Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Dictionary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P-Q R S T-U V-W-X Y-Z
Written and pronounced as
Om or Aum. Om as Aum is a three-letter word, called also Pranav. By rule of
Sandhi they become Aum or Om. Some say --
This explanation is at
variance with the Rudra-Yaamal Tantra which says that
amuс╣Б kaс╣Еk─Бla vapuс╣гam
We worship with equal
reverence - kam (Brahmaa who sits on a lotus and the husband of Vaag
Devtaa), Kaal Vapusham (Vishnu of the hue of dark
Origin of Om and Panchaaksharee Mantra
To acquire knowledge of Lord Shiv, Omkaar Mantra "Aum" came out of the mouth of Lord Shiv indicating Lord Shiv. The syllable "A" came from his northern face, the syllable "U" came from his western face and the syllable "M" came from his southern face. The Bindu (dot) came from his eastern face and the Naad (mystical sound) came from his middle face. then all of these five united in the syllable "Aum". The two sets of created beings viz name (Naam) and form (Roop) are pervaded by this Mantra indicating Shiv and Shakti.
From "Aum" is born the Panchaaksharee Mantra "Namah Shivaaya" indicating all knowledge. The syllables "Na" "Ma" etc follow the order of the syllables "A" narrated above. From the above, it is suggested that chanting of simple "Aum" is the easiest Mantra for natives. Shiv Bhakt chant either Panchaaksharee Mantra "Namah Shivaaya" or Shadaaksharee Mantra "Aum Namah Shivaya" according to their convenience.
OM is the progenitor sound of all Beej Mantra. Naad (sound) and Bindu are two Shakti (power). Naad is sound and Bindu is dot, or point. Naad and Bindu are the progenitors of Tattwa, the building blocks of the Universe. Naad is Shakti and Bindu is Shiv (Shiv-Shakti); Naad is action and Bindu is static; Naad is white and Bindu is red. Naad (Moon-dot = Chandrabindu or Naad Bindu) over the Aumkaar is the couch, on which Param Shiv is reclining in his Bindu form. Chandrabindu is Naad and Bindu - Shakti and Shiv in one unit.
The crescent moon with the dot is Chandrabindu (Naad Bindu) or the couch of Tripur Sundaree in union with Param Shiv. The icon presents five components: A, U, M, Naad (the Crescent), and Bindu (the Dot). Just imagine the crescent moon being the couch. Nada is Sound, Bindu is the derivative of Naad and the source of the Universe. Naad is called Vishwa Maataa or Mother of the Universe; Bindu is Dukh Haaraa, Pain Killer or remover of pain. All Beej Mantra have three, four or five components: one, two or three syllables, Naad and Bindu. Naad is generally Mother Goddess and Bindu is Shiv, remover of pain.
Beej Mantra has no meaning; it is neither a language, nor a word, nor a character; it is Dhwani (unlettered vocalized sound); it is Dev. Another description of Aum and Naad and Bindu.
A depicts Ahankaar and Brahmaa; U Buddhi and Vishnu; M Manas and Rudra; Bindu Chitta and Sadaashiv, and Naad Ullam (soul) and Eeshwar; the five gods are in charge of creation, maintenance, destruction, grace and obscuration. Bindu is the dot and Naad is the crescent.
A for Agni, U for Varun and M for Marut.
Aum is Beej Mantra or Seed Mantra and thus, the progenitor of all other Mantras. All sounds (Phonemes) of all languages, alphabets, morphemes, words, and sentence take their origin from Aum. Aum vibrates in all sounds, syllables and words. The transcendental sound of Aum is audible only to Yogee. Utterance of Aum proceeds from the navel, vibrates and ends in the nostrils, where the final intonation (Anuswaar / after-sound) takes place, which is represented by Chandrabindu ( a dot over a line or crescent). Bindu and Naad find their repose in Chandrabindu. Beeja Mantra, on the surface, does not carry any outward meaning but it is mystic and the body of a Devtaa or god.
Chanting of Namah Shivaaya drives away the fiery snake of Paash - bondage. Shivaaya Namah is the Sookshm (subtle) Mantra, chanting which eight thousand times reveals the subtle path of Sushumnaa, destroys Karm, and gives the bliss of Shiv.
Om - Omnipresent - present everywhere
Elements in OM
Om in the Mantra have several triads applied to it.
Om in the Mantra have several triads applied to it.
Om and Mantra
Kaarttikeya on Om
Shiv Jee got very happy to know about his son's intelligence. Then Shiv Jee himself explained its meaning in 1,200 thousand (12 Lakh, or 1,200,000) verses. Kaarttikeya said - "It was wrong on my part to say that Brahmaa didn't know."
Shiv Jee understood Kaarttikeya's sarcasm, that he was implying that even Shiv Jee was also ignorant about the meaning of "Om". Shiv Jee got angry at this but was happy too in his heart to see his son's intelligence. He asked - "Then how many meanings are there of this word, Kaarttikeya, you tell me?" Kaarttikeya said - "12 million (1 Crore and 20 Lakh, or 12,000,000)." So many are meanings of Aum.
Yaagyavalkya on Om
यथा पर्ण्णं पलाशस्य शङ्कुनैकेन धार्यते तथा जगदिदम् सर्वं ॐ कारेणैव धार्यते। याज्ञवल्क्यात्
yathaa parnnam palaashasya shankunaiken dhaaryate
tathaa jagaddidam sarvam Om kaarenaiv dhaaryate. - Yaagyavalkyaat
Yaagyavalkya praised Omkaar like this. "Just as the three leaves in a Palaash stalk are held together by a single source (Palaash leaves occur in groups of three, Aak ) the three worlds Bhoo, Bhuva and Swah are also held together only by Pranavam.
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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 08/29/12