Mother. There are five mothers - Gaayatree, Tulasee, Gangaa, Kaamdhenu
and Arundhatee (Vashishth's wife).
(1) Another name of Krishn, because He killed Madhu named Daitya.
(2) Related to Spring season.
Anything related to Indra.
Jasmine flower. Chamelee flower.
Name of a drama written by Bhavabhooti
based on passion and love.
Name of a drama written by Kaalidaas based
on the love story of Shung King Agnimitra and princess Maalvikaa.
(1) Honor. (2) Pride.
Mental, or related to mind.
In the earliest times children were born by just touching, imagining,
sneezing etc. The children who were born by just thinking or intending
were called Maanas (mentally produced) Putra (sons). Brahmaa Jee thus
produced 10 sons - (1) Atri, (2) Mareechi, (3) Angiraa, (4) Pulastya, (5) Pulah,
(6) Kratu, (7) Bhrigu, (8) Vashishth, (9) Daksh, and (10) Naarad. They were all
Brahmaa's Maanas Putra.
One of the genuine Upanishads.
see also Shaakaahaaree
A compound word - Maans + Aahaaree. Maans means meat and Aahaare means eater; so
Maansaahaaree means who eats meat. Non-vegetarian person. It includes food made
from all kinds of living beings normally, except human being.
Sprinkling with water - a mode of self-baptism performed by the worshipper sprinkling
water on the head while the following verses are recited
(1) Aapo Hi Shtaa Mayo Bhuvah | Taan Oorje Dadhaatan | Mahe Ranaaya Chaksh Se
(2) Yo Vah Shiv Tamorasah | Tasya Bhaajaya Teh Nah | Ushveeteeriv Maatarah
(3) Tasmaa Aram Gamaam Vah | Yasya Kshayaaya Jinvath | Aapo Jan Yathaa cha Nah
They are first three verses of Rig Ved, Mandal 10, Sookt 9. They also occur in
Taittireeya Sanhitaa, Kaand 4, Prashn 1, Anuvaak 5. They can also be found in
Atharv ved with slight modification and in several places in Taittireeya Aranykaa
see also Puraan
One of the 18 genuine Puraan. It was written about 9th century AD. It contains
the prayer for Durgaa which has become known as "Devee Mahaatmya", or
"Chandeepaath", or " Durgaa
Saptshatee" and is recited throughout India by the worshippers of Devee.
Other than this, Maarkandeya Puraan does not have seem to have much value as a
piece of religious literature.
Another name of the Soorya (the Sun).
see also Adhik Maas;
Origin and Development of Calendars in the
World under Calendar Vaidik
Mother. There are five mothers - Gaayatree, Tulasee, Gangaa, Kaamdhenu and Arundhatee
(1) Who knows and uses Maayaa. (2) A name of a Rakshas - son of Maya
Daanav, brother of Mandodaree.
Another name of Kaam Dev.
Another name of Krishn - means "loving cowherd".
Who deluges Madan (Kaam Dev), means Krishn.
(1) Honey. (2) Spring season. (3) An ancestor of Krishn because
of whom he acquired the name Maadhav. (4) Name of a Daitya, killed by
Vishnu, because of which Vishnu and Krishn are called Madhusoodan - the
slayer of Madhu.
Black bee, or Bumble bee. Bhanvaraa. Bhramar. Bhaunraa, or Milind.
Mixture of milk, yogurt, and honey,
Madhyaanhikaa or Madhyaahn Kaal
One of the two rescensions of the Sanhitaa of Shukla Yajur Ved - Madhyaandin and
Kaanv. The former one is the popular version.
(1) The middle one, neither very high nor very low.
(2) The fourth note of North Indian music. There are seven notes in North Indian
music - Shadaj, Rishabh, Gandhaar, Madhyam, Pancham, Dhaivat, and Nishaad.
see also Yajur Ved
One of the two, and the more popular, rescensions of Shukla Yajur Ved
Who has equal feelings and sentiments for both parties.
Mahaa Mrityunjaya Mantra
The great dissolution of the Universe at the end of a Kalp.
Mahaa-Pret are five Shiv - Brahmaa, Vishnu, Rudra, Eeshwar and Sadaa-Shiv.
[Rudra Yaamal Tantra]
A 4-Yug period - Sat, Tretaa, Dwaapar and Kali - these four Yug combined are
called a Chatur-Yug or Mahaa-Yug.
It is the largest book of the world. It is classified as Smriti, secondary text
based on the Ved. It is a history of five generations. Consists of approximately
95,000 verses describing the history of Kaurav and Paandav. It began as a book
of 8,000 verses in the times of Shree Krishn (1100 BC) and was called "Jaya".
It was written by Krishn Dwaipaayan, popularly known as Vyaas or Ved Vyaas (means
the editor and organizer of Ved). Over the period, perhaps other innumerable people
added their own material increasing to its size 1200%, and the name was changed to
Mahaabhaarat. Bhagvad-Geetaa was also made a part of it. It is good source for the
information on Krishn's life events.
Commentary by Patanjali on
Ashtaadhyaayee - the book of Sanskrit grammar written by
Mahaa + Abhishek = Solemn anointing of the Lord's image.
The five basic elements - Space, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth.
The great God - another name of Shiv.
Another name of Shiv. He has a temple with this name in Ujjain, MP -
see also Durgaa's Names
Another name of Durgaa.
Another name of Prakriti. The Great illusion.
A compound word - Mahaa + Mantra = the Great Divine
Mahaa + Rathee = Great warrior, or great charioteer.
(1) Great soul. (2) Noble person.
(1) The total material energy. (2) Soul. The form of Aatmaa when it is
attached to body. Thus the Aatmaa remains Aatmaa until he takes up a body in
this world. As soon as he takes up the body, he is called Jeev. The part of
Paramaatmaa that lives in all living beings. He is called
Jeev or Sootraatmaa also.
Another name of Shiv.
Means Rishi who are women or Rishikaa. Among the women to whom the hymns of
Rig Ved are attributed. The most outstanding Mahilaa Rishi are Lopaamudraa,
Vishwaaraa, Apaalaa and Ghoshaa. It is not clear that whether Lopaamudraa,
the wife of Maharshi Agastya, actually composed the hymns or was merely a
heroine, but there is no doubt about the contributions of the other three.
(1) Buffalo. (2) Name of a great Asur -
by Durgaa, that is why she is called Mahishaasur Mardinee.
Sexual intercourse. There are 8 types of Maithun described - (1) seeing
a man or woman, (2) touching a man or woman, (3) enjoying in a lonely
place, (4) talking to each other, (5) reading or talking about man or
woman, (6) playing together, (7) thinking about man or woman, and (8)
Capricorn - the name of the 11th Zodiac Sign of 12 Signs through which
Soorya passes to make a round of Earth.
Panch Makaar (5 Ms) or Panch Tattwa or Panch Dravya are used in
Devee Worship. These five Ms are -
(1) Madya (wine), (2) Maans (meat), (3) Matsya (fish),
(4) Mudraa (parched grain), (5) Maithun (union with a woman)
see Adhik Maas
Mal means unclean and Maas means month, so Mal Maas means the unclean month.
It is another name of the extra month which is added to Hindu calendar after
about every 31.4 Lunar months. It is called Purushottam Maas also.
(1) Another name of Shiv. One of the 12 great Shiv Ling. A temple housing
is situated near Kurnool, AP, India.
(2) A title of a novel written by Kaalidaas.
(1) Mind - separate from soul but necessary for soul to exist in a body.
This is the inner thing which receives information from the outer world
with the aid of senses and presents it to the higher faculty of intellect -
Buddhi. It is characterized by doubt. (2) Intellect. (3) Understanding.
Manasaa Vaachaa Karmanaa
Mind, speech and action. Manasaa means from your heart, Vaachaa means
from your words, and Karmanaa means from your actions. Means whatever
you think, say the same thing, and do the same thing, not that that you
are thinking something else, saying something else and doing something
else. In our religion most things should be done Manasaa, Vaachaa,
Karmanaa, for example serving somebody, or not to do Hinsaa etc.
(2) orbit of a heavenly body, such as Saur Mandal (Solar System) is for the Sun.
(3) A geographical division.
(4) Division or a chapter of a book, especially these are in Ved.
(5) Time limit to complete the Jaap is called one Mandal (normally of 40 days).
This period (Mandal) can be extended to 8 days more if any emergency or illness
arises. So the maximum period is 48 days. (6) Chowk. Mandal is a drawing drawn
on worshipping place to establish Bhagvaan's idol, to do Yagya, or in front of
Bhagavaan. It is drawn on floor and may be drawn with wheat flour, clay or Geroo
(red clay). After drawing the Mandal, they can be decorated by other colors also.
Mandal looks beautiful as well as considered auspicious. Sometimes a Mandal is a
mystic or symbolic diagram made on religious ceremonies, may be circular, triangular,
or rectangular, related to a specific deity. These types of diagrams are also called
"Chakra", or "Yantra" in connection with Taantrik practices.
They are called "Rangolee" when they are drawn just to beautify the place.
A type of canopy set on four pillars. Of course decorated with leaves and flowers,
and maybe with lights also. It is usually prepared for performing a religious ceremony -
Poojaa, marriage etc.
see also Mandodaree
(1) Woman of a small waistline. (2) Wife of Raavan and daughter of Maya Daanav.
(1) Mars. It is known as Bhaum, Kuj (Kujaa), Rakt, Veer, and Angaarak also.
(2) Good, or to bless somebody.
see also Ratn, and
Balaasur for the origin of Mani
Gems. Jewels. Ratn. Precious stones. Some of them are (1) Heeraa - Diamond;
(2) Pannaa - (Emerald); (3) Laal - Ruby, Chunnee, (4) Motee - Pearl; (5) Moongaa - Coral;
(6) Neelam - Sapphire, Indraneel, Neelmani; (7) Vaidoorya Mani; (8) Pukharaaj - Yellow
Sapphire, Pushp-raag - all are called Mani or Ratn. There are some other Mani or Ratn also, such as
Naag Mani, Megh Mani (see below),
Gaj Muktaa or Gaj Motee, Ras Mani,
Kaam Roop Mani etc.
See also Lalitaa
Island of gems. It is in the ocean of Amrit. There are 7 oceans of milk and other
substances. The Rudra Yaamal says - "Outside and beyond the countless myriads
of world systems, in the center of the ocean of Amrit, more than 1,000 crores in
extent, is the Gem Island, 100 crores in area, the lamp of the world. There is the
Supreme city of Shree Vidyaa, 300,000 of Yojan in height, adorned with 25 halls,
representing the 25 Tattwa." Both the
ocean of Amrit and the island are over the white lotus and under the
This is a famous Ghaat at Vaaraanasee or Banaaras or Kaashee. Paarvatee is believed
to have dropped her earrings here that is why it is called Manikarnikaa. Mani (see
Mani above) means gem and Karnikaa (or Kanee) means a very small thing in size like a
grain. This is a burning Ghaat, where funeral pyres burn day and night, every single
day. It is believed that there is always a pyre burning on this Ghaat, at any time
of the day or night. Till about 100 years back, the ashes of a pyre burning at midnight
would be taken to the
Vishwanaath Temple for the lingam for Abhishekam, but this practice has now been
stopped. The fortune of being cremated at this Ghaat is solely reserved for Hindu.
Cymbal. Two brass pieces, shaped like a cap, normally connected with a
string just to keep them together - they can be kept separately also but
then to play them one has find both of them. While ding Keertan or
singing Bhajan or Aaratee people hit one with the another piece to give
the song a rhythm.
Another name of Kaam Dev.
Mantra see also
What is Mantra; Types of Mantra; Mantra Anushthaan for a
Mool Mantra; Viniyog of a Mantra; Mantra, Their genders and
Use; Six Types of Mantra; Some Special Mantra; How
many times to recite a Mantra?
Mantra - Hare Krishn
Mantra - Mrityunjaya
Mantra - Parts
Mantra - Planets
Mantra - Principles
Mantra Saadhanaa; Mantra
Nyaas; Mantra Parts;
Mantra + Uddhaar. The Mantra resides in the dark womb, from where it must be
delivered, brought to light and made known and infused with consciousness
Mantra + Upanishad = whichever Upanishad is written on the basis of Mantra.
Eeshaavasya Upanishad is such Upanishad. This Upanishad contains a collection
of Ved Mantra. It is contained in the 40th Adhyaaya of Yajur Ved. It is one
of the smaller, yet most significant amongst all "Upanishad". It
consists of 18 Shlok, within which it encompasses the description of "Aatmaa"
(Soul), principles of "Karm" and the confluence of '"Gyaan -
Human being. Man. Vaidik texts describe 400,000 species of
human beings throughout the Universe, such as, Yaksh, Raakshas, Vaanar,
Kinnar, Gandharv etc.
T Pronounced as in Tattwa or Totaa (parrot).
T pronounced as in "Tale", or "Toy". Monkey.
The best man who livs by rules, means Raam. Raam is called by this name as
He always lived by rules in his limits. He defined the norms of decorum.
Matsar or Matsarya
(1) Intoxicating. (2) Jealousy, Envy.
Matsya see also Matsya Puraan
Matsya Puraan see also Puraan
(1) One of the 18 genuine Puraan. This is one of the oldest Puraan. In its
present form it is a compilation drawing from
Padm Puraan and the
Mahaabharat. Except for a few
lines it has a very little religious value.
(2) There was a Matsya Desh where King Virat ruled and Paandav passed their one year also in ancient India.
(1) Chief or head. Chandramauli is one of Shiv Jee's many names, which means on
whose head Chandra (Moon) sits.
(2) Red and yellow color holy thread spun from cotton and dyed red and yellow.
(1) Maya means full of, such as "Mamtaa-maya" means full of affection.
(2) Maya Daanav, father of Mandodaree.
see Distance Measurement,
Time Measurement in China
Retentiveness of the mind.
Investigation or analysis. A Sanskrit word meaning "investigation".
It is the name of an Aastik ("orthodox") school of Hindu philosophy
whose primary enquiry is into the nature of Dharm based on close hermeneutics
of the Ved. Its core tenets are ritualism (orthopraxy) , anti-asceticism and
anti-mysticism. The central aim of the school is elucidation of the nature of
Dharm, understood as a set ritual obligations and prerogatives to be performed
properly. The nature of Dharm isn't accessible to reason or observation, and
must be inferred from the authority of the revelation contained in the Ved,
which are considered eternal, authorless (Apaurusheyatwa), and infallible. Meemaansaa
is strongly concerned with textual exegesis, and consequently
gave rise to the study of philology and the philosophy of language. Its notion of
Shabd "speech" as indivisible unity of sound and meaning (signifier and
signified) is due to Bhartrihari
(7th century). There are two Meemaansaa - Poorv Meemaansaa and Uttar
(1) The last Sign of the 12 Signs of the Zodiac - Pisces. (2) Fish.
Megh means clouds and Mani means gem, so Megh Mani means the gem which
is born from clouds. Garud Puraan, Chapter LXIX (69) -"Soot Jee
said... "A cloud-grown pearl rarely reaches this mortal globe, and
usually falls to the lot of the celestials. By illuminating the four
quarters of the sky with its native luster, a cloud-begotten pearl, like
the Sun dispels the gloom of a cloudy day. Outshining the combined
effulgence of the fire, the Moon, and the myriads of scintillating
stars, such a pearl, like the dawn of day, can dispel the gloom of even
the darkest night on earth. The whole earth, girdled by the four oceans
containing innumerable gems in the fathomless depths, can not be deemed
as the adequate price of such a pearl, even if she be covered over with
layers of pure gold. A man, born in indigence and of humble parents, but
happening to be the possessor of such a pearl, only through the
transformation of a good deed done in a previous existence, is sure to
be the paramount sovereign of the entire surface of the Earth. Not to
the good deeds of the king alone, but to the better fortune of the whole
humanity, should be ascribed the advent of such a man on earth, and no
evil would ever strike the land to the extent of a thousand Yojan (a
Yojan is about 8 to 9 miles) round the place of his birth."
Hina, or Heenaa, or Henna, also called Menhdee is a temporary body decoration
that looks like a tattoo but isn't. It is fast, easy, painless and most
importantly it is a beautiful form of natural body decoration. It lasts
for about 12 days and then slowly fades away. Centuries of migration and
cultural interaction makes it difficult to determine where particular
traditions began. But there is some historical evidence that henna originated
in ancient India as a ceremonial art form. Others believe that henna was
introduced to India in the 12th century. It's been used for at least 5000
years as a cosmetic and for it's natural healing properties. There's also
documentation that henna was used in ancient Egypt to stain the fingers and
toes of the Pharaohs prior to mummification.
Henna is a small shrub called hawsonia inermis and is found in Eeraan, India,
Pakistan, Egypt, and North Africa. The young leaves and twigs are ground into
a fine paste or powder, then mixed with hot water and applied to fingernails,
palms and hair to give them a reddish-orange color. In order to decorate hands
and feet, henna is processed in a special way and packed in a cone for ease in
decoration. During hot weather, henna acts as a cooling agent when applied to
the palms of the hands and the bottoms of the feet in addition to leaving a deep
reddish-brownish color on the skin. When used as a temporary tattoo henna is
applied to the skin and then left to dry. For darker shades, it should be left
for at least four hours before being brushed off. Once it is flaked or brushed
off, the color left behind will darken over the next 12 hours or so.
Worshipping in mind only is called mental worship. One can pronounce
loudly or in his heart, doesn't matter.
This is a larger bead, not part of the 108 beads of the Maalaa. It is not tied in
the sequence of the other beads of the Maalaa. It is the guiding bead, the one
that marks the beginning and end of the Maalaa and when several Maalaa are done
for a Mantra, this Meru is not crossed. One has to count backward for the next
(1) He buffalo. (2) The first Sign of the Zodiac.
Black bee or Bumble bee. Bhaunraa, or Bhanvaraa, or Bhramar, or Madhukar.
Mishra School of Tantra
(1) Friend. (2) Name of a Vaidik deity who is a friend and benefactor
of men as the name suggests.
Mlechchh is a term applied to all non-Aryan people, such as the English, while
the term Aarya is being confined to the people living in Aaryaavart area of
One who releases from some grief or difficulty. Such as Sankat Mochak means who
releases from Sankat (peril) - Hanumaan (Sankat Mochan Naam Tihaaro). Hanumaan
is usually known as Sankat Mochan.
Laddoo. A kind of Indian sweets, sweet ball. There may be many sweets of round shape
but all kinds of Laddoo are made by pressing various kinds of material in fist.
(1) Intense love. (2) Attachment. (3) Delusion.
List of Ekaadashee
Deluded. When one doesn't remember what to do in a situation, that situation is
called being Mohit.
Mokshadaa Ekaadashee see
A period in which a body revolves another body, for example a lunar month is the
period (29.5 days) in which the Moon revolves the Earth; while a solar month is
the period in which the Sun crosses one sign - there are 12 signs (12 months) the
Sun has to cross. The word month has been derived from the Moon's 29.5 day period.
Coral - one of the nine gems or precious stone. (1) Heeraa - Diamond; (2) Pannaa -
Emerald, Marakat; (3) Laal - Ruby, Chunnee, (4) Motee or Muktaa - Pearl; (5)
Neelam - Sapphire, Indraneel, Neelmani; (6) Vaidoorya Mani; (7) Pukharaaj -
Yellow Sapphire, Pushp-raag - all are called Mani or Ratn. Coral of the finest quality
is obtained in bulk from the coasts of Algeria and Tunisia. Other profitable sites
for coral deposits are the coasts of Spain, France, Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily.
Corals are also processed in India. It is believed that wearing coral is good for
Idol. Statue. It can be of anything - metal, clay, paper mash etc.
Name of Shiv.
see also Mrityunjaya Mantra
under "Some Special Mantra"
Another name of Shiv.
(1) Currency. (2) Seal, for example Royal Seal. (3) Pose.
Gesture. Posture. Mudraa, derived from "Mud", means to please, the
disposing in different ways of various body parts. Certain postures (Mudraa) in
prescribed ways, normally used in practicing Yog (read Aasan in
Yog), and in dance. Special Mudraa of hands are shown in God's statues to
denote different meanings.
Name of a drama written by Vishaakhdatt
around 800 AD.
(1) Ring. (2) Seal. "Prabhu Mudrikaa meli Mukh Maanhee, Jaladhi Laangh Gaye
Acharaj Naanhee" is the Chaupaaee from Hanumaan
see also Brahm Muhoort
(1) A lucky moment. (2) Horaa. (3) A short auspicious period of time. (4) According to
Indian astrological time, one Muhoort is of 2 Ghadee or 48 minutes.
1 Ghadee = 24 minutes;
30 Muhoort = 1 Day; [30x48 minutes = 1440 minutes; 1440/60 minutes = 24 hours = 1 day]
(1) Free. (2) Liberated soul.
Mukti see Moksh
A very knowledgeable person who has got deep insight into the subject. When the mind joins
Brahm through Yam, Niyam etc, the means to obtain Adhyaatm Gyaan, it is called
Whose Yog is with this kind of specific Dharm, he is called Mumukshu.
Means "shaven head". Normally monks keep their head shaven.
One of the 18 genuine Upanishads, which belongs to Atharv Ved and is traditionally
studied by monks.
Mundan Sanskaar see also Sanskaar
Shaving of the head - one of the 16 Hindu Sanskaar.
(1) Great thinkers and learned scholars. (2) A person moved by inward
impulses. (3) A saint. (4) Sage, such as Vyaas and others. He
whose heart is not distressed in adversity, in whom all joy in prosperity is lost,
from whom passion, fear and wreath have passed away, he is called a Muni fixed in
meditation (Geetaa, 2/56)
A more specific definition is Manan Muniruchyate (he is called Muni on account of his
Manan), that is of his thought, reasoning and independent investigation which follows
on hearing, or Shravan and which is itself followed by Nidhi Dhyaasan at the conclusion
of the Shravan and Manan.
Mur + Ari = who is the enemy of Mur. Another name of Krishn.
Wilted, for example wilted flowers.
Another name of Krishn.