Biographies | Rishi
Chyavan Rishi was the son of
Maharshi Bhrigu and Pulomaa.
Padm Puraan, 5/5 says that Maharshi Chyavan had a son named Medhaavee. Once an Apsaraa Manjughoshaa attracted Medhaavee and stayed with him for 57 years, but Muni was so much attracted to her that he could not keep the track of time. When she wanted to leave him, he said, "Just wait till I do my morning Sandhyaa." Then Apsaraa said - "Do you know how many Sandhyaa have passed?" Then Muni came into senses and gave Shaap to her to become Pishaach. She requested him to be kind on her, so he suggested her to keep Chaitra Krishn Ekaadashee Vrat so that her all sins are destroyed.
Birth of Chyavan
Pulomaa took her forcefully and started going away from the Aashram. Pulomaa was pregnant at that time. She got frightened and her fetus fell from her womb. Seeing this Pulomaa ran away from there. When Bhrigu came back he named that child "Chyavan" because he got "Chyut" (fallen) from its place; and cursed Agni Dev that "you will be eating everything even the dirtiest things." Hearing this Agni asked for his forgiveness and showed his helplessness. Then Bhrigu said - "All right, even if you will eat everything, you will not become impure."
Marriage of Chyavan
Once Raajaa Sharyaati came in a forest on a hunting trip. His daughter Sukanyaa was also with him. In the same forest, Chyavan Rishi was doing severe Tap. Ants had built a mound around his body. There were only two holes in front of his eyes. Playing with her friends, princess Sukanyaa happened to come there where Maharshi was doing Tap. She saw that mound and the two holes too in it behind which she saw two stars shining. For curiosity sake, she took a straw and pierced the holes with it. But they were not only the holes, behind them were Rishi's eyes. Blood came out of those eyes. Sukanyaa got frightened. She ran away from there.
Maharshi Chyavan got angry at this and he stopped the working of excretion system of all the people of King's army. Raajaa understood what had happened. Raajaa asked - "Who has played with Chyavan Rishi?" Sukanyaa said - "Father, I think, I did." Raajaa immediately came to Rishi and asked for his forgiveness. In exchange of his forgiveness Rishi asked Sukanyaa's hand so the King had to offer his daughter to him as a Praayashchit. But still Chyavan Rishi said - "First ask your daughter." When Raajaa asked his daughter, embarrassed Sukanyaa got ready to marry him. He returned to his kingdom and married Sukanyaa to Chyavan Rishi.
Chyavan Gets His Eyes and Youth
Since Chyavan Rishi was not at all in agreeable condition, still Sukanyaa used to serve him sincerely and faithfully. One day Muni asked Sukanyaa to give him a child. Sukanyaa politely said - "I cannot disobey you, but for this first you will have to have youth, good clothes and jewelry." Rishi said - "I am not like your father, where I will get all these things?" Sukanyaa said - "You have lots of Tap, you can do anything." Rishi thought for a while and said - "I am not going to waste my Tap for just this trivial thing."
One day Ashwinee Kumaar were going somewhere that they saw Sukanyaa alone, so they asked her who was she and hat was she doing in that forest alone? Sukanyaa said - "I am King Sharyaati's daughter Sukanyaa. I live here with my husband Maharshi Chyavan. Who are you?" Ashwinee Kumaar said - "We are Ashwinee Kumaar. That man is old, why don't you choose one of us as your husband?" Sukanyaa said - "You are Devtaa, it does not suit you to talk like this with me. I serve my husband with full faithfulness." They told her that if it was so, they could make him young and handsome. All three would come out of Gangaa River and then she could choose one of the three. Sukanyaa said that she will tell them after asking her husband. Ashwinee Kumaar said, "We are waiting for you."
So Sukanyaa went to her Aashram and returned with her husband, Chyavan Rishi said, "I agree with your conditions." So all entered Gangaa River and as they dipped in her and came out, all looked the same. According to the condition, now Sukanyaa had to choose one among those three and they three looked so same that she could not recognize her husband. So she prayed Ashwinee Kumaar - "When I did not abandon my ugly husband, how can I leave my young and handsome husband." Pleased with her faithfulness Ashwinee Kumar gave her the sight to differ between human and Devtaa. Sukanyaa saw that one of them was not blinking, so she chose him as her husband.
King Sharyaati also got this news, so he came to see his daughter and Rishi. He and his wife were very happy to see him. Rishi asked him to organize a Yagya in which he would assist him. Sharyaati did it and Chyavan assisted him.
Yet, in Another Version
Chyavan Rishi then promised Ashwinee Kumaar to give their share in Yagya. Till then they did not get it as Devtaa considered them of lower status being Devtaa's Vaidya (doctor).
Some time later, King Sharyaati came to visit her daughter. Seeing her serving a handsome and young man, first he got very angry at her that she had chosen somebody else as her husband, but then Sukanyaa told him that he was none other than Rishi Chyavan and told him the whole story. He got very happy to see the changed Rishi.
Chayavan Gives Som Ras to Ashwinee Kumaar
Created by Sushma Gupta on 5/27/03
Updated on 03/12/13