Calendar see also
see also Rattee
Carat is a measurement of weight which is used in measurement of weight of gems.
(1) A very low caste of Indian society, such as . People do not like even to touch
them - sometime back they were called "untouchables".
(2) Naarad Puraan
2/3, tells three types of Chaandaal - (1) Who is born from a
maiden, (2) Who is born from a Sa-Gotra girl in spite of being married,
and (3) Who is born from a Shoodra man and a Braahman woman.
(Naarad Puraan, p 596)
Chaandraayan Vrat see
Vrat and Fasts
A special bird.
Sacrifice. A Yagya has four people to complete it, and when a
Yagya is completed by these four people, it is called Chaaturhotra -
(1) Hotaa to chant Rig Ved, (2) Adhwaryu to chant Yajur Ved, (3)
Udgaataa to chant Saam Ved, and (4) Brahmaa to chant Atharv Ved.
(Bhaagvat Puraan, 1/4)
see also War
A circular maze of troops to trap the enemy. It is a difficult maze or organization of troops.
Army Chiefs used it in MBH war. Only Krishn, Arjun, Drone and Karn could
break this maze. Abhimanyu, Arjun's son knew only to enter it, not to
come out of it. So one day Drone organized his army in this fashion to
defeat Paandav. He sent Arjun away from the battlefield, thus Krishn was
also naturally away, from the battlefield as He was the charioteer of
Arjun. As Paandav came to know that Abhimanyu could enter the maze, they
sent him there with the assurance that they would always be behind him
to help him, as he entered the Vyooh, the soldiers did not allow the
Paandav to follow Abhimanyu. Young Abhimanyu fought with seven
Atirathee alone, but in the end he
was killed by Dushaasan's son.
Chakra means Disc, and Paani means hand. Chakrapaani means in whoever's
hand is Disc.
Another name of Vishnu or Krishn.
Sovereign of a vast empire.
It is used to fly flies from the body. It is made with the hair of the
tail of certain cow found in Himaalaya mountains. The hairs are tied to
a stick. The person shakes the stick and those hairs help to move flies
away from the person. Normally Chamar is used for kings, Bhagavaan's idols and great saints.
Jasmine flower. Its other names Mallikaa, Maalatee, Vaasantee and
Yaasmeen (in Arabic).
Sandal. Its wood is called sandalwood; and a paste is made by rubbing
its wood piece on a stone and is applied to the idols of Bhagavaan and
on one's forehead as Teekaa or Tilak. Chandan is of two types - white
and red. It is because of the color of the sandalwood.
The name of Divine sword given by Shiv to Raavan when Raavan shook
Another name of Shiv. Chandra means Moon and Mauli means head; so
Chandramauli means on whose head Chandra (Moon) sits - means Shiv.
Another name of Shiv.
(1) Moving. (2) Living beings. Its antonym is - A-Char.
see also Panchaamrit
A compound word - Charan=feet, and Amrit=nectar. The water after washing
feet. Whatever water or Panchaamrit is used to wash feet of God, is called Charanaamrit after the feet
are washed. This water can be from washing of anybody's feet. People may
drink it or sprinkle it in their houses after washing feet of even great
people, then what to say of Bhagavaan. Normally Bhagavaan's idol is bathed with Panchaamrit; and
great people's and saints' feet are washed with water when they come
home. Panchaamrit becomes Charanaamrit after washing feet of Bhagavaan
and is normally drunk in the right hand and then the hand is touched with
the head. This Panchaamrit (water) is sometimes sprinkled all over the house
when it is of very great saint. Panchaamrit and Charanaamrit are used
alternatively in Bhagavaan's reference. But theoretically Panchaamrit is
made of five things - milk, yogurt, honey, a little Ghee (clarified
butter), and sugar. Normally Bhagavaan is bathed with Panchaamrit but
sometimes water is also used.
Panchaamrit and Charanaamrit are also called Charanodak.
see also Chaturbhuj Roop
(1) Rectangle. (2) Four-armed.
Bhagavaan Vishnu's well-known and most popular form in which He has four
arms carrying Shankh (conch), Chakra (Divine disc), Gadaa (mace) and
Padm (lotus flower). That form of His is called His Chaturbhuj Roop.
The four Ved - Rig Ved, Yajur Ved, Atharv Ved, and Saam Ved.
A 4-Yug period - Sat, Tretaa, Dwaapar and Kali - these four Yug combined
are called a Chatur-Yug or Mahaa-Yug.
Another name of Brahmaa Jee
(1) Chaturanginee army (see below) (2) A game of chess invented in
Bhaarat (India) where the pieces represented elephants, chariots,
cavalry and infantry. Persians took it and called it Shataranj.
Chatur means "of four types". Chaturanginee army means the
army of four types. In olden times there were four types of soldiers in
an army - (1) Foot soldiers or infantry who fought on foot; (2) Who
fought on horse or cavalry; (3) who fought on elephants; and (4) who
fought on chariots. Whichever army had all these four types of soldiers,
was called Chaturanginee army.
The 4th day of any Paksh (fortnight) of Lunar Calendar.
Mind. In everyday use it means consciousness.
One of the 18 main Upanishad.
Umbrella. Used mostly for Bhagavaan's or King's umbrella.
(1) Wisdom. (2) Consciousness.
(1) Care. (2) Anxiety.
Chintaamani is that which yields all objects desired. Of that the
chamber or house is built. In the home of Chintaamani, which is on the
northern side of Shringaar Van, all is Chintaamani. In the commentary of
Gaudpaad Sootra (No 7), the Chintaamani House is said to be the place of
origin of all those Mantra which bestow all desired objects. The Lalitaa
Sahastra Naam speaks of the Devee as residing there.
(1) Thinking. (2) Reflecting.
Pure knowledge or pure intellect. God is supposed to be "Sat Chit Aanand"
- means who is "Absolute Truth", who is "Pure Intellect" and who is
(1) Thought. (2) Mind. Chitta is general term used for mind, which
includes Maanas (lower mind), Ahankaar (ego) and Buddhi (intellect). It
is used for subconscious mind, the storehouse of all the subtle
impressions of one's thoughts, speech and actions. Chitta is the
collection of conscious, sub-conscious and super-conscious memories
(impressions of past experiences) , that condition the way one responds
to different situations. Chitta is not shown by a single factor. It is a
large factor and comprises of various aspects of life. Chitta extends
between Kaaran Shareer (causal body) and Sookshm Shareer (subtle body).
However, Chitta Vritti (operation of Chitta) manifests as various
electrical signals and chemicals flowing in Sthool Shareer too.
how conditioning from prior experiences is embedded in the causal body
as various causative factors and in the subtle body as conditioning.
Super-conscious impressions of past desires, actions and experiences are
all embedded in Chitta operating in Kaaran Shareer. Conscious and
Sub-conscious impressions are all embedded in Chitta operating in
Sookshm Shareer. The interface between Chitta and Manas is done by
Mercury (storing the observations of Gyaan Indriyaan into Chitta). The
interface between Chitta and Buddhi is done by Mercury. Retrieving
memories from Chitta for use in decision-making of Buddhi and storing
decisions made by Buddhi for future reference in Chitta is controlled by
Mercury, while the choice of memories and decisions being stored and
retrieved is partly controlled by prior conditioning.
(1) Diadem, top of head. (2)
Braid. Chotee. In Tulasee's Maanas Seetaa gives Her Choodaa Mani to
Hanumaan as the identification of Herself to be given to Raam. It was an
ornament used to beautify hair or Teekaa worn by Indian women on their head.
Mani see Choodaa
One of the nine Ratn (gems). Ruby. Laal.
(1) Moving. (2) Name of a Rishi who contributed some hymns to Ved
See also Shiv Bhasm
Five cows appeared from Saagar Manthan - Nandaa, Subhadraa, Surabhi,
Sumanaa and Shobhanaavatee.
[Bhavishya Puraan, 1/21]
An ancient linear unit to measure the length. The natural cubit is based on the length of the
forearm, from elbow to the tip of the middle finger, usually from 17 to
21 in. (43 to 53 cm). The natural cubit measures 24 digits, or 6 palms,
or 45 centimeters, or 18 inches