Puraan | 3-Vishnu Puraan | 6-Shashth Ansh
Measurement of Time and Naimittik Pralaya
Paraashar Jee said - "For all beings, Pralaya (dissolution) is of three types - Naimittik, Praakrit, and Aatyantik. Among them whichever occurs in the end of the Kalp is called Naimittik (or Braahm) Pralaya. When a person attains Moksh, it is called Aatyantik Pralaya. And whichever occurs in the end of two Paraardh that is called Praakrit Pralaya."
Maitreya Jee said - "Hey Muni, tell us the number of one Praardh, so that we can know its double and the number of two Paraardh." Paraashar Jee said - "Whatever number comes counting from one unit till 18 (digits) that is called Paraardh. So its double the number is called Praakrit Pralaya. At this time the whole Universe submerges in its cause Avyakt (which cannot be described, means God).
Human's one Nimesh is called Maatraa - means whatever time is taken in pronouncing one syllable or to eyelid.
Such 15 Nimesh = 1 Kaashthaa
This Naadikaa can be measured by a copper pot made of 12 1/2 Pal weight filled with water According to measurement of Magadh region this pot is called Jalprasth. In this pot a whole is pierced from a 4 finger long needle made of 4 Maashaa (see Weight) gold in its bottom. Then the pot is put inside water upside down. In whatever time that pot is filled with water through that hole, the same time is taken as one Naadikaa.
2 Naadikaa = 1 Muhoort
The same is one Kalp in which 14 Manvantar pass. In the end of this Kalp Brahmaa's Naimittik Pralaya occurs. Hey Maitreya, Now you listen to the description of this Naimittik Pralaya. Later I will describe Praakrit Pralaya.
When 1,000 Chaturyug are over, Prithvi deteriorates. There is no rain for 100 years. At that time all weaker living beings die. Then Vishnu tries to merge all living beings in Himself. Thus He makes the Prithvi completely empty by merging all of its water through Soorya's (Sun) seven rays and all of its living beings in Himself. At that time influenced by Bhagavaan and strengthened by that water, Soorya's seven rays become seven Soorya. All seven Soorya continuously burn all Trilok and Prithvi becomes very hard like the back of the tortoise.
Then Shree Hari appears from Shesh Naag's mouth in the form of fire and starts burning Paataal Lok from bottom (read the location of all Lok here). That fire reaches Prithvi after burning seven lower Lok (Paataal) and then burns it also; then it proceeds towards Bhuvar Lok and Swarg Lok, and after burning them that fire starts revolving at the same place. Thus after being burned the whole Tri-Lok looks like a red hot disc. At that time the habitation of Bhuvar Lok and Swarg Lok move to Mahar Lok, but they cannot live there because of the intense heat, so they finally move to Jan Lok.
After this Vishnu produces Samvartak named multi-colored and multi-sized clouds form His mouth air and pacifies the fire. Then there is water all around. The clouds cover even those Lok which are above Bhuvar Lok. They rain for more than 100 years. Hey Maitreya, This is what happens in the end of the Kalp.
Paraashar Jee said - "Hey Muni, When water goes beyond Saptarshi (Great Bear), this whole Tri-Lok becomes like huge ocean. The air emerged from Vishnu's mouth and His breath continue to blow up to 100 years. At that time Vishnu drinks all His Vaayu and sleeps with the help of His Maayaa power Yog Nidraa on His Shesh Naag bed. While this Pralaya occurs, sleeping of Bhagavaan Vishnu is called "Nimitt". Till He is awake, Universe's all activities go on and when He sleeps, the Universe also disappears in Him.
As Brahmaa's day is of 1,000 Chatur-Yug, in the same way, when he is absorbed in Vishnu, his night also is of the same time period (1,000 Chatur-Yug). After the night is over, Vishnu awakes and takes Brahmaa's form and creates the Universe again in the same way as I have described before. (see Creation)
Thus you heard about Naimittik or Avaantar Pralaya occurred in the end of the Kalp. Now listen to Praakrit Pralaya. Because of no rains, when all Lok are destroyed and all Vikaar (from Mahat Tattwa to Vishesh) get deteriorated then water absorbs Prithvi's attribute smell. When Prithvi's smell is gone, Prithvi is destroyed. At that time water start flowing all around with a great force. Then fire absorbs water's attribute Ras; as Ras is drawn from water, water is also destroyed and takes the form of Agni (fire) and spreads all over. Then Vaayu absorbs Agni's attribute light and Agni's put out and wind starts blowing all around. Then sky absorbs the air's attribute "touch" and Vaayu becomes still and Aakaash (sky) becomes without any covering. At that time only sky is illuminated without any Roop (form), Ras, Sparsh (touch), and Gandh (smell). In the last, this sky's attribute "sound" is absorbed by Bhootaadi. Panchbhoot and Indriyaan are also absorbed in this Bhootaadi and then remains only Ahankaar. This Ahankar is Taamas, so it is absorbed by Saatwik Mahat Tattwa Buddhi.
As Prithvi and Mahat Tattwa are the two limits of inside of the Universe, in the same way they are the limits of the external world also. They also get absorbed in the same way. So the whole Universe - all the seven Dweep, seven seas, seven Lok, all are absorbed in water, water is absorbed in fire, fire is absorbed in air, air is absorbed in sky, and sky is absorbed in Bhootaadi Mahat Tattwa. Then all these are absorbed by Mool Prakriti.
Hey Muni, The equilibrium state of the three Gun (Sat Gun, Rajo Gun, and Tamo Gun) is called Prakriti or Pradhaan. This Pradhaan is the cause of the Universe. This Prakriti is both with attributes and without attributes, that is why its attributes - shown form are absorbed in its hidden form.
Apart from this Prakriti, there is a pure, Akshar, immortal and omnipresent which is also a part of Paramaatmaa. The same is in the whole Universe. When attained, Yogee doesn't come back to this world. The hidden Prakriti and Purush are also absorbed in Paramaatmaa. The same Paramaatmaa is described as Vishnu in Ved and Vedaant (Upanishad etc).
Vaidik (according to Ved) Karm is of two types - Pravritti (Karm Yog), and Nivritti (Saankhya or Gyaan Yog). Both types of Karm take one to the same Paramaatmaa. Rig Ved, Yajur Ved and Saam Ved worship that Paramaatmaa with Pravritti path; and whoever Yogee have adopted Nivritti path they also worship the same Yagya Purush. Whatever is said through these three sounds - Hriswa, Deergh and Plut, and whatever is not the subject of speech, all that is Vishnu only.
Whatever two Paraardh Time (Brahmaa's age) I have told you, that is Vishnu's one day only. When manifested Universe is absorbed in Avyakt (hidden) Prakriti, and Prakriti is absorbed in Purush, Vishnu has the night of the same "Time period" (two Paraardh time). In reality, that Paramaatmaa has neither day nor night, still it is said like this.
So this was the Praakrit Pralaya, now you listen to Aatyantik Pralaya
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/16/13