Puraan | 6-Naarad Puraan | 1-Poorv Bhaag
6-Naarad Puraan, 1-Poorv Bhaag, p 387-395
This second part of Poorv Bhaag of Naarad Puraan is very big - 153-400=250 pages. It contains a few chapters on grammar astrology, and Chhand. Most of this information is omitted here.
Shuk Dev Jee and King Janak
Sanandan Jee said - "Naarad Jee, One day Shuk Dev Jee went to Vyaas Jee pondering over Moksh Dharm and said to him - "You are good at Moksh Dharm, please preach me that so that I am at peace." Vyaas Jee said - "Putra, First understand the gist of different types of Dharm and study Moksh Shaastra." Shuk Dev then studied the whole Yog Shaastra and Kapil Muni's Saankhya Shaastra. Then Vyaas Jee said - "Now you go to Mithilaa's king Janak, he will tell you about Moksh." So he proceeded towards Mithilaa. Vyaas Jee again said - "You should go on the same path by which ordinary people go. Do not be proud, and never travel by space path through your Yog power. Do not look for comforts in the way, and do not seek special people or places because they tend to increase attachment. Considering "Janak is disciple and Yajamaan" never show your pride to him. He is my very dear disciple, whatever he tells you, obey him without any doubt."
Shuk Dev Jee came to Mithilaa on foot. The guards stopped him at the first gate but he didn't feel any anger, he just sat under the Sun hungry and thirsty. One of the guards felt bad and let him in. That was Chaitrarath garden. The guard made him comfortable there and informed king Janak about him. Janak appointed more than 50 women in his service to know his intention. They felicitated him with food and started serving him. Shuk Dev had already controlled his Indriyaan so he didn't feel much about the presence of those women and he continued his daily activities as before.
Next day Janak Jee came, offered him a gem studded Aasan and worshipped him. Then he sat down on the floor and asked the reason to come there. Shuk Dev Jee said - "Raajan, My father has said -"My Yajamaan Janak knows Moksh Dharm very well, so you go to him to learn it from him." that is why I have come here. Please preach me about it. What is the duty of a Braahman in this world? What is the form of Moksh and how one should attain it, by Gyaan or by Tapasyaa?"
Janak Jee said - "Listen to whatever the duties of a Braahman are. After the Upanayan Sanskaar, a Braahman should get engaged in studying Ved. He should do Tapasyaa, serve Guru, observe Brahmcharya, do Hom and Shraadh etc. After studying he should give Guru Dakshinaa to his Guru, come back to his house and start his family life loving only his own wife. Establish Agni and do Agnihotra daily. After the birth of sons and grandsons, he should take Vaanprasth and continue to worship Agni which he established before. Vaanprasthee should also love to serve guests. Later he should go to forest and take up Sanyaas. He should live in an Aashram and tolerate heat and cold etc duals."
Shuk Dev Jee asked - "Raajan, If somebody attains Gyaan in Brahmcharya Aashram itself, then is it necessary for him to got through the rest of the three Aashram?" Janak Jee said - "As one cannot attain Moksh without Gyaan, in the same way Gyaan cannot be attained without Guru. Before people used to follow the four Aashram so that the religious limits of this world and the tradition of Karm are not broken. Thus detaching from auspicious and inauspicious Karm, doing only auspicious Karm, one can attain Moksh here itself. When all Indriyaan are under control doing auspicious Karm, then one can attain Moksh in the first Aashram itself. If this happens in Brahmcharya Aashram, then there is no need to go through the rest of the three Aashram.
One should leave Raajas and Taamas paths and adopt Saatwik path, see Aatmaa through his Buddhi. Who sees all beings in himself and himself in all others, he never gets attached to this world in spite of living in it. I tell you something which was told by Yayaati in this reference. "Whoever is always meditated by learned people, whose light is always inside ourselves, the same light is inside everybody. Whoever is sitting in Samaadhi, he can see Him himself. Who is not afraid of anybody, and nobody is afraid of him, and who has no jealousy and desires, such a man attains Brahm. When a person doesn't do anything bad by mind, speech and action, then he attains Brahm. When all duals - praise-defame, iron-gold, sorrow-pleasure, cold-heat, good-bad, like-dislike, life-death, don't affect a person, then he attains Brahm. As one can see his dark house through the light of a lamp, in the same way the person can see Brahm through his Buddhi."
Hey Shuk Dev Jee, I can see all these things present in you. Besides you have extra knowledge also. I know you very well, you have reached beyond the subjects of all Indriyaan because of your father's education and grace. I have also obtained this knowledge from him only. Your knowledge is very high, but you are not aware of it. You have knowledge, your Buddhi is stabilized but without pure decision nothing is possible."
Sanandan Jee said - "After this Shuk Dev Jee reached on a certain decision and saw Aatmaa through Buddhi. He then went to his father and saw him teaching Ved to his Pail etc disciples. He told his father his conversation with King Janak.
Types of Air (Vaayu)
Once both Vyaas and Shuk Dev Jee were sitting in meditation, that a Divine voice said - "Why the sound of Ved has stopped, read Ved with your son." Hearing this Vyaas Jee started singing Ved with his son. In the meantime a big storm came. Understanding the reason of his storm Vyaas Jee stopped his son singing Ved. Shuk Dev Jee asked the reason of this. Vyaas Jee said - "My son, You have got Divine sight, your heart is clear, therefore you yourself tell me the reason of this."
Shuk Dev Jee said - "(1) Whatever air moves over earth and in space, it moves through seven paths. Whatever takes clouds and snow storms around, its name is "Pravah" and it flows through the first path. (2) Whatever appears to produce lightening, that second air is called "Aavaha" and flows with a heavy noise. (3) Whatever is the cause of rising the Sun and planets, which is called "Udaan" in the body, which collects the water from all the seas and gives it to Jeemoot to give it to Parjanya, that great air is called "Udwah". (4) By whichever air the clouds make the rains and which takes the Devtaa Vimaan (airplanes) itself that fourth Vaayu is called "Samvaha". (5) Whichever air breaks and uproots the trees and which gives the Pralaya clouds the name "Balaahak", that fifth air is called "Vivaha". (6) Through which, Divine water flows in sky and which flows in Milky Way and by which Sun seems to have only one ray in spite of being with thousands of rays, and which nourishes Moon, that sixth air is called "Parivaha". (7) Staying in which Daksh's 10,000 sons reached at the end of the directions and by which rains are stopped, that seventh air is called "Paraavaha". This air is very difficult to control for everybody.
Thus these seven Marut Gan are wonderful sons of Diti. They wander at all places. But this is really surprising that even Himaalaya has also trembled by that air."
Vyaas Jee said - "This air is the breath of Vishnu. Whenever it comes out suddenly, the whole world trembles. That is why when this gusty wind flows, Brahm knower do not read Ved aloud. Ved are also the breath of Vishnu. If Ved is read at that time, air is clashed with air."
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/05
Updated on 05/18/13