Gaj Motee, or elephant pearl. Elephant pearls are the equivalent of pulp
stones in human teeth. They are formed from rounded calcified masses of
dentine (ivory) and are recovered from the large soft tissue pulps of
the continuously growing teeth (tusks) of mammals such as the elephant
(recent and fossil). These rare objects, which are known as Gajamuktaa (Gaja-muthu)
are much revered and valued by members of the Buddhist faith -
particularly in Sri Lankaa. It is commonly believed that the person who
possesses a Gajamukta will be very successful in life and could become king.
Identifying elephant pearls requires a mix of observational skill and
advanced spectroscopy. As the elephant pearl consists of a rounded mass
of dentine, its surface may be patterned by curving growth layers; but
the external surface of the elephant pearl will not display an
engine-turned surface. This observation allows its ready discrimination
from a shaped elephant molar or carved elephant ivory; but will not
allow identification of the species of mammal responsible for producing
the pearl. To achieve this discrimination requires use of Raman
spectroscopy to determine the relative intensities two specific bands in
the suspect elephant pearl's 1064 nm excited Raman spectra.
Whose face is of elephant. Another name of Ganesh.
(1) Troop. (2) Group. (3) Group of men or angels under the
superintendence of Ganesh Jee. That is why he is called Ganapati or Ganaadhipati also.
Celebrated on Chaitra Shukla Triteeyaa by women. It is said that on this
day Paarvatee blesses women for the long life of their husbands. This
festival is popular in Raajsthaan.
Who is the Lord of Gan (servants). Another name of Ganesh.
A special prayer in praise of Ganesh Jee.
Gandh Tailam means the fragrant oil of Champak flower or the oil of
The third note of North Indian music. There are seven notes in North
Indian music - Shadaj, Rishabh, Gandhaar, Madhyam, Pancham, Dhaivat, and
One of the eight types of marriages prescribed by Manu. This is love
marriage, without ceremony, with the consent of boy and girl.
Bhaadrapad Shukla Chaturthee which is considered the birth date of Ganesh.
see also Puraan
One of the main 18 Puraan. According to Aangiras (p 122), its contents
have doubtful value.
(1) Status. (2) Situation. When a soul is born in lower species, it is
said to have bad Gati. Born being a human being is considered a good
Gati on Prithvi. In after life if somebody goes to Hell, he is said to
have bad Gati. Going to Heaven is a good Gati, and attaining Moksh is
the best Gati.
(1) Fair-complexioned. (2) Another name of Chaitanya Mahaaprabhu.
Expensive stones, such as (1) Heeraa (diamond), (2) Laal, or Chunnee
(ruby), (3) Neelam, or Padm-raag, or Indraneel (sapphire), (4) Motee or
Muktaa (pearl), (5) Moongaa (coral), (6) Pannaa or Marakat (emerald).
A type of red clay which is mostly used in drawing Mandals and other
Devtaa-related drawings. It comes in hard lumps, so it is ground and
mixed with water, which gives a kind of red ink. Then this ink is used
to draw figures on floor or walls. For beauty, other colors are also
diluted and filled in thos drawings made by Geroo. It is very popular in
A place on the banks of river, where one can take bath safely. There are
several such famous places on various holy rivers, such as
Dashaashwamedh Ghaat, Manikarnikaa Ghaat,
at Gangaa River in Vaaraanasee, UP.
A time period in Indian religious astrology - 24 minutes.
60 Ghadee makes 1 day (60 x 24 minutes = 1440 minutes;
1440/60 minutes = 144/6 = 24 hours = 1 day)
(1) Bell. (2) Hour - 1/24th part of one day.
Clarified butter. Butter is boiled and its water content is dried. the
remains is called Ghee. It is used to light lamp before God, making
sweets and food. Normally people do not use oil to light lamps in
religious ceremonies. In India people use it in cooking and eat it in
their daily food items too.
(1) Fierce. (2) Serious. Eg Ghor Aparaadh = Serious crime; Ghor
Paap = Serious sin; Ghore Roop = Fierce form
Cow. For several centuries, cow has been a sacred animal in Hindu
society. It is interesting to know as how it came to be a sacred animal.
In the early Vaidik times, the cow did not have any special place. In
fact the Hindu of early Vaidik age ate beef as it is evident from Rig
Ved and Uttar-Raamcharit of Bhavabhooti. In due course of time they found that
eating beef was not a good idea since it was harmful to human body. The
germ of this experience is also present in Rig Ved itself, where
the term "Aghnya" suggests it. As time passed Hindu stopped eating beef
and became vegetarian.
repeating itself in west. They are rediscovering that beef and other
meats are harmful for human body and are becoming vegetarian. The Hindu
society did not have large dairy farms. Each family owned its own cow or
cows to provide milk, butter, cheese etc. Thus they became the family
member and as such people found them difficult to kill that cow which
provided milk etc for so long for the family.
[Aangiras, p 126-127]
see also Distance
2,100 arm-length (2 arm-length = 1 yard, thus 2,100 arm-length land is
about 1,050 yard land) land is called Go-Charm Bhoomi (land).
(Naarad Puraan, p 721)
see also Daan
Gift of cow or cows. Go-Daan has a great importance in Hindoo religion.
A yellow pigment obtained from the head of a cow is called Go-Rochan.
Some sects use it to apply Tilak on their forehead.
A book of poems mentioning 1,000 names of Krishn
Soil of Dwaarakaa.
Literally means "Cow city". The term first assigned to the Vaidik
village, later assigned to the gate of the city and finally the
monumental entrance. This type of tower is distinguished from the Vimaan
by its oblong plan at the top which is an elongated vaulted roof with
gable ends. It has pronouncing sloping sides, usually 65 degrees, so
that the section at the top is about half the size of the base. Although
the first two storeys are usually built solidly of stone masonry, the
rest is of lighter material, usually brick and plaster. One can see the
Paandyaa Gopuram at Jambookeshwar near Tiruchiraapallee and in
Chidaambaram and Tirumalai Temples.
(1) 1/1000th part of Kilogram a measure to weigh dry things. (2) Village
(1) Accepting. (2) Grasping. (3) Eclipse. There are two Grahan -
Soorya Grahan (Solar eclipse) and Chandra Grahan (Lunar eclipse). Soorya Grahan
always falls on Amaavasyaa (New Moon day) and Chandra Grahan always falls on Poornimaa (Full Moon
day). Both periods are considered auspicious for charity (Daan) and
see also Cereals
(1) A single unit of a cereal or pulse, or anything. (2) An imperial
measurement of weight for dry things
(1) Knot. (2) Problem.
There are seven Granthi mentioned in Naarad Puraan, p 405 - Kalaa, Kaal
(Time), Niyati (destiny), Vidyaa (knowledge), Raag (intense love),
Prakriti (five Bhoot), and Gun (attributes - three Gun - Sat, Raj, and Tam).
Summer - one of the six seasons of India. These six seasons are - (1) Vasant (Spring), (2) Greeshm
(Summer), (3) Varshaa (Rainy), (4) Sharad (Autumn or Fall), (5) Hemant (Winter), and
(6) Shishir (mild Winter).
Deity of some family. Many families have their own Deity to worship for.
These Griha Devtaa are always worshipped on all important occasions of
the family, such as births, marriages, any religious Sanskaar etc.
See also Sootra; Sootra
A book describing how sacraments should be performed. Several writers
have written such books, the more well-known among them being
Grihya Sootra) Gobhil, Hiranyakeshee, Paaraskar, Shankhaayan and
Aapastamb. All of these books are very similar to each other in contents
and were perhaps written during 600 BC - 200 BC period. Much of the
materials of these books has been obsolete except some Mantra borrowed
from Ved. A new Grihya-Sootra has been written by Aangiras Muni based on
Rig Ved, Atharv Ved and other sources to make it meaningful to modern times.
There is a Kathak Grihya Sootra also where Kaalee Devee is being
Groups - Here are given terms used
for groups, sounds etc of animals, birds etc
Guhyak are beings born in Dev Yoni and are attendants of Kuber (Devtaa of Wealth), described in
the Kaashee Khand of Shiv Puraan.
A compound word. Gun (attributes) and Ateet (beyond), means who is
beyond the three Gun, or who is not affected by Gun - the Supreme Being.
There are three Gun - Sat, Raj, and Tam. Sat Gun produces Gyaan, Raj Gun
inspires for actions and Tam Gun makes a man ignorant. When these three Gun
do not affect a person, he is called Gunaateet. The Supreme Being in Its ultimate
Nir-Gun aspect. When it unfolds Itself by Chitt Shakti, It enters into the
attributes of the world created in pastime by the play of self-illusion
and appears as One possessing attributes. It appears differently according to
the characters of such beings and enjoys their attributes. (Bhaagvat Puraan, 2/30-32)
Vow of rituals.
In olden days, in ancient Inia, education to children was given in Gurukul. Here Guru used
to live and educate his Shishya (disciples). In those days Guru was also used to be very
respectable and an identifier of the quality of education. People used to take the name of
their Guru with very pride. Children used to go there after their Yagyopaveet
Sanskaar - between 5-11 years of age normally and stayed
there only up to the time their education was finished. Then they gave
Guru Dakshinaa to their Guru and came to their parents and marry to enter
Grihasth Aashram. This period was called Brahmcharya Aashram.
(1) Knowledge of Shaastra. (2) Bodh power - power to discriminate
between good and bad. (3) [Padm
Puraan, 3/5] says by whichever knowledge one knows Bhagavaan, is
called Gyaan. (4) Awareness.
(5) [Bhavishya Puraan, 1/1],
says that there are 14 types of Gyaan - 4 Ved (Rig, Yajur, Saam, and Atharv); 6 Vedaang (Shikshaa,
Kalp, Nirukt, Vyaakaran,
Chhand, and Jyotish);
Meemaansaa; Nyaaya, Puraan; and Dharm Shaastra - including
Aayur Ved, Dhanur Ved, Gaandharv Ved and Arth Shaastra (economics) - they constitute the 18
knowledge. So only that knowledge is Gyaan which gives Moksh or helps to attain the Knowledge
about Brahm - rest of the knowledge is called Vi-Gyaan.
Gyaan is eternal wisdom (example: Hygiene); Vigyaan is contextual knowledge (example: Detergents).
(1) Known. (2) Understood. (3) Mentally grasped.
Its antonym is A-Gyaat.
Knower who wants to know something.
By which something is known.