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Rattee is known by many names - Goonjaa Seeds or Gunjaa Phal (in Sanskrit), Gurivintaa seed (in Dravidian language), or Chirmee seeds, Chanotee (in Gujaraat) etc. Chirmee seeds are found in the forests of Araavalee Hills, Rajasthaan and so many other areas .They symbolize Goddess Lakshmee and it is said that the wearer is blessed with wealth, prosperity and harmony. It is commonly said that the beads select their owner and will never stay with an unlucky person. These seeds are used to ward off evil, bring good luck and ward off physical harm. These are considered very powerful in Hinduism.

These naturally grown beads are found in forest of Araavalee mountains, India and are believed to be many hundred years old. It is said that the bead itself will choose its owner and will not stay with an unlucky person. Since the goddess of wealth, Lakshmee, stays near to these beads they should be kept in lockers, money safe, cash box, altar, handbag, and purse. You can also keep these beads in pocket also to get same effect. They bring luck and ward off evil and black magic, and protect the wearer from physical harm by taking the abuse upon themselves.

Properly energized bead can create good miracle. These seeds/beads are used in so many other Taantrik practices. Apsaraa Saadhanaa, Durgaa Saadhanaa, Vasheekaran Saadhanaa can be followed with these beads. There are several varieties of Chirmee seeds like white/black; green/red-black. Whereas black, white and green are considered very auspicious.

Rattee and Astrology
Astrologically and by Lal Kitab too, a Rattee white in color with a dull red spot, or a dull red Rattee with a white spot alone can be taken as auspicious because then it would signify Moon + Shubh Mars = Shreshth Dhan. Dull and non-shining red represents Benefic mars whereas the bright and shining red signifies Malefic Mars. If such Rattee are available, then keep them tied in a yellow cloth in your Tijoree / where you keep your money. No rituals necessary before keeping them. One can keep 4 of them in the North East corner of his house. But make sure that the person should not have Mercury or Saturn in the 4th or 10th house of in his Birth chart.

There are so many usages of white Chanotee. White Chanotee is very rare. It is found in our GEER forest.
If we keep the white Chanotee after make it Siddh with chants and herbs in red cloth in place where we keep money it gives more wealth. Chant should be recited according to the person's birth sign and horoscope then it gives amazing result in wealth.

Difference between "Rattee" the old Indian measure unit for gems and the modern day metric unit of "Gram"?

Things you wanted to know, but did not 
        know who to ask!

Paanini, Sanskrit grammarian (c500 BC) in his treatise Ashtaadhyaayee wrote about coins and various fractions suggesting that the concept of coins existed prior to 500 BCE. He mentioned Shatamanas (shata= 100, manas = units) and Karshapana (sub-fraction). Each unit was called "Rattee" weighing 0.11 grams. Rattee was of average weight of a Gunja seed (a bright red seed with a black tip - see the picture below).


Ratti Measure Unit - Gunchi, Gunja Seed or Ratti Seed



What is Gunja Seed?

Ratti Measure Unit - Gunchi, Gunja Seed or Ratti Seed A high-climbing, twining, or trailing woody vine with alternately compound leaves, indigenous to India. Leaves alternate, 5-13 cm long, even-pinnately compound with 5-15 pairs of leaflets, these oval to oblong, to 1.8 cm long, with margins entire.

The flowers, shaped like pea flowers, are small, pale, violet to pink and arranged in clusters. Its fruit is a short, oblong pod, splitting before falling to reveal 3-8 shiny hard seeds, 6-7 mm long, scarlet with black bases. The seeds of abrus precatorius are much valued in native jewelry for their bright coloration. One third of the bean with the hilum (attachment scar) is black, while the rest is bright red, suggesting a ladybug.

Jewelry-making with jequirity seeds is dangerous, and there have been cases of death by a finger-prick while boring the seeds for beadwork. The seeds were traditionally used to weigh jewelry in India. The measure rattee रत्ती is equal to the weight of one seed.

Thus Rattee is a traditional Indian unit of mass measurement, and has now been standardized as

1 Rattee = 0.12125 gram
8 Ratti or 0.97 gram = 1 Maashaa
12 Maashaa or 11.67 gram = 1 Tolaa

Gunja Seed: <>Common name: Coral bead vine, Rosary pea, गुंची Gunchi (Hindi), गुंजा Gunjaa (Sanskrit), गुलगुंजी Gulugunji (Kannada), गुंच Gunch (Bengali), Ratti रत्ती (Gujarati), குந்து மணி kundu maNi (Tamil), गुंज Gunja (Marathi)
Botanical name: Abrus precatorius    Family: Fabaceae (pea family)


From another Indian scripture,

Old Indian Measures <=> Metric Measures


1 Maasha


8 Rattee


1 gram

= 5 Carats

1 Tolaa


12 Maashaa


12 Grams


1 Chhataank


5 Tolaa


60 Grams


1 Paav


4 Chhataank


250 Grams


1 Ser


4 Paav


1 Kilogram


Some useful links on Chirmee / Gunjaa seeds....


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 06/17/12