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6-Bheeshm Parv, 6-7
Kathaa-G - 6-War - page 2

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Sanjaya Tells About Earth-2

Dhritraashtra said - "O Sanjaya, You are intelligent. Tell me about the island in detail." Sanjaya further said - "Stretching from eastern ocean to western ocean there are six mountains which are equal in their extension, they are Haimaavat, Hemkoot, Nishadh, Neel (of Lapis Lazuli stone), Shwet - white as Moon, and Shringaavat of all kinds of metals. Here live Siddh and Chaaran. They are at the distance of 1,000 Yojan (about 9 miles) from each other. There are many kingdoms on this land on which are called Varsh. This Varsh where we live is called Bhaarat Varsh after the name of Bharat. Towards its North is Haimaavat. The land beyond Hemkoot is called Hari Varsh. South of the Neel and north of the Nishadh is the mountain called Maalyavat, and beyond that towards its north is the mountain called Gandhmaadan. Between Maalyavt and Gandhmaadan there is a globule mountain called Meru Parvat which is of gold. Its depth and height are 84 Yojan. It bears the worlds above, below and around.

Around Meru are four islands - Bhadraashwa, Ketumaal, Jamboo Dweep (Bhaarat) and Uttar Kuru where meritorious people live. The Sun, the Moon and Vaayu Dev always circumambulate it. Meru Parvat is very green and has mansions all around. Gandharv, Asur, Raakshas and Apsaraa live here. Brahmaa, Shiv, and Indra also come here to do sacrifices. Tumburu, Naarad, Vishwaavasu, Sapt Rishi, Kashyap also come there on full Moon and new Moon days. Its one fourth part belongs to Kuber who has all kinds of precious stones, gems and jewels on that Parvat. Only a sixteenth part of that wealth he gives to men.

On its northern side there is a forest of Karnikaa flowers where Pashupati himself lives with Umaa. Shiv wears a garland of those flowers. Gangaa also falls from the summit of that mountain in the lake of Chandramaa which is formed by Gangaa herself. Unbearable for any mountain. Shiv kept her on his head for 100,000 years. On the western side of Meru are Ketumaal and Jamboo Khand. Hear the human age is 10,000 years. Men are of gold complexion and women are like Apsaraa. They never fall sick and are always happy.

Kuber lives on Gandhmaadan Parvat. Here the human life is 11,000 years. Beyond Neel Parvat is Shwet Varsh, beyond Shwet is Hiranya Varsh, and beyond Hiranya Varsh is Airaavat Varsh. The last Varsh, in the extreme north and Bhaarat Varsh in the extreme south are both form a bow. These five Varsh (Shwet, Hiranya, Elaavrit, Hari Varsh, and Haimvat Varsh) are located in the middle. As one goes to north, the Varsh becomes superior in the attributes of period of life, stature, health, righteousness, pleasure and profit to its previous Varsh.

Thus Earth is covered with mountains. Kuber passes his time on the huge mountains of Hemkoot (otherwise called Kailaash). Immediately north of Kailaash, near the mountains of Mainaak, there is a beautiful mountain named Manimaya whose peaks are of gold. Beside this mountain is a beautiful lake named Bindusar. Bhageerath named Gangaa as Bhaagerathee there and he himself lived there for many years. Nar, Naaraayan, Brahmaa, Manu and Shiv always live here. Gangaa showed herself here first in three currents and then divided herself in seven currents.

Raakshas live on Haimaavat, Yaksh on Hemkoot, serpents, Naag and Gandharv on Nishadh, and ascetics on Gokarn. Celestials and Asur live on Shwet mountains, and Rishi live on Neel Parvat. Thus these are the seven Varsh of the world as they are divided. At the extremities of these Varsh there are two regions, one in north, and other in south. The two island, Naag Dweep and Kashyap Dweep are the two ears of this hare. Malaya Parvat is in Jamboo Dweep - its shape resembling a hare."

Dhritraashtra asked - "O Sanjaya, Now you tell me about the north and east side of Meru; names of all the Varsh, of all the mountains and whoever live there." Sanjaya said - "On the south of Neel and the north of Meru are Northern Kuru. Here live Siddh people. Some of the trees there produce fruits according to will. Some always yield milk and six different kinds of food tasting like Amrit. These trees also give clothes and in their fruits are ornaments for the use of men. The entire land is covered with golden sand. A portion of that shines like ruby or diamond, or of Lapis Lazuli. The men born there are dropped from the world of the celestials. Twins of opposite sex are born there, and the women are like Apsaraa. They drink milk from those trees. The twins are equal in beauty and have similar virtues - like a couple of Chakrabak. Their age is 11,000 years and never abandon one another. A bird called Bharoond takes them up in is beak, when they are dead and throws them in caves of mountain. This is about the northern side of  Meru.

In eastern side of Meru, there is Bhadraashwa where there is a large forest of Bhadra-saal trees, and a huge tree called Kalamra - a Yojan in height. The period of life there is 10,000 years. They drink Kalamra juice and stay young forever. On the south of Neel and north of Nishadh, there is huge Jamboo tree that is eternal and grants every wish. After the name of that tree that Varsh is called Jamboo Dweep. It is as high as 1,100 Yojan and touches the Heaven. The circumference of its fruit is 2,500 cubits. When it is ripe, it bursts and when it falls it makes a great noise. A silvery juice comes out of that fruit and flows round Meru, then it comes to Northern Kuru. After drinking that juice nobody feels any thirst ever after. There is kind of gold there which is used for celestial ornaments. The men born there are of complexion of the morning Sun.

On the summit of Maalyavat one can always see fire called Samvatak which burns through the end of Yug to destroy the Universe. Men born there go under severe austerities and their vital seed is drawn up. For the protection of creatures they all, 66,000 in number, enter the Sun and proceed in front of Arun around the Sun. After 66,000 years, heated with the Sun's rays they enter the Lunar disc."


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Created by Sushma Gupta On 05/27/04
Modified on 12/09/10