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See also Chhand Daivee Gaayatree Gayatri Siddh Peeth
(1) Gaayatree Chhand
(2) Gaayatree Mantra
Om Bhoor Bhuvah Swaha, Tat Savitur Varenyam. Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi Dhiyonah Prachodayaat||
This Mantra is popularly called Gaayatree Mantra because it is devoted to Saavitree (or Gaayatree) Devee.
This is Rig Ved Mantra - 3-62-10. The actual Mantra starts from "Tat Savi Tur....". But Aum is always added to Mantra; and "Bhoor Bhuvah Swaha" is called Vyaahrit, which means "Earth, sky, and Heaven", is also added to the Mantra. These words are often added to important Mantra. According to Padm Puraan, 3/4 "There are three Sanaatan Vyaahriti - Bhoo, Bhuvah and Swaha. These have been added to Gaayatree Mantra. They destroy all kinds of ill omens. These three have been regarded as the symbol of Pradhaan, Purush and Kaal; Vishnu, Brahmaa and Mahaadev; and Sat, Raj and Tam Gun respectively."
The meaning of this Mantra is - "The Earth, the sky and the Heaven praise Him. Let us meditate on the Supreme Glory of the Divine Lord. He is the One who sustains us. We pray to Him that He may direct our understanding by instilling wisdom in us."
This Mantra is the most sacred Mantra of the Hindu for the very good reason that it asks God to provide the worshipper with wisdom. There is no greater Mantra than Gaayatree Mantra for Jap. Its real name is Saavitree Mantra, because in this Mantra God is addressed as Savitra. Some ignorant people have declared Gaayatree the name of Goddess. The Drashtaa (not Srishtaa) of this Mantra is Maharshi Vishwaamitra Jee and it is devoted to Soorya Dev.
Where it is Found
How to do its Jaap
Brahmchaaree, Vaanprasthee and Yati should use 6 Aum in this Mantra, or use 2 Aum - in the beginning and in the end of the Mantra; but a Grihasthee should use only 1 Aum - just in the beginning.
Illiterate persons who cannot utter Gaayatree Mantra can perform Panchaaksharee Gaayatree - "Om Bhoo Bhuvah Swaha". If they cannot utter even these words, they can perform the Jap of "Hari Om Tat Sat". This is also equal to Panchaaksharee Gaayatree Mantra.
Many More Gaayatree Mantra
(1) Shiv, (2) Ganesh,
(3) Narasinh, (4) Naaraayan, (5) Vishnu, (6) Raam, (7) Krishn,
(8) Brahmaa, (9) Hanumaan, (10) Hansaa, (11) Mahaalakshmee, (12) Durgaa,
(13) Kaalee or Devee, (14) Pushan, (15) Kaam, (16) Yam, (17) Soorya,
(18) Agni, (19) Varun, (20) Indra, (21) Sarp
(3) Gaayatree Devee
In the morning Gaayatree
is Rig Ved form in a girl's form and she has four faces. Swan is her ride. In the
afternoon she is Saavitree with three eyes wearing lion's skin. Doyaj Moon is in
her matted locks and bull is her ride. In the evening she becomes Saraswatee, of
dark complexion, wearing Peetaambar and her ride is Garud.
Gaayatree Mantra has three curses on it - from Vishwaamitra Jee, Vashhishth Jee and Brahmaa Jee. So after the Jaap of Gaayatree Mantra three Shaap Vimochan Mantra should be recited - "Vishwaamitra Kalp" book.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 04/03/13