Bhaagvat Puraan | Skandh-4
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Raajaa Praacheenbarhi said - "Hey Bhagavan, I am unable to understand the meaning of all this, because only Gyaanee people can understand the meaning of this not the Karm-oriented people like us. Please explain me this fully." Then Naarad Jee explained him everything in detail. [This Adhyaaya is full of similes and metaphors and explains the worldly things in relation with spiritual conversation. A part of it is given here.]
Naarad Jee said - "Puranjan is Jeev who can find a body with any number of feet - one, two, three or four. That Jeev's friend Avigyaat is Eeshwar because Jeev cannot know him by any kind of name, attribute, or Karm [that is why he is Avigyaat]. When Jeev expressed desire to enjoy pleasures, he chose only the human body of nine gates, two hands, and two feet. Know Puranjanee as A-Vidyaa because of which the feeling of I and mine is developed, and the man enjoys all kinds of pleasures with the help of his Indriyaan.
Ten Indriyaan are her friends through which all Gyaan is attained and Karm are done. The subjects of Indriyaan are her friends and five-headed (five Praan) is the serpent who protects the body city. Man (mind) should be understood as the eleventh warrior who is the chief of ten Indriyaan. The five subjects of five Gyaan Indriyaan - sound, sight, taste, smell and breathing, is Paanchaal country which has that nine-gate city. There have been said two gates at some places, they are two eye holes, two nostrils and two ear holes. Besides there are three more gates - mouth, reproductive organ, and anus; so there are a total of nine gates. Mouth is the main gate.
Karm Kaand is the Shaastra of Pravritti (see Pravritti and Nivritti) path, and Upaasanaa Kaand is the Shaastra of Nivritti path and these two Shaastra are Northern and Southern parts of Paanchaal country. Heart is the palace where his wife Buddhi Puranjanee lives. Body is the chariot, its five Gyaan Indriyaan are the five horses. Samvatsar Kaal is its style of moving, otherwise it is without movement. Punya and Paap (sins) Karm are its two wheels. Three Gun are its three flagstaffs, five Praan are five strings. Man (mind) is the rein; Buddhi is the charioteer; heart is the seat to sit upon; happiness and sorrows etc duels are Jooaa; five subjects of Indriyaan are the five weapons kept in the chariot; and skin etc seven Dhaatu are its seven covers. Five Karm Indriyaan are its five types of moves. Thus riding on this chariot this Jeev runs after Indriya subjects. Eleven Indriyaan are his army. By which one knows about Kaal, that Samvatsar is Chandveg named Gandharv Raaj. Three hundred and sixty Gandharv are the days and 360 Shukla and Krishn female Gandharv are the nights of that Samvatsar. They all take away a human being's life. Old age is the Kaal Kanyaa - nobody likes her.
Thus this Jeev, surrounded by A-Gyaan, lies in the body for 100 years suffering with Adhi-Bhautik, Adhi-Daivik and Adhyaatm pains and sorrows. In reality it is Nir-Gun (without attributes) but by taking up this body he performs various types of actions. He cannot be free from any of the three pains at anytime.
So Hey Raajan, You don't involve yourself in Karm. They seem good in hearing but they are not even near to Paramaarth. As you have performed several Yagya sacrificing hundreds of animals, you think that you have achieved a lot but in reality you don't know anything about Karm or worship. Karm is the same by which one can please Hari; and Vidyaa is the same by which Bhagavaan can be known.
Till here I told you about what you asked me, now I tell you a secret thing - Just imagine, a deer is wandering in a garden eating soft green grass with his she-deer. While at some distance there are some wolves looking for an opportunity to eat those deer, and there is a hunter who has shot an arrow at deer; but deer doesn't know anything about all this. Consider this situation of deer.
Now you listen to the meaning of this metaphor. This deer is you, these beautiful women are like flowers and their house is like garden. Living in this garden you are looking for all kinds of pleasures. In front of you are day and nights like wolves which are destroying your age, and Kaal in the form of hunter wants to kill you. So bring your Indriyaan introvert, leave Grihasth Aashram and try to please Hari."
Hearing this Praacheenbarhi said - "My teachers who taught me Karm Kaand, certainly didn't have the knowledge of this Gyaan otherwise why shouldn't they tell me? Ved knower say that a human being performs action through whichever body, he leaves that body here, and bears the fruits of his Karm by another body constituted by his Karm. But how is it possible? [Because the doer of those Karm has been here only] Besides whatever Karm are done here, they just disappear next moment. How do they appear to give fruits in next world?"
Naarad Jee said - "Hey Raajan, This Sthool (physical) body is dependent on Ling (astral) body, that is why all Karm are the responsibility of that astral body. The human being does Karm with whichever astral body which is principally controlled by mind, it still stays with him even after his death, therefore he bears the fruits by the same astral body directly. As in dream state, a human being leaves this physical body here and bears the fruits of the Karm which are there as his Sanskaar form, with the help of like this or other bodies like birds or animals.
Since he regards his wife and children of his own, he takes the responsibility of their Punya and Paap on his head and because of those Punya and Paap he takes rebirths to bear their fruits. As one can know one's mind through the behavior and Karm of his various Indriyaan; in the same way one can guess the Karm of his previous lives through his various Vritti (nature); therefore Karm is always present indirectly to give fruits in future.
Sometimes it is seen that, one has never experienced something - neither that thing was seen, nor heard; but one experiences it as it is in dream state. That shows that one has definitely experienced it in his previous life, because whatever has not been experienced before, one's heart cannot desire it. [You must have seen or heard it sometime, somewhere.]
This mind can tell a human being's previous forms as well as future forms; and whoever are not going to take rebirth, that can be also known by their mind. Sometimes one sees in dreams very unusual thing related to place, time and activities, such as sea on the mountain peak, stars in daytime, or seeing one's own severed head; they should all be considered as faulty sleep. People see only those things in dream which are possible only and can be enjoyed by Indriyaan, no such thing is seen in dream which cannot be experienced by Indriyaan. Until this eternal Ling body is there, it is made up of all - the result of Karm, Buddhi, mind, Indriya and sound etc, one cannot be free from the feelings of I and mine towards this physical body.
Thus made up of five Tanmaatraa and developed in the in form of 16 Tattwa this three Gunee body is Ling body. The same is called Jeev along with conscious power. By this only human being takes up various bodies and experiences all happiness and sorrows. As Jonk (a kind of worm) doesn't catch the other straw until it doesn't leave the first one, in the same way Jeev doesn't leave the pride of the first body until he gets another body. This Ling body is the cause of rebirths of Jeev. When this Jeev does Karm thinking about all the pleasures then he binds himself with the Karm for that body. So to be free from that binding see Bhagavaan in the whole world and do His Bhajan. This whole world emerges from Him, is sustained by Him and is absorbed in Him only."
Maitreya Jee said - "Thus after discoursing Naarad Jee went away. After hearing that the King also went to Kapil Aashram for Tap after handing over his kingdom to his sons. It frees Jeev from the pride of this body and explains how a Jeev bears the fruits of his Karm in next world."
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/9/02
Updated on 06/09/11