Footwear of a holy person. Raam gave His Paadukaa to Bharat when Bharat
came to request Him to come back to Ayodhyaa and take care the kingdom.
Water to wash one's feet.
Cooked food. When this word comes in reference with Bhagavaan and
Braahman, it refers not only to cooked food, but to rich fried food and
sweets items, for example - Pooree, Pooaa, Halavaa, various kinds of
Showing people what is not there. It is mostly used for the people who
are not Saadhu or Sanyaasee but show that they are Saadhu or Sanyaasee,
such as Raavan was not a Saadhu but came to Seetaa Jee in disguise of a
Saadhu and behaved like a Saadhu. Who behaves like this, he is called
Betel leaf. It is called Taambool also. It has many uses. (1) It is used
in worship. (2) It is used to eat after food and at other times
also. It is layered with Katechu paste and lime paste, and a few pieces
of betel nut (Supaaree) and peppermint, sweet rose leaves, small
cardamom etc are kept over it and is chewed. Some Indians take it as
mouth freshener after food, while others become addict and eat it as
many times as they wish - sometimes they can eat more than 10-15 Paan
everyday. Paan is a favorite in China too,
(1) Princess of Paanchaal Desh. (2) Another name of Draupadee.
Paanchjanya Shankh (conch shell)
Panchjan was a Daitya who lived in the sea in the form of a conch shell
near Prabhaas Kshetra. When Krishn killed the Daitya, He brought his
body, Paanchjanya conch shell, with Him. He offered it to His Guru Saandeepan Muni but he refused
to take it saying, "It is yours, you keep it." And since then it was His.
see also Punya
(1) Vice, (2) Sin. There are six main sins - Kaam
(lust), Krodh (anger), Lobh (greed), Moh (aatachment), Mad (pride),
Maatsarya (intoxicating or jealous).
Paaraayan means recitation something. Normally any religious recitation
is done sitting on an Aasan, never on bare ground.
see Ras Mani
Ending or concluding the fast, whether it is at the end of one day or more days, or many months.
It is a type of stone which if touches the iron, turns it into gold.
Antonym of "Laukik" which is related to this world, or materialistic.
Paar-Laukik means "Relating to next world".
Son of Prithaa, means son of Kuntee. Although all sons of Kuntee are
called Paarth, but mostly it is used for Arjun.
Chariot driver of Paarth, means Krishn.
Daughter of Himvant and Mainaa and consort of Shiv. She is called
Paarvatee and Girijaa because she is the daughter of a Parvat. She has many names - Aparnaa,
Girijaa, Himnandinee, Kaameshwaree (the 8th Nityaa of Chandramaa's
Kalaa Devee), Shail Baalaa, Shail Kumaaree, Shivaa, Shivaanee, Umaa etc.
(1) The means to tie something - it may be a rope or Mantra or Astra or anything.
(2) Some Devtaa also have their own Paash by which they can tie their enemies, such as Varun's Varun
Paash. Yam's Paarshad (messengers) take living beings tied with Yam Paash at the time of their death.
Naag Paash by which a person is tied with Naag (serpents) and dies with
their bites. (3) Trap.
Lord Shiv is called Pashupati or Pashupatinaath. They literary mean "The
Lord of the Creatures", or "The Lord of all Living Beings". It is the
name of the Shiv Astra also. Arjun did Tap to get this Astra and had to fight with
Shiv himself before getting it. This is called
see also Sootak
The nether world inhabited by sinners.
(1) Pot. Bowl. (2) Candidate - such as "Who is good Paatra for Daan?"
means "Who is the good candidate for Daan?" or "To whom
one can donate something?"
The first day of the fortnight of lunar calendar - also called Pratipadaa.
see also Puraan
One of the main 18 principal Puraan.
Another name of Lakshmee.
A compound word, Padm + Aasan, means a posture which is like Padm (Kamal, lotus).
Who sits on lotus flower - another name of Lakshmee.
Another name of Lakshmee.
(1) A bunch of lotuses. (2) Lotus plant. (3) Name of the
queen of a Raajpoot king, named Raaval Ratan Singh of Chittaud Garh,
during the times of Alaauddeen Khilajee, in 12th and 13th centuries AD.
From whose navel a lotus has emerged - Vishnu.
see also Vivaah
One of the 8 kinds of marriages, where the lover gets the woman's
consent and her body when she is either sleep or intoxicated.
or Pakvaann see Paak
Bird. The living being which have wings or feathers and can fly, such as
birds, ostrich etc. Some insects can also fly but they do not fall in
this category. To see a list of some Pakshee see
Birds and Insects
The King of the birds, means Garud Jee.
see also Measurement of Weight
(1) Unit of time measuring 24 seconds. (2) An old unit of measuring weight -
according to Padm Puraan, approximately 46.4 grams.
(1) Leaf. (2) Foliage. (3) A kind of tree whose flowers are
deep red and when they are blossomed it seems that there is a fire in the forest.
see also Panch Pallav
(1) Blossom. (2) Buds. (3) Shoots. (4) Foliage. (5) Leaf.
Bhoot see Panch Tattwa
Panch Bhoot Ligam
Panch means five, Dhaanya means cereal. Wheat, sesame seed, Urad. Moong,
and Rice - they are called five cereals. Their flour is considered very good.
Panch means five and Dhaatu means metal. Normally five metals are gold,
silver, copper, tin and lead. When it comes to set a gem (see
Ratn)in Panch Dhaatu, it does not mean
an alloy of these metals. It means setting in the 5 elements, gem for
earth, herb (Bhasm) for water, metal for fire, symbol for air, and
cosmic number for Aakaash. This makes a Panch Dhaatu Kavach.
see also Brahm Koorch
A drink made up of five products of cow products plus Kush water - its urine,
dung, milk, yogurt, Ghee and Kush water, mixed together is called Panch
Gavya. Panchgavya has appeared in
Upanishad also. Its vegetarian version is milk, yogurt, Ghee, Gangaa water and honey.
It is called Panchaamrit.
Panch Kedaar see also
Panch Kedaar Temples under Kedaareshwar
Five types of Upaasanaa (worship) - Ijyaa, Abhigaman, Upaadaan, self
study, and Yog. They include worshipping idols, Sandhyaa-Tarpan,
Havan-Poojan, Dhyaan, Jap and reading Soorya's life.
Mahaa-Bhoot see Panch Tattwa
There are five types of Yagya which should be performed daily, who
doesn't do them, he is called Braahman killer. These Panch Yagya are Dev
Yagya, Bhoot (Braahman) Yagya, Pitra Yagya, Manushya (A-Tithi) Yagya, and Brahm
Yagya. All Dwij should do these Panch Mahaa-Yagya methodically. Doing Bali-vaishwadev is
called Bhoot Yagya, doing Tarpan is called Pitra Yagya, studying and
teaching Ved is called Brahm Yagya, doing Havan is called Dev Yagya and
felicitating an incoming A-Tithi is called Manushya Yagya or A-Tithi Yagya.
Panch means five and Neeraajan means doing Aaratee. So Panch-Neeraajan
means doing Aaratee with five things - lamp, cloth, leaf, flower and fruit.
Panch means five and Pallav means leaves. When Kalash are established
for Yagya or for any other sacred purpose, some leaves have to be put on
them. Five kinds of leaves are in fashion now-a-days - mango, Peepal,
Banyan, Pluksh (Paakad) and Goolar (Udumbar). Agni Puraan, p 611, says
that Panch Patra includes the leaves of Palaash, Goolar, Peepal, Vat
(banyan), and Bel.
see Panch Pallav
Panch means five, and Ratn means gems. According to Kaatyaayan - (1) Heeraa (diamond),
(2) Motee (pearl), (3) Vaidoorya Mani (Lahasuniyaa), (4) Pushp-raag (Pukharaaj or yellow sapphire) and
(5) Neelam (Indraneel, sapphire) - these are considered the best five gems.
(Padm Puraan, p 632)
Panch means five and Tanmaatraa means the subjects of the five Gyaan
Indriyaan - Shabd (sound), Sparsh (touch), Roop (seeing), Ras
(taste), and Gandh (smell) - these five subjects of five Gyaan Indriyaan
are called five Tanmaatraa. Among them the Sparsh (Touch) is spread all
over the body; while Gandh (Smell), especially in human beings, is more
than a primal urge compared to other animals.
(1) Five elements - (1) Earth (solids), (2) Water (fluids), (3) Air (gases),
(4) Fire (energy), and (5) Space (void); which appear from Panch Tanmaatraa
- sound, touch, seeing, taste, and smell. Among them he Earth being the
heaviest Tattwa tends to store Karm built over the longest period of
time, as well as at a more solidified level as compared to the other
(2) The following Panch Tattwa or Panch Makaar (or 5 Ms) are used in
reference to Devee worship - wine, meat, fish, parched food, and woman.
Panchaagni see also
see also Charanaamrit
Panch means five, and Amrit means nectar. Panchaamrit means five
nectars. The following five materials are supposed to be nectars of
this world - milk, yogurt, honey, Gangaa Water, and Ghee. So by mixing
these in a specific proportions this Panchaamrit is made. It is used to
bathe Bhagavaan's idol. Later this is distributed to the people. It is
regarded as an auspicious and compulsory thing to take. Whoever people
go to temple, they do not come back without taking Panchaamrit. This
type of Panchaamrit is available only when some special worship is performed,
for example Satya Naaraayan Poojaa etc, but at other times it is available only in
the form of water mixed with Tulasee leaf and sometimes some sugar or honey to sweeten it.
When it has been used to bathe Bhagavaan's idol, it becomes Charanaamrit,
because it has touched Bhagavaan's feet. It can be only water also by which
Bhagavaan's idol has been give a bath.
Who has five faces - means Shiv.
see also Panchaang
Panch=Five, and Ang=parts. A Panchaang book tells five parts of the day - (1) Tithi (1-14 +
Amaavasyaa or Poornimaa); (2) Vaar (day - Sunday, Monday etc); (3) Nakshatra (Constellation);
(4) Yog (combination), and (5) Karan or Muhoort That is why it is
called Panchaang. All Pandit (Braahman who worship themselves and for
others) keep this book with them for knowing these details about days.
Panchak means five. Panchak occurs when the Moon’s longitude is between
296 degrees and 360 degrees in sidereal calculation. Out of the total of
the 27 star constellations, Panchak mostly occurs in the last 5 stars,
thus generally occurring on the 5 days every month. There is another
phenomenon of pPanchak Baan which is based on the longitude of the Sun
and is of 5 types. There is Bheeshm Panchak, Yam Panchak, Vishnu Panchak, etc.
(1) The 5th. (2) The fifth note of North Indian music. There
are seven notes in North Indian music - Shadaj, Rishabh, Gandhaar,
Madhyam, Pancham, Dhaivat, and Nishaad.
The 5th day of the fortnight of the Lunar calendar.
Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u15, says that He was a Raakshas who lived in the
form of a conch in the sea. When Krishn was looking for His Guru
Saandeepan Muni's lost son, He went to the sea and asked him if he knew
about him. He told Him that maybe Panchjan Raakshas had taken him
because he lived in the sea. Krishn immediately went into the sea killed
him, but could not find His Guru's son. He brought his body (conch) and
gave it to His Guru, but he told Him to keep it for Himself, as what he
would do of it.
Panch means five and Nad means Nadee(river), so the name of a place where Panch (five) Nad (rivers) flow, means Panjaab
- these five rivers are Shutudree (Satalaj), Vipaashaa (Vyaas),
Iraavatee (Raavee), Chandrabhaagaa (Chinaab), and Vitastaa (Jhelam or Behut).
The place to cook food (oven or cooking range etc), the place to grind
flour, the place to crush or grind spices, the place to keep water, and
the action of sweeping - these places are the possible places for Hinsaa
(killing small Jeev) for a Grihasth (householder), therefore these come
under Panchsoonaa Dosh (sin) for him.
Name of a book of moral stories compiled by Vishnu Sharmaa (c 370-450
AD). It has been translated into Persian, Arabic, Greek and Hebrew
during 600-900 AD. And from these languages to most European languages.
Hitopadesh, a smaller book by Naaraayan is based on Panchtantra.
(1) Panch menas fve and Vatee means Vat tree. So Panchvatee is where five types
of Vat (ficus) trees are there - Bilva, Peepal, Banyan, Ashok, and Dhaatri.
(2) Where Raam, Lakshman and Seetaa lived to pass heir exile period and
Raavan abducted Seetaa from there.
(1) Learned person. (2) Indian priest.
A compound word - Pank + Aj, means which is born from mud, means lotus.
see also A-Par
(1) Aatmaa (soul) is of two types Par Aatmaa and A-Par Aatmaa. Par Aatmaa is
Param Brahm and is Nir-Gun; and A-Par Aatmaa or A-Par Brahm is said to
be "with Ahankaar", that is Jeev Aatmaa.
(2) Higher, or better.
(3) Brahmaa's Age. His half age, 50
Brahmaa years, is called Paraardh (a compound word - Par+Ardh)
Prakriti and A-Paraa Prakriti
Knowledge about soul, or Aatmaa, or Brahm.
of Time on Prithvi
(1) Ultimate. (2) Highest.
A combined word - Param+Arth. Paramaarth is selfless Karm. Mostly
people do every Karm with some kind of objective, that is why it is very
difficult to do Paramaarth in which there is no objective.
(1) The highest profit. (2) To do good to others.
(3) Not to wish for worldly things, but to aspire for Brahm.
Param means the ultimate, and Aatmaa means soul; so Paramaatmaa means
the Ultimate soul, means Bhagavaan, God, Hari.
Another name of Brahm Lok, Vishnu Lok, and Jan Lok, where Brahmaa,
Vishnu and Sanakaadi Muni live.
Traditions - the chain of some specific processes and behaviors
beginning from very early period.
Another name of Arjun.
It is a compound word - Par means beyond and Lok means world, so Paralok
means the other world.
Param - (1)
Highest. (2) Absolute. (3) Most excellent.
The dwelling place of Bhagavaan, this place is called Moksh also. There
is a Divine city in the middle of this Param Dhaam which is called
Ayodhyaa which is surrounded by boundary wall and high gates. There are
pictures made from gems and gold. Chand etc guards and Kumud etc Dikpaal
guard it constantly. On its eastern gate are Chand and Prachand; on its
southern gate are Bhadra and Subhadra; on its western gate are Jaya and
Vijaya; and on its northern gate are Dhaataa and Vidhaataa. Kumud,
Kumudaaksh, Pundareek, Vaaman, Shankukarn, Sarvnidra, Sumukh,
Supratishthit - these are the Dikpaal of that city.
Final Moksh (beatitude).
Param means highest, and Pad means state or position; so
Param Pad means highest state or position.
(1) The ultimate Truth. (2) The highest Truth. (3) The
noblest act of helping others.
This is a compound word - Param means Highest and Aatmaa means Soul, so
Paramaatmaa means the Highest or Supreme Soul.
see also A-Parigraha
Parikarm is related to mathematics and is used in Jyotish (astrology).
It includes addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square and
square root, cube and cube root.
(1) Dependents. (2) Family.
Wandering monk. With no fixed abode.
(1) Another name of Indra. (2) Rains.
Cottage made out of leaves.
(1) Knot, as in bamboo. (2) Joint. (3) Auspicious occasion
or festival. (2) Parts of a book, such as some Puraan are divided in Parv
or MBH is divided in Parv.
(1) West direction. (2) Behind.
see also List of Animals
Sounds of Animals
(1) Flag. (2) Banner.
(1) Husband, for example Ramaapati, means Husband of Ramaa, menas
Vishnu. (2) Lord. (3) Owner.
Devoted wife, or loyal wife.
see also Panch Pallav
(1) Letter. (2) Very thin plate of any size and shape - such as "Taamra
Patra" means "Copper plate", or "some markings are
found on a Taamra Patra" means "some markings are found on a
thin plate or sheet of copper." Now this sheet may be round,
square, rectangular, or even an uneven shape. (3) Leaf - for example,
"Bhagavaan is pleased by offering even Patra."
Name of Bheem's conch.
A sacred tree in India. In many places it is worshipped.
A garment of yellow color, which normally is worn by Vishnu or Krishn.
(1) Fruits such as mango, banana etc. (2) Result - as "Karm Phal" means "the
result of your action".
Phal means fruits, and Aahaar means food. Phalaahaar means eating
fruits. But Shaastra permit a kind of special grain to eat under
Phalaahaar, that is buckwheat. It is not counted under grains. People
make several dishes out of its flour. Some people eat dried Singhaadaa
(a fruit found in ponds - it is very common in UP, India) flour, preparing its
flat bread and Halavaa (sweet dish). So it is not necessary to eat only fruits in Phalaahaar,
since that special grain is also permitted, but of course its literal
meaning is to eat only fruits, yogurt, milk, sugar, salt, and normally roots - potato and
yucca, including pumpkin (not green and other kinds of vegetables)
Pushp. Kusum. Flower.
Bow of Shiv, also called Ajagav. That is why he is called PInaakee or Pinaak Dhaaree.
(1) Lump. (2) Globe. (3) Ball of cooked rice, (or uncooked
barley flour), honey, and butter offered to Pitar or the spirit of ancestors.
Offering ball of cooked rice, (or uncooked barley flour), honey, and butter to Pitar
or the spirit of ancestors.
Grandfather (father's father).
see Makar Sankraanti
see also Praanaayaam
One of Praanaayaam's four processes - inhaling the breath; others are
Rechak, Kumbhak and Shoonyak.
The full-Moon day and night
see also Isht
Digging ponds and wells, building temples, and inns, planting gardens
and trees etc are called Poort or Ishtaa Poort Karm.
(1) One of the four directions - East. (2) Prior, earlier. (3) In front.
see also Darshan
A system of philosophy founded by Jaimini. Poorv-Meemaansaa school is based entirely on the study of Rig Vaidik
ritual and sacred texts. For its followers, salvation was equated with
the precise performance of the Som sacrifice, since everything
prescribed in the Ved must be taken literally as eternal truth. But this
system attracted fewer and fewer people over time.
This is in context with Tithi (days). When one Tithi is united with its
previous Tithi at sunrise it is called Poorv-Viddhaa Tithi. Some Tithi
are good when they are Poorv-Viddhaa; while others are not good. The
7th, Poornimaa, Amaavasyaa, the day of annual Shraaddh of father days
must be adopted when they are Poorv Viddhaa. Who desire for Dharm, Arth,
Kaam they should not keep fast on 2nd, 6th, 8th and 11th Tithi when they
Ancestors, or Pitar.
A Vaidik Divinity who nourishes the people, saves them from harm and
keeps their paths accessible to them.
The length between the thumb and the first finger when fully stretched out.
(1) Related to Prakriti (nature). (2) An old language used in India.
The first thing to eat to break the fast, kept for one or more days.
Normally people break the fast with some Prasaad, or Havishya food which
is also sweet in nature. It might be fruit or dry fruits also.
Proof. (2) Measuremnt
see also Vaayu
The air we breath is called Praan - breath of life. When this air is gone, the man dies.
The life force. In Yogic tradition, Praan is said to be tenfold
depending on its nature and function. Of the ten Praan (inhalation) and
Apaan (exhalation) are the most important. According to Bhagavad Geetaa,
a Yogee should balance and control the movement of Praan and Apaan in
order to have control over the modifications of the mind and thus attain
Samaadhi. According to
Bhaagvat 3/6 ten Praan are - Praan, Apaan, Udaan, Samaan, Vyaan,
Naag, Koorm, Krikal, Devatatt, and Dhananjaya.
It is the process, completed with the help of Mantra, to invoke life in
a statue or idol before worshipping it. This process fills life in the
statue or idol. Without invoking life, statue is only a statue, not god.
As there are five Praan, there are five Mantra for them, they are -
"Praanaaya Swaahaa, Apaanaaya Swaahaa, Samaanaaya Swaahaa,
Vyaanaaya Swaahaa, Udaanaaya Swaahaa". When one eats five morsels
pronouncing these five Mantra, it is called Praanaagnihotra. It is a
compound word - Praan+Agni-Hotra.
see also Ashtaang Yog
see also Karm
Literally that which has been commenced.
Fruits of previous lives' Karm. There are three types of Karm - Sanchit (collected ones)
(1) The first thing to eat after a fast, for example "People do Praashan
with some sweet thing" - it means that when they break their fast, first
they eat some sweet thing. Although many things are prescribed for
Praashan, sometimes some special thing is also prescribed to break special fast.
(2) Eating or tasting. Ann Praashan is a major Sanskaar of a child when he eats or tastes the Ann (cereal)
for the first time.
(1) God. (2) Master
Act of circumambulating a sacred object - it can be a temple, hill, an
idol, a tree. The letter "Pra" stands for the removal of all kinds of
sins; "da" stands for the fulfillment of desires; "kshi" stands for
freedom from future births; and "naa" stands for the granting of
deliverance through Gyaan.
(1) The elements of the material manifestation.
(2) Mool Prakriti, means original nature. It is the first thing which appeared
directly from Brahm. All other things have appeared from it.
(1) Wisdom. The power of discriminating the essential, spiritual wisdom.
(2) Another name of Saraswatee.
Prahar is a part of the day. Eight Prahar make one day and night - four
Prahar in the day and four Prahar in the night. So one Prahar may be
taken as equal to three hours. It is also called Yaam.
Deluge or the Great deluge. The dissolution of the Universe. At this time it is believed that everything
gets destroyed and is absorbed by the Param Paramaatmaa (God). Then
after some time creation is started again afresh. According to Hindoo and
Jain, Pralaya is the recurring event in the never-ending cycle of
creation and dissolution of the Universe. It is claimed that every cycle
takes the same time to complete.
Useless efforts of Indriyaan and heart are called Pramaad.
Pramaan (Measurement, or Proof)
Another name of Shiv - meaning destroyer.
see also Saashtaang Pranaam
Greeting. In Indian culture Pranaam is done normally by joining hands,
bending a little in respect of the person and saying a word for
greeting, such as "Namaskaar", "Namstey", "Pranaam",
"Jaya Shree Raam", "Jaya Shree Krishn" etc. If the
person is a close relative, or a saint, the younger people touch his or her feet
instead of joining hands.
Aum or Om word is known as Pranav, Beej or Mool Mantra.
Pranav consists of three letters - Akaar, Ukaar and Makaar and thus it is said to be the form of
three Ved. This is the dwelling place of Brahm. Akaar represents Vishnu,
Ukaar represents Lakshmee Jee and Makaar is their servant "Jeev" which
is the 25th element also.
5 Bhoot, 5 Tanmaatraa, mind, Ahankaar, Mahat Tattwa, and Prakriti -
these are the 24 Tattwa; and their witness Consciousness is the 25th Tattwa.]
Prasiddh Mantra are those which do not need any Guru's initiation to do
Jaap of them, such as "Aum Namah Shivaaya", "Aum Namo Naaraayanaaya", "Aum
Namo Bhagavatey Vaasudevaaya",
(1) Giving birth to a child. (2) Prasooti Kaal - Delivery time of a woman.
see also Weight Measurement
It is a weight measurement, for example, 1 Prasth gold. One Prasth is
equal to 4 Kudava; and 1 Kudava is equal to about 12 double handfuls.
A collective name of Upanishad,
Bhagvad Geetaa and Vedaant Sootra.
(1) First. (2) Foremost. (3) Primeval.
see also Vivaah
(1) Reverse, such as Pratilom Vivaah. Pratilom Vivaah means when a lower
Varn boy marries a higher Varn girl, it is called Pratilom Vivaah.
The first day of the fortnight of the Lunar calendar - also called Padavaa.
see also Sarg
Destruction or Pralaya.
Pratyaahaar see also
To control one's Indriyaan (senses).
Religious discourse or exposition.
Pravritti and Nivritti
Efforts made to enjoy worldly comforts and pleasures, or to
make living, or acts done in pursuance of the religion is called Pravritti,
so Pravritti means to take action outside.
Ni means no, and Vritti means living. So Nivritti means not doing
anything for living; or non-indulging in something, or washing away one's hands
from something. When one has nothing to do with any of his actions (Pravritti
- outside) that
is called Nivritti. In this state a man has to take action inside, not
outside. Abstention from external actions (Nivritti) is considered superior state to Pravritti.
Thus expansion is Pravritti and
contraction is Nivritti.
Sitting down at a particular spot abstaining from food and drink to
die. Restraining from food and drink.
Prayaag see also
Prayaag is called the place where two rives meet. Thus there may be many
Prayaag. But if somebody says "Prayaag", normally it is
understood as Allaahaabaad (UP) where Gangaa and Yamunaa rivers meet.
There are other Prayaag also famous as Prayaag but they are less known
than Allaahaabaad. These Prayaag come on the way to - (1) Dev Prayaag (Sangam
of Bhaageerathee and Alaknandaa, on the way to Badree Naath) (2) then
comes Rudra Prayaag, (3) Son Prayaag (Sangam of Mandaakinee and Son
Gangaa Rivers on the way to Kedaar Naath), (4) Karn Prayaag, (5) Nand
Prayaag, and (6) Vishnu Prayaag.
see also Use of Tantra and Prayog under
(1) Use. (2) Experiment.
(3) This word is used for the
activities using Tantra also. Prayog is different from
Anushthaan is a macro thing, but its usually a multipurpose thing. Like
if you actually succeed in Anushthaan of even one
Mahaavidyaa, then you
automatically have Dharm, Arth, Kaam, and Moksh, plus all Shatkarm of
that Devee. Prayog are like more to the pointed thing. They are meant to
fulfill a specific deficiency you can say. Mostly, doing a series of two
or three Prayog is actually smarter and faster way of solving problems.
(1) A body given to a person after his death according to his Karm. (2) Those who die, first become Pret. They remain so for one year till the
Sa-pindeekaran Shraddhaa is performed for them. Then they unite with
(ancestors). The gifts made in this Shraddhaa, as well as in the monthly
ones, have the virtue of rescuing the Pret, or bringing him an accession
of merit. The gifts made in annual Shraddhaa also have the same effects.
see also Shreya
According to Kath Upanishad Preya is "what is pleasant" for a man, it
may or may not be useful or good for him
The first hymn of the 12th Kaand of Atharv Ved (12-1) consisting of 63
Mantra. It is an outstanding Sookt (hymn) dedicated to the praise of
one's own land of birth from the point of view of the contents and
poetic beauty. It is also called Bhoomi Sookt also.
Prokshan normally means sprinkling water over the head. It may be used
while doing Viniyog of any Stotra, such as "drop a spoon water with Til
and raw rice in it, on a plate, and 'prokshan' all at yours after the
completions of Mantra".
(1) Dhoomketu. (2) Comet.
Priest or official worshipper.
Yellow Sapphire. Pushp-raag. One of the nine gems or precious stones. Some
of the others are (1) Heeraa - Diamond; (2) Pannaa - Emerald; (3) Laal -
Ruby, Chunnee, (4) Motee - Pearl; (5) Moongaa - Coral; (6) Neelam - Sapphire, Indraneel,
Neelmani; (7) Vaidoorya Mani (Lahasuniyaa); (8) Pukharaaj - Yellow Sapphire -
all are called Mani or Ratn. Yellow sapphire is found in yellow, golden, and orange colors, as well
as in a colorless variety known as white sapphire. The best gem is said
to be of lemon-yellow color. The color in yellow sapphire is due to the
presence of iron and titanium. The best yellow sapphires, famous for
their luster, smoothness, brilliance, and transparence, come from Mogok,
situated in the upper region of Burma. Sri Lanka produces sapphires in
yellow, light green, and color-less varieties in sufficient quantities.
These sapphires are of some-what inferior quality to the Burmese
Pukharaaj. Good quality sapphires in shades of yellow, green, pink, red,
blue, violet, and white (colorless) are found in abundance in Brazil.
Lotus flower of white color.
Sanskaar see also
1 of the 16 Sanskaar for Hindu to influence the sex of the fetus so that
a male child is born. It is performed in the 3rd or 4th month of the
pregnancy wherein some Mantra are chanted and a medicine is administered
to the pregnant woman. The ritual has practically died.
Punya see also Paap
(1) Good actions. All those actions which are done to do good to others are called Punya.
(2) Dhaarmik Actions - Actions according to Shaastra. They also come in this category as they
are done to please Bhagavaan or Devtaa or Pitar etc. (3) Virtue.
City or town.
Another name of Shiv.
Another name of Indra. it means the destroyer of strongholds.
see also Mantra Jaap
In charge of religious activities of a house. Family priest.
God. Bhagavaan. Brahm.
The noblest man - God. Normally it is used for Vishnu and His
incarnations - Krishn and Raam (Maryaadaa Purushottam).
Purushottam Maas see
(1) Means lotus flower in Vaidik Sanskrit. (2) and Pond in modern Sanskrit.
(3) A sacred lake in Ajmer, Raajasthaan, India. (4) Name of Raajaa
Nal's brother with whom he played dice game and lost everything.
This was a airplane given by Brahmaa Jee to Kuber. But when Raavan had
got the Var to be like immortal, he defeated Kuber and took his Pushpak
Vimaan. Raam used the same Pushpak Vimaan to come back to Ayodhyaa after killing Raavan. It's
specialties were that it could be smaller or larger according to one's needs.
It used to fly with the speed of mind, and it moved by thoughts only. It
had all the amenities in it. After coming back to Ayodhyaa Raam returned
it. Then whenever He wanted he called it.
Pushp-raag see Pukharaaj
Dharm see also
In Putrikaa Dharm, the first son born to the daughter belongs to the
father of the daughter. It normally happens when the girl has no
brother, but can happen otherwise also.