Puraan | 6-Naarad Puraan | 1-Poorv Bhaag
|25-Shuk Dev and Sanat Kumaar|
6-Naarad Puraan, 1-Poorv Bhaag, p 393-400
This second part of Poorv Bhaag of Naarad Puraan is very big - 153-400= 250 pages. It contains a few chapters on grammar astrology, and Chhand. Most of this information is omitted here.
Shuk Dev Jee and Sanat Kumaar
After saying this Vyaas told Shuk Dev Jee to resume reading Ved and he himself went on the banks of Milky Way to take bath. At that time Sanat Kumaar Jee came to Shuk Dev Jee and asked - "What are you doing?" Shuk Dev Jee said - "I am studying Ved. By my good luck I have seen you here, that is why I wish to ask you about some Tattwa which can help me to attain Moksh." Sanat Kumaar said - "There is no eye like knowledge. there is no Tapasyaa like Truth, there is no sorrow like intense love, there is no comfort like sacrifice. To be away from Paap Karm, to do always Punya Karm, to follow saints' behavior and observing good conduct - are the best means of pleasure. Who gets attached to subjects of Indriyaan, he drowns in Moh sea. Mind of attached people becomes shaky and attaches itself to many other things. This brings sorrows to him.
Leaving cruelty is the greatest Dharm, forgiveness is the greatest strength, knowledge of soul is the greatest knowledge, and Truth is the greatest means of one's welfare. Speaking Truth is the best, but speaking good for somebody is greater than speaking Truth. In my opinion, Truth is only that which does good to others. Who has abandoned the Sankalp (taking vow) of doing new actions, who doesn't have any desire, who doesn't collect anything, the same is learned. Who doesn't look at anybody, doesn't touch anybody and doesn't talk to anybody, only he attains Shreya. Who never kills anybody, behaves in a friendly way with everybody, leaves every desire and shakiness of mind, never develops enmity with anybody, he soon attains Moksh.
Who lives alone, he has surely experienced the joy of Gyaan (knowledge); who is contented with Gyaan joy, he never feels of sorrow. Jeev is always dependent to Karm, he becomes Devtaa by his good Karm, he becomes human being by his good and bad Karm, and takes birth as birds etc by his bad Karm only. Whoever takes birth in this world, is always sorrowful.
There is no need to collect things here, because collection leads to many ill-wills. Family, son, wife, even our own body, collecting money - everything is of others', everything is destructible. What is our own here? - only Punya and Paap. To attain Arth (Paramaatmaa) one takes the help of education, knowledge, Karm, and cleanliness. When that is attained, the man becomes free from all bondages." Attachment is like a rope which ties a man with this world. People who have done Punya cut that rope and proceed towards Bhagavaan, while sinners are unable to cut it. You become Nivritt from all kinds of Karm, thus free from all Karm bondage, and without any feelings and no feelings. Many Gyaanee people have attained Mukti by freeing themselves from the new bondages of new Karm."
Sanat Kumaar Jee further said - "Shuk Dev Jee, Shaastra bring peace and do good to people. Shaastra gives you wisdom at the time of grief. Grief and fear have thousands of places and they affect fools, but they cannot affect learned people. Only fools are affected by the feelings of meeting and separation. Whatever is gone, is gone, one should not remember it, because who remembers the past, he cannot be free from its bondage. As soon as one notices this, he should consider it harmful. This tendency will develop Vairaagya in his heart, because all people get and lose all kinds of things. There is no one special who experiences this. Whenever you are in grief, you must try to remove that grief; but if you cannot find any way to remove it, you must not grieve for it. Crying in grief is a childish behavior.
There are more grieves than comforts in this life, still old age and death are the greatest grievances. If one really wants to remove these grievances from one's life, he should try to remove these grievances only. As rivers only proceed forward and never flow backward, in the same ways these days and nights also pass snatching the living beings' age. If the fruit of Jeev's Karm had not been dependent [on something else], then his all desires have been fulfilled. Many people do not do anything, still they enjoy all kinds of pleasures; and many people bring sky on earth still they don't get anything. In all this Jeev's Praarabdh is main. Semen is produced somewhere else, it produces a child somewhere else; still sometime it becomes successful in producing a child, at other times it does not. Several times some child is got after so much worship of Bhagavaan, but when he is born, he defames his family, while others who are just born without any efforts, shine like anything. This is all Praarabdh.
Money is earned with great difficulties, one has to face lots of difficulties also while protecting it, one feels hesitation even in its spending, thus money is always sorrowful, that is why one should always consider money sorrowful and when it is gone, one should not worry about it. Meeting ends in separation and life ends in death, and Trishnaa (intense desire to have something) never ends, therefore contentment is the highest pleasure. This life is deteriorating every moment, when our own body is not ours, then to whom to consider immortal?
One should control his sexual desires and stomach by patience, hands and feet by eyes, eyes and ears by mind, and mind and speech by good education. Only the same is learned and happy who never feels attached to anyone." After having said thus Sanat Kumaar Jee went from there, and Shuk Dev Jee also went to Kailaash Parvat.
Shuk Dev Prays Vishnu and Studies Bhaagavat from His Father
Sanandan Jee further said - "Shuk Dev Jee sat east-faced in Yog position on Kailaash Parvat. He saw Paramaatmaa, and seeing Him he laughed heartily. Then he wandered in the sky. He saw two peaks of a mountain - one was white like that of Himaalaya and the other one was yellow like that of Meru Parvat. Both were very close to each other. They were 100 Yojan high and 100 Yojan wide. Shuk Dev Jee passed between them and those peaks could not stop him. Now he arrived in Shwet Dweep and did Darshan of Janaardan and prayed Him. Bhagavaan said - "You may go and see whatever Lok you wish to see."
So Shuk Dev Jee went to Vishnu Lok. It is surrounded by Divine river Virajaa. There are many ponds which are full of lotus flowers and whose shores are made of coral. There gatekeepers are also four-armed. They all are the followers of Vishwaksen and are known by Kumud etc names. Shuk Dev Jee entered that Dweep also and did Darshan of Vishnu Bhagavaan. He prayed Him too (prayer is given on p 400). Vishnu, pleased with him said to him - "I am very pleased with you. You will get both Vidyaa (education or knowledge) and Bhakti. As air and Soorya wander in the sky, you can also wander in all Lok. Nar and Naaraayan Rishi are doing Tap on Badarik Aashram till the end of this Kalp. By their permission your father Vyaas Jee will preach you Bhaagavat Shaastra. At the moment he is doing Tapasyaa on Gandhmaadan Parvat."
Shuk Dev Jee came back to his father and studied Bhaagvat from him.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/18/13