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1-Braahm Parv

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2-Kaal (Time)

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2-Kaal and Sanskaar
9-Bhavishya Puraan, 1-Braahm Parv, p 5-8

This section, Braahm Parv, is on p 1-222 of the book and mostly contains information about Soorya

Division of Kaal

Sumantu Jee further said - "Parameshwar creates the Universe in the beginning of the Kalp and destroys the Universe (Pralaya) at the end of the Kalp. Thus this Kalp is the day of Parameshwar - creation in daytime, and Pralaya in nighttime. Hey King Shataaneek, Now you listen to the division of Kaal (Time).

18 Nimesh = 1 Kaashthaa
30 Kaashthaa = 1 Kalaa
30 Kalaa = 1 Kshan [4 minutes]
12 Kshan = 1 Muhoort [48 minutes]
30 Muhoort = 1 Day and Night [24 hours]
30 Day and Night = 1 Month
2 Months = 1 Season
3 Seasons = 1 Ayan [6 months]
2 Ayan = 1 Year, or Samvatsar [12 months]

This division of day and night is according to Soorya Bhagavaan. All living beings work in the daytime and sleep in the nighttime. 
--Pitar's day and night is equal to human's one Month - means our bright fortnight is their day and our dark fortnight is their night. 
--Devtaa's one day and night is equal to human one year. So our Uttaraayan [mid-January to mid-July] is their day, and our Dakshinaayan [mid-July to mid-January] is their night.

Now you listen to Brahmaa's one day and night and every Yug measurement.
--Sat Yug is of 4,000 Divine years. Its Sandhyaansh is of 400 Divine years and Sandhyaa is also of 400 Divine years totaling 4,800 Divine years. From one Sankraanti to another Sankraanti time period is called Saur Maas (month according to the Sun). 12 Saur months make up one year which is called Saur year (year according to the Sun). This is Devtaa's one day and night. Such 30 days and nights make up one Divine month and such 12 Divine months make up one Divine year.
--Tretaa Yug is of 3,000 Divine years, plus 600 Divine years of Sandhyaa and Sandhyaansh totaling 3,600 Divine years.
--Dwaapar Yug is of 2,000 Divine years, plus 400 Divine years of Sandhyaa and Sandhyaansh totaling 2,400 Divine years.
--Kali Yug is of 1,000 Divine years and 200 Divine years of Sandhyaa and Sandhyaansh totaling 1,200 Divine years.

All these Divine years total 12,000 Divine years. This is called Devtaa's one Yug (or human Mahaa-Yug or Chatur-Yug). Such 1,000 Dev-Yug make up Brahmaa's one day and the same period (1,000 Dev-Yug) is his night. When Brahmaa wakes up after his night, he produces 
--Sat and A-Sat mind which when desires to create, becomes full of Vikaar and first produces Sky Tattwa (Space element). Sky's attribute is Shabd (sound).
From this Vikaar-full Sky, is born Vaayu Tattwa (Air element) which bears all kinds of smells. Its attribute is touch.
--In the same way this Vikaar-full Air produces Tej Tattwa (Fire element) which destroys darkness, and whose attribute is Roop (form).
--From this Vikaar-full Tej is born Jal Tattwa (Water element), whose attribute is Ras (taste); and
--From this Vikaar-full Water is born Prithvi Tattwa (Earth element), whose attribute is smell.
Thus the cycle goes on.

I have already told you about Divine Yug, which is of 12,000 Divine years. Such 71 Divine Yug make up one Manvantar; and such 14 Manvantar make up Brahmaa's one day [excluding night].

About Yug and Their People

In Sat Yug, Dharm's all four constituents are present; in Tretaa Yug Dharm gets weaker and its only three constituents remain present; in Dwaapar Yug, Dharm again gets weaker and its only two constituents remain present. In Kali Yug only one constituent remains of Dharm and three constituents of A-Dharm.

In Sat Yug, people are religious, healthy and truth speakers; and they live for 400 years.
In Tretaa Yug, one-fourth part of all these years, becomes less so they live for 300 years.
In Dwaapar Yug, they live for 200 years.
In Kali Yug, they live only for 100 years.

Dharm also is of different kind in these four Yug. In Sat Yug there is Tapasyaa, in Tretaa Yug there is Gyaan (knowledge), in Dwaapar Yug there is Yagya, and in Kali Yug there is Daan.

Parameshwar created Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shoodra from his mouth, arms, thighs and feet respectively and assigned them different Karm to each of them. 
--Braahman were assigned to study and teach, to do Yagya for themselves and for others and to give and take donations. 
--Kshatriya were assigned to study, to do Yagya, to give donations, to take care of public etc Karm.
--Vaishya were assigned to study, to do Ygaya, to give donations, to protect and rear cattle, to earn money through farming and trading Karm.
--Shoodra were assigned to serve these three Varn.

In the body of the man upper part of the body (above navel) has been considered very holy, even among those parts, mouth is main. Since Braahman are born from mouth, that is why they are the highest - Ved say like this. Brahmaa Jee produced Braahman after a long Tapasyaa to give Havya and Kavya to Devtaa and Pitar and protect the whole world. Since they are born from head part and are knower of Ved, they should be considered as the Lords of the Universe.

Among the whole creation, living beings are higher; among all the living beings, animals who use their brain (intelligence) are higher. Among all the brain users, human beings are higher; among all the human beings Braahman are higher; among all the Braahman, learned Braahman are higher; among all the learned Braahman those Braahman are higher who have developed their intelligence; among all the Braahman who have developed their intelligence, those Braahman are higher who do their Karm (Karm Kaandee Braahman); and among all those Karm Kaandee Braahman, those Braahman are higher who have attained Brahm Gyaan. Braahman is born to maintain Dharm and from his this behavior he attains Brahm and Brahm Lok.

48 Sanskaar

King Shataaneek asked - "Brahm Lok and Brahm are very difficult to attain, then which characteristics he owns through which he attains them? Tell me this." Sumantu Jee said - "You have asked a good question. Listen, Whose 48 Sanskaar, according to Ved, have been performed, only those Braahman attain Brahm Nad Brahm Lok. Sanskaar is the main reason to attain Brahm, nothing else." Shataaneek asked - "I am very curious to know about those Sanskaar, please tell me about them."

Sumantu Jee said - "According to Ved, "Garbhaadhaan, Pusavan, Seemantonnayan, Jaat Karm, Naamkarn, Annpraashan, Choodaakarm, Upanayan, four types of Ved Vrat, Ved Snaan, Vivaah, Panch Mahaayagya (which satisfy Devtaa, Pitar, human beings, Bhoot and Brahm), Saptpaak Yagya Sansthaa - Ashtakaadwaya, Paarvan, Shraavanee, Aagrahaaayanee, Chaitree (Shoolgav) and Aashwayujee, Saptahviryagya Sansthaa Agnyaadhaan, Agnihotra, Darsh-Paurnmaas, Chaaturmaasya, Niroodh-Pashubandh, Sautraamani and Saptsom Sansthaa - Agnishtom, Antyagnishtom, Ukthya, Shodashee, Vaajpeya, Atiraatra, and Aaptoryaam. 

These are 40 Sanskaar of a Braahman. Along with them there must be eight qualities also in them - Ansooyaa (not seeing fault in others), kindness, forgiveness, Anaayaas (not betting for life for small matters), Mangal (putting on auspicious things, Akaarpanya (not speaking like poor and not being miser too), Shauch (internal and external cleanliness), and A-Sprahaa. Their full explanation is like this. Not hiding the qualities of a qualitative man, not telling one's own qualities and not being happy to see other's faults is called Ansooyaa. To treat one's own and other's, enemy and friend alike, to wish to relieve others from their sorrows is Dayaa (kindness). Not to be angry with and not to quarrel with anybody even if he troubles with mind, action or speech is called forgiveness.

Not to eat any uneatable, not to be in company with bad people, and always behave in a prescribed way is called Shauch. If somebody feels pain in doing any good work, it should not be done immediately, that is called Anaayaas. To always do good Karm and leave bad Karm is called Mangal. Donating a little bit from one's own earned wealth is called Akaarpanya. To be contented in a little money, and not wishing for other's money at all is called A-Sprahaa."



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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/25/13