(1) Ved. (2) A Gotra of Braahman. (3) The Lord of speech - another
name of Ganesh.
Vaak + Eeshwaree = Vaageeshwaree. Devee of Vaak (speech) - Saraswatee.
see also Yagya
A name of Yagya.
Vaajsaneyee Sanhitaa see also
The Sanhitaa of Shukla Yajur Ved. It has two rescensions - Maadhyandin
and Kaanv. The former one is more popular.
11 Sookt (49-59) of the 8th Mandal of Rig Ved, sometimes separated as
appendix, because of being considered an addition after Ved Vyaas had
organized the Rig Ved.
There are two practices to realize God - Dakshinaachaar and Vaamaachaar.
In Dakshinaahaar practices, the Upaasak lives in a Saattwik ways, eats
Saattwik food, worships in day time, sitting in Yaugik Aasan etc etc.
Vaamaachaar practices are those which take odd paths to realize God.
Under these practices, the Upaasak does all kinds of odd things, such as
living alone, eating fish or meat daily, sitting in Shamashaan (cremation
ground), sitting on a dead body, offering sacrifices by killing animals
(1) Dwarf. (2)
Bhagavaan's Avataar in which He appeared as a dwarf boy to take Swarg from
Daitya king Bali.
Vaaman Puraan see also
One of the 18 principal Puraan.
(1) Monkey. Bandar, Kapi, Marakat in Hindee. (2) According to
Aangiras (p 331) Vaanar was a south Indian human tribe belonging to South Kannad
region. This tribe perhaps had a totem of monkey and called itself Vaanar for that
reason. Baali Sugreev, Hanumaan belonged to this tribe.
The third stage of life, after Brahmcharya and Grihasth Aashram, in which
people try to prepare themselves to meet God. They try to detach from
this materialistic world by leaving its things. It is not necessary to
leave the house in this part of life.
Vaar see also Vaar
Days, for example, Sunday, Monday etc - they all are Vaar. They have their Devtaa
also, see Devtaa of Days. At the
time when sunrise occurs at Equator, from the same time Sunday starts at all places.
The sunrise at other places can be calculated from the same time according to their
(1) Means the descendent of Vrishni. Another name of Krishn. (2)
Vaarshneya is a sub-caste in Vaishay caste. They are called Baarah-sainee
Liquor, made from rice.
Related to Vasu - means Indra.
Deity presiding over the house where a man lives.
Name of the author of Kaam Sootra book.
Vaayu Puraan see also
Name of one of the 18 principal Puraan.
Vadavaa see also
Animals for more names of animals
Vahni see also
Wife of Vahni (Agni Dev), means
Swaahaa. The word to speak in the end of the Mantra while making oblations
to Fire in a Yagya.
24 principal 4-armed forms of Krishn.
Related to Ved, or
derived from Ved.
Vaidik Deities see
Devtaa in Ved
Vaidoorya Mani see also Ratn
Lahasuniyaa - a type of Ratn (gem). Some are (1) Heeraa - Diamond; (2)
Pannaa - Emerald; (3) Laal - Ruby, Chunnee, (4) Motee - Pearl; (5)
Moongaa - Coral; (6) Neelam - Sapphire or Indraneel or Neelmani; (7)
Vaidoorya Mani (Lahasuniyaa); (8) Pukharaaj - Yellow Sapphire or Pushp-raag; -
all are called Mani or Ratn.
Palace of Indra.
(1) Flag. (2) Vaijayantee Maalaa is the garland of Vishnu.
Vaikhaanas is an ancient ritual inculcated from worship. It is mentioned
in Ved, Vedaang, Mahaabhaarat, Puraan, by Ved Vyaas. Dandin also has
mentioned about Grih Archanaa according to Vaikhaanas ritual in his Avantee
Sundaree (650-700 AD)...... The five Deities in Vaikhaanas form - Vishnu,
Purush, Satya, Achyut and Aniruddh are considered as four Ved incarnating
the first Deity Vishnu and therefore represents five Agni - Aavaahneeya,
Dakshinaagni, Gaarhapatya, and Vaidik Agni.
(from Atri Sanhitaa)
List of Ekaadashee
Vaikunth Lok see
Vairaaj is the name of Brahmaa's palace in the city named Shreenidhaan on Meru
Parvat. His court's name Kaantimatee.
(Padm Puraan, p 43)
The 2nd month of Lunar year. It is also called Maadhav Maas. Whatever Punya is
done in this month, it is eternal. Read
Padm Puraan 4/19-21
pages for its detailed importance.
Vaisheshik see also
Name of the doctrine propounding seven fundamental substances - air, water,
earth, ether, space, time and soul.
There are three sects in Hinduism - Vaishnav, Shaiv and Shaakt. Vaishnav
people worship Bhagavaan Vishnu and His Avataar (Raam, Krishn etc); Shaiv
people worship Bhagavaan Shiv and his sons - Ganesh and Kaartikeya and his
Gan etc; and Shaakt people worship Shakti (power or Devee - Kaalee, Bhavaanee,
Saraswatee etc). Although all kinds of people are found everywhere in India,
still one may find UP state people mostly Vaishnav; Southern states people
mostly Shaiv; and Bengal and Panjaab people mostly Shaakt.
Vaishnav Aparaadh see also
Aparaadh Towards Vishnu
Offenses towards Bhagavaan.
A group of Devtaa.
(1) Omnipresent. (2) Another name of Agni.
The third Varn among four Varn. This is the trading and animal rearing race.
Bhaagvat Puraan, 11/14 its five characteristics are -- belief in Bhagavaan,
giving alms, no pride, serving Braahman, and not being satisfied with collection
Indra's famous weapon. This weapon he got made from the bones of
Maharshi Dadheechi at the
time of killing Vritraasur.
Vishwakarmaa made it.
(1) Creeper. (2) Lataa.
Anthill. When Naarad Jee preached Vaalmeeki Jee Raam Mantra, and he did
Tapasyaa according to his instructions, ants had built their home around
him; that is why he was called Vaalmeeki.
(1) "Vansh" (or sometimes called "Bans", "Baans")
literally means bamboo... but is used to mean "patrilineal ancestry".
Not really a "family tree" because there's not much in the
way of branches; it's all about the trunk. "Harivansh"
= "The Vansh of Hari"= the children of Hari.
(1) Descendents. Includes all sons and grandsons etc born from a man is called
that man's Vansh (family).
(1) From so and so Vansh, for example "He is Bhrigu Vanshee." It means
"He is the descendent of Bhrigu". (2) Flute, or Bansee.
Vaqt kaa Maaraa
Slave of Time.
(1) Boon. (2) Groom.
The garland which is put in groom's neck to show that the groom has won
the bride and bride has agreed to marry the groom. This is called Jaya
Maalaa which literally means the garland which is put in the neck of the
person when he comes back after the victory in a battle against his enemy
to show him honor and happiness.
(1) Boar. (2)
Varaah Puraan see also Puraan
One of the 18 principal Puraan.
(1) Boon. (2) Granting a wish.
(1) Another name of Vishnu. (2) Name of the 24th
Jain Teerthankar - Mahaaveer.
(1) Class. (2) Division. (3) Group.
To follow duties according to his Varn (Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya or Shoodra)
Duties according to one's Varn (Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya or Shoodra),
and Aashram (Brahmcharya, Grihasth, Vaanprasth and Sanyaas).
(1) Year. see also Time
(2) Piece of land. (3) Country, such as Bhaarat Varsh.
Rainy season. One of the six seasons of India. These six seasons are -
(1) Vasant (Spring), (2) Greeshm (Summer), (3) Varshaa (Rainy), (4) Sharad
(Autumn or Fall), (5) Hemant (Winter), and (6) Shishir (mild Winter).
Vaidik Divinity. He is responsible to maintain the laws of the Universe
and upholding the cosmic order. He is angry by sinful actions and yet,
forgives those who repent.
One of the six seasons in India, Spring. These six seasons are - (1) Vasant (Spring),
(2) Greeshm (Summer), (3) Varshaa (Rainy), (4) Sharad (Autumn or Fall), (5) Hemant
(Winter), and (6) Shishir (mild Winter).
Maagh Shukla Panchamee is the day of Vasant Panchamee, but ironically it
does not fall in Vasant (Spring season). It falls in the season of Shishir
(Winter). Some people call it Shree Panchamee, that is also wrong, because
Shree is the name of Lakshmee while this festival is associated with Saraswatee.
So it should be called Saraswatee Panchamee. She is worshipped on this day to
continuously sharpen his intellect and increase his wisdom. Sweet yellow rice
is cooked on this day, yellow clothes are worn on this day and mustard flowers
are given as a "wish well" to people. In the morning people wear yellow
colored clothes after taking bath, take their breakfast and go to the temple or
school to worship Saraswatee. In the lunch they cook as many yellow colored dishes
as they can. In the evening they donate a book and some money to school.
(1) The Earth. Prithvi. Vasudhaa. Vasundharaa
Banyan tree. Baragad, or Bat, or Nyagrodh, or Ashwatth.
Vatsar see also
(1) Name of one son of Dhruv, the other son's name was Kalp. Thus both, a Year
and a Kalp, were Dhruv's sons.
(2) One year.
(1) Knowledge. (2) There are four Ved - Rig Ved, Yajur Ved, Atharv Ved
and Saam Ved. Some take Aayur Ved as fifth Ved.
Ved may be divided on three types also - Prose (Gadya), Poetry (Padya)
Organizer of scriptures.
(1) Works auxiliary to the Ved other than the Braahman, Aaranyak and Upanishad.
There are six parts of Ved which are collectively called Vedaang - (1) Shikshaa -
concerned with phonetics (2) Kalp - the procedures for the performance of religious
ceremonies, (3) Vyaakaran - grammar, (4) Nirukt - the etymological explanation of
words, (5) Jyotish - the science of astronomy, and (6) Chhand Shaastra -
concerning the meters or science of poetry.
Vedee see also Kund
A square place surrounded by a low wall, maybe from 6-8" to 1-1.5' in which
the sacred fire is established and Aahuti are dropped while doing Yagya, or Hom.
Vedh or Viddhaa
Vedh means pierced or intermixed. It is a technical term used in the
Panchaang (almanacs). The field is Jyotish. The Tithi may have a Vedh of
another Tithi. For example, Dashamee Viddhaa Ekaadashee means, that in
the early hours of the day is Dashamee and later Ekadashee has come, so
there are two Tithi in one day. This will be called Dashamee Viddhaa
Ekaadashee. Normally these Ekaadahee are not good for keeping fast.
An Indian musical string instrument. Only two characters in Indian
mythology are seen with it - Naarad Jee and Saraswatee Jee.
Veer Raatri see Raatri
Veet means beyond, Raag means intense love, so Veet Raag means who is
beyond intense love.
Veetihotra see also Agni
A name of Fire - the eater of oblations or the carrier of oblations.
Venkatesh or Venkateshwar
Lord of the Venkat Hill, means Vishnu.
Vanshee, or Bansee. Flute.
Vetaal see Vaitaal
Used with another word to denote "opposite" or "not", such
as Vi-Karm - means which is not the Karm, or Vi-Dharm - means which is not the
Vi-Deh - Vi means "no" and Deh means "body", so Vi-Deh means
who has no body - or who is liberated of one's soul from bondage to the body
by the means of enlightenment.
In Sanskrit language it is called Jeevan Mukti. King Seeradhwaj (Seetaa's father
Janak Jee) is said to
have attained this state. This
meaning is perhaps as recent as to belong to 16th century AD.
Vi-Dharm - Vi-Dharm means who does not observe the same religion for example, a
Muslim is Vi-Dharmee for a Hindu.
Vi-Gyaan - Which is not Gyaan. Vi-Gyaan is different
from A-Gyaan. Gyaan is spiritual knowledge; Vi-Gyaan
means all other kind of Gyaan,
normally related to world; and A-Gyaan
means "no Gyaan" (ignorance).
Vi-Karm - Vi-Karm means non-prescribed Karm or prohibited Karm
Vi-Paksh - Who is in opposite party or camp.
Where Chandramaa lives.
(1) Sun. (2) Fire.
Omni-present - The Supreme Lord.
Vidhi means method and Nishedh means prohibited. Method of worth doing Karm and
list of prohibited Karm. Ved describe both types of Karm - method of worth doing
arm and the list of prohibited Karm.
A kind of higher species like Devtaa (gods), Gandharv etc.
Vighas Food see also
The remaining food after all have eaten is called Vighas food.
Means remover of obstacles, ie Ganesh Jee.
(1) Statue. Idol. (2) Form.
Vigyaan see Gyaan
for fuller explanation
Experience of the ultimate Tattwa (Brahm). Ved's six parts, four Ved, Meemaansaa,
Nyaaya Shaastra, Puraan and Dharm Shaastra - these are 14 Vidyaa (branches of
knowledge). To obtain them is called Vigyaan.
Another name of Durgaa.
10th day of the bright half of Aashwin month, associated with Raam's
victory over Raavan after 9 days of furious war. Vijayaa Dashamee is
preceded by nine days of Nava Durgaa or
Nava Raatri festival.
(1) Attribute. (2) Form. (3) A foreign material. Impurity in a material.
(4) Defect. (5) Sickness. (6) Change.
(7) Prakriti is said to have 16 Vikaar - 10 Indriyaan, one mind, and 5 Mahaa-Bhoot.
All joined together make a body. This body is of two types - Sthaavar (movable)
and Jangam (immovable).
(Bhaagvat Puraan, 7/3)
Vikalp and Nir-Vikalp
(1) Vikalp means alternative. And Nir-Vikalp means which has no alternative.
(2) Vikalp, according to Yog Sootra (i, 9) is a notion conveyed by mere words, but of
which there is no corresponding real object. Nir-Vikalp means devoid of false imaginings.
(1) Sun. (2) Another name of Adhirath, the Saarathee of Dhritraashtra in
Hindu calendar beginning in the year 57 BC, on the name of
Vikrit means changed or altered. It does not necessarily mean degraded. Jeev who is
pure and immaculate, takes birth in this world, falling away from his true status of
Brahm because of his actions (Karm). Karm, again, are eternal, no beginning is
Vilomaj see also
(1) Vilom means "the other way", or the "opposite", or "antonym"
such as lie is Vilom of truth, black is Vilom of white.
(2) According to rules a Braahman can marry his own Varn and the two lower Varn
girls; a Kshatriya boy can marry his own and the lower Varn girl; a Vaishya
boy can marry only a Vaishya girl. But when a lower Varn boy, such as Kshatriya
boy marrying a Braahman girl, marries a higher Varn girl, this marriage is called
Vilom marriage and the children born to such a parents are called Vilomaj or Soot.
Such children belong to Vilom or Soot caste.
Vilom + Arghya. Offering Arghya from the feet as normally Arghya is
offered at the head
Another name of Ganesh.
Seeing things as they are.
see also Braahman
(1) Braahman. (2) The stages in the life of a Braahman are Shoodra by
birth, Dwij after the Upanayan Sanskaar, Vipra
when he is well versed in Vaidik knowledge and Braahman when he has the knowledge
of the Brahm, as the case of Vishwaamitra
The two dots one over the another after a vowel to present the sound "h".
To dismiss. Sending off or flowing Devtaa's idol in a river or a stream or
a pond as the final send off to him after worshipping him is called Visarjan of
Another name of Kaartikeya - son of Shiv and Paarvatee Jee..
Vishaakhaa see also
(1) Name of the 16th Nakshatra.
(2) Name of a friend of Krishn
Subjects (pleasures) of Indriyaan, such as beautiful scenery is the subject of
eyes, sweet voices and music is the subject of ears. All these Vishaya attract
the Jeev to do some Karm to enjoy them.
Vishisht A-Dwait see also Darshan
Doctrine which regards human soul as separate from Supreme Soul though dependent
Vishkambh see also
Maryaadaa. (1) Boundaries. (2) Borders.
Vishnu is one of the three principal Devtaa of Hindu Dharm; and Naabhi means
navel; so Vishnu-Naabhi means Vishnu's navel.
One of the 18 principal Puraan.
Vishnu Sahastra Naam
Sahastra means a thousand and Naam means names. Vishnu Sahastra Naam means 1000
names of Vishnu. There are a few Vishnu Sahastra Naam available but the most popular
one is recited by Bheeshm to Yudhishthir in Anushaasan Parv of Mahaabhaarat.
Vishuv Yog see also
Vishuv Yog is the day when day and night becomes equal, or Soorya enters Mesh Raashi
(Aries Sign in March) or Tulaa Raashi ( Libra Sign in September).
(1) Entire. (2) Universe.
Mother of the Universe. Brahmaanee, Rudraanee (Mahaashwetaa), Kaumaaree, Vaishnavee,
Indraanee, Vaaraahee, and Chaamundaa - these seven are called Vishwa Maataa.
(Bhavishya, p 189)
Another name of Savitra or Bhag
Another name of Shiv.
Another name of Shiv.
They are 10 Vishwedev - (1) Kratu, (2) Daksh, (3) Vasu, (4) Satya, (5) Kaal,
(6) Kaam, (7) Muni, (8) Guru, (9) Vipra, and (10) Raam.
(1) Tree. (Ped. Vriksh in Hindee)
(1) Indecision. (2) Argument on argument.
A compound word. Vitt + Eesh. Vitt means wealth, and Eesh means Lord.
Vittesh means the Lord of wealth - means Kuber.
Modified form of the name Vishnu.
Vithobaa see Vitthal
Vivaah in Braahman
(1) Sun. (2) Name of the father of Vaivaswat Manu.
Gyaan, Knowledge of discriminating good and bad. Faculty of
distinguishing things by their properties, and classing them according
to their real and not apprent nature. In the Vedaant it is the power of
distinguishing Truth from Un-Truth, Reality from Illusion.
Vrat and Fasts
(2) To stick to some statement made by somebody at one time
In this vow, a person subsists upon grains of corn picked up after the
manner of the pigeon from the field, after the crops have been cut and
removed by the owner.
A degraded or disqualified Braahman.
Vrat and Fasts
(1) Fast. (2) Resolution. (3) Vow or oath - to undertake to render
some service or gift, or devotes something valuable now and here to his use
in the future. This kind of vow is a kind of oath with the deity being both
the witness and recipient of the promise. (4) Religious vow. (5)
Who observes a Vrat.
Old. MBH, Anushaasan Parv, says that Vriddh people or old people are of
five kinds - (1) Gyaan Vriddh - who are more educated or Gyaanee they
are called Gyaan Vriddh; (2) Tapo Vriddh - who have performed more Tap,
or Tapasyaa, are called Tapo Vriddh; and (3) Vayo Vriddh - who are older
in age are called Vayo Vriddh. [They should be greeted in this order.]
(4) Gun Vriddh - who are more qualitative,; and (5) Dhan Vriddh - who
are elderly by wealth. They all should be treated well
Who has the appetite like a wolf - another name of Bheem (the 2nd Paandav).
(1) Husband. (2) Bull. (3) The 2nd Sign of
(1) Bull. (2) Strong.
Name of an ancestor of Krishn from Krishn got the name of Vaarshneya.
A compound word - Vrish=bull and Utsarg=to donate. So in this Shraaddh a
bull is donated. Shraaddh of the second degree in which a bull is
donated. The first being Daan Saagar (Ocean of gifts); the third being
Chandan Dhenu (Sandalwood and cows) - this is performed only for women
who leave surviving their husband and sons; the fourth being is Til
Kaanchan (Sesame seed and gold)
There are three Sanaatan Vyaahriti - Bhoor, Bhuvah and Swah. These have
been added to Gaayatree Mantra. They destroy all kinds of ill omens.
These three have been regarded as the symbol of Pradhaan, Purush and
Kaal; Vishnu, Brahmaa and Mahaadev; and Sat, Raj and Tam Gun respectively.
see also Samaas,
(2) [Bhavishya Puraan, 1/1],
says that Vyaakaran is of eight types - Braahm, Aindra,
Yaamya, Raudra, Vaayavya, Vaarun, Saavitrya, and Vaishnav.
Vyaapak means diffusive, comprehensive, spreading all over.
(1) Diameter. (2) Guru. (3) Divider. (4) Another name
of Krishn Dwaipaayan Jee as Ved Vyaas. He divided one Ved in four by
drawing two Vyaas (diameters) on Guru Poornimaa day - Aashaadh Poornimaa
day. Sage Vyaas has apparently identified the “Diameter” of a Circle or
Sphere as it's most important dimensional parameter. Therefore, this
parameter is also named after him - Vyaas.
Vyaas means Guru and Peeth means the place for sitting; so Vyaas Peeth
means the place for Guru to sit. The raised “Platform” in a Lecture Hall
premises, (or temple premises or even a riverside tree shade in
villages) used by the “Lecturers” to deliver their discourses, is called
as Vyaas Peeth, in honor of the Sage Vyaas.
(1) Adultery. (2) Sin.
see also A-Vyakt
Whatever can be known through one's senses is called Vyakt.
Defined in Amar Kosh, calamity or disaster, fall or defeat, and vicious
habits engendered by lust or anger, of which there are ten and eight
(18) kinds respectively. Thee are various kinds, such as excessive
addiction of women, intoxicating drinks, gambling, hunting etc. The term
is a comprehensive one and is usually used for all defects - sleeping in
the day, dancing, singing etc etc.
When the 1st Charan of Shravan, Ashwinee, Dhanishthaa and
Aashleshaa Nakshatra falls on Sunday, it is called Vyateepaat Yog
(1) Aakaash. Sky. Gagan.
(2) Universe. (3) Space.
see also Chakra Vyooh
There are several systems to arrange one's army in war. In English
language that may be called as array, in Hindi language it is called
Vyooh. This type of war was in fashion during Mahaabhaarat times. (1) Sakat Array -
In this fashion army is organized in the form of a chariot. Its method
is described in Shukra Neeti fully and it occurs in Drone Parv of MBH.
(2) Padm Array - In this fashion army is arranged in lotus flower design
- circular array with angular projections. It is the same as star with
angular projections. Many modern forts are also constructed on this
plan. (3) Vajra Array or Suchee Vyooh - In this fashion the army is
arranged in wedge-like array. It penetrates into the enemy's division's
like a wedge and goes out, routing the foe.
[MBH, Aashramvaas 8]
It is said that the warriors get salvation when the die in the battlefield. But
this salvation or getting to heavens is of a variety. In war those that sacrifice
themselves in the fire of arrows will get Indra Lok and those that conduct warfare
unhappily thinking that death is the only result of war they get Gandharv Lok and
those that retreat or go begging for their lives but yet are killed get Guhya Lok
and those that are fully aware of Kshatriya Dharm and conduct righteous warfare they
go to Brahm Lok. So says Mahaabhaarat. The same is said in Bhagavad Geetaa [8:6]
[Valmiki Ramayan, 3/ 29]