Puraan | 6-Naarad Puraan | 1-Poorv Bhaag
6-Naarad Puraan, 1-Poorv Bhaag, p 400-408
This third part of Poorv Bhaag of Naarad Puraan is about Sa-Kaam worship - worshipping Shiv, Vishnu, Raam, Hanumaan, and Krishn.
Shaiv Darshan and Deekshaa
Shaunak Jee said - "Hey Soot Jee, What did Naarad Jee ask Sanandan Jee after hearing Moksh Dharm from him?" Soot Jee said - "Naarad Jee asked - "By which Mantra Vishnu should be worshipped? Who wish to take shelter of Vishnu's feet, which Devtaa they should worship? Tell me about Bhaagavat Tantra, Deekshaa, Karm to do daily by Saadhak. Tell us how Hari is pleased - by which Yagya or Hom, or Jap, or Karm and in which months etc?"
Sanat Kumaar Jee said to Naarad Jee - "First I will tell you about Shaiv Tantra (see also Shaiv Darshan). Shaiv Mahaa Tantra is consisted of three materials and four Paad (means). Three materials are Pashupati, Pashu and Paash; four Paad are Bhog (enjoyment), Moksh (emancipation), Kriyaa (actions) and Charyaa (daily activities). Pashupati is Shiv, Pashu is all Jeev, and Paash is the means to tie something. Till A-Gyaan (ignorance) has covered the soul, all Jeev are called Pashu. They are affected by Dwait ideas. By whichever Paash these Pashu are bound, they are said to be of five kinds - Malaj, Karmaj, Maayeya, Vindu and Rodh. As the outer cover covers rice, in the same way even one Mal covers Pashu's many powers - knowledge and action (Karm) powers; and the same covering is the reason for a Pashu to wander in several kinds of bodies.
Pashu are of three kinds - Vigyaanaakal, Pralayaakal, and Sa-Kal. Vigyaanaakal Pashu is bound by one Paash Mal; Pralayaakal Pashu is bound by two Paash - Mal and Karm; and the third Pashu is said to be bound by five Paash - Mal, Karm, Maayaa, Deteriorating Power, and Vinduj. Both Vigyaanaakal and Pralayaakal Pashu (Jeev) are on pure path; while Sa-Kal Pashu wanders in lower species in various Lok depending upon his Karm. Both Dharm and A-Dharm are called Karm which give all kinds of fruit. This Karm is eternal as a flow and exists since beginning. Thus these two Paash - Mal and Karm, were described, now you listen to Maaya etc Paash.
Vinduj Paash helps Pashu in attaining Shiv's form. Which exists in everybody's heart but is not visible, helps in attaining Vairaagya, and manifests itself in two powers - Gyaan and action powers; that is called Shaiv Power. This Shaiv Power is all pervasive and immortal. All powers, such as will power etc, work with the help of this power only. First it appeared in the form of sound at the time of creating the world. Where Gyaan Power deteriorates and action Power increases, that is called Eeshwar named Tattwa and this helps to fulfill all wishes. And where Gyaan Power increases and action Power deteriorates, that is called Vidyaa Tattwa which itself is knowledge and is the means of enlightenment. Eight Vidyeshwar Gan are said to be in Eeshwar Tattwa; and 70 million (7 Crore) Mantra are said to be in Vidyaa Tattwa. They are all named as pure path. There is no definite pattern of these five Paash, (Mal, Karm, Maayaa, Deteriorating Power, and Vinduj) because there is no fixed time for them that is why their manifestation is the only indication for them.
Because of being with all the powers there is only one Tattwa - Shiv, and because of that only it is called Shaakt. Since Karm have no beginning, they are always present, therefore one can attain Moksh without enjoying their fruits by the grace of Bhagavaan. That is why Bhagavaan Shankar is said to be kind. He creates this world for Jeev to enjoy. No Kartaa (doer) is seen in any action without any cause and purpose for that action.
Here Powers are the means, and Maayaa is the purpose. Maayaa is only one, eternal and does good to everybody. It also has no beginning or end. This Maayaa is the natural cause of creation of all Lok and people through its Powers. By nature it deludes everybody. Beyond this Maayaa is Paraa Maayaa which is subtle and extensive. It is considered separate from these impure activities. Maayaa first creates Kaal (Time - past, present and future), then keeps everything in discipline (that is why it is called Niyati), then creates Kalaa. Because it covers Pashu or Jeev with Mal (ignorance) and manifests action power in them, that is why it is called Kalaa. This Kalaa guides everything on the whole earth with the help of Kaal and Niyati.
It creates Vidyaa for people to make them enjoy subjects of Gyaan Indriyaan, because Vidyaa helps people to see the subjects removing the covering of Gyaan, that is why it is called "Kaaran" (cause). The conscious Jeev feels the subjects through his Buddhi (intellect), this is called "Bhog" - enjoyment. Jeev himself feels the pleasure of a subject, Vidyaa (knowledge) only helps in it. Although Buddhi works as Sun (light giver), still it is not doer because of being Karm type. It just makes the people feel the subjects of Indriyaan. Jeev himself contacts with the pleasures to enjoy them and enjoys them with the help of Buddhi. As a result of his activities he has to enjoy or suffer and that proves that the person is the doer. If he is not a doer then he is not an enjoyer
This feeling of enjoyment creates action in Jeev (people do activities to enjoy them) that it is called "Raag" (desire to enjoy the enjoyments of subjects). Then Kalaa creates Nature which presents enjoyments for a Jeev. This nature is made up of seven means of enjoyment - Kalaa, Kaal, Niyati, Vidyaa, Raag, Nature and Gun (attributes). There is no gun there, as there is nothing of Prithvi in base, because base is only A-Vyakt.
There are three Gun which appear from Nature - Sat, Raj and Tam. These Gun regulate Buddhi to choose subjects. As there are three Gun, Karm and Buddhi are also said to be of three kinds - Saatwik, Raajasik, and Taamasik. Mahat Tattwa creates Ahankaar which has egoism also. Ahankaar is also of three types according to Gun - Taijas, Raajas and Taamas.
(1) Taijas Ahankaar created five Gyaan Indriyaan along with Man (mind), which help to know about subjects enlightened with Sat Gun. (2) Raajas Ahankaar, the cause of actions, created five Karm Indriyaan for action and (3) Taamas Ahankaar created five Tanmaatraa which are the causes of appearance of Panch Bhoot (Space, Fire, Water, Air and Earth) which are known for their individual attributes.
Among these, Mind's function is to desire and do Sankalp (vow), thus it is with two impurities. In the form of outer Indriyaan, it desires for enjoyment and creates the means of enjoyment for the person; while staying inside in the form of Sankalp it creates the power for enjoyment - that is why it is called Antah-karan (heart). Man, Buddhi and Ahankaar are the three parts of the Antah-karan; and desire, Gyaan and ego are the three attitudes of these three parts respectively.
Ears, skin, eyes, tongue and nose are the five Gyaan Indriyaan. Sound, touch, Roop (seeing), Ras (taste) and smell are their five subjects respectively. Tongue (to speak), hands (to work), feet (to walk), anus (to excrete) and reproductive organs are known as five Karm Indriyaan. Because of these Jeev speaks, works and takes, walks, excretes and feels pleasure. Because no action can be performed without any means, these 10 Indriyaan are called Karan (means).
Sound is the main attribute of Space, but it is found in all the five Bhoot. Touch is the main attribute of Air, but it is found only in four Bhoot (Air, Fire, Water, and Prithvi). Light is the main attribute of Fire which is found in three Bhoot (Fire, Water and Prithvi). Taste is the main attribute of Water and it is found in two Bhoot (water and Prithvi) only. Smell is the main attribute of Prithvi and it is found only in Prithvi.
The functions of the five Bhoot are Avakaash (rest), Cheshtaa (efforts), Paak (cooking), Sangraha (collection) and Dhaaran (bearing - to bear something) respectively.
Air has neither cool nor warm touch.
Tanmaatraa have the same attributes as of their Bhoot attributes. These five Bhoot are spread all over. In fact, the whole Universe is made up of these five Bhoot. In a human body, bones, flesh, hair skin, nails and teeth etc are the parts of Earth. Urine, blood, phlegm, sweat, semen are the parts of water. Heart, eyes and Pitta are made up of Tej (fire), because one feels its warmness and light there. Praan is the form of air, and all nerves and womb are the parts of space. This called Maaya Paash by which the whole Universe is covered. From earth to Kalaa, all Tattwa are considered as impure path.
How this body has these five Bhoot? Bones, flesh, hair, skin nails, and teeth etc are the parts of Prithvi. Urine, blood, phlegm, sweat, semen etc are from Water. Heart, eyes and Pitta are from Fire, because here its heat and light can be seen. Praan is the part of Air. All nerves and womb are from Space Bhoot. This all is called Maaya Paash.
This Paash is present in the world in the form of movable and immovable things. Mountains and trees etc come under immovable things. Movable have three categories - Swedaj, Andaj and Jaraayuj. In both Bhoot, movable and immovable, there are 84 Lac (840,000) Yoni (species). A Jeev wanders around all the Yoni and only sometimes, through his Karm, takes birth as human being, which is the highest and the best opportunity to attain something. Even among human beings, taking birth as Braahman is the result of a great Punya.
A being is born is like this - first an egg and a sperm meet in womb as a dot. This dot has two parts - one from the woman and the other from the man. At this time if the egg is more powerful then it is born as a girl, otherwise it is born as a boy. Then some Aatmaa, bound by Mal Paash, Maayaa Paash and Karm Paash, enters that dot as Jeev. Because of being bound with all the three Paash, it is called Sa-Kal. It grows on the food eaten by mother. It becomes sad remembering its previous life's good and bad Karm. After completing the fixed period it comes out of mother's body lowering its head. After a few moments of silence it starts crying and starts growing, further crossing childhood towards young age. All Jeev who take body in this world come here like that. All animals are naturally prone to food, sleep, fear and sexual relationship.
Way to Break the Bondage
This bondage can be broken only by Deekshaa, therefore one should take Mantra Deekshaa. A man can attain Moksh through Deekshaa and Gyaan. Who meditates upon Shiv and worships him with Shiv Mantra, he does good for himself as well as for others. Only Deekshaa can remove that covering so one must take Deekshaa and follow discipline according to one's Varn. These types of Karm are never the cause of bondage. A man who has got Deekshaa, can achieve whatever he wishes for, through the Mantra and then attains Moksh.
Who doesn't do daily activities after taking Deekshaa, he has to stay in Pishaach Yoni for some time, that is why he should do his daily chores regularly. Since he does his daily activities regularly, no mistake is committed in his Deekshaa and thus he attains Moksh soon. All Karm done in this way do not bind a man. Shiv is kind on all in the form of Guru."
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/18/13