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5-Jupiter (Brihaspati or Guru)-1
See also   Baarhaspatya Measurement of Time

Who is Jupiter?
Jupiter is the 5th Planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the solar system.
It is classified as a gas giant, along with Saturn, Uranus and Neptune and are sometimes called Jovian or outer planets and because of this Jupiter is not a solid body planet.
Jupiter's rotation is the fastest of all the Solar System's planets, completing a rotation on its axis in slightly less than 10 solar hours - means its one day is equal to our 10 hours.
Jupiter orbits around the Sun once every 12 years. This mean Jupiter stays in one zodiac sign for approximately 1 year. It goes round the Sun in exactly 4,332.59 days (11.16 yrs).
There are also at least 66 moons, including the four large moons called the Galilean moons that were first discovered by Galileo Galilee in 1610.
Jupiter’s mass is greater than all the other planets combined.
Jupiter size is more than 11 times that of the Earth, and about 1/10th of that of the Sun.
It would take more than 1,000 Earths to fill up the volume of this giant planet.

Romans named it Jupiter after the name of their mythological god Jupiter, also called Jove. The Chinese, Korean and Japanese referred to the planet as the wood star, Chinese: 木星; pinyin: mùxīng, based on the Chinese Five Elements. The Greeks called it Phaethon (blazing). In Vaidik Astrology, Hindu astrologers named the planet after Brihaspati, the religious teacher of the gods, and often called it "Guru", which literally means the "Heavy One." In the Central Asian-Turkic myths, Jupiter is called as a "Erendiz", which means "eren (?) + yultuz (star)". There are many theories about meaning of "eren". Also, these peoples calculated the orbit of Jupiter as 11 years and 300 days. They believed that some social and natural events were connected to Erentüz's movements on the sky.

In the English language, Thursday is derived from "Thor's day", with Thor associated with the planet Jupiter in Germanic mythology.

Because the orbit of Jupiter is outside the Earth's orbit, the phase angle of Jupiter as viewed from the Earth never exceeds 11.5°. That is, why the planet always appears nearly fully illuminated when viewed through Earth-based telescopes. It was only during spacecraft missions to Jupiter that its crescent views were obtained.

Earth overtakes Jupiter every 398.9 days as it orbits the Sun, a duration called the Synodic period. As it does so, Jupiter appears to undergo retrograde motion with respect to the background stars. That is, for a period Jupiter seems to move backward in the night sky, performing a looping motion. Jupiter's 12-year orbital period corresponds to the 12 astrological Signs of the zodiac, and may have been the historical origin of the Signs. That is, each time Jupiter reaches opposition it has advanced eastward by about 30°, the width of a zodiac sign.

Jupiter in Hindi is Known as "Dev Guru" or "Brihaspati". He is considered to be the Teacher of Devtaa. Another Guru is of Asur - known as "Shukra", well known as "Shukraachaaraya". This is based on Hindu mythology. Ved, Shaastra, Puraan also say that Vishnu created the solar system including Nava Graha - Soorya, Chandra, Mangal, Budh, Guru, Shukra, Shani and two Chhaayaa Graha- Raahu and Ketu. Hence, note that to get good teacher in life placement and position of "Guru" and "Shukra" should be strong.

Guru or Brihaspati is regarded the highest plant among all the planets in Hindu Vaidik Jyptish. He is regarded as the Kaarak (cause) of saints, spiritual practices, pilgrimage places and temples, religious literature, sacred waters and Peepal tree. Besides, he is regarded he Kaarak of being a teacher. or astrologer, workers in financial institutions, artist, writers etc. His nature is soft and he is masculine planet. When he is in Kark (Cancer) Sign, he is the most potent. Here he is called Uchch Guru. Besides if he is in Dhanu (Sagittarius) and Meen (Pisces) Signs, then also he is very powerful, because they are his own Signs.

When Guru is powerful and also is without any bad aspects in one's chart, Jaatak is healthy. These people are normally kind, take care of others, understand the human values and because of them they are respected in a society. They are good in their financial situation and normally don't have face any serious financial shortage. They are often happy people, and have positive attitude, and because of this they cross their odd situations very easily. They do not move even in very odd situations. They have many friends around and they help them in their bad times. His effect makes a person lovers of food and sometimes they eat more than required, and become obese. They enjoy working with handicapped and schedule Tribe people.

When Guru is in Makar (Capricorn) Sign, he becomes weak and that is why he is called Neechaa Guru. Besides being in Makar Sign, he can be weak in a chart because of being in a special position or by the effect of malefic planet. In this situation, the Jaatak suffers from indigestion, diabetes, hearing problems, or jaundice like diseases. Besides it becomes difficult to control the obesity of the Jaatak too; because of this the Jaatak can be very obese or very thin. If there is inauspicious Raahu's aspect on Guru, the Jaatak becomes non-religious and sometimes can cheat people in the name of religion.

Temples of Brihaspati
(1) Thiru Thenkudi Thittai (Tanjore,Tamil Naadu)
(2) Aalangudi (Kumbaakonam, Tamil Naadu)
(3) Thiruchendoor (Tuticorin,Tamil Naadu)
(4) Guruvayoor (Kerala)

(5) Thiruvalleeswarar Temple, Chennai
One can be forgiven for thinking that this ancient Temple is just another Temple dedicated to Shiv. But the Tiruvalleeswarar Temple at Padi here, said to be about 1,000 years old, is a Guru Parihaar Sthalam. There is a separate shrine for Guru (Jupiter) – one of the Nava Graha, in the Eastern outer corridor. Guru Bhagvaan is seen facing West. This temple is among the 275 sacred temples glorified by the Thevara hymns. The main deity is Tiruvalleeshwarar and he faces East. To his right is the shrine for Goddess Jagathambikai facing South. A beautiful Sinh Vaahanam (lion) and Palipeetam faces the Goddess from the Southern outer corridor. The main entrance of the temple is the East Gopuram (tower) with three tiers and the sanctum sanctorum is in the Gaj Brishta style, resembling the back of a sleeping elephant. The temple is very unique as Brahaspati, Vishnu, Hanuman, Sugreev, Raam, Agastya Rishi, Vaayu, Indra, Agni, the Sun and Moon worshipped Shiv here.

Legend has it that sage Bharadwaaj assumed the form of a black bird (Karun Kuruvee) following a curse, and worshipped Shiv here. There is also a Shiv Ling believed to have been worshipped by Bharadwaaj. Since he worshipped Shiv as Karun Kuruvee called Valian, the place came to be called Thiruvalidhaayam and the Lord, Valeeshwarar. Legend also says that Ganesh married Kamalai and Vimalai, the daughters of Brahmaa at this place only. It is said that both Kamalee and Vallee desired to marry Siva and realizing that their wish could not materialize, Brahmaa Jee asks them to worship Shiv from the banks of Paalaru.

Pleased with their devotion, the Lord appeared before them and asked them to marry Ganapati, since he himself was already married to Paarvatee Jee. After vanquishing the demon king Gajamukhaasur, Ganesh Jee went to Thiruvalleedhaayam (now known as Padi) and married Kamalee and Vallee. The Sthal Viruksham (temple tree) is Paadhiri and the Teertham is Bharadwaaj Teertham. Located at Padi, the temple is near the Lucas TVS bus stop.



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Created and Maintained by Sushma Gupta
Created on 05/18/2008 and Updated on 01/13/2013