Puraan | 9-Bhavishya Puraan | 1-Braahm Parv
9-Bhavishya Puraan, 1-Braahm Parv, p 162-178
This section, Braahm Parv, is on p 1-222 of the book and mostly contains information about Soorya.
(Chap 148) Sumantu Muni said - "Hey Raajan, Once Saamb saw Chakra in Krishn's hand and asked Him - "How did you get this Chakra, and why Soorya's Chakra has been said as lotus flower?" Krishn said - "I have got this Chakra after worshipping Soorya for 1,000 Divine years. Moon etc planets are situated in the center of the wheel of Soorya's chariot. The 12 Aaditya live in its 12 spokes. Bhagavaan Soorya has given another Chakra to me like his own. Six seasons are the 6 petals of that lotus like Chakra. Whoever Purush is sitting in the center of the lotus, is Soorya. Past, present and future are the three centers of the Chakra. The 12 months are it 12 spokes; the two Paksh (fortnight) are its boundaries; the two Ayan (solstice) are its two Nemi. All Nakshatra (constellations) planets and Yog are also. It is spread all over in a large or small way.
I have got this Chakra by worshipping Soorya to destroy my enemies, that is why I always worship it. Who, on Saptamee, draws Soorya's Chakra, worships it properly, offers it various Naivedya, hears Punya Kathaa, he gets his all wishes fulfilled. He becomes completely healthy, prosperous and live long."
(Chap 149) Saamb asked - "How to draw the Chakra, with what measurement?" Krishn said - "The Chakra should be of 64 finger, and Nemi should be of 8 fingers, Navel (central point) should be 8 finger; lotus should be three times larger than Navel (should be 24 finger). One should draw Navel, and central part and Kesar also in it. The height of the lotus should be more than the height of the Navel. One should do Jap of Soorya Gaayatree Mantra (Aum Khakholkaaya Vidmahe Divaakaraaya Dheemahi, Tanno Soorya Prachodayaat) in all Karm. It is very dear to Soorya Dev, that is why one should know it properly. All - Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shoodra and women, are eligible to take Deekshaa of Soorya Mandal. One should take a person as Guru who is good at Soorya Shaastra. One should eat food after seeing Soorya. Soorya is the Lord of all Ayan, Paksh, Days, Samvatsar, etc and they all are worthy for worship. Always pray and worship Soorya."
(Chap 150-151) Krishn said - "One should worship Soorya with his root Mantra (Aum Khakholkaaya Namah) daily or especially on both Saptamee." King Shataaneek asked - "How such versatile Bhagavaan Soorya is pleased? Tell me about Soorya Dharm." Sumantu Muni said - "At one time Soorya himself told this to his Saarathee Arun. One should worship Soorya Bhagavaan three times a day or at least once. His Shodashopchaar worship method is like this - "First take bath in the morning. do Pranaam to Soorya, then worship Braahman, cow or Peepal tree, listen to Itihaas or Puraan, remember me everyday. Whoever worships me like this, he takes birth in a noble family. Who worships me with leaf, flower, fruit, water, whatever is available, neither I am hidden for him, nor he is hidden for me."
Devtaa Pray Soorya and Soorya Bestows Var to Them
(Chap 152-156) Sumantu Muni said - "It is not easy for everybody to worship , Bhakti and do Daan for Soorya. Soorya can be pleased with even by circumambulating him in his temple. He is pleased with him also who draws Soorya Chakra and reads Soorya Stotra." Shataaneek asked - "I am very curious to know the method of worship Soorya. Please tell me that." Sumantu Muni said - "In the beginning of the Kalp, Devtaa became proud. To downgrade them, a huge light which spread throughout the world appeared. This 100 Yojan wide light was wandering around the sky. Seeing it all Devtaa thought that this light might have appeared for their welfare, but from where that light came, nobody could know. All Devtaa asked the light - "Dev, Who are you, where are you, we all want to see you."
Pleased by their prayer Soorya appeared before them in his huge form. Seeing him all Devtaa started praying him. ( Brahmaa's, Vishnu's and Shiv's prayers to Soorya are given on p 167 and 168. ) Soorya got very pleased to hear their prayers and gave them Var. He gave Var to Vishnu. "You will always be invincible for Devtaa, Daanav, Yaksh, Raakshas, Gandharv etc and you will always have love for me sustaining the world. Brahmaa will be able to create this world, and Shiv will be able to destroy this world. You all will be topmost Gyaanee."
Hearing this Mahaadev Jee asked - "How we should worship you? We cannot see you in person, we are able to see only the figure in light form. Until this mind doesn't think of something, on cannot desire to have it, and until one attains Bhakti, there is no meaning to worship it, so please show us your real figure, so that we can have Bhakti in you." Soorya said - Mahaadev Jee, You have said correct. There are four types of idols of mine which create, sustain, and destroy this world. My first idol is a Raajasee idol which is known as Braahmee Power. It creates the world i the beginning of the Kalp. My second idol is Saatwik one is Vishnu's which sustains the world and destroys the evils. My third idol is a Taamasee one and is known as Shiv which destroys the whole world in the end. My fourth idol is beyond these three Gun (attribute) and is the highest. It is not seen by anybody. This universe has been created by that invisible form only. Omkaar is my form, and this is in both Sakal and Nishkal and Sa-Aakaar and Nir-Aakaar forms. You may worship my this detached form. In the end of the Kalp, all Devtaa are absorbed in my Aakaash (Sky or space) form, thus remains only Aakaash. Later all are created from my this Aakaash form.
Hey Tri-Lochan, You attain the utmost auspicious Shadang Siddhi by doing Tapasyaa on Gandhmaadan Parvat for Divine 1,000 years and worship me in Kalaap Graam. Brahmaa should also go to space and worship me in Pushkar Teerth. After this worship you will be able to see my round form along with my rays."
Hearing this, Vishnu said - "Dev, By which method we should worship your Vyom form to attain that Siddhi? Please tell us that method." Soorya said - "Vaasudev, By worshipping me in the afternoon, one can achieve desired Bhakti. Whatever I am, you are the same because I live in your forms. You should leave your pride and worship me. This will show you my Sakal-Nishkal form and that Darshan will give you all kinds of Siddhi." After saying this Soorya Bhagavaan got disappeared from there. Brahmaa, Vishnu and Mahesh said , "Oh, He was Aditi's son Soorya Dev. Let us go and worship him." After that Brahmaa Jee went to Pushkar Teerth, Shiv Jee went to Gandhmaadan Parvat, and Vishnu went to Shaalgraam area. They all left their pride and started worshipping Soorya - Brahmaa worshipped Vyom with four corners, Vishnu worshipped Vyom drawn in His Chakra, and Shiv worshipped Vyom circle with fire for 1,000 Divine years."
Sumantu Muni said - "Pleased with their Tap Soorya went to them assuming different forms and stayed in the sky with his fourth form. Soorya said to Brahmaa - "Brahmaa, I have come to you to give Var." Brahmaa said - "Dev, You are my only Dev. Be pleased with me." Soorya said - "I am pleased with you and you will born as my first son as the cause of this world. Now you ask your desired Var." Brahmaa Jee said - "Give me this Var that I can create the world." Soorya said - "You will get the Siddhi, and you will be the Creator of this world." Brahmaa Jee asked - "Where will I live?" Soorya said - "Wherever the Parvat will be there at the back of my Vyom form, you will live there always in the form of Kadamb tree. In east will be Indra Dev, in south-west will be Shaandilee's son Agni Dev, in south will be Yam Raaj, in south-west will be Nirriti, in west will be Varun Dev, in north-west will be Vaayu Dev, in north will be Kuber, in North-east will be Shankar and you and Vishnu will live in the center." Brahmaa got very happy to get this Var.
After bestowing Var to Brahmaa, Soorya went to Gandhmaadan Parvat along with him. He found Shiv busy in Tapsayaa. He asked him also to ask for Var. Shiv Jee said - "Be pleased with me. I am born from you, do the same what a father does for a son." Soorya Dev said - "There is no doubt that whatever you are saying is true, still you ask a Var." Mahaadev Jee said - "Give me your unending Bhankti so that I can win Yaksh, Gandharv, Devtaa, Daanav, etc and can destroy everything in the end of the Kalp, and give me a good place to live." Soorya said - "Be it so, You continue to worship my Vyom form. The same Vyom will be your powerful weapon Trident."
Then Soorya Dev went to Shaalgraam area to bestow a Var to Vishnu. He said to Vishnu - "Vishnu, se, I have come." Vishnu said - "Be pleased and kind to me. I am your second son, continue to love me as a father loves his son." Soorya Dev said - "I have come to give you a Var, so ask for it." Vishnu said - "Give me a Var so that I can sustain this world and give a good place to live." Soorya Dev said - "So be it. You are the younger brother of Brahmaa and the elder brother of Shiv. All Devtaa will greet you. You will have an unbroken love toward me. Whichever Vyom you have worshipped, the same Vyom will work as your Chakra. This will be the best among all weapons and all will greet it."
Sumantu Muni said - "Raajan, After saying this Soorya Bhagavan went to his Lok and Brahmaa, Vishnu and Mahesh got the powers of creation, sustenance, and destruction of this world. Who reads these three Stotra ( Brahmaa, Vishnu, and Shiv's prayers given on p 167-168 ) he goes to Soorya Lok riding on Aagneya Vimaan, childless gets son, poor gets money, and a student obtains knowledge."
How Soorya was Born to Aditi?
(Chap 157-159) King Shataaneek asked - "Whoever Soorya Bhagavaan bestowed Brahmaa, Vishnu, Mahaadev with Var, how he was born to Aditi in Kashyap'd house? I am very surprised at it." Sumantu Muni said - "Raajan, You asked a very complex question about Bhagavaan Bhaaskar, but I will try to reply it with my little wisdom. What happened that whoever sons were born to Kashyap and Aditi, they used to die instantly. Seeing this Aditi went to Kashyap Jee and said - "Dev, How are you sitting quiet like this? My all sons die as they are born." Hearing this Kashyap Jee went to Brahmaa Jee and told everything to him.
Brahmaa Jee said to him - "Son, We should go to Bhaaskar's place." So both went to Soorya's place. Braahman were reading Ved, doing Yagya, and worshipping Soorya all around there. Dev Guru Brihaspati and Daitya Guru Shukraachaarya were also there. Daksh, Prachetaa, Mareechi, Bhrigu, Atri, Vashishth, Gutam, four Ved, Lav, Vaishnav, Maaheshwar, seasons, Vishwakarmaa, Ashwinee Kumaar etc many Devtaa were worshipping Soorya there. Brahmaa Jee said to Bhaaskar - "Bhagavan, Please take birth from Aditi for the good of the world. Protect Devtaa and destroy Asur." Soorya said - "It will be like that, as you are saying. Kashyap Jee may go to his home."
Sumantu Muni said - "Later Soorya appeared from Aditi. All started praying him. Brahmaa Jee himself came on Pritnvi and said to all Maharshi and Devtaa - "As he is seeing all Devtaa standing here, in the same way he will see the whole world and will be known as Vivaswaan. Kashyap got very happy to get a son, Sung by Ved and bearing Indra etc 12 names. Soorya said to Kashyap Jee - "Maharshi, Your sons used to die therefore I am born as your son in your house."
Soorya Shows His Viraat Roop to Devtaa
Chap 160) King Shataaneek asked - "Tell me now the Swaroop (form) of Soorya who is worshipped by all." Sumantu Muni said - "Once Vishnu and Brahmaa Jee went to Himaalaya Parvat, there they found Shiv worshipping Soorya. Seeing them coming Shiv welcomed them, worshipped them, and asked them - "Prabhu, Which form of Soorya you have seen after his worship, I am also very curious to know it." At this they both said - "We have also not seen his Roop, so we all should go to Udayaachal Parvat." So all the three Dev went to Udayaachal Parvat and started worshipping Soorya. Brahmaa Jee worshipped him sitting in Padmaasan, Shiv Jee worshipped him raising his arms, and Vishnu worshipped him lowering his head taking Panchaagni for several thousand Divine years.
Pleased with their Tap Soorya appeared before them and asked them to ask for a Var. They said - "We are blessed by your Darshan. We have already got Var after worshipping you. By your grace we are able to create, sustain and destroy this world, but we wish to see your wonderful Roop." Hearing their wish, Soorya showed them his Viraat Roop. He had many heads and many mouths, all Devtaa and all Lok were situated in them. All ten directions were his ears and all Lords of directions were his arms. Satya was his speech, Saraswatee was his tongue, navel was the gate to Swarg, Vaishwaanar Agni was his mouth, Brahmaa was his heart, and Kashyap Jee was his stomach. Rudra was his Praan, the eight Vasu were his back and his all joints were Marut Gan." Sumantu Muni said - "Brahmaa, Vishnu and Shiv all got suprised to see his this form. They did Pranaam with a great Bhakti. Soorya said - "To fulfill your wish I showed you my this Viraat Roop." All worshipped him and came back to their Lok.
Fruit of Worshipping Soorya
(Chap 161-162) King Shataaneek asked - "Now you tell me what fruit one gets by worshipping Soorya Bhagavaan?" Sumantu Muni said - "Who establishes Soorya and worships him, he gets Soorya's Saameepya. Who worships Soorya by building clay Vyom, he is worshipped by three Lok. Who builds Soorya temple with Bhakti according to his capacity, he enjoys Soorya's company. But if he does this without Bhakti, he doesn't get its fruit. That is why one should divide his wealth in three parts - one part should be spent to do Dharm Karm, one part should be spent in earning money and the third part should be spent for living upon. Soorya is the foremost Devtaa who can free one from all kinds of bondages."
(Chap 163) Sumantu Muni said - "While bathing Soorya, one should pronounce "Jaya" etc auspicious words. One should use auspicious conch etc instruments while worshipping Soorya. Bathing Soorya with Kapilaa cow's Panchgavya and Abhimantrit Kush water is called Brahm Snaan. Whoever does that even once in a year, he goes to Soorya Lok. To bathe him with copper Kalash (pitcher) is hundred times better than clay Kalash, silver Kalash is still better than the copper one. Touching is better than seeing him, worship is better than touching, and bathing him with Ghee is better than worshipping him.
Snaan is called when 100 Pal (approximately 6 Kilograms and 20 Grams) water or Panchaamrit is used for Snaan. Abhyang Snaan is called when 25 Pal (approximately 1 and 1/2 Kilogram) water is used to bathe. Mahaa-Snaan is called when 2,000 Pal (approximately 124 Kilogram) water is used to bathe. Who offers Arghya along with flower and fruit, he goes to Swarg Lok. If somebody offers Ashtaang Arghya (water, milk, Kush grass front part, Ghee, yogurt, honey, red Kaner flower, and red sandal) to Soorya, he enjoys Soorya Lok for 10,000 years. This Ashtaang Arghya is very dear to Soorya Bhagavaan. Whether poor or rich, both get the same fruit, but Bhakti increases the fruit.
Kaner flower is better than thousands of other flowers.
Who worships Soorya with red Kaner flower, he lives in Soorya Lok for numerous Kalp, although jasmine, rose, Vijaya, white Madaar and other white flowers are also regarded good for Soorya worship. One should not offer unclean and half bloomed flowers and half-coked food or half-ripen fruits to Devtaa. If one doesn't get fruit, then offer flower; if one doesn't get flower, then offer leaf; if one doesn't get even leaf, then offer straw, or herbs to Devtaa. When there is nothing to offer, Devtaa are pleased with worshipping with Bhakti. Who worships Soorya with fragrant Muktaa flowers in Maagh Krishn Paksh, he gets innumerable fruits. By worshipping him with Karaveer flowers, one gets free from all sins and goes to Soorya Lok.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/25/13