Puraan | 3-Vishnu Puraan | 2-Dwiteeya Ansh
3-Vishnu Puraan, 2-Dwiteeya Ansh, p 108-
Read About Earth in 5-Bhaagvat Puraan, 5/5
Read About Islands etc in 5-Bhaagvat Puraan, 5/5; and in MBH, 6-War-1
Maitreya Jee said - "Hey Muni, Now I wish to hear the account of whole Earth System (Prithvi Mandal). Whatever seas, islands, Varsh (countries), mountains, forests, rivers and Devtaa's Nagaree, their measurements, forms etc are there, I wish to know about them."
Parashar said - O Maitreya, Listen, I describe you all this in brief, because they cannot be described even in hundreds of years. There are seven Dweep - Jamboo, Pluksh, Shaalmal, Kush, Kraunch, Shaak, and Pushkar. All these Dweep are surrounded by salted water, Ikshu juice, wine, Ghee (clarified butter), yogurt, milk, and sweet water respectively.
Jamboo Dweep is located in the center. In the middle of that Dweep is golden Meru Parvat (mountain). Meru's height, above the ground, is 84,000 Yojan and below the ground is 16,000 Yojan. Its width on upper side is 32,000 Yojan and at the bottom is is only 16,000 Yojan. Thus it looks like a lotus flower. Towards its south are Himvaan, Hemkoot and Nishadh Parvat; towards its north are Neel Shwet and Shringee Parvat which divided its various Varsh (divisions).
Among them, Nishadh and Neel Parvat are spread up to 100,000 Yojan each. The others are up to 10,000 Yojan less. It means that Hemkoot and Shwet are 90,000 Yojan each and Himvaan and Shringee are 80,000 Yojan each. All of them are 2,000 Yojan high and 2,000 Yojan broad.
Towards the south of Meru Parvat, first is Bhaarat Varsh, second is Kimpurush Varsh and the third one is Hari Varsh. Towards its north, first is Ramyak, then is Hiranymaya and then is Uttar Kuru Varsh which i of bow-like hape because of being on the border of the Dweep. All these varsh are 9,000 Yojan. In the center of all these is Ilaavrit Varsh in which the Meru Parvat is located. Thus Ilaavrit Varsh is extended up to 9,000 Yojan around Maeru Parvat. Around Meru Parvat, there are four more Parvat to support Meru Parvat - because Meru is narrow at the bottom and broader at the top, so it might fall. These four Parvat are - Mandaraachal in east, Gandhmaadan in south, Vipul in west and Supaarshwa in north. All these four Parvat are 10,000 Yojan high each. On these four mountains there are 1,100 Yojan high Kadamb, Jamboo (Jaamun fruit), Peepal ( a sacred tree of India), and bunyan trees respectively.
Because of Jamboo tree this Dweep is called Jamboo Dweep. Fruits of this tree re as large as elephants. When they fall on the Parvat, they spread all around after cracking, and their juice flows in the form of a river. Inhabitants of that Dweep drink that juice and consequently they do not get old, do not sweat, do not give away foul smell, and their Indriyaan do not deteriorate. Soil of its banks become Jaamboonad gold after it has dried.
East to Meru Parvat is Bhadraashwa Varsh, west to it is Ketumaal Varsh, and between them is Ilaavrit Varsh. In the same way, towards its east is Chitrarath Van (forest), in south is Gandhmaadan Van, in west is Vaibraaj Van and in east is Nandan Van. Arunod, Mahaabhadra, Asitod, and Maanas are the four lakes.
Sheetaambh, Kumund, Kuraree, Maalyavaan and Vaikank etc Parvat are in the east of Meru Parvat. Trikoot, Shishir, Patang, Ruchak, Nishaad etc Parvat are in its south. Shikhivasaa, Vaidoorya, Kapil, Gandhmaadan and Jaarudhi etc Parvat are in its west. In the vicinity of Meru, in Ilaavrit Varsh, in its north, are Shnakhkoot, Rishabh, Hans, Naag, and Kaalanj Parvat.
Above Meru Parvat, in the sky, there is Brahm Puree of Brahmaa Jee. It is extended up to 14,000 Yojan. Around it, in all directions, are eight cities of Lords of directions (Dikpaal). Coming out of Vishnu's foot, Gangaa goes around Chandra Lok then falls from Swarg Lok in Brahm Puree. There it divides itself in four streams - Seetaa, Alaknandaa, Chakshu, and Bhadraa. Seetaa goes towards east, by skyway from one mountain to another and falls in the sea after crossing Bhadraashwa Varsh. Alaknandaa flows towards south in Bhaarat Varsh and joins the sea after dividing itself in seven streams. Chakshu goes to west, crosses all Parvat, flows in Ketumaal Varsh and joins the sea. Bhadraa flows in northern mountains, crosses Uttar Kuru Varsh, and joins the northern sea.
Maalyavaan and Gandhmaadan Parvat are spread up to Neelaachal Parvat in north, and Nishadh Parvat in south. In the middle of these two Parvat is situated Meru Parvat.
Hey Maitreya, Towards outside of the border mountains are located bhaarat, Ketumaal, Bhadraashwa and Kuru Varsh which are like petals this lotus-like Lok. Both Jathar and Devkoot are the border mountains which are spread up to Neel in north, and Nishadh in south. In east is Gandhmaadan Parvat and in west is Kailaash parvat. They are spread up to 80 Yojan and are located inside the sea.
Like east, towards west of Meru Parvat, are two mountains - Nishadh and Paariyaatra. Towards its north is Trishring and Jaarudhi named Parvat which are located inside the sea towards east and west. These Jathat etc Parvat are located in four directions of Meru Parvat in the set of two in each direction.
In these mountains, there are caves where live Siddh and Chaaran etc. There are beautiful cities and gardens where the temples of Vishnu, Lakshmee, Agni are there. All these places are called as Swarg of Prithvi. Threse are the places where religious people live. Who are sinful, cannot go there even after taken 100 births.
Shree Vishnu Bhagvaan lives in Bhadraashwa Varsh in the form of Hayagreev; in Ketumaal Varsh in the form of Varaah; in Bhaarat Varsh in Koorm (Kashchap or tortoise) form; and in Kuru Varsh in Matsya (fish) form. In Kimpurush etc eight Varsh, there is no worry, no pain, no emotions, no hunger. They are all healthy, and fearless. They live up to 10-12,000 years. There is no rain in these Varsh, only water is available. There are no Yug there. In all these Varsh, there are seven mountains each, and there are hundreds of rivers there coming out of these mountains.
Paraashar said - "Hey Muni, Now you listen to nine divisions of Bhaarat Varsh. Bhaarat Varsh is located in the north of the sea and south of the Himaalaya. Bharat's descendents live here. It extends up to 9,000 Yojan. This is the Karm Bhoomi (land of actions). In this Varsh are seven Parvat - Mahendra, Malaya, Sahya, Shuktimaan, Riksh, Vindhya, and Paariyaatra. In this Varsh only, human beings can get Swarg or Moksh by doing good Karm and from here only go to Hell after committing sins or bad Karm. On Prithvi, there is nowhere else where one can do Karm.
Bhaarat Varsh is divided into nine divisions - Indra Dweep, Kaseru, Taamraparn, Gabhastimaan, Naag Dweep, Saumya, Gandharv, Vaarun, and Bhaarat Varsh. It is 1,000 Yojan from north to south. In its eastern part live Kiraat and in western part live Yavan, and others. Braahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shoodra live in the middle part doing their duties. Its Shatdroo and Chandrabhaagaa rivers come from Himaalaya; Ved and Smriti etc come from Paariyaatra Parvat; Narmadaa and Surasaa come from Vindhyaachal Parvat; and Taapee, Payoshnee and Nirvindhyaa etc come from Riksh Giri; Godaavaree, Bheemrathee and Krishnvenee come from Sahya Parvat; Kritmaalaa and Taamraparnee etc come from Malayaachal; Trisaamaa, Aaryakulyaa come from Mahendra Parvat; and Rishikulyaa and Kumaaree etc rivers come from Shuktimaan Parvat. Besides these there are many other rivers also there.
On the banks of these rivers are inhabited Kuru and Paanchaal of central part; Kaamroop, Sauraashtra, Shoor, Aabheer, Arbud, Kaaroosh, Maalav, Sauveer, Saindhav, Hoon, Shaalv, Kashap, Madra, and Paarasee people.
In this Bhaarat Varsh, there are four Yug - Sat, Tretaa, Dwaapar and kali. They are not anywhere else. In this country Muni do Tapasyaa for their other world, do Yagya, and donors give donations. In Jamboo Dweep, Vishnu is worshipped through Yagya. In other Dweep, He is worshipped in other ways. Bhaarat is the best in Jamboo Dweep because it is Karm Bhoomi. Other countries are for enjoying the fruits of their Karm. A Jeev takes birth in this country after thousands of births as a result of his Punya.
Thus I told you about the Jamboo Dweep of 100,000 Yojan in brief. This Jamboo Dweep is surrounded by salty water sea which is also of 100,000 Yojan.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/15/13