(1) Darkness. (2) Ignorance. (3) Name of one of the 14
Manvantars. (3) One of the three Gun -
Saatwik, Raajas and Taamas.
Betel leaf. It is called Paan also.
(1) Based on ignorance and sloth. (2) Related to Taamas Gun.
Who practices Tantra, or which is related to Tantra.
(1) Heat. (2) Sorrows. There are three kinds of Taap - (1) Adhi-Bhautik Taap - Related
to world. These sorrows are due to physical reasons, such as diseases; (2) Adhi-Daivik
Taap - Related to Devtaa. These sorrows are given by Devtaa and Bhagavaan, like famine,
no rains, flood, earthquake etc. (3) Adhyaatmic Taap - Related to soul. This type of
sorrow is related to spiritual knowledge. When there are lots of things to know and only very few are
known, that is called Adhyaatmic Taap. Adhi-Bhautik Taap can be relieved
by taking medicine etc; Adhi-Daivik Taap can not be cured; and
Adhyaatmik Taap can be removed only by knowledge.
(1) Star. (2) Name of wife of King Baali. (3) Name of Dev
(1) Father. (2) A term of endearment for younger person also.
One of the three Gun - Saatwik, Raajas and Taamas. Raajas is called Taijas also.
One of the 18 main, otherwise 108 Upanishad.
Tendency for ignorance and sloth. One of the three Gun - Saatwik, Raajas and Taamas.
Daughter, for example, Maya Tanayaa means daughter of Maya. Putree.
(1) Subtle element. Root element. (2) Tanmaatraa is the subject of
each Indriya (sense),
Thus there are five Tanmaatraa -
pleasures of Gyaan Indriyaan,
for example smell is the Tanmaatraa of nose, seeing (Roop) is the
Tanmaatraa of eyes, hearing (Shabd) is the Tanmaatraa of ears, taste (Ras)
is the Tanmaatraa of tongue, and touch is the Tanmaatraa of skin..
Tap, Tapas, Tapasyaa
see also Vairaagya
(2) Translated as penance or austerities, otherwise it literally means to glow, or to
shine. In spiritual tradition it helps one to attain control over one's
senses and mind, he becomes vibrant and overcomes his weaknesses. It is
certainly different from penance or even austerity which usually implies
self-mortification. The basic purpose of Tap is to win the feelings of
opposites, such as heat and cold, pleasure and pain at physical level,
and reveal the hidden powers of the body, mind and senses to become more
creative in life. To tolerate difficulties and pain for Dharm. Leaving all wishes is also
called Tap. Total dedication to desirable objective even if it entails
physical and/or mental discomfort. Torturing one's body to please God is
not Tap and is condemned by Geetaa - 17/5-6. (3) Prolonged meditation.
(4) Austerity, practical (i.e., result-producing) spiritual discipline;
spiritual force. Literally it means the generation of heat or energy,
but is always used in a symbolic manner, referring to spiritual practice
and its effect, especially the roasting of Kaarmik seeds, the burning up of Karm.
three types of Tap - Shaareerik (physical), Maanasik (mental), and
Vaachik (speech related), and the best means for them are ,
respectively, Aasan-siddhi, Praanaayaaam, and Maun (keeping silence).
Tap makes one fitter for real Japa + Yagya, which Geetaa extols as the
highest form of Yajgya (because it is done during Samaadhi).
Forest inhabitation of meditators. Where people do Tap, meditation and
Quiver - in which arrows are kept. Arjun had two such quivers which were
inexhaustible, given by Agni Dev when Arjun gratified him by burning
Khaandav Van. He gave him Gaandeev bow and two inexhaustible quivers.
Libation of water allowed to fall from the palm of the hand is Tarpan.
It is one of the five daily Yagya, presenting libation of water to the
deceased ancestors, to the manes, Devtaa and Rishi. Small vessels made
of brass or bronze are usually used in this ritual. Normally Tarpan is
performed standing in waist level water, but now-a-day people do it at
home in the inaccessibility of water bodies near them. It may be daily, on
Shraaddh day (annually) or on the death day,
or monthly. Several Poorva Aachaarya have codified the method of Tarpan
- some of them are Aapastambh, Bodhayaan; Drahyayaan.
Tattwa see also
Elemental knowledge. Knowledge about Tattwa, means knowledge about Brahm.
(1) A mark, round dot, or a long mark, or a horizontal mark on forehead. These
marks are different for different worshippers.
The most common marks are one large dot, a small (about 1 and 1/2"
long) vertical line, or three thin long lines, or three horizontal
lines, or U shape lines. These marks are drawn by Rolee (red vermilion), or
sandalwood paste, or Haldee (turmeric powder), or ashes (Vibhooti
dedicated to Shiv). This is done to purify the worshipper's body and
they are the representations of God's grace and power.
(2) When somebody is given an honor, he is applied this Teekaa. Rolee is
used to put 1 and 1/2" long vertical line on the forehead and a
couple of rice grains are also put on that line and is given some sweets and money.
(3) When a marriage is settled, Teekaa (clothes, sweets, money, some
ornament) is given to groom from girl's side to confirm the relation.
Teerth, Teerth Sthaan,
Teerth Snaan, Teerth Yaatraa, Teerth Yaatree
The power of good people. By the effect of that power even attached and
low natured people do not behave in their way, rather they behave properly.
(1) Deity. (2) Idol of deity. (3) Ruler.
Sesame seeds. (Bhavishya Puraan, p 83) says that sesame seeds have
appeared from Kashyap's body part, and are very dear to Devtaa and Pitar.
They are considered very sacred in Snaan, Daan, Havan, Tarpan, and food.
(includes Ways to Divide Time; Brahmaa's Age,
Division of time in one day etc information)
Time Measurement in China
It is interesting to read this as how they divide their time.
All Tiryak Yoni are very low species, such as, worms, birds, creepers, animals, insects etc.
see also Poorv Viddhaa
Tolerating pain, trouble and sorrow, got through justice, is called Titikshaa.
(Bhaagvat Puraan, 11/16)
Tongues of Fire
see Agni for detailed description
There are seven tongues of fire - Kaalee, Karaalee, Manojavaa, Sulohitaa,
Sudhoomra-varn, Sphulinginee, and Vishwaruchi. Vaidik Rishi could see
these seven colors of fire very clearly. They arise during the fire
ceremony from the fire that is well-lit.
The 13th day of the fortnight of Lunar calendar.
The second of the four divisions of time - Sat Yug, Tretaa Yug, Dwaapar Yug, and Kali Yug.
Three Gun - Sat, Raj and Tam.
The Lord of the three worlds - Swarg, Paataal and Prithvi; means Vishnu.
Tri means three and Das means ten; so Tri-Das means tree times ten - 30.
This word is used for 33 Crore deities in Hindu religion - twelve
Aaditya, eight Vasu. eleven Rudra, and two Ashwinee Kumaar.
(1) A mountain towards south east of India, near Sri Lankaa on which
Raavan's golden Lankaa was built by Maya Daanav. (2) The spot
between the eyebrows where Yogee concentrate their mind while meditating.
Who has three eyes - Shiv.
Three worlds - Bhoo (Earth or Prithvee). Buvah (space between Earth and
the Heaven), and Swah (Swarg or Heaven). These with Aum and the
Gaayatree, according to Manu, are the principal part of the Ved.
Yaagyavalkya Jee says - "By these, the Supreme should be worshiped. To
remove doubt whether or not that cause signified by Aum exists
separately from the effects, the text of the Vyaahriti is next read
explaining that God eternally exists pervading the Universe."
Tri means three; Path means way; and Gaa means which goes. Which goes on three paths.
Another name of Gangaa. Since Gangaa flows in three Lok, that is why she
is called Tri-pathagaa. From 1st Shukla to 10th Shukla (10 days) she
lives in Paataal Lok; from 11th Shukla to 5th Krishn (10 days) she lives
in Swarg Lok; from 6th Krishn to Amaavasyaa (10 days) she lives on Prithvi.
(Naarad Puraan, p 640)
Mixture of three fruits - Harad, Bahedaa, and Aamalaa, all dried and
ground. IT has a great medicinal value in Aayur Ved.
Trident of Shiv.
The desire for having more women, sons, wealth etc materials in spite of
having sufficient of them, is called Trishnaa. This is a very tangible
form of Kaamanaa (desire).
Trishtup see also
A kind of meter for Sanskrit poetry.
The 3rd. The 3rd day of the 15-day Paksh of Hindu Lunar month.
Bhagavaan's Vaaman Avataar. He was born in Kashyap and Aditi's house as a dwarf boy to
take Swarg back from king Bali who had become the king of the Tri-Lok. Then He went to Bali and
asked him to give Him three feet land and measured three Lok in His two feet.
Shiv - the three-eyed
see also Daan
Tulaa means balance (to weigh) and Daan means donation - giving something equal to one's weight.
One (in Vaidik Sanskrit only).
Tyaag and Tyaagee
(1) Divorce. (2) Resignation. (3) Surrender. (4) Abandoning or leaving
something, for example "He has abandoned rice.", or "He
has abandoned his children." Who does this Tyaag, he is called
Tyaagee. Besides, according to Geetaa, whoever expects no fruits of
his Karm, has no attachment with his actions, and has no ego in doing
them, only he is Tyaagee.
Now a days people use soaps and other sweet smelling material while
talking bath to clean their bodies, but in olden days they used to use
Ubatan. But even now
many people use Ubatan while taking bath. Ubatan is a paste of flour,
water, oil mixed with some fragrant herbs to clean the body and to make it
fragrant and beautiful.
see also Vaayu
One of the five Vaayu (air) living in the body. It is the air which we breathe upward.
There are four types of Jeev (living beings) taking birth in this world,
which are created according to one's Karm
(actions) - (1) Udbhij which are born by bursting out the Earth such as
trees, and mountains etc, (2) Swedaj which are born from sweat, such as bedbug
etc, (3) Andaj which are born from eggs, such as chicken, and many
birds, fish etc; and (4) Jaraayuj which are born with Naal attached to their
mother such as human beings and many animals.
see also Yagya
There are four people to perform a Yagya - Hotaa, Adhwaryu, Udgaataa and
Brahmaa. And when a Yagya is completed like this, it is called
Chaaturhotra. (1) Hotaa to chant Rig Ved, (2) Adhwaryu to chant Yajur Ved, (3)
Udgaataa to chant Saam Ved, and (4) Brahmaa to chant Atharv Ved. According to
Bhaagvat 3/12 his Karm is Stutistom.
(1) Chanting of Om. (2) Chanting of Saam Ved. Who chants
Mantra in a Yagya, he is called Udgaataa.
see also Paaran
Concluding part of a Vrat or Yagya etc. This concluding part is done
at the end of the one Vrat or day fast or day, or at the end of a series of Vrat or Yagya.
Some Kathaa also need Udyaapan, such as
see also Birds
Paavatee. Her other names are Durgaa, Satee, Gauree, Kaalee, Bhavaanee, Annpoornaa, Aparnaa.
(1) This name, Umaa, is mentioned in Ken Upanishad and Kaali
Daas's Kumaarsambhav - "Umeti Maatraa Tapaso Nishiddhaa, Pashchaad Umaa
Khaayaang Sumukhee Jagaam" ("U" means "Oh"
and "ma" means "do not" Thus was she was restrained
from Tapas by her mother, thereafter she of beautiful face went by the name of Umaa."
(2) Umaa is mentioned in Tulasee Daas Jee's Raam Charit Maanas also. Its
one Chaupaaee is very famous - "Mangal Bhavan Amangal Haare, Umaa Sahit
Jehi Japat Puraaree".
There are several ways to subsist upon - by earning; by begging; by
taking the scattered grains from where it is sold; by taking scattered
grains from the farm.
(1) Intoxicated. (2) Insane. (3) Out of control.
see also Nimesh
(1) Opening the eyes - it represents the beginning of the day of Brahmaa
and the Creation. It is the creative aspect of God.
Kaaran see also
Upaadaan Kaaran is Material cause, Naimitt Kaaran being efficient cause.
see also Aachaarya,
(1) Spiritual teacher.
(2) Who teaches only one part of Ved
or Vedaang (from among six parts of Ved) for his living he is called
(Bhavishya Puraan, p 15)
This is a joint word - Up + Aakhyaan. Up means smaller and Aakhyaan means
story. Thus Upaakhyaan means a side story.
Who does Upaasanaa.
(1) Enjoyment. (2) Consumption.
(1) Remedy. (2) Service. (3) Courtesy.
(1) Instruction. (2) Advice. (3) Preaching.
see also Graha
Along with 9 main Graha (Planets), there are 10 Upagraha or shadowy planets
in Jyotish, like Dhoom, Vyatipaat, Paridhi, Indrachaap, Upaketu, Mandee,
Gulikaa, Kaal, Yamaghantakaa, Arth prahaar, and Mrityu. There is a
methods for their calculation.
To make a mockery.
Upakarm and Utsarjan
Upaakarm means beginning of the Ved study and Utsarjan means - ending of Ved study.
Upakarm another meaning is to change the Yagyopaveet on Shraavan
(1) comparison. (2) Simile. (3) A south Indian savory dish made out of semolina.
see also Sanskaar
(1) Epilog. (2) Conclusion.
see also Vrat and Fasts
When Yagyopaveet is worn over
left shoulder and under right arm, it is
called Upaveet. A Brahmchaaree should wear his Yagyopaveet like this
only. Whatever Dharm act is done without tying
Shikhaa and wearing Yagyopaveet, it is not methodical.
Secondary Puraan. There are 18
main Puraan, and there are some
Upa Puraan also.
Secondary gem to use according to one's horoscope, in the absence of the
main Primary Ratn. It is used because many tims the Primary Ratn are
very expensive. See Ratn in
Astrology for detailed description.
see also Upaakarm
Ending of Ved study.
Festival. Festivity celebrations with pomp and show.
(1) North direction. (2) Reply. (3) Latter. (4) Future.
see also Poorv-Meemaansaa
A drama written by Bhavabhooti
depicting the latter period of Raam's life.
Further and further.