik Maas
Mal means unclean and Maas means month, so Mal Maas means the unclean month. It is another name of the extra month which is added to Hindu calendar after about every 31.4 Lunar months. It is called Purushottam Maas also.

(1) Another name of Shiv. One of the 12 great Shiv Ling. A temple housing Mallikaarjun Ling is situated near Kurnool, AP, India.
(2) A title of a novel written by Kaalidaas.

(1) Mind - separate from soul but necessary for soul to exist in a body. This is the inner thing which receives information from the outer world with the aid of senses and presents it to the higher faculty of intellect - Buddhi. It is characterized by doubt.  (2) Intellect. (3) Understanding.

Manasaa Vaachaa Karmanaa
Mind, speech and action. Manasaa means from your heart, Vaachaa means from your words, and Karmanaa means from your actions. Means whatever you think, say the same thing, and do the same thing, not that that you are thinking something else, saying something else and doing something else. In our religion most things should be done Manasaa, Vaachaa, Karmanaa, for example serving somebody, or not to do Hinsaa etc.

(1) Circle. (2) orbit of a heavenly body, such as Saur Mandal (Solar System) is for the Sun. (3) A geographical division. (4) Division or a chapter of a book, especially these are in Ved. (5) Time limit to complete the Jaap is called one Mandal (normally of 40 days). This period (Mandal) can be extended to 8 days more if any emergency or illness arises. So the maximum period is 48 days. (6) Chowk. Mandal is a drawing drawn on worshipping place to establish Bhagvaan's idol, to do Yagya, or in front of Bhagavaan. It is drawn on floor and may be drawn with wheat flour, clay or Geroo (red clay). After drawing the Mandal, they can be decorated by other colors also. Mandal looks beautiful as well as considered auspicious. Sometimes a Mandal is a mystic or symbolic diagram made on religious ceremonies, may be circular, triangular, or rectangular, related to a specific deity. These types of diagrams are also called "Chakra", or "Yantra" in connection with Taantrik practices. They are called "Rangolee" when they are drawn just to beautify the place.

Mandaar (Vriksh)
Coral tree.

A type of canopy set on four pillars. Of course decorated with leaves and flowers, and maybe with lights also. It is usually prepared for performing a religious ceremony - Poojaa, marriage etc.

Hindu temples.

Mandodaree    see also    Mandodaree
(1) Woman of a small waistline.   (2) Wife of Raavan and daughter of Maya Daanav.

Maneesh Panchakam

(1) Mars. It is known as Bhaum, Kuj (Kujaa), Rakt, Veer, and Angaarak also.
(2) Good, or to bless somebody.

Mani    see also   Ratn,   and   Balaasur for the origin of Mani
Gems.  Jewels.  Ratn.  Precious stones. Some of them are (1) Heeraa - Diamond; (2) Pannaa - (Emerald); (3) Laal - Ruby, Chunnee,  (4) Motee - Pearl; (5) Moongaa - Coral; (6) Neelam - Sapphire, Indraneel, Neelmani; (7) Vaidoorya Mani; (8) Pukharaaj - Yellow Sapphire, Pushp-raag - all are called Mani or Ratn. There are some other Mani or Ratn also, such as Naag Mani, Megh Mani (see below), Gaj Muktaa or Gaj Motee, Ras Mani, Kaam Roop Mani etc.

Mani Dweep    See also    Lalitaa Sahastra Naam
Island of gems. It is in the ocean of Amrit. There are 7 oceans of milk and other substances. The Rudra Yaamal says - "Outside and beyond the countless myriads of world systems, in the center of the ocean of Amrit, more than 1,000 crores in extent, is the Gem Island, 100 crores in area, the lamp of the world. There is the Supreme city of Shree Vidyaa, 300,000 of Yojan in height, adorned with 25 halls, representing the 25 Tattwa." Both the ocean of Amrit and the island are over the white lotus and under the Sahasraar Chakra.


Manikarnikaa Ghaat
This is a famous Ghaat at Vaaraanasee or Banaaras or Kaashee. Paarvatee is believed to have dropped her earrings here that is why it is called Manikarnikaa. Mani (see Mani above) means gem and Karnikaa (or Kanee) means a very small thing in size like a grain. This is a burning Ghaat, where funeral pyres burn day and night, every single day. It is believed that there is always a pyre burning on this Ghaat, at any time of the day or night. Till about 100 years back, the ashes of a pyre burning at midnight would be taken to the Vishwanaath Temple for the lingam for Abhishekam, but this practice has now been stopped. The fortune of being cremated at this Ghaat is solely reserved for Hindu.

Cymbal. Two brass pieces, shaped like a cap, normally connected with a string just to keep them together - they can be kept separately also but then to play them one has find both of them. While ding Keertan or singing Bhajan or Aaratee people hit one with the another piece to give the song a rhythm.

Another name of Kaam Dev.

Heart's desire.

Mantra    see also    Jaap
What is Mantra;  Types of Mantra;  Mantra Anushthaan for a Mool Mantra;  Viniyog of a Mantra;  Mantra, Their genders and Use;  Six Types of Mantra;  Some Special Mantra;  How many times to recite a Mantra?

Mantra - Hare Krishn

Mantra - Mrityunjaya

Mantra, Panchaaksharee

Mantra - Parts

Mantra - Planets

Mantra - Principles

Mantra Recitation

Mantra Saadhanaa
Mantra Saadhanaa;  Mantra Nyaas;  Mantra Parts; 

Mantra + Uddhaar. The Mantra resides in the dark womb, from where it must be delivered, brought to light and made known and infused with consciousness (Chaitanya).

Mantra + Upanishad = whichever Upanishad is written on the basis of Mantra. Eeshaavasya Upanishad is such Upanishad. This Upanishad contains a collection of Ved Mantra. It is contained in the 40th Adhyaaya of Yajur Ved. It is one of the smaller, yet most significant amongst all "Upanishad". It consists of 18 Shlok, within which it encompasses the description of "Aatmaa" (Soul), principles of "Karm" and the confluence of '"Gyaan - Karm".


Manu Smriti

Human being.  Man.  Vaidik texts describe 400,000 species of human beings throughout the Universe, such as, Yaksh, Raakshas, Vaanar, Kinnar, Gandharv etc.


Marakat    see   Pannaa
T Pronounced as in Tattwa or Totaa (parrot).

T pronounced as in "Tale", or "Toy".  Monkey.

Maryaadaa Purushottam
The best man who livs by rules, means Raam. Raam is called by this name as He always lived by rules in his limits. He defined the norms of decorum.

Masaalaa   see   Spices


Matsar  or  Matsarya
(1) Intoxicating.  (2) Jealousy,  Envy.

Matsya    see also   Matsya Puraan

Matsya Avataar

Matsya Puraan    see also   Puraan
(1) One of the 18 genuine Puraan. This is one of the oldest Puraan. In its present form it is a compilation drawing from Vishnu PuraanPadm Puraan and the Mahaabharat. Except for a few lines it has a very little religious value.
(2) There was a Matsya Desh where King Virat ruled and Paandav passed their one year also in ancient India.

(1) Chief or head. Chandramauli is one of Shiv Jee's many names, which means on whose head Chandra (Moon) sits.
(2) Red and yellow color holy thread spun from cotton and dyed red and yellow.


Maunee Amaavasyaa    see   Amaavasyaa

(1) Maya means full of, such as "Mamtaa-maya" means full of affection.  (2) Maya Daanav, father of Mandodaree.

Measurements     see     Distance Measurement,   Time Measurement,    Weight Measurement,   Time Measurement in China

Retentiveness of the mind.



Investigation or analysis. A Sanskrit word meaning "investigation".  It is the name of an Aastik ("orthodox") school of Hindu philosophy whose primary enquiry is into the nature of Dharm based on close hermeneutics of the Ved. Its core tenets are ritualism (orthopraxy) , anti-asceticism and anti-mysticism. The central aim of the school is elucidation of the nature of Dharm, understood as a set ritual obligations and prerogatives to be performed properly. The nature of Dharm isn't accessible to reason or observation, and must be inferred from the authority of the revelation contained in the Ved, which are considered eternal, authorless (Apaurusheyatwa), and infallible.
Meemaansaa is strongly concerned with textual exegesis, and consequently gave rise to the study of philology and the philosophy of language. Its notion of Shabd "speech" as indivisible unity of sound and meaning (signifier and signified) is due to Bhartrihari (7th century). There are two Meemaansaa - Poorv Meemaansaa and Uttar Meemaansaa.

(1) The last Sign of the 12 Signs of the Zodiac - Pisces.  (2) Fish.

Megh Mani
Megh means clouds and Mani means gem, so Megh Mani means the gem which is born from clouds. Garud Puraan, Chapter LXIX (69) -"Soot Jee said... "A cloud-grown pearl rarely reaches this mortal globe, and usually falls to the lot of the celestials. By illuminating the four quarters of the sky with its native luster, a cloud-begotten pearl, like the Sun dispels the gloom of a cloudy day. Outshining the combined effulgence of the fire, the Moon, and the myriads of scintillating stars, such a pearl, like the dawn of day, can dispel the gloom of even the darkest night on earth. The whole earth, girdled by the four oceans containing innumerable gems in the fathomless depths, can not be deemed as the adequate price of such a pearl, even if she be covered over with layers of pure gold. A man, born in indigence and of humble parents, but happening to be the possessor of such a pearl, only through the transformation of a good deed done in a previous existence, is sure to be the paramount sovereign of the entire surface of the Earth. Not to the good deeds of the king alone, but to the better fortune of the whole humanity, should be ascribed the advent of such a man on earth, and no evil would ever strike the land to the extent of a thousand Yojan (a Yojan is about 8 to 9 miles) round the place of his birth."

Hina, or Heenaa, or Henna, also called Menhdee is a temporary body decoration that looks like a tattoo but isn't. It is fast, easy, painless and most importantly it is a beautiful form of natural body decoration. It lasts for about 12 days and then slowly fades away. Centuries of migration and cultural interaction makes it difficult to determine where particular traditions began. But there is some historical evidence that henna originated in ancient India as a ceremonial art form. Others believe that henna was introduced to India in the 12th century. It's been used for at least 5000 years as a cosmetic and for it's natural healing properties. There's also documentation that henna was used in ancient Egypt to stain the fingers and toes of the Pharaohs prior to mummification.

Henna is a small shrub called hawsonia inermis and is found in Eeraan, India, Pakistan, Egypt, and North Africa. The young leaves and twigs are ground into a fine paste or powder, then mixed with hot water and applied to fingernails, palms and hair to give them a reddish-orange color. In order to decorate hands and feet, henna is processed in a special way and packed in a cone for ease in decoration. During hot weather, henna acts as a cooling agent when applied to the palms of the hands and the bottoms of the feet in addition to leaving a deep reddish-brownish color on the skin. When used as a temporary tattoo henna is applied to the skin and then left to dry. For darker shades, it should be left for at least four hours before being brushed off. Once it is flaked or brushed off, the color left behind will darken over the next 12 hours or so.

Mental Worship
Worshipping in mind only is called mental worship. One can pronounce loudly or in his heart, doesn't matter.

This is a larger bead, not part of the 108 beads of the Maalaa. It is not tied in the sequence of the other beads of the Maalaa. It is the guiding bead, the one that marks the beginning and end of the Maalaa and when several Maalaa are done for a Mantra, this Meru is not crossed. One has to count backward for the next Maalaa.

(1) He buffalo.  (2) The first Sign of the Zodiac.


Black bee or Bumble bee. Bhaunraa, or Bhanvaraa, or Bhramar, or Madhukar.


Mishra School of Tantra     see   Tantra

(1) Friend.  (2) Name of a Vaidik deity who is a friend and benefactor of men as the name suggests.

Mlechchh is a term applied to all non-Aryan people, such as the English, while the term Aarya is being confined to the people living in Aaryaavart area of India.

One who releases from some grief or difficulty. Such as Sankat Mochak means who releases from Sankat (peril) - Hanumaan (Sankat Mochan Naam Tihaaro). Hanumaan is usually known as Sankat Mochan.

Laddoo. A kind of Indian sweets, sweet ball. There may be many sweets of round shape but all kinds of Laddoo are made by pressing various kinds of material in fist.

Mogh   see    A-Mogh

(1) Intense love.  (2) Attachment.   (3) Delusion.

Mohinee Ekaadashee    see also     List of Ekaadashee

Deluded. When one doesn't remember what to do in a situation, that situation is called being Mohit.


Mokshadaa Ekaadashee   see   Ekaadahee Vaikunth


A period in which a body revolves another body, for example a lunar month is the period (29.5 days) in which the Moon revolves the Earth; while a solar month is the period in which the Sun crosses one sign - there are 12 signs (12 months) the Sun has to cross. The word month has been derived from the Moon's 29.5 day period.

Mool   see   Beej

Moolaadhaar Chakra    see    Chakra

Coral - one of the nine gems or precious stone. (1) Heeraa - Diamond; (2) Pannaa - Emerald, Marakat; (3) Laal - Ruby, Chunnee,  (4) Motee or Muktaa - Pearl; (5) Neelam - Sapphire, Indraneel, Neelmani; (6)  Vaidoorya Mani; (7) Pukharaaj - Yellow Sapphire, Pushp-raag - all are called Mani or Ratn. Coral of the finest quality is obtained in bulk from the coasts of Algeria and Tunisia. Other profitable sites for coral deposits are the coasts of Spain, France, Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. Corals are also processed in India. It is believed that wearing coral is good for health.

Idol.  Statue.  It can be of anything - metal, clay, paper mash etc.



Name of Shiv.



Mrityunjaya     see also     Mrityunjaya Mantra   under "Some Special Mantra"
Another name of Shiv.

(1) Currency.  (2) Seal, for example Royal Seal.  (3) Pose.  Gesture.  Posture. Mudraa, derived from "Mud", means to please, the disposing in different ways of various body parts. Certain postures (Mudraa) in prescribed ways, normally used in practicing Yog (read Aasan in Yog), and in dance. Special Mudraa of hands are shown in God's statues to denote different meanings.

Mudraa Raakshas
Name of a drama written by Vishaakhdatt around 800 AD.

(1) Ring.  (2) Seal. "Prabhu Mudrikaa meli Mukh Maanhee, Jaladhi Laangh Gaye Acharaj Naanhee" is the Chaupaaee from Hanumaan Chaaleesaa.

Muhoort    see also     Brahm Muhoort
(1) A lucky moment.  (2) Horaa.  (3) A short auspicious period of time. (4) According to Indian astrological time, one Muhoort is of 2 Ghadee or 48 minutes. 
1 Ghadee = 24 minutes;
30 Muhoort = 1 Day; [30x48 minutes = 1440 minutes; 1440/60 minutes = 24 hours = 1 day]

(1) Free.  (2) Liberated soul.

Mukti    see     Moksh

A very knowledgeable person who has got deep insight into the subject. When the mind joins Brahm through Yam, Niyam etc, the means to obtain Adhyaatm Gyaan, it is called
Yog Whose Yog is with this kind of specific Dharm, he is called Mumukshu.

Means "shaven head". Normally monks keep their head shaven.

Mundak Upanishad
One of the 18 genuine Upanishads, which belongs to Atharv Ved and is traditionally studied by monks.

Mundan Sanskaar    see also    Sanskaar
Shaving of the head - one of the 16 Hindu Sanskaar.

(1) Great thinkers and learned scholars.   (2) A person moved by inward impulses.  (3) A saint.   (4) Sage, such as Vyaas and others. He whose heart is not distressed in adversity, in whom all joy in prosperity is lost, from whom passion, fear and wreath have passed away, he is called a Muni fixed in meditation (Geetaa, 2/56) A more specific definition is Manan Muniruchyate (he is called Muni on account of his Manan), that is of his thought, reasoning and independent investigation which follows on hearing, or Shravan and which is itself followed by Nidhi Dhyaasan at the conclusion of the Shravan and Manan.

Mur + Ari = who is the enemy of Mur. Another name of Krishn.

Wilted, for example wilted flowers.

Another name of Krishn.


Muslim Festivals


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 10/08/13