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Paraa and A-Paraa Vidyaa

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Chhaandogya Upanishad

Paraa and A-Paraa Vidyaa
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This Naarad is not the same as Devarshi Naarad, Brahmaa's son. His full name is Naarad Kaanv and he is a Rishi, not a Devarshi.

Naarad went to Sanat Kumaar and said - "Teach me O Venerable Sir. Tell me if there is anything greater than the name of the Lord."
"Yes," He replied, "Speech is greater than the name of the Lord. Indeed if there were no speech, right from wrong would not have been known, nor true from false, nor from good from bad. One would n ot be able to express what was pleasant or unpleasant. Speech makes all this known. Put your trust in speech."

"Venerable Sir, Is there anything greater than speech?"
"Yes, there is."
"Sir, Tell me."

"Mind is surely greater than speech."

"and will truly is greater than the mind."

"Attitude is greater than the will. It is with the right attitude, that one wills, then he reflects, then he utters speech and through speech utters the Name. All these are centered  in the attitude. Even if a person knows much, but does not have the right attitude, they say of him that he is nobody in spite of his knowledge. For, it is he who really knew little, and has the right attitude, people want to listen to him, for attitude to the union of all virtues put your trust in the Right Attitude."

He further explained - "Contemplation, assuredly is greater than even the right attitude. people who have achieved greatness in this world seem to have been benefited from silent contemplation. Thus while shallow and vulgar people are quarrelsome, abusive and slandering, great people show maturity and obtain the rewards of silent contemplation. Therefore put your trust in contemplation.

Contemplation means - silent thoughtful observation, deep reflecting, concentration of mind and soul upon God

One who speaks the truth, speaks excellently."
"Let me, Sir, speak the truth."
"But for speaking the truth, one must desire to learn the truth."
"Sir, I do indeed, desire to learn the truth."
"Only when one understands, one can speak the truth. Without understanding one cannot speak the truth, therefore one should have the desire to understand."
[Truth is of two kinds - day to day truth and the realization of Supreme Reality.]

"Only if a person thinks, can he understand, but one must have desire to think and understand."
"Sir, I have the desire and curiosity (Jigyaasaa)."

"Only he who has faith, is the person who thinks (about the eternal truths). One who does not have faith, does not think about them."
"Sir, I have the desire to learn, and I have the faith."

"People do the things that give them joy. They do not become active in things that do not give them joy."
"Sir, I want to understand more about joy."

"The Infinite (God) is the source of joy. The Finite (world and worldly things) cannot provide (everlasting) joy."
"Sir, I want to understand about the Infinite."

"The Infinite is indeed below and above. he is behind and in front, He is to the north, south, east and west."

One who understands that his own soul is fountain of love and bliss becomes his own master, but the person who thinks differently, and has other beings and things as his masters - this person perishes."


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 04/14/13