Biographies | Rishi
See also Ahalyaa
Rishi Gautam is the son of Rahoogan and is one of the Saptarshi of the present Manvantar. Each Kalp has 14 Manvantar and each Manvantar has its own Saptarshi. The present Manvantar is the 7th one and its Saptarshi are Atri, Vashishth,, Kashyap, Gautam, Bharadwaaj, Vishwaamitra and Jamadagni. Gautam shares the Angiraa ancestry with Bharadwaaj
Family of Rishi Gautam
All his three sons were the seers of Mantra. There is a hymn called Bhadraa in
Saam Ved which is attributed to Rishi Gautam.
Who was Ahalyaa? - Another Version
Ahalyaa-Indra Incident - One Version
But when he returned home, he saw Indra coming out of his hut. He understood everything. He gave Shaap to Ahalyaa that she should become a stone. On asking forgiveness of Ahalyaa he reduced the Shaap to "that when Raam will incarnate in Tretaa Yug, and He will touch you with His foot, you will regain your beauty and life and will come to me." And he gave Shaap to Indra that "he should lose his manhood". Ahalyaa became the stone and waited till Raam incarnated on Prithvi and touched her with His foot; but Devtaa became very worried with Muni's Shaap to Indra. So they went to Brahmaa Jee and prayed him to help Indra.
Ahalyaa-Indra Incident - Another Version
With this version Gautam Rishi gave Shaap to Indra that since he came there with the desire of the lust, he should have thousand marks of the woman's vagina all over his body. Indra got very ashamed of this Shaap. He then did severe Tap for Shiv Jee and Shiv Jee gave him Var that those marks would change into thousand eyes. Since then Indra has been called thousand-eyed Indra.
It is said that after this incident with his wife, Gangaa told Rishi Gautam that he should not need to go anywhere for his daily chores and she came very near to his Aashram.
Once a natural drought occurred and the rain did not fall for 100 years. All vegetation became dry, earth's surface became too dry to produce anything, so Gautam did penance to bring water on Earth to comfort Earth's creatures. He pleased Varun Dev, because he was the Devtaa of water, and when he appeared before him he asked him to rain for the benefit of the world. But Varun said - That it all was in the hands of Shiv, and he should ask him only that thing which he can give to him. At this Gautam asked him an Akshaya Kund of water. Varun asked him to dig a pond and put an everlasting lotus flower in it, so that the pond is always filled with water. Rishi Gautam dug a pond, Varun filled it with water and blessed that pond - "This pond will always have water up to the area of one arm's length and whoever will serve this pond will get his wishes fulfilled."
Rishi Gautam started farming with that water. The news spread and people started living near that pond. Because of Varun's blessings the pond never dried. Once Gautam Rishi drew water from that pond urgently, so his students came to fetch water from that pond. Some Rishi's wives also came to take water at the same time. Rishi's wives requested the disciples to take water after they had taken water from the pond. The disciples felt insulted and they told Ahalyaa that Rishi's wives did not let them fetch water from the pond. Hearing this Ahalyaa herself came with them and let them take water and went away. Seeing this Rishi's wives also got angry and told some false things to their husbands.
In turn Rishi wanted to teach Gautam a lesson. They could not teach him the lesson on his own so they started worshipping Ganesh Jee. Ganesh Jee got pleased, appeared before them and said - "O Rishi, Your intention is not good, you should not bring destruction at your hands." Rishi said - "We are insulted without any reason, that is why our wish should be fulfilled." Ganesh Jee again said - "Since Gautam Rishi is blessed by Shiv, so he will remain unharmed but since your intention is bad, you will be in great difficulty." After saying this Ganesh Jee disappeared.
Then one day Ganesh Jee appeared as a sick cow and started grazing on Gautam's field. Coincidentally Gautam was near his field, so he saw a cow spoiling his crop. He tried to make her go but when she did not go just like that, he took a straw a grass and touched her body with it to make her go. Unfortunately the as the straw touched to cow's body, she died. All this was planned so as soon as the cow died, the other Rishi soon gathered there and blamed Gautam and their wives blamed Ahalyaa for the death of that cow. They all decided that nobody should even see the face of Gautam like Rishi; and they made Gautam Rishi, his wife and disciples move from that place. Rishi Gautam went one Kos away from that spot. Gautam was also very sad after the death of the cow, so he decided that until he will clear of this sin, he will not touch anybody and will not do any religious ceremony. This period was very painful for him.
After 15 days Gautam Rishhi went to those Rishi and asked them to clear the cow killing sin. Seeing the condition of Rishi Gautam, the other Rishi felt pity on his, but because of their ego they said to him - "Since your disciples and wife have insulted our wives they have to bear the consequences. Only Lord Shiv will free him from this sin. For this he has to go around the earth and call loudly out about your sin; after that he should keep fast for one month and circumambulate 100 Braahman. Then only you would be free from your sin. After this he should make Gangaa appear at this place, take bath in her, make 1 Crore mud Shiv Ling (Paarthiv Poojan) and start meditate on him." Gautam did it and pleased Shiv Jee. Shiv Jee got pleased and appeared before him with Paarvatee and his Gan and asked him to ask for a boon. Gautam said - "If you are pleased, please release me from my sins." Shiv said - "You were cheated and were given so much stress for the sin you have not committed. Those Braahman will have to suffer for this, They will have only fake knowledge, because whoever harasses my devotee can never be happy."
Gautam was very kind, he said - "Those Braahman are innocent, because, because of them only he could see him. But I will be very happy if you give me Gangaa from your head." Shiv put down Gangaa from his head and giving her to Gautam he said to Gangaa - "From today Gautam will serve you and you wash away his all sins." Gangaa said - "I will surely follow your orders, I will purify Rishi and his family and then go back to my place." Shiv Jee said - "You stay here till the beginning of Vaivaswat Manvantar." Gangaa said - "I will stay here till then only when I will be worshipped here and Shiv, Paarvatee and his Gan will stay on my banks." All Devtaa got very happy to hear this, they said - "When Brihaspati will be in Sinh Raashi (Leo Sign), her importance will spread in the three Lok. After 12 years when the Time comes, and people will come there, take holy bath there, and visit Shiv temple, they will be free from their sins."
So Gangaa flowed from Brahm Shail (Vindhya Giri) through Udumber branch and flowed in the form of River Gautamee. This source of that river is called Gangaa Dwaar. Gautam Rishi, his disciples , and Ahalyaa took bath in it, worshipped Shiv Ling and got free from their sins. but when the Rishi who blamed him came to take bath, she disappeared. At present this pace is called Panchvatee in Naasik.
Gautam Has a Daughter Anjanee
Gautam Moves to Chandrabaanee
Gautam, Ahalyaa and their daughter Anjanee lived at Brahm Giri (Naasik) for some time. Those other Rishi used to come there to visit but they were jealous with him for his simplicity. When they threw stones on him, they became flowers to Gautam. After the birth of Anjanee, Gautam moved to Chandrabaanee, in Uttaraakhand region. Chandrabaanee is also considered Dronaachaarya's in-law's place, means Ashwatthaamaa's mother's place, means Kripee and Kripaachaarya's place.
Gautam Muni's Another Daughter Yoglakshmee
Created by Sushma Gupta on 5/27/03
Updated on 03/22/13