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1-2-1-Raam and Krishn

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Raam and Krishn : a comparison

Both Raam and Krishn are incarnations of Vishnu in human form.
Both had Moon in their Lagna.
Both are beyond the scope of planets, that is why both showed the whole Universe in their mouth to their mothers.

They can also be considered as human beings of extraordinary capacities and who, by constant effort elevated themselves as God. If that human element is removed, they cannot be our models. Still there are many differences between them.

(1) Shree Raam belonged to Tretaa Yug and people during those days were more disciplined, faithful and the customs etc, followed Dharm more rigidly. Krishn was in the end of Dwaapar Yug which was a time full of suspicions. “Sandeh Dwaaparau chaatha” says the Amar Kosh. No one believed the other and so Krishn’s task was to establish Dharm at such times was definitely more difficult. So, the intelligent moves that were necessary for Krishn were not required for Raam.
[Padm Puraan, 1/9a Genealogy shows that Raam was just 15 generations before Krishn's appearance. In Raam's Vansh, His 15th generation king Shrutaayu was killed in Mahaabhaarat war. So even if we take Raam's existence (which was some 10,000 plus years) just at the end of the Tretaa Yug, as Krishn was born at the end of the Dwaapar Yug, it means that only 15 generations passed between Raam and Krishn's appearance. Thus only 15 kings lived in the whole Dwaapar Yug (Dwaapar Yug = 864,000 years). Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/1-2 lists 25 names of kings till Brihadwal who was killed in MBH war by Abhimanyu. This shows that only 25 kings rules for 864,000 years. Is it possible?]
(2) Raam was born in Soorya Vansh, that is why He was authoritative by the royalty (Soorya's quality) Krishn was born in Chandra Vansh, that is why He was charming (Chandra's quality).
(3) Raam was born in Punarvasu Nakshatra (Cancer) Krishn was born in Rohinee Nakshatra (Taurus) and Rohinee is the Nakshatra of love, passion, and sexuality. Rohinee-born are tactful and analytical. Beautiful persons are born in Rohinee Nakshatra.
(4) Raam was born at noon time (midday) Krishn was born at midnight time.
(5) Raam was born as a prince in a palace. Krishn was born in a prison with struggle.
(6) Raam spent His childhood as a prince. Krishn's childhood was spent as a Gwaalaa.
(7) Raam was educated by two Brahmarshi - Vashishth and Vishwaamitra. Krishna was educated by an ordinary Rishi Saandeepan Muni.
(8) We do not hear anything about paying Guru Dakshinaa by Raam. Krishn specifically pays His Guru Dkashinaa saying that if He did not pay Guru Dakshinaa His education will not be complete.
(9) Raam ruled as a King. Krishn never ruled.
(10) Raam never preached Krishn was a great preacher. He preached Geetaa to the whole world.
(11) Raam lived for more than 11,000 years While Krishn lived only for 125 years.
(12) Raam traveled from North to South to kill Raavan While Krishn traveled all the way from West to East to kill Narakaasur.
(13) Raam saved Soorya's son Sugreev and killed Indra's son Baali While Krishn killed Soorya Putra Karn an saved Indra Putra Arjun.
(14) Raam had taken Ek Patnee Vrat (One man one wife) and He had only Seetaa as His wife. While Krishn had no such kind of vow, wherever He found the need he married. He had 16,108 wives.
(15) Raam always lived within the limits, so He is called "Maryaadaa Purushottam" Raam While Krishn performed many Leelaa, so he is called "Leelaa Purushottam" Krishn.
(16) Raam was centered around duties and actions Krishn was love and Bhakti main.
(17) Raam had always been polite, He felt happy when others were happy (see below) While Krishn had His own politics and policies (see below)
(18) Raam is more respectable, Krishn is more lovable.
(19) Raam is synonymous with Para-Brahm. Raam means Ramaneeya, Aanand and Aanand is Brahm. “Aanando brahmeti vyajaanaath” says Taittireeya Upanishad. Krishn means one who attracts, one who brushes us up, one who cleanses, one who wakes us up. So, Krishn makes us study himself.
(20) While Raam is adorable and towering, Krishn is like a friend and easy to approach.
(21) Raam’s period was more balanced, While Krishn's circumstances were a special situation. Krishn’s period is nearer to us. Kali Yug is the child of Dwaapar. The injustice of Dwaapar has increased now. So, the Divinity has to take another Avataar now to set right so many incongruities.
(22) Raam fought the A-Dharm Viruddh war Himself, in fact he had to all the work Himself, that is Soorya's characteristic. While Krishna taught others to fight for Dharm and He manipulated others to do work.
(23) Raam upholds the rules and discipline. While Krishn breaks them all as the situation arises
(24) While Raam’s period was more balanced, Krishn's circumstances were a special situation. Krishn’s period is nearer to us. Kali Yug is the child of Dwaapar. The injustice of Dwaapar has increased now, so, the Divinity also has to take another Avataar now to set right so many incongruities.
(25) Raam respected others and did what others liked

--While crossing the River Gangaa, Kevat says, "I will not take you across Gangaa until I wash your feet, because their dust might turn my boat into a woman and this is the only means to feed my family, besides it is difficult to feed my existing family, how I will be able to manage two wives?" At this Raam says, "By whatever way your boat is saved, do the same and take us across the River."
--While crossing the sea also Raam behaves in the same way. When Sea says, "I can be dried because of your influence, but there will be no greatness of mine in that." Raam says, "In whatever way our monkeys can go across this sea, do the same."

--But Krishn always used his politics dealing with people in Mahaabhaarat Kaal. There are two incidents where Krishn Himself has said - "Yes I could stop these events to happen, but it is better if they happen in their own course - they were Kurukshetra war and the destruction of Yadu Vansh.
(21) In "Raam -'ra' is Agni Beej. Agni burns everything, thus absorbing it without any distinction of friend or foe and still remains the same. The very essence of "OM Poornmad Poornmidam Poornaat Poornamutachyate Poornasya Poornamaadaaya Poornamevaa Vasishyate".

In fact both does the same thing - absorb everything else unto itself. but the process and method are different.


While in Krishn - Kleem is Kaam Beej or in other words 'Aakarshan', or attraction or attracting. In fact both does the same thing - absorb everything else unto itself, but the process and method are different.

But Kaam creates lust, attracts and finally absorbs destroying every other thoughts. During the Vastraakshep (Draupadee Cheer Haran) , Krishn comes to the rescue only after she releases the hold on her meager dress and calls Him with both hands and mind, which means if one is even slightly attached to himself, Krishn will stay back. He comes to rescue only when one puts all the faith in him - the ultimate surrender. So basically Krishn reflects our own faith - light - the connection with Moon - exactly what it does - reflect the light of Sun - Aham in us. Funny, one can reach him through love or loath, but either way is attraction.

Dharm cannot exist in a vacuum. It has to exist in human society. There is an instance in Mahaabhaarat wherein Arjun declares that he would kill Karn on that particular day and fails to do so. Yudhishthir cajoles him and says, “Throw your Gaandeev out if you cannot kill Karn“. Arjun immediately gets angry and says that he would kill anybody who insults his Gaandeev bow. Krishn at that moment says, “Arjun, You do not know what Dharm is.” and goes on to narrate the story of Kaushik, a sage who uttered the truth and became responsible for the death of an innocent person at the hands of thugs. He goes on to explain that sometimes, by truth, untruth gets an upper hand. So, Dharm has to be decided based on the particular situation. This is the basis on which Krishn has to be understood.

We cannot consider both of them, Raam and Krishn, as imaginary characters. Vyaas Jee and Vaalmeeki Jee just wrote their epics based on living personalities, of course mixed with the Nava Ras to make their works beautiful. This was necessary for the poets to see that they enter the hearts of the readers. If they had written these stories as just reports (like in history), they would not become universal and would not stay for long. So, we should consider Raam and Krishn as epic heroes with a firm historical foundation. The great poets had the capacity to tell a story which is good for humanity with a palatable taste. As Eeshaavaasya Upanishad tells us, “Hiranmayen paatren sathyasyaapi hitam mukham” is the method adopted.

To enjoy and learn from an epic, we should take the gist and forget the externals. One should not question whether there could a man with ten heads, whether monkeys could talk like humans, whether a snake can bow to the one who danced on its head, whether a man can manage thousands of wives etc, Anyone who wants to enjoy an epic should have an attitude of “willing suspension of disbelief”.



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Created by Sushma Gupta on 5/27/03
Updated on 08/28/13