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History of Some Cities
Many of the cities' description has been taken from Places, so one can see the detailed description there too.

Bhavishya Puraan, 3/18Vayahaani (Chapahaani or Chauhaan) inhabited this city built by Brahmaa Jee. "Aj" means Brahmaa; "m" means Lakshmee. Lakshmee Jee built this city for Brahmaa Jee that is why it was called Ajamer.

Badaree Naath
Badaree Naath was established by Aadi Shankaraachaarya Jee in 9th AD century. Shankar discovered the image of Badree Naaraayan in the Alaknandaa River and enshrined it in a cave near the Tapt Kund hot springs. In the 16th century, the king of Garhwaal moved the Moorti to the present temple. The most important feature of this temple is the one meter tall statue of Vishnu as Lord Badree Naaraayan, made of black Shaal Graam stone. The statue is considered to be one of eight Swayam Vyakt (or Swaayambhoo), or self-manifested statues of Vishnu.

Barhishmatee Nagaree (present Bithoor)
It has been mentioned at many places. Bhaagvat Puraan, 8/3 says that "When Varaah Bhagavaan was bringing the Prithvi up from Rasaatal, His furs fell at this place. After that the place was called Barhishmatee Nagaree. The same fur were converted into evergreen Kush and Kaas. When Manu got this Nagaree to live, he worshipped Shree Hari on the Aasan of this Kush and Kaas. The great king Sahstraarjun was also the king of this place.

Bhaarat Varsh
This is not the name of the city, this is the name of our country. Our country is known by the name of the King Bharat, son of King Dushyant and Shakuntalaa.

Bhuj is situated towards the West side of Bhaarat Varsh. It was inhabited by Bhujvarmaa, the son of Shreepati.

Calcutta was founded  by East India Company after the 350 year old Kaalee Ghaat Temple in a small village that the British decided would be the site of the new city. Kaalee was the patron deity of the Indian Huglee cult. Members of this fraternity were assassinators and surrenders who worshipping Kaalee in a rather Aghory way.

Dandak Van
Dandak is the name, and Van means forest. This place was inhabited by Dand, that is why its name is Dandak Van.

The tip of the land beyond Raameshwaram, closest to Shree Lankaa, so called because it is shaped like a bow.

Gaandhaar Desh
According to Agni Puraan, p 19, Bharat, Raam's brother, divided the area around Sindhu River in two Pradesh - Gaandhaar and Madra Desh and gave them to his two sons - Taksh and Pushkar. Dhritraashtra's wife Gaandhaaree came from this place. It is the Northwest region of Saptsindhu, later it became a part of Afagaanistaan.

Gayaa is the city which Vishnu is said to have blessed with power to absolve all temporal sins in the same way as Vaaraanasee. This city is situated in present Bihaar state and is famous for doing Shraaddh,

A holy site on Maalaabaar coast where pilgrims go to worship Shiv Jee. It is related to Parashuraam Jee. See also  Prashuraam Kshetra

Hastinaapur was established by Hastee named King of Chandra Vansh. Hastee was in the line of Dushyant ->Bharat ->Bhumanyu ->Suhotra ->Hastee. Its name is after the elephant. In fact Hasti means horse as well as elephant, but its elephant version is more popular. It was the capital of king Prateep, Shaantanu, Dhritraashta, Duryodhan etc.

Present Indore in MP. Inhabited by Agni Vanshee Indrapaal. ( Bhavishya Puraan, 3/18)

A major city in Raajsthaan, known as red city also. The astronomer Prince Jaya Singh inhabited it. There is Jantar Mantar here - an astronomical observatory.

Kaambuj Country (Cambodia)
Name of a country, later called Cambodia. Cambodia word is derived from Sanskrit word Kambuj. Part of Cambodia was called Funnan in the 2nd century AD. This kingdom was established by a Hindu king named Kaundinya who along with his descendents ruled it for a 100 years. In the 4th century AD another descendent of Kaundinya took over the country and established Hindu culture throughout the country. Hindu ruled this country till the end of the 13th century AD.

Kaamod Pur
Near Haridwaar, built by Vishwakarmaa. [Mentioned in Padm Puraan, 2/15]

Kaanyakubj Desh (see also Kannauj)
Present Kannauj in UP. Raashtrapaal had two sons - Vijaya and Prajaya. Prajaya left his home and did Tap for Shaaradaa Devee on the banks of Gangaa for 12 years. Shaaradaa Devee appeared before him. He asked her a new city. He saw a beautiful city. In its Northern side was Gangaa, in its South was Paanduraa, in its West was Eesh Saritaa, and in its East was Markan bird's place. This place was a little odd shaped. Because of being built by a girl (Kanyaa) and being a little odd shaped, it became famous by the name as Kaanyakubj.

Name of a city in western UP. This is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is 4,000 or more years old. It was the capital of Kaanyakubj where Jahnu (who drank Gangaa's water), the ancestor of king Kushik (grandfather of Vishwaamitra) ruled.

An ancient city situated in the West of Ilaahaabaad, some 40 kms away. According to the MBH, Kausam was founded by one of the descendents of the Paandav who left Hastinaapur when it was destroyed by floods from the Gangaa River. In Buddha's times it was the capital of Vats King Udayan.

The sight of 85 temples in the Chhatarpur district in MP. These temples though of very high quality depict the most intimate postures of sensuous love-making. Though they are called religious but they are of pornographic nature. These were ordered to be built by Chandelaa kings during 950-1050 AD.

Lankaa Puree
The name of the city and a country mentioned even in Raamaayan period. It was built by Vishwakarmaa as a golden city for three Asur - Maalee, Sumaalyy and Maalyavaan. Later it was taken over by Kuber and then by Raavan.

Maalyavatee Nagaree
Inhabited by Maalyavaan Daitya. (Bhavishya Puraan, 3/18]

The old name of Mathuraa Nagaree was Madhu Van. Before Dhruv went there to do Tap, it was under Madhu named Daitya that is why it was called Madhu Van. After that it came under Lavanaasur. Later Shatrughn killed Lavanaasur, coronated his son there as its king. He inhabited it as Mathuraa Nagaree.

Madra Desh
According to Agni Puraan, p 19, Bharat divided the area around Sindhu River in two Pradesh - Gaandhaar and Madra Desh and gave them to his two sons - Taksh and Pushkar. Paandu's wife Maadree was from here. It was North of Magadh Desh, in the general region of Siyaalkot.

Praag Jyotish Pur
Bhaagvat, 10/u10 says - It was the capital of Kaamaroop (later Aasaam) country. This country was also called Praag Jyotish after the name of its capital. It is said that Kaam Dev inhabited this place,

Pratishthaan Pur
Inhabited by Sanvaran in the area of 5 Yojan or 20 Kos. According to V-Raamaayan, 7/32/90, "Raajaa Il started ruling the kingdom by inhabiting a city named Pratishthaan Pur".

Maya Daanav built it for Daitya in Kali Yug. [Bhavishya Puraan, 3/32]

Shreepati Desh
This country was inhabited by Shreepati, the son of Sindhudweep.

Sindhu Desh
Bhavishya Puraan, 3/19Nearby land of Sindhu River. In Shukla's descendents, Mod Sinh's son Sindhu Varmaa ruled from here and thus this area got famous with the name of Sindhu Desh. Jayadrath (Duryodhan's sister's husband) was the king of Sindhu Desh.

Sinhal Dweep
Name given to Shree Lankaa by Vijaya Sinh of Gujaraat (Laad Desh), when he established his kingdom in that island. The word Ceylon is derived from Sinhal.

Takshshilaa. Now in Paakistaan. It is said that it was inhabited by Raam's brother Bharat's son Taksh (Bharat had two sons - Taksh and Pushkar).

A town founded by King Vishaal in Bihaar. A novel is there on its name - "Vaishaalee Kee Nagar Vadhoo".


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 04/07/13