(1) Little children. (2) Child Krishn.
A class of Divine beings. They are 60,000 in number and always recite
Ved Mantra sitting on Soorya's chariot. Their size is said to be equal to thumb.
see also Trees for the names of other trees
Bamboo. Flutes are made of the bamboo; otherwise also it is used to make many things.
Baarhaspatya Measurement of Time
Wick. A long thread made of normally raw cotton, to light the lamp.
see also Trees
for the names of other trees
Banyan tree. This is also considered a sacred tree and is worshipped in
India. It is believed that it is an immortal tree. When everything was
destroyed after the Pralaya, Maarkandeya Muni saw Hari as a baby on this
tree leaf only. Its branches grow so long that they come down, reach the
ground and grow again as a separate tree from there. There is a very old
banyan tree in KalKatta (now Kolkata) in India under which a king's
army took rest once.
Badav means trees; and Anal means fire. Thus Badavaanal means "the
fire which burns the forest".
According to Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/12,
one Baddh is 13,084.
(1) For a king, there are 6 types of Bal - (1) Power of wealth, (2) Power of allies, (3) Power of forests,
(4) Power of paid soldiery, and (5) Power of mechanical and trading classes. Among
these strengths power of allies and power of wealth are superior to the rest.
(2) In astrology also planets have their strength, that is also called
Bal, or how powerful that planet is.
see also Yagya-Special
(1) A Daitya King named
Bali in Hiranyakshyap and Prahlaad family
(2) Sacrifice, normally of any animal. These Bali are normally given to
An auspicious thing to do while doing religious ceremonies or Poojaa.
Two leaves of mango tree, or Ashok tree are tied at a 5-6 inches
distance in a string and is hung on the top of doorways using nails on
both the sides of the door.
Young Braahman boy.
(1) Another name of Shiv.
One of the terrific manifestations of Shiv, shown as Bhairav whose
Vaahan is a fierce dog. There are others also, such as Kaal Bhairav,
Nakuleshwar Bhairav. Batuk Bhairav is called "Siddhi-da" or conferring
felicity or success. (2) Traveler.
see also Beej Mantra
(1) Seed. (2) Source. (3) Om
word is known as Pranav, Beej or Mool Mantra.
see also Phal (Fruits)
for the names of the other fruits
The 6th month of Hindoo Lunar calendar.
see also Puraan
One of the 18 Puraan.
Another name River Gangaa.
Fate. Destiny. In common usage Hindoo use Bhaagya to explain the cause of events
they cannot control. Yet they believe that what is written in one's fate
is the result of one's own past Karm (deeds), good or bad. One has to
reap good or bad consequences of his own Karm. The Aajeevik sect of 6th
century BC proposed that all happenings are determined by Niyati
(Destiny) and Destiny is the circumstance over which man has no control,
past, present or future. But Hindoo have rejected this doctrine.
The center part of the forehead. Maathaa
Another name of Saraswatee.
Another name of Soorya.
Bhadra as a noun is used for gentleman and as an adjective is used for
"related to gentleman". Kumbh means Kalash or pitcher. Thus Bhadra Kumbh
is the auspicious golden jar filled with consecrated water used solely
for the consecration (Abhishek) of kings.
Another name of Durgaa.
(1) Female generation organ,
(2) A name of 12 names of Soorya Dev in Indian Lunar Makar month
(Jan-Feb). Bhag is described in Rig Ved as a god with 11,000 bright
golden rays. The day this Makar month starts is called Makar Sankraman.
It is also referred to as Uttaraayan
Feminine of Bhagavan. She also has all those Gun which are in Bhagavan.
(1) A musical Raag in Indian music. (2) Another name of Durgaa.
(Noun) - (1) Devotional songs.
(Verb) - (2) Singing devotional songs. To Worship.
Devotee. Who does Bhakti.
Bharat Naatyam Dance
(1) Mars. It is known as Mangal, Kuj (Kujaa), Rakt, Veer, and
Angaarak also. (2) Bhaum Vaar means Mangal Vaar - Tuesday.
Another name of Durgaa. Feminine of Bhav - a name of Shiv.
see also Puraan
One of the 18 Puraan.
(1) Difference. (2) Kinds or types - For example "This donation has
10 Bhed.", means "This donation is of 10 types". (2) One of the four
policies - Saam, Daam, Dand, Bhed. In this sense it means to create differences
between two or more people.
(1) Alms. (2) Begging. Besides normal beggars (poor people), there are some others
also who go for Bhikshaa. Children living with Guru for education, as
Brahmchaaree, used to go to ask for Bhikshaa - asking for food.
Vaanprasthee and Sanyaasee also used to go house to house for Bhikshaa
asking for food.
(1) Beggar. (2) Yati, who subsists on alms.
Noun - (1) Naivedya. The eatables offered to Bhagavaan for His eating.
Verb - (1) To eat. (2) To enjoy or suffer according to one's Karm.
Results or fruit of some Karm. (3) Bhog or enjoyment is of five kinds -
pleasant of sound (Shabd from ears); pleasure of touch (Sparsh from
skin); pleasure of seeing beautiful thins (Roop from eyes); pleasure of
tasting delicious food (Ras from mouth and tongue); and pleasure of
sweet smell (Gandh from nose).
see also Karm Bhoomi
Where people enjoy the fruits of their Karm. Swarg and Narak are Bhog
Bhoomi, as people enjoy or suffer for their actions there.
Birch tree bark. This bark was used for writing in ancient times.
Prithvi, or the Earth.
Devtaa on Prithvi - means Braahman.
Sookt 12-1 of Atharv Ved consisting of 63 Mantra. It is an outstanding
Sookt (hymn) dedicated to the praise of one's own land of birth from the
point of view of the contents and poetic beauty. It is called Prithvi Sookt also.
see also Prithvi
According to MBH, Bhoor Lok is of 500 million (50 Crore) Yojan extent. In Bhoor Lok,
there are seven islands - Jamboo, Pluksh, Shaalmali, Kush,
Kraunch, Shaak and Pushkar which are surrounded by seven seas. The outer
island from the inner island, and the outer sea from the inner sea are of
just double their size. Ksheer (milk), Ikshu (sugarcane juice), Kshaar
(salty), Ghrit (ghee or clarified butter), Dadhya (buttermilk),
Ksheer-salil, and Jal (sweet water) - these are the seven oceans. Vishnu
rests in Ksheer Saagar.
see also Panch Mahaa-bhoot
(1) Living being. (2) Past. (3) Five elements of nature -
Prithvi (Earth), Vaayu (Air), Aakaash (Space), Agni (Fire),
and Jal (Water). (4) Bhoot are unclean spirits. They are ghosts of
all kinds against which protective Mantra are used. A sample may be
found in the Garud Puraan, Ch cxcix.
Beneficial to beings - Shiv.
Another name of Shiv.
Black bee, or Bumble bee. Bhaunraa, or Bhanvaraa, or Madhukar, or Milind.
Another name of Shesh Naag.
Eating, such as Ek Bhukt means eating only once in a day.
The Lord of the three Lok, Vishnu.
God as Divine mother.
(1) Zero. (2) Dot. (3) Originally a red-colored circular mark
put in the middle on the forehead by Indian women. It used to be common to
all religions earlier, but as time passed, it has become exclusive to the women
of the Hindu families. Until the early 20th century this was a mark of married woman who
stopped using it if they became widow. Unmarried girls could also use
this Bindee as until they became widow, they were considered Suhaagin
(married and whose husband is alive). But now-a-days it has become a
fashion, regardless of marital status, it is neither restricted to red
color, nor does it need to be circular.
Birds for the names of various birds
Some special birds are described here.
Body is of several types -
(1) Physical body or Empirical body - this is the body we have,
(2) Avataar's body - this is the body Bhagavaan takes,
(3) Causal Body - this is the body which is the cause of our birth,
normally it consists of the records of our Karm,
(4) Subtle body - the Sookshm body which leaves our physical body
when we die. Subtle body and Causal body live together and cause us to
take birth again, and
(5) Dream body - this is the body we take in our dreams, this body gets
physically hurt, but still our own physical body does not get hurt; of
course emotions are felt - we laugh, we weep, we cry, we fear in dreams
and still feel their effect after we wake up.
God, the Supreme Soul - Paramaatmaa. Brahm, according to Chhaandogya
Upanishad is "Tajjalaan" (tat-ja-laan) - that from whom the Universe is
born and into whom it will return and by whom it is sustained He is
Parameshwar and is sometimes called Param Brahm also. He is considered
to live in everybody's heart as His Individual Soul (Aatmaa). According
to Ved, there is one God. He expresses Himself as Soorya (Sun), Indra,
Varun, Mitra etc. According to Upanishad, Brahm is the Supreme Soul, is
indefinable, is Eternal and is the Creator of the Universe. With this
theory He performs these function with His three forms - Brahmaa, Vishnu
and Shiv. He is neither male nor female, or if you will, both. As both
He is Shiv and Shakti or Shiv and Durgaa - Shiv being male and Shakti or
Durgaa being female. Thus Shiv and Durgaa together represent God in the
form of "Ardh-Naareeshwar" - an image of half male and half female.
It is Brahmaa's Astra and it is used only in emergency. It should not be
used on humans. It is given to those who live with a great discipline.
If the two Brahm Astra have to neutralize their effect, there is a 2
year drought wherever they get neutralize. (from MBH) No person of
un-cleansed soul could withdraw it once it was let off. It could be
withdrawn only by that who had led the life of a Brahmchaaree, if has
not done so then it will put the user himself in danger. Even Devtaa etc
cannot withdraw it. Meghnaad had it; Arjun got it from his Guru Drone
but Ashwatthaamaa took it from his father Drone because of the jealousy
of Arjun. That is why he could not withdrew it when Vyaas and Naarad Jee
requested him to withdraw it. It fell down on Uttaraa's wom.
Morning time when only a few stars are visible in the sky.
It is the
staff in the hands of an ascetic.
Knowledge about Brahm, or Divine knowledge.
Killing of a Braahman. It is considered great sin.
Mix 1 Pal cow's urine (saying Gaayatree Mantra), cow dung equal to half
thumb (with "Gandh Dwaaraam Duraadharshaa.." Mantra from Shree Sookt), 7
Pal milk (with "Aapyaaya Swa..." Mantra from Yajur Ved, 12/112), 2 Pal yogurt
(with "Dadhi Kraavno..." Mantra from Yajur Ved 23/32), 1 Pal Ghee (with "Tejo
Asi Shukra Masyamrit Masi..." Mantra from Yajur Ved 22/1) , and 1 Pal Kush
water (with "Devasya..." Mantra frm Yajur Ved 20/3) together. All mixed
together is called Brahm Koorch. (Pal is somewhere is equal to 4 Tolaa
and somewhere it is 8 Tolaa - see
[Agni Puraan, p 361-362]
Brahm Lok is another term for Vaikunth. It is above Brahmaa's Lok.
Duration of an hour and half before sunrise, or pre-dawn, normally between 5 and
6 am in
Northern India. It is called Prabodh Kaal also.
see also Puraan
see also Chakra
Brahm means related to God, and Randhra means "hole". This is the point
from where the soil leves the body for his Final Journey. This exists in
the brain of a person, where a Sahastra Dal Kamal (1,000 petal lotus) is lying.
Name of the book written by Baadaraayan
claiming to present the entire contents of the genuine Upanishad in the form of 555
short aphorisms in four chapters. [By comparison Shree Mad Bhaagvat contains 18,000 full
Shlok. This book is also known as "Vedaant Sootra". The
term Vedaant has recently become more popular meaning "the Final Message of the Ved".
Paraa Vidyaa; or knowledge of Brahm; or knowledge of total existence or
spiritual wisdom that leads to seeker to the realization of Brahm.
According to Upanishad this Vidyaa, knowledge, is absolute, that is why
after knowing this "the unheard becomes heard, and the unknown becomes
known". Read Prasthaan Trayee
to know about it.
see also Puraan
Literally means "The country where God lives. It was the name of the
region which later came to be known as Hariyaanaa.
A sage who has attained Brahm
Who observes Brahmcharya. There are four lifelong Brahmchaaree -
Hanumaan Jee, Naarad Jee, Bheeshm Pitaamaha, and Sanakaadi Muni.
see also Puraan
One of the 18 Puraan.
Name of a work describing Vaidik deities.
Name of one of the genuine Upanishad.
(1) Another name of Indra. (2) Father of Jaraasandh.
(3) Name of the last king
of the Maurya Dynasty.
Brihaspati or Guru
(1) Dev Guru. (2) Father of Bharadwaaj Rishi in c 2000 BC.
(3) The author of the book of Aphorisms preaching atheism on the lines
of Charvaak around 400 AD. (4) Planet Jupiter.
Buddha see also
Awakened, or enlightened means Gautam Buddha.
(1) Planet Mercury. (2) Son of Chandramaa - his son was Pururavaa
who started Chandra Vansh. (3) Budh Vaar - the 4th day of the week