Puraan | 9-Bhavishya Puraan | 1-Braahm Parv
9-Bhavishya Puraan, 1-Braahm Parv, p 197-203
This section, Braahm Parv, is on p 1-222 of the book and mostly contains information about Soorya.
(Chap 181-182) King Shataaneek said - "Muni, Now I wish to know about five types Smriti etc Dharm." Sumantu Muni said - "Hey Raajan, Now you listen to those five types of Dharm which Soorya told his Saarathee Arun. Soorya said - "Hey Arun, Smriti Dharm's root is Ved. Remembering the previously earned Gyaan is called Smriti. Smriti Dharm is of five types. By following these Dharm one attains Swarg and Moksh. First is Ved Dharm, second is Aashram Dharm, third is Varn Aashram Dharm, fourth is Gun Dharm, and the fifth one is Naimittik Dharm. Following one's Dharm according to Varn and Aashram is called Varn Aashram and Aashram Dharm. Whichever Dharm is according to Gun, it is called Gun Dharm. Whichever Dharm is according to a Nimitt (purpose), it is called Naimittik Dharm. This Dharm is based on Jaati (caste), money, and Gun.
Shaastra are of two types - Nishedh and Vidhi. Smriti are of five types - Drisht Smriti, A-Drisht Smriti, Drishtaadrisht Smriti, Anuvaad Smriti, A-Drishtaadrisht Smriti. All Smriti's root is Ved. Smriti Dharm is followed in Brahmaavart, Madhya Kshetra, Madhya Desh, Aaryaavart and Yagyiya etc areas. The area between Saraswatee and Drishdwatee (a river of southern border of Kuru Kshetra) rivers is called Brahmaavart. Whichever area is between Himaalaya and Vindhyaachal Parvat, East to Kuru Kshetra and West to Prayaag, is called Madhya Desh. The area between eastern sea, and western sea, and Himaalaya and Vindhyaachal Parvat is called Aaryaavart Desh. Where wander Kastooree Mrig (deer which have Kastooree, means musk, in their navel place) - it is Yagyiya Desh. Besides these countries, all other countries are Mlechchh Desh and are not worthy to do Yagya there. Dwijaati should live only in these countries only."
Soorya said - "Now I tell you Aashram Dharm. Brahmcharya, Grihasth, Vaanprasth and Sanyaas - when one passes his life along with these lines in this order, it is called Aashram Dharm. One Dharm is divided in four sections. Brahmchaaree should worship Gaayatree, Grihasth should produce children, Vaanprasthee should follow Dev Vrat Dharm and a Sanyaasee should follow devoted life. Dharm of these four Aashram has eveolved from Ved. A Grihasth should do Garbhaadhaan Sanskaar, Punsavan Sanskaar in 3rd month, and Seemantonnayan Sanskaar in 6th or 7th month. Jaatkarm Sanskaar should be done at the time of birth. The child should be fed gold, honey and Ghee. On 10th, 11th, or 12th day from the birth, one should do Naamkarn Sanskaar. Anna Praashan Sanskaar should be done in 6th month, Choodaakarn Sanskaar in 1st year or 3rd year. Yagyopaveet Sanskaar should be done in 8th year for a Braahman child, in 11th year for a Kshatriya child, and in 12th year for a Vaishya child. One should take Deekshaa of Gaayatree Mantra from Guru and study.
After study is over, one should enter Grihasth Aashram marrying a similar Varn girl, who is not related to seven generations from mother and father. Marriage is of eight types - (1) Braahm, (2) Daiv, (3) Aarsh, (4) Praajaapatya, (5) Aasur, (6) Gaandharv, (7) Raakshas, (8) Paishaach. One should marry considering the good and bad aspects of the groom and the bride. Girls are of four types - Gauree, Nagnikaa, Dev Kanyaa, and Rohinee. A girl is Gauree up to the age of 7 years. A 10-year old girl is called Nagnikaa, a 12-year old girl is called Dev Kanyaa and above 12 years of age girl is called Rohinee. Dwijaati should marry in the witness of Agni.
Shraaddh, Vaishwadev Karm
(Chap 183-184) Soorya Dev said to Arun - "All Dwij should do Panch Mahaa-Yagya methodically - Bhoot Yagya, Pitra Yagya, Brahm Yagya, Daiv Yagya, and Manushya Yagya. Doing Bali-vaishwadev is called Bhoot Yagya, doing Tarpan is called Pitra Yagya, studying and teaching Ved is called Brahm Yagya, doing Havan is called Dev Yagya and felicitating an incoming A-Tithi is called Manushya Yagya or A-Tithi Yagya.
Shraaddh are of 12 types - (1) Nitya Shraaddh, (2) Naimittik Shraaddh, (3) Kaamya Shraaddh, (4) Vriddhi Shraaddh, (5) Sa-pindan Shraaddh, (6) Paarvan Shraaddh, (7) Goshth Shraaddh, (8) Shuddhi Shraaddh, (9) Karmaang Shraaddh, (10) Daivik Shraaddh, (11) Aupachaarik Shraaddh, and (12) Saamvasarik (annual) Shraaddh. Whichever Shraaddh is done daily is called Nitya Shraaddh. Sesame seed, grains, water, milk, fruit, root, vegetable should be used to do Nitya Shraaddh. Ekodrisht Shraaddh is called Naimittik Shraaddh. It should be done methodically and feed Braahman in odd number. Whichever Shraaddh is done with a desire, that Shraaddh is called Kaamya Shraaddh. It should be done like Paarvan Shraaddh. Whichever Shraaddh is done for increase and growth, it is called Vriddhi Shraaddh. Whichever Shraaddh is done on Amaavasyaa or on any festival, it is called Paarvan Shraaddh. Whichever Shraaddh is done for cows is called Goshth Shraaddh.
Whatever food is fed to satisfy Pitar and learned, or to get wealth and comfort, it is called Shuddhi Shraaddh. Shraaddh done at the time of Sanskaar is called Karmaang Shraaddh. Shraaddh done with Ghee and Havan, on the day of travel for Devtaa is called Daivik Shraaddh. Shraaddh done for the growth and the health of the body is called Aupachaarik Shraaddh. Among all Shraaddh, Saamvatsarik Shraaddh is the best. It is done on the death day of the dead. Who does not do Saamvatsarik Shraaddh, no Devtaa accepts his worship."
Arun asked - "Bhagavan, Who does not know the Tithi (day) of the death of his father and mother, on what date he should do their Shraaddh?" Soorya Dev said - "He should do their Shraaddh on Amaavasyaa day. Who worships me with special food in Maargsheersh and Maagh Maas, I am very pleased with him. One should not spend money in Shraaddh earned by selling Ved, or gotten from a woman. Who takes food without Bali-Vaishwadev, he falls in Narak. A person, who is friend or enemy, fool or learned, who comes at the time of Bali-Vaishwadev time is called A-Tithi, and that A-Tithi is the ladder to Swarg. Who comes without telling day and time, he is called A-Tithi. A person who has never come before, and will never come again, he is also called A-Tithi, he should be considered as Vishwedev.
Shuddhi (Cleanliness) in Saur Dharm
(Chap 186) Soorya Dev said - "Hey Garud, A Braahman should always be clean and soft spoken. One should take bath everyday, put on sandal etc and worship Bhagavaan. Soorya and a woman should not be looked upon without any purpose. Food which is unworthy for eating should not be eaten by all Varn. Who is is evil by caste, or by action, or by time, or by company, or by Aashraya, or by naturally uneatable, or by evil heart, or by nature, he never changes. A thing kept for long time is called time-spoiled and it is harmful, but yogurt and honey etc things do not get spoiled. Liquor, garlic, and cooked food with the milk of a cow who has delivered a calf within seven days, touched by dog are called evil by company. A thing which has been touched by a person whose any body part is missing or by a Shoodra is called Aashraya-spoiled. The things toward which one has natural hatred, that should not be eaten, it is called "naturally uneatable".
One should not eat food for 10 days in a house where Sootak or Paatak is implied. That house is clean after 12 days by taking bath. Everything is cleaned after a year has passed. If a child dies within the period of appearance of his first tooth, that house is cleaned in one day. If a child dies before Choodaakarn Sanskaar, that house is unclean only for a day and night. One is cleaned in three nights after his Sa-Gotra has died. If somebody has accompanied only a dead body, he is clean after taking bath.
There are six ways to clean a material - by burning in fire, by rubbing with clay and washing with water, by removing dirt, by just washing, by touching, and by keeping it in airy place. After cleaning a thing one should take bath. When one takes bath in the morning it is called Nitya Snaan (daily bath); when one takes bath after eclipse, it is called Kaamya Snaan; when one takes bath after shaving and hair cut, it is called Naimittik Snaan - this destroys sins.
Shraddhaa, Khakholk Mantra, and Cow
(Chap 187) Arun asked - "Which Karm take a person to Swarg? Which Yagya among the five Yagya is the best? What are their fruits? How many types of Dharm and A-Dharm are? How to attain freedom from this world?" Soorya said - "Whenever doing any Dharm Karm, one should have Shraddhaa all the time - from the beginning till end. Meaning of Ved Mantra are very deep, Parameshwar lives in them, that is why they can be grasped only by Shraddhaa. One should not see them with mortal eyes. Shraddhaa is the subtlest Dharm. Any Karm done without Shraddhaa, is not successful.
My Mandal is known as Khakholk This is beyond the three Dev and the three Gun. My this Mantra should always be remembered and pronounced. Learned people has called this "Maartand". By hearing whatever words, one's sins are destroyed and one gets Punya, those words are good even if they are harsh. If Smriti, Mahaabhaarat, Ved and other scriptures are not helpful to earn Dharm, then their purpose is only to pass time. Even if somebody gets a thousand years of age, he cannot finish Shaastra. That is why one should leave Shaastra and gain knowledge about Paramaatmaa.
Who worships Soorya with cow's milk and 6-letter Mantra [Om Khakholkaaya Namah], he is highest among people. At the time of Saagar Manthan, five cows appeared from Ksheer Saagar - Nandaa, Subhadraa, Surabhi, Sumanaa, and Shobhanaavatee. These cows have appeared to do good to world, to satisfy Devtaa and to bathe me. Cow's all body parts are holy, but cow's dung, urine, Gorochan, milk, yogurt, Ghee, these six are very holy. Soorya's favorite tree, Bilva tree, is grown from cow dung. Lakshmee lives on that tree, that is why it is called "Shree Vriksh". Who worships Soorya with these six things, his all desires of this world are fulfilled, and he uplifts his 21 generations.
Even a little charity (half of the weight of a sesame seed) given to a worthy person according to place, time and method, is eternal.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/25/13