Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Dictionary
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Drama. Hindu civilization was, most likely, the first in the world to have not only written and produced serious dramas but also tom produce a treatise on the art and science of drama. We can trace the seeds of drama in Vaidik Mantra. As early as 3000 BC, the Rig Ved had designed various Chhand (meters) for poetic composition, such as Anushtup, Gaayatree, Jagatee and wrote Mantra using these Chhand. Saam Ved gave rise to music and Adhwaryu acted the contents of the Yajur Ved (3000-1100 BC). The writings of many Upanishad in dialog form gave impetus and suggestion for the composition of drama (1100-700 BC).
Perhaps dramas were written as early as 500 BC (ref Paanini, c 550-460 BC) and the art and science of drama were developed during the next three centuries and then a Naatya Shaastra - a treatise on the art and science of drama, was produced by Bharat some time in the early 3rd century BC.
Bhaas (220-140 BC) - wrote
Swapn Vaasavdattam, Pratigyaa-Yaugandharaayan
Greeks claim that they taught
art of drama during their 150 years of rule in the northwest part of
India. In support they cite the word "Yavanikaa" (the front curtain, to
have been derived from the word Yavan used by Hindu for the Greeks. But
this seems wrong. First, the style of Greek drama is different from the
Indian drama which resembles Shakespeare more than any other. Second, the
name Yavanikaa has not necessarily derived from Yavan, because Hindu used
the front curtain even when the Greeks were not in India. Third, they were
here only for a very short time during which they were busy in wars.
Fourth, the art and science of drama had been perfected and codified
before the beginning of 150 years of Greek rule.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 03/20/13