Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Dictionary
|Types of Vrat and Fasts-3|
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See also Agni Puraan, 18, Agni Puraan, 19
Types of Fasts
(1) Ek-Bhukt Vrat - In this Vrat people eat only once in the evening
just after sunset and do not eat Other Fasts
Mahaa-Saantapan Vrat or Krichchhra Vrat
Vrat is of three types - Yav-Madhya, Pipeelikaa-Madhya, and Shishu-Chaandraayan.
(1) In Yav-Madhya, this Vrat is started from Shukla Paksh Pratipadaa, eating one
morsel increasing to 15 morsels till Poornimaa, then decreasing one morsel each
subsequent day till Amaavasyaa. End it on Amaavasyaa. (2) In Pipeelikaa-Madhya,
this Vrat, is started on Poornimaa by eating 15 morsels, then decreasing one by
one morsel, keep fast on Amaavasyaa, then increase one by one morsel till next
Poornimaa. (3) In Shishu or General Vrat, the Vratee takes 8 morsels each day
for 30 days, thus they add to 240 morsels in one month.
Before beginning of
these rites, one has to shave and give Daan and Dakshinaa to Braahman.
Praajaapatya (Praajaapatya Krichchhra) Vrat
Variations of Chaandraayan, Krichchhra and Santaapan Vrat
Rishi Chaandraayan - Taking three handful of food for one month and living a life of austerity is called "Rishi Chaandraayan".
Shishu Chaandraayan - If a man takes 4 morsels food in the morning and 4 morsels food in the evening leading a proper life for 1 month - it is called "Shishu Chaandraayan" Vrat.
Sur Chaandraayan - If somebody takes 240 Pind (morsels) in any way in 1 month (8 morsels a day) - this is the method of " Sur Chaandraayan" Vrat.
- If a man takes only 8 morsels food for
1 month - it is called "Yati Chaandraayan" Vrat.
Krichchhra Saantapan - If one lives by taking cow's urine, cow dung, cow's milk, cow's yogurt, cow's Ghee and Kush-water one day and keep complete fast the second day (2-days Vrat) - it is called "Krichchhra Saantapan" Vrat.
- If the cow's urine, cow dung, cow's
milk, cow's yogurt, cow's Ghee and Kush-water are taken one by one each day (5 days
Vrat) - it is called "Mahaa Saantapan" Vrat.
Aamalak Krichchhra - When only Aamalaa fruit is eaten for 1 month - it is called "Aamalak Krichchhra" Vrat.
Aghmarshan Krichchhra - Reciting Aghamarshan Sookt followed by Trishavas Snaan and observing fast for three days is called Aghamarshan Krichchhra.
Ardh Krichchhra - This consists of taking food for one day in day time only, followed by one day food at night time only, followed by two days at one time food available without begging (A-Yaachit) and two days of starvation. This takes a total period of 6 days to complete. It is called "Ardh Krichhra" Vrat.
Dadhi Krichchhra - When only yogurt is eaten for 1 month - it is called "Dadhi Krichchhra" Vrat.
Dugdh Krichchhra - When only milk is taken for 1 month - it is called "Dugdh Krichchhra" Vrat.
Jal Krichchhra - When only water is taken for 1 month - it is called "Jal Krichchhra" Vrat.
Krichchhraati Krichchhra - If somebody takes only milk for 21 days - it is called "Krichchhraati-Krichchhra" Vrat.
Krichchhrapaad - If one takes food 3 days in the morning, or 3 days in the evening, or 3 days without asked food ( A-Yaachit), or keeping complete fast in the last 3 days is done - it is called "Krichchhrapaad" Vrat. Same as Praajaapaty Vrat given below.
Mool Krichchhra - When only Mool (roots) is eaten for 1 month - it is called "Mool Krichchhra" Vrat.
Paarak Krichchhra - If somebody lives without eating for 12 days - it is called "Paraak Krichchhra" Vrat.
Pad Krichchhra - (One quarter) If somebody takes food for one day in day time only, followed by one day food at night time only, followed by one day at one time only available without begging (A-Yaachit) and one day of starvation. This takes a period of 4 days to complete - it is called "Pad Krichhra" Vrat.
Padmaaksh Krichchhra - When only Padmaaksh (Kamalgattaa) fruit is eaten for 1 month - it is called "Padmaaksh Krichchhra" Vrat.
Patra Krichchhra - When only leaves are eaten for 1 month - it is called "Patra Krichchhra" Vrat.
Phal Krichchhra - When only fruits are eaten for 1 month - it is called "Phal Krichchhra" Vrat.
Pushp krichchhra - When only flower is eaten for 1 month - it is called "Pushp Krichchhra" Vrat.
Sheet Krichchhra - And if somebody drinks the cold water for 3 days, cold milk for 3 days, and cold Ghee for 3 days - it is called "Sheet Krichchhra" Vrat.
Shree Krichchhra - When only Bel fruit is eaten for 1 month - it is called "Shree Krichchhra" Vrat.
Tapt Krichchhra - If somebody drinks warm water for 3 days, warm milk for 3 days, warm Ghee for 3 days and Vaayu (air) for 3 days - it is called "Tapt Krichchhra" Vrat.
Vaayavya Krichchhra - When only one Anjuli (whatever fits in one hand) food is taken for 1 month - it is called "Vaayavya Krichchhra" Vrat.
- Taking gruel of barley for one month is
called "Yavak krichchhra" Vrat.
Alternative to Krichchhra Vrat
If without intention sins occur to sagely elders, one can do Jap and Hom and get rid of the sin. If Sin is done by one who does not follow Aachaar, he has to do Krichchhra Vrat to get rid of sins. In case of rich people they can get rid of their sins by large donations of wealth.
All Sins Destroyer Stotra
Pushkar Jee said - "When people want to commit sins, they are benefited
by prayers. At that time one should pray Him like thus
(given on p 355
). Who reads or
listens to this Stotra he becomes free from all sins committed by mind,
speech and actions and attains Vishnu Lok freeing himself from all Paap
Graha. Therefore one should do Jap of this Stotra on committing any kind
of sin. Who observe Krichchhra Vrat, it is good for them also. By doing
Jap and Vrat all sins are destroyed, therefore to attain pleasure and Moksh,
one should take up them."
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 04/05/13