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Chapter 19

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19-Bhakti, Gyaan and Yam Niyam etc.

Bhagavaan Krishn said - "I love Gyaanee people, because they keep Me in their hearts through their Gyaan. Only they know my real Swaroop. Whatever Siddhi is attained through Tattwa Gyaan, it cannot be achieved by any kind of Tap, Teerth, Jap, donations, or any other means of purification of heart. That is why you should know the form of Aatmaa through Gyaan only and then you worship Me. This body is made up of Adhyaatmik (spiritual), Adhi-Daivik (natural - related to Devtaa) and Adhi-Bhautik (related to world) (see Adhi) three things and it is totally dependent on you. This body was not before, it will not be in future, it is visible only in the middle, therefore it should be taken as the magic trick. It has six stages - birth, sustenance, growing, changing Swaroop, decreasing and destroying; and you have no relationship with them. It is not only this, in fact these stages are not of body's also, because body is untruth, and for an untruth thing, which was not there before and will not be in future, its existence is not there in present also.

Uddhav Jee said - "Hey Paramaatmaa, You are the Swaamee of the whole Universe. In whatever way, your this Gyaan becomes more stable in my mind, please tell me in that way. And describe that Bhakti Yog which is sought by Brahmaa Jee and great Devtaa also. Who are burning in all the three Taap from inside and outside, there is none other Aashray (resting place) except your both feet. Your this servant is in the mouth of Kaal snake but still his desire to enjoy pleasure is ever-increasing. Kindly do something for it."

Krishn Jee said - "Whichever questions you are asking me, the same questions Dharm Raaj Yudhishthir asked Bheeshm Jee. At that time we all were there. When the war was over, and Yudhishthir was extremely sad, he asked Bheeshm Jee about Moksh, after asking about Dharm. At that time what Bheeshm Jee said to him, I tell you the same. By whatever Gyaan, Prakriti, Purush, Mahat Tattwa, Ahankaar and 5 Tanmaatraa [these 9]; 5 Gyaan Indriyaan, 5 Karm Indriyaan and one mind [these 11]; 5 Mahaa Bhoot (Space, Earth, Water, Air, and Fire); and 3 Gun (Sat, Raj and Tam); these total 28 Tattwa (elements) can be seen in all, from Brahmaa to a straw; among them only one Paramaatmaa Tattwa should be seen everywhere, that is called Paroksh Gyaan (hidden knowledge). When one sees only one cause Brahm then the same is called Vigyaan or definite science (known as Vigyaan).

To achieve this Gyaan and Vigyaan, whatever these three Gun products are seen, think about their existence, creation and destruction. Whatever product existed in the beginning and will exist in the end of the Creation as cause form, it stays in the middle also, and if it remains even after all those things are gone as its witness; the same thing is true and Paramaarth (Paramaatmaa).

Shruti, Pratyaksh (visible), Etihya (fame in great people) and Anumaan (guess), these four are main in Pramaan (proofs). Now if we want to prove them, then the "Scene of magic" (world) does not get proved on these four standards. Why? Because it is movable, destructible and mixed with foreign material. Thus a logical man should consider all pleasures, from here till Brahm Lok, sorrowful and destructible.

I have already told you about Bhakti, but since you love it very much, I tell you about it again. Who wants to attain me, he should listen to my stories with love and devotion; sing my attributes and characteristics, Leelaa and names; worship me and pray me with Stotra. He should love to do my Poojaa with Saashtaang Pranaam and worship my devotees before me. He should do every activity - Yagya, Daan, Tap, Havan, Vrat etc, but only for me and leave all desires, even wealth, enjoyments and pleasures for me. Whoever follow them and surrender to me, only my Bhakti rises in their heart and who have got my Bhakti, they don't need anything else.

When Sat Gun increases in one's heart by following the rules of this Dharm, he becomes very peaceful and turns towards Aatmaa. At that time he gets Dharm, Gyaan, Vairaagya and wealth automatically. In fact this world is full of imaginations and when mind runs towards them, and roams around them with Indriyaan, its Rajo Gun increases. Mind desires for untrue things and its Dharm, Gyaan etc disappear. Hey Uddhav, Whichever causes My Bhakti, that is Dharm; whichever tells you about the unity of Brahm and Aatmaa, that is knowledge; keeping away from pleasures is Vairaagya; and Animaa etc Siddhi are wealth and prosperity.

Uddhav Jee asked - "How many types are of Yam and Niyam? What are Sham, Dam, Titikshaa and Dhairya? Tell me the Swaroop of Daan (donation), Tapasyaa (penance), bravery, truth, and Rit, and Tyaag (leaving something). Which wealth should be desired? What is Yagya? What is Dakshinaa? What is real strength of mind? What is Bhag? And what is Laabh (profit or benefit), the greatest knowledge, Lajjaa, Shree, pleasures and sorrows? What are the characteristics of a Pandit (learned person), and a fool, and good path and bad path? What is Swarg (Heaven) and Narak (hell)? Who should be treated as brother and friend? What is home? Who is wealthy and who is poor, and who is stingy? What is Eeshwar? Please reply my all these questions and explain their antonyms also."

Krishn Jee said - "Yam are of 12 - (1) A-Hinsaa - not hurting anybody by heart, speech and action, (2) Satya - speaking Truth, (3) A-Steya (not stealing), (4) Being A-Sang - leaving all pleasures and company of others, (5) Lajjaa - feeling shame in doing any A-Dharm, (6) A-Parigraha - not collecting anything more than required, (7) Aastikataa - belief in Bhagavaan, or being theist, (8) Brahmcharya - abstinence, (9) Maun - being quiet, or not speaking, (10) Sthirataa - stability, being firm on some issues, (11) Kshamaa - pardoning everybody, (12) A-Bhaya - fearlessness.

Niyam are also 12 - (1) Shauch - cleanliness of inside and outside, (2) Jap - recitation of Bhagavaan's name, (3) Tap - following hard rules in life, (4) Havan - Yagya, sacrifices, (5) Shraddhaa - devotion, (6) Satkaar - hospitality, (7) My Worship, (8) Teerth Yaatraa - traveling in holy places, (9) To do good to others, (10) Santosh - contentment, and (11) Service to Guru. These are useful for both Sa-Kaam and Nish-Kaam Saadhak. Who follow them, above mentioned Yam and Niyam, give them both Bhog (pleasures) and Moksh (salvation) according to their wish.

When somebody's mind is busy in Me, it is called "Sham". Control on Indriyaan is called "Dam". Tolerating pain, trouble or sorrow got through justice is called "Titikshaa". Control on tongue and genitals is called Dhairya (patience). Not quarreling with anybody and make other people fearless is called "Daan" (donation). Leaving all wishes is "Tap". And controlling all desires (of Indriya) is "Bravery". Seeing Paramaatmaa everywhere is "Satya" (Truth). Speaking sweet truth is called "Rit". Not being involved in Karm is "Shauch"

Leaving desires is real "Sanyaas". "Dharm" is human beings' real wealth which should be aimed at. I am the "Yagya". To deliver the knowledge is "Dakshinaa". Praanaayaam is the greatest "Strength". My all manifestations is "Bhag". My greatest Bhakti is the greatest "Laabh" (benefit). The real "Knowledge" is that which diminishes the difference between Brahm and Aatmaa. When somebody does any Paap (bad Karm or sin) and then feels ashamed, that is called "Lajjaa". Indifference is the real beauty - "Shree", of the body. Ending of the feeling of joy and sorrow, pleasure and pain for ever is "Sukh" (joy). Wishing for pleasures is "Dukh" (pain). Whosoever knows this secret of bondage and Moksh, is real "Pandit"; and who has "mineness" in the body etc he is the greatest "fool". Whatever path takes towards me leaving the world behind is called "Good Path" (Su-Maarg); and when Man (mind) wanders around is called "Bad Path" (Ku-Maarg).

Increasing Sat Gun is "Swarg"; and increasing Tamo Gun is "Narak". Gun is "Real Brother and Friend" and that Gun is Me. This human body is real house; and the real wealthy person is he who has the treasure of qualities. Whosoever is dissatisfied or always feels lacking something, he is "Poor". Who has no control on Indriyaan, he is "Stingy". Only he is capable, independent and Eeshwar whose mind is not indulged in pleasures.

I told you everything. I cannot tell you the characteristics of Gun and Dosh in detail, just understand it as a gist, that seeing these Gun and Dosh is the greatest Dosh, and not seeing them and being contained in himself is the greatest Gun."



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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/9/02
Updated on 06/09/11