Biographies | Men
See Nimi Vansh (according to Bhaagvat Puraan);
Lineage of Raajaa Janak
Thus Janak is not his name. All the kings of Mithilaa were called Janak. Mithilaa kingdom's capital was Janak Puree. It had the boundaries in Nepaal and in India. Janak Puree is supposed to be in Nepaal. Mithilaa Puree has been identified as the Janak Pur in Dhanush District of Nepaal. King Nimi had died after being cursed by Vashishth Jee (See Vashishth Jee Dies, Vashishth Jee Lives). Raajaa Janak, who was Seetaa's father, was also known as Videh (who does not care for his body) was the 21st Janak. He was called Videh because in spite of being a King he used to live like a Yogee. He is called Raajarshi also because in spite of being a king he lived like a Rishi. There were 57 Janak in all in Videh Janak Dynasty. His wife's name was Sunayanaa.
Janak Finds Seetaa
Once Janak was tilling his land for some customary rites that his plough's front tip hit a pot. The pot was dug out and he found a girl in it. Since She was born by the hit of his Seet (front tip of plough), She was named Seetaa. Seetaa means furrow. Since She was born from prithvi (ground) She is called as the daughter of Bhoomi Devee. Gradually She grew up as a beautiful young woman. Janak thought of Her Swayamvar. He put a condition for Her marriage. He had an old bow of Shiv Jee in his house. Its name was "Kindhur". That whoever will pull its string, he will marry Her to him. Many kings, including Raavan, came there but they could not even move the bow.
Vishwaamitra Jee also heard this news so he brought Raam and Lakshman to Janak Puree to show that bow. He had brought Raam and Lakshman from Dasharath to protect his Yagya. Raam saw that bow and lifted it up in a playful mood. He tied its string and made a great noise by pulling its string. At the same time it broke. And Janak married Seetaa to Raam. He married his younger daughter Urmilaa to Lakshman. When Dasharath came for Raam's marriage, Janak married his brother's two daughters, Maandavee and Shrutkeerti, also to Bharat and Shatrughn respectively.
Read Janak-2 to know when and how King Janak accepted his discipleship. In fact, when Ashtaavakra had freed his father from Varun Dev, Janak Jee accepted his discipleship.
Janak Relieves Sinners
According to Padm Puraan, Chapters 30-31, Janak once separated his body from his soul using Yog. Yam's messengers came to take his body to Heaven. The King got on the chariot with their help and set off on their journey. On the way they passed Kaal Puree, and saw many people suffering in the Hell. The wind which was blowing after touching Janak, when touched those people, they got some relief. As Janak passed by those people came and appealed to him not not go from there. Janak thought if his presence was giving those people some relief, he could stay there considering it as Heaven, so he he just stoped there.
When Janak did not come
for some time, Yam Raaj himself came there and asked him why did he stay
there. Janak told him that he was trying to relieve some people, and if
he allowed those people to go from there, he would also go from there.
Yam Raaj counted their sins and said to the King that they were destined
to suffer there. Janak may proceed to Heaven. Janak asked - "Is there
any way to relieve their suffering?" Yam Raaj said - "Yes, If you can
give them a portion of your good deeds, I can let them go." Janak Jee
asked Yam Raaj the reason of his own presence there, if Yam Raaj kept
only sinners kept in Hell. Then Yam Raaj told him his sin that in spite
of doing many good Karm, once he stopped one cow eating grass, and that
is why he had to pass through Hell. Janak Jee proceeded towards Heaven.
After Raavan had captured
Seetaa he put Her in the Ashok grove. Once he sent a Raakshas named
Marutta in the form of Janak to influence her, but Seetaa did not relent
as per Kamban Raamaayan, Sundar Kaand.
--Ashmak once advised
Once when the Janak Dharmdhwaj ruled Mithilaa, a learned woman named Sulabhaa heard about his wisdom and decided to test him. She transformed herself into a beautiful woman and approached Janak who offered her a seat. She took it and transferred her soul into Janak’s body. A debate began and after she was convinced of his wisdom, she left his palace as per MBH, Shaanti Parv, Chap 320.
Once Shuk Dev Jee, son of
Vyaas Jee, was not satisfied with his Bhaagvat practices, so he was sent
by his father to Raajaa Janak to clarify his doubts. Raajaa Janak was
able to clarify even those that Vyaas himself couldn’t as per Devee
Bhaagvat, Pratham Skandh. Janak was a vegetarian as per MBH, Anushaasan
Parv, Chap 115, verse 65.
Created by Sushma Gupta On 5/27/04
Modified on 06/21/13