Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Locations
Mountains have been worshipped by people all over the world in various cultures. Situated on the borders of Macedon and Thessaly, the 9,600 feet high Mount Olympus was as sacred for the Greeks as were the Himaalayas for the Hindu. Some other mountains are still worshipped by Hindu, for example Govardhan Mountain. The Greeks believed that the summit of Olympus reached the upper air where Zeus had his throne surrounded by the other gods and goddesses of Greek mythology. The Canaanites also chose the mountain Saphon, as the abode of their pantheon, and Mount Sinai as the meeting place of Moses and Jehovah.
Amar Shail - Immortal mountain - Sumeru Parvat
Anjanaadri Hill - It is near Hampee area in Karnaatak State where, it is believed, that Hanumaan was born here.
Arbud Mountain - Aaboo mountain. Located in Raajasthaan. Padm Puraan, p 344, says that Arbud is Himaalaya's son; and Padm Puraan, p 112 says that Brahmaa Jee is known here as Vashishth.
Arunaachal Hill - Arunaachal is a famous hill in Tamilnaadu. People consider auspicious to go around it on a Poornimaa (Full Moon) day. Here there are Asht Shiv Ling in eight directions. All these Ling are considered to b installed by Devtaa and they give different fruits of their worship. Read also about Arunaachaleshwar Temple.
Astaachal Parvat - A legendary mountain behind which the Sun sets in the West.
Chitrakoot - Mentioned in Raamaayan. Located in Karnaatak, near Godaavaree River. Raam, Lakshman and Seetaa stayed here for some time while in exile. Tulasee Daas Jee had Raam's Darshan here only with the help of Hanumaan Jee.
Dronaachal Parvat see Drone Giri
Drone Giri - Drone Giri is the mountain from where Hanumaan Jee brought Sanjeevanee herb to cure Lakshman Jee when he became unconscious by Meghnaad's Power. It seems that Sanjeevanee herb grows there, because in Shiv Puraan also Drone Giri is mentioned in relation to Sanjeevanee herb when Brihaspati Jee brought dead Devtaa to life by using it.
Govardhan Parvat - Mentioned in Bhaagvat Puraan. (1) Located near Mathuraa. Krishn lifted it up on His left pinkie finger for seven days and seven nights continuously when Indra rained heavily for 7 days and 7 nights because Brij people didn't worship Indra and worshipped Govardhan Parvat on Krishn's saying. (2) [Bhavishya Puraan, 3/28] Dhruv did his Tapasyaa here for six months at the age of five on the advice of Naarad Jee.
Girinaar Mountain see Raivat Mountain
Gridhrakoot Parvat - The mountain where Buddha initiated the Magadh King Bimbsaar into Bauddh Dharm. He also delivered many sermons here. (see also Raajgrih)
Hemkoot Parvat - Mentioned in Padm Puraan, Paataal Khand 4/9 - Shatrughn hears the story of Sumad here. Raam's Ashwamedh Yagya horse also comes here, Surath catches him.
Himaalaya Parvat - Mentioned in many places in many scriptures. Located in the north of Bhaarat Varsh. Mentioned in Raamaayan too - Hanumaan brought Sanjeevanee herb from here only.
Hindookush Parvat - Name of a mountain range in Afagaanistaan, on the slopes of which, it is believed, that the Aaryans traveled to Saptsindhu region.
Kailaash Parvat - A legendary mountain. Mentioned at many places in many scriptures. A peak in Himaalaya in North of Maansarovar Lake, now in Tibbat. People believe that here lives god Shiv with his consort Paarvatee Jee. But the truth is that Kailaas, as it is called, not Kailaash, is in Heaven. If you read Puraan, you will notice that it is called Shiv Lok also. It has big mansions, with Rudra Gan. Rudra Kanyaa are also there to serve the one who goes there. Kailaash has gardens, lakes, and ponds. He has a Sinhaasan (throne) there where he sits. All this is given in Shiv Puraan. Even in Gita Press books the name is given as Kailaas, not Kailaash. It is supposed to be many many Yojan in length and breadth. Even Nandeeshwar who is a Shiv Gan, looks like Shiv there, with Trident and Damaroo. He is not Shiv's vehicle. He is monkey faced. He took that face as a boon from Shiv so that he will not be as handsome as Shiv, so that he might not be very egoistic. Shiv's vehicle is a bull (Vrishabh), his flag has also the sign of a Vrishabh, that is why he is called Vrishabh-Dhwhaj. All this is given in Puraan - the Vaayu Puraan, the Ling Puraan (it has a very good description of Kailaash) and the Shiv Puraan. Read a brief description of Kailaash Yaatraa.
Kolaahal Mountain - Kolaahal Mountain was near Uparichar Vasu's Kingdom Chedi Desh
Kumud Mountain - It is said that when Ritavak Muni cursed Revatee Nakshatra and she fell down on Prithvi, she fell on Kumud Mountain and got named Raivatak Mountain - see Raivat Mountain beloe.
Maalyavaan Parvat - Its reference comes in Raamaayan where Raam passed four months after being friend of Sugreev, and before Hanumaan went to Lankaa in search of Seetaa Jee.
Mainaak Parvat - This mountain's name is mentioned in Sundar Kaand of Maanas and Raamaayan. When Hanumaan goes to Lankaa in search of Seetaa, Sea sends him to Hanumaan so that he can take some rest on him, but Hanumaan Jee just greets him with respect and continues to fly. Only Mainaak Parvat had wings at that time. In olden days all mountains used to have wings so that they could go anywhere they liked. This ability made them very proud and they started disturbing cosmos balance by their movements, so Devtaa cut their wings. Mainaak ran away from there and Pavan Dev hid him thus helped him to retain his wings, since then he was very grateful to Pavan Dev. Now since Hanumaan was Pavan's Putra and was going to Lankaa, Mainaak thought to help him by felicitating him to take rest on him.
Malaya Parvat - A mountain range. Here grow sandalwood trees in abundance.
Mandar Parvat (Mandaraachal) - Or Mandaraachal. It is a mythical Parvat which was used by Devtaa and Daitya as a churning rod to churn the ocean (Ksheer Saagar). It is said to be 11,000 Yojan high, and 11,000 deep under the ground. Its reference comes in several scriptures wherever the description of Saagar Manthan is given
Maryaadaa Parvat - Its reference comes in Padm Puraan, 1/18 in the context of Raam's visit to Pushkar. It is located in Pushkar.
Matang Hill - This Hill is near Hampee area (Old Kishkindhaa) where Matang Muni lived.
Meru Parvat see Sumeru Parvat
Nagendra - Used for Himaalaya, meaning the loftiest mountain.
Nandeeshwar Hills - Where Nand Raaya Jee, the foster father of Krishn, lived.
Neel Parvat - Mentioned in Raamaayan, Uttar Kaand. It says that it is situated in the North of Sumeru Parvat and Kaagbhushundi Jee lives on that Parvat. Thus this Neel Parvat seems different from Neelgiri (see below)
Neelaachal see Neelgiri Hills
Neelgiri Hills - Mentioned in Padm Puraan, 4/4 and Padm Puraan, 4/5. Present Neelgiri hills are at the border of Keral and Tamilnaadu states. The famous Ooty hill station is in Neelgiri. But this description of Neelgiri in Padm Puraan doesn't suit this actual location, because Raam's horse was going eastward (not to the South or southwest), besides there is no Gangaa Saagar Teerth here in south. Even on Padm Puraan, 4/5 page it is clearly given that the King arrived at the place where Gangaa meets sea, so it seems that they were near Jagannaath Puree, because that area is also called Puroshottam Teerth, and in this story also the King was going to worship Purushottam.
Pravarshan Parvat - This hill is near Hampee area in Karnaatak State. Its reference comes in Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u3, when Jaraasandh came to attack Mathuraa 18th time and Krishn and Balaraam ran away from the battlefield to save themselves. They climbed up the Pravarshan Parvat. Jaraasandh was following them, when he did not see both brothers there, he set fire to the mountain. Krishn and Balaraam jumped from that 99 miles high mountain, Jarasandh thought that they were burnt in the fire so he came back to Mathuraa. Its another reference comes in Maanas when Raam and Lakshman stayed on Pravarshan Parvat while in exile and looking for Seetaa.
Pundareek Giri - Situated in Bhaav nagar, in Gujaraat. There are more than 900 Jain Temples on this mountain alone.
Puru Mountain - mentioned in MBH, G-4-Van/16, where Puravaa was born, in Northern side.
Raivat Mountain - Or Raivatak Mountain, or Giranaar Mountain. Mentioned in Bhaagvat Puraan. Arjun kidnapped Subhadraa from here.
Raivatak Mountain see Raivat Mountain
Ratna Giri - In Udeesaa, 70 km from Cuttack
Ratnagiri Hills see Raajgrih
Rikshvaan Mountain - Reference of this
Rishyamook Parvat - It is near Hampee area in Karnaatak State. Mentioned in Raamaayan, in Kishkindhaa Kaand. Rishyamook is the name and Parvat means mountain. Here lived Sugreev with his ministers - Hanumaan etc. Raam and Lakshman met him here only. Hanumaan brought them here and helped them to extend friendship with Sugreev.
Shail Parvat - Its reference comes in V-Raamaayan, 7/29/75, when Raam goes to find some A-Dharm in His kingdom, to bring back a Braahman's son to life.
Shatrunjaya Hills - in Bhaav Nagar, Gujaraat. There are more than 900 Jain Temples there. Known as Pundareek Giri also.
Shree Parvat - In Bhoo Lok. When Ghatotkach's son Barbareek as coming back from Naag Lok, he saw a gems' Ling with four paths going in four directions. Naag Kanyaa told him the it east path went to Shree Parvat.
- Sumeru Parvat is the Mount
of Sunrise - Udaya Giri. Mainaa, the wife of Himvant or Himaalaya Parvat,
was the daughter of Sumeru Parvat. This Mount is supposed to 84,000
Yojan high and the central point of All the islands. VIshwakarmaa had
built cities for Devtaa and Asur to live in them. Here live 8 Lokpaal
also, including Indra. It is said that River Gangaa has flowed from
here. The Sun, Moon, winds and planets all revolve around it. It has
Brahmaa's court also. Sumeru mountain has four
mountains around it - Mandar Parvat, Gandhmaadan Parvat, Vipul Parvat and Supaarshwa Parvat.
These four mountains jointly are called Vishkambh Parvat.
Suvail Parvat - Mentioned in Tulasee's Maanas, 6/1 and Padm Puraan (Paataal Khand). Located in Lankaa. Raam made the arrangements for His army to stay on this Parvat when He invaded Lankaa.
Trikoot Parvat - Trikoot means which has three peaks. Seems to be a legendary mountain. Mentioned in Tulasee's Maanas and Vaalmeeki Raamaayan. Located in the South of Bhaarat Varsh, in the midst of the sea. Vishwakarmaa built Lankaa Puree on this Parvat for the three Daitya - Maalee, Sumaalee and Maalyavaan. Later Kuber got it when these Daitya went to Paataal Lok, and later Raavan got it from Kuber after he got the boon of being invincible. It existed in Salt Sea and Lankaa was on this Parvat. Bhaagvat Puraan, 8/2 gives its location in Ksheer Saagar. It was 10,000 Yojan long, wide and high. It had three peaks, one of gold, another of silver and the third one of iron. Its other peaks were also illuminated with their different kinds of gems. In its foothills there was a garden which belonged to Varun. Its name was Ritumaan.
Udaya Giri see also Udayagiri) - The eastern mountain. In Udeesaa, 5 km before Ratn Giri.
Udayaachal Parvat - A legendary mountain from behind which the Sun rises in the East.
Vaidoorya Mountain - Located in South. Dhaumya Rishi mentions it as a Teerth to Yudhishthir in MBH, G-4-Van/16.
Venkataachal (or Venkat Hill) - Name of the sacred hill in Tirupati in Tamilnaadu, where Tirupati Temple is located.
Vindhyaachal Parvat - Agastya Muni asked him to lie down so that he could go to south crossing it. He lay down, Agastya Jee crossed it and told him to be like that until he comes back, but he has not come back since, and the Parvat is still lying down.
Vishkambh) - Vishkambh means auxiliary (Sahaayak). Sumeru Mountain has four mountains
around it - Mandar Parvat, Gandhmaadan Parvat, Vipul Parvat and Supaarshwa Parvat. These four
mountains jointly are called Vishkambh Parvat.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 02/15/14