Mahaabhaarat | Kathaa-G | 0-Prolog
|1-Aadi Parv, 63-64 of 236|
|Kathaa-G - 0-Prolog - page 13|
|1-Aadi Parv-page 13|
Vaishampaayan Tells Bhaarat to Janamejaya
Birth of Satyavatee
[1-63] Vaishampaayan Jee said - "There
was a king named Uparichar. He was a virtuous king but he was addicted to hunting. He
was born in Paurav family and was called Vasu also. He won Chedi Desh according to
instructions of Indra. After some time he left everything and started doing Tapasyaa.
Indra got worried seeing his Tapasyaa, maybe he wanted the kingship of Indra Lok, so
he went to the king and said to him - "You take care of virtue on earth so that
it does not disappear from there. The virtue itself will take care of the Universe. As
I am in Indra Lok, you are on Prithvi. You live where the place is full of animals,
full of wealth, and corn, and riches and gems and precious stones ans blessed with
fertility. You are my friend and are dear to me. Live in Chedi Desh and be prosperous
there. There people are honest and contented and do not tell lie even in jest. Sons do
not divided their wealth with their parents and always take care of them. There
will not be anything
Uparichar had five sons whom he appointed in five regions - (1) Brihadrath was in Magadh region and was known as Mahaarathee; (2) Pratyaagrahh, (3) Kushaamb, also called Manivaahan, (4) Maavelaa, and (5) Yadu. All of them founded their separate dynasties which lasted for long time. When King Vasu used to sit on his crystal airplane and went around in air, many Gandharv and Apsaraa came to him. There he was known as Uparichar. A river Sooktimatee used to flow near his kingdom. Once Vasu's kingdom was attacked by life-endued mountain Kolaahal maddening with lust. Vasu stopped him sticking his foot. This caused the river to come out of Kolaahal's embrace, but the mountain begot two children from that river - a twins. The river gave those children to Uparichar Vasu to show her gratitude. Vasu appointed the boy as his military General and married himself to the girl named "Girikaa".
One day Girikaa took her monthly bath and expressed her desire for a child to the King, but at the same time his Pitar came there and asked him to slay a deer for them. Thinking about beautiful Girikaa, the King went for hunting. The spring season was on, and the forest was blooming at its full height. Seeing all this he also had a desire in his heart for his wife, but his wife was not there, so he sat under an Ashok tree. He could not keep his mind off his wife Girikaa. By chance a hawk was resting on that tree. He said to him - "Please carry this seed (semen) to my wife give it to her."
The hawk flew and took his seed to his wife, but met another bird of his species on the way. The other bird thought he was carrying a piece of meat so he tried to snatch it. When they were fighting for it in the sky, the seed fell in Yamunaa River. In Yamunaa River lived an Apsaraa named Adrikaa in fish form (through a Braahman's Shaap). As soon as the seed fell in the water, Adrikaa swallowed it at once. After some time some a fisherman caught that fish. It was her 10th month since she swallowed the King's seed. Two children came out of her stomach, one boy and one girl. The fisherman informed this to King Uparichar. The male child was taken by the King. Later he became the king of Matsya Desh. After the birth of children, the Apsaraa became free from the curse and went away to Swarg. The girl was given to fisherman saying - "She is your daughter." This girl was named Satyavatee. Since she lived with fishermen, she used to smell like a fish. When she grew up she started rowing boat in Yamunaa.
Birth of Ved Vyaas
she was rowing the boat in Yamunaa River, a great Rishi Paraashar saw her and
got attracted to her. He said to Vasu's daughter - "Come and embrace me."
Satyavatee said - "See, Rishi are standing on both banks of Yamunaa, how can
I embrace you?" Hearing this the Rishi created the fog in the region, seeing
which Satyavatee got very surprised. She said - "I am a virgin, by accepting
your embrace my virginity will be destroyed, then how shall I be able to return home?
Do only what you want to do thinking thus." Paraashar said - "Even after
you have fulfilled my wish you will remain virgin. Ask for any other boon you wish
for. My grace has never been unfruitful." At this Satyavatee asked Rishi that
her fish-like body odor should be turned into sweet smell. The Rishi granted this
wish. Since then her fish-like smell went away and a sweet smell spread all around.
Her season came immediately and she accepted Paraashar's embrace.
Thus Satyavatee conceived through Paraashar's embrace. Because of his boon she remained virgin and smelt sweet. She gave birth to a son on an island in Yamunaa River. As soon as the son was born he went for Tap with the permission of his mother saying, "As soon as you will remember me on an occasion, I will come to you."
Thus Vyaas Jee was born from Satyavatee through Paraashar. And since he was born on an island, he was called Dwaipaayan. Noticing that Dharm will be deteriorating in each Yug by one part, he divided Ved into four parts, that is why he was called Vyaas (arranger or compiler). He taught them to Sumantu, Gemini, Pail, his son Shuk Dev, Vaishampaayan; and the compilation of Bhaarat was published by him through them separately.
Birth of Others
Bheeshm was born from the part of Vasu from Gangaa through King Shaantanu. There was a Rishi named Animaandavya. Once he was accused of a theft, though innocent. At this he got very angry. He called upon Dharm Raaj and said - "I pierced only a fly by a blade of grass in my childhood, I cannot recall any other sin after that. After that I have done Tap thousand times than that. Has not that small sin been covered up by that Tap? Since killing of a Braahman is a more serious sin than killing of anybody else, that is why, O Dharm Raaj, you are a greater sinner. That is why I give you Shaap that you should be born on Prithvi as a Shoodra." Because of that Shaap, Dharm Raaj was born as learned Vidur who was perfectly sinless and with pure body. And the Soot who was born from Kuntee in her maidenhood, was the son of Soorya Dev. He was born with a Kavach (protection cover) and Kundal (earrings). Vishnu Himself was born from Vasudev and Devakee as Vaasudev in Andhak-Vrishni family line. He is without birth and death. He is the invisible cause of all.
Saatyaki and Kritvarmaa, obedient to Naaraayan, were born from Satyak and Hridikaa. Drone was born from the seed of Bharadwaaj kept in a pot. That is why he is called Kumbhaj (pot-born) also. Kripaa and Kripee, twins, were born from the seed of Gautam (Sharadwaan - Gautam's son) fallen on reed. Kripee gave birth to a son named Ashwatthaamaa. Then were born Dhrishtdyumn and Draupadee from Agni. Dhrishtdyumn was born along with a bow to kill Drone. Then was born the disciple of Prahlaad - Naagnjit; and Subal. From Subal was born Shakuni who by Shaap of Devtaa became the slayer of creatures and foe of virtue. Subal had a daughter named Gaandhaaree who was the mother of Duryodhan. Both were well versed in acquiring material profits.
From Krishn Dwaipaayan were born two sons, Dhritraashtra and Paandu, from Vichitraveerya's widows. One more son was born from Krishn Dwaipaayan in Shoodra caste - Vidur. Five sons were born from Paandu's two wives - the eldest was Yudhishthir through Dharm Raaj; Bheem of wolf's stomach was born through Marut (Vaayu Dev); Arjun was born from Indra; and Nakul and Sahadev were born from Ashwinee Kumaar. From Dhritraashtra were born 100 sons, Duryodhan etc and one son more, Yuyutsu, from a Vaishya woman. Among those 101 sons, 11 sons were Mahaarathee (great warrior) - Duryodhan, Dushaasan, Dusaha, Durmarshan, Vikarn, Chitrasen, Vivinshati, Jaya, Satyavrat, Purumitra, and Yuyutsu.
Abhimanyu was born from Subhadraa, sister of Krishn, through Arjun. Thus he was the grandson of Paandu. Five sons were born from Paanchaalee through five Paandav. Prativindhya was Yudhishthir's son; Sutasom was Bheem's son; Shrutkeerti was Arjun's son, Shataaneek was Nakul's son; and Shrutsen was Sahadev's son. Bheem had one son more, Ghatotkach, from Hidimbaa whom he married in a forest. Drupad had a daughter also, named Shikhandee who later was changed to a male by the grace of a Yaksh named Sthoon who wanted to do good to her.
Hundreds of thousands kings, whose names I cannot describe even in 10,000 years, came to fight in Mahaabhaarat war.
Birth of Kshatriya
[1-64] Janamejaya asked - "Hey Maharshi, Whatever names you have described and whatever names you have not described, I want to hear about their birth in detail." Vaishampaayan Jee said - "O King, It has been heard by us that whatever you have asked is a mystery even for Devtaa, still I will tell you about them. After killing Kshatriya 21 times on Prithvi, Parashuraam Jee went to Mahendra Parvat and started severe penance. At that time, Kshatriya women used to come to Braahman to beget children and thus thousands of Kshatriya women begot children from those Braahman. Thus the new generation was born in hundreds and thousands from such connections, had long life, and was more powerful. Thus a new Kshatriya race emerged out of these connections of Kshatriya women and Braahman men. This new race was blessed with virtues and long life. Seeing these virtuous kings, Indra got very happy with them and blessed them all. All men had their full age, and no one knew women before their time came. They had connections only with their wives without any lust. The same had happened with other creatures also. All were very virtuous, free from sorrow and disease.
So it was after a while that this land was again ruled by Kshatriya. Braahman studies Ved and Upanishad. Vaishya di their own Dharm. They did not milk cows until calves did not drink milk to their satisfaction. In those days no Braahman sold Ved (taught for money). Everything happened at its time as if Sat Yug had set in.
When this was happening on Prithvi, The
Asur began to be born on Prithvi among Kshatriya in royal lines. The
Vaishampaayan Jee said - "He sent Prithvi back and asked Devta to take birth on Prithvi from their parts and kill those Daitya. So Indra and other Devtaa intending to take birth on Prithvi went to Hari and said to Him - "Incarnate". Hari said - "Let it be so."
1-Aadi Parv - Aadi-Vanshaavataaram Parv Ends Here
Created by Sushma Gupta On 05/27/04
Modified on 04/22/13