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Numbers 1-9

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One Bhagavaan - A-Dwait-Vaad
One and only one is Bhagavaan or Paramaatmaa (God). In Hindu philosophy it is called "A-Dwait-Vaad" - when you believe in one supreme power and only one supreme power.

One Earth
Earth is also only one.

One Phase
A point has only one phase.


Many wise men say that God is manifested in two "Swaroop" (forms) - Paramaatmaa (God) that is outside of this body and Aatmaa (Soul) that is inside our body. Because we are created in His "Swaroop" (Form), that is why we all have His "Ansh" (Part) in us. And when we die, God's "Aatmaa Swaroop" joins its "Parmaatmaa Swaroop". In Hindu philosophy it is called "Dwait-vaad" - means when you believe in two - Aatmaa and Paramaatmaa (soul and God).

Two Phases
A line has two phases.


Three Letters
There are three letters in AUM - A, U, M.

Three Lok (Worlds)
There are three "Lok" (Worlds) - Bhoo Lok or Mrityu Lok (this Earth), Bhuvah Lok or Paataal Lok (where the Naag - snakes - and other lower species live); and Swar Lok or Dev Lok or Swarg Lok (where gods live). Swar Lok or Dev Lok is above the sky, Mrityu Lok is this Prithvi Lok (the Earth), and the Paataal Lok is below this Earth.

Three Forms of God
There are three "Swaroop" of God   (forms or manifestations)- Brahmaa, Vishnu and Mahesh (Shiv). In the "Swaroop" of Brahmaa, the God creates the world; in the "Swaroop" of Vishnu, He maintains the world; and in the "Swaroop" of Mahesh (Shiv). He does the Sanghaar (destroys) of this world.

Three Gun
There are three Gun (attributes) Sat, Raj, and Tam. Sato Gun has all the good qualities, is pious and noble - only gods have that kind of nature. Rajo Gun has mixed qualities - some good and bad. These are Maanav (human beings) who have this nature. Tamo Gun has almost all the bad qualities - and these are Raakshas or Asur (demons).

Three Motions of Earth
There are three three motions, if we see Sun with respect to Earth on the background of stars - (1) Precession, (2) Earth's own movement on its axis - this makes day and night, 24 hours; and (3) Earth's rotation around the Sun - this makes a year and seasons

Three Types of Food
There are three types of foods - Sato Gunee food or Saatwik food, Rajo Gunee food or Raajas food and Tamo Gunee food or Taamasik food.

Sato Gunee food includes fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, yogurt, fresh simple food without much spices, sweets, Ghee (purified butter) etc. This type of food is liked by gods and helps in maintaining good qualities, cultivate good habits and sweet nature in a person.

Rajo Gunee food includes mixed type of food, some Sato Gunee and some Tamo Gunee food. In this kind of food also, if the quantity of Saatwik food is more then a person will have more good qualities. Rajo Gunee food includes sweets, fried food, very tasty food, spicy food etc.

Tamo Gunee food includes: meat, fish, long-kept food, alcohol, pickles etc. This type of food is liked by Asur (Demons) and it develops bad nature in a person. The person becomes sinful, angry, lusty and greedy by eating such foods.

Three Sides
A Trikone (Triangle) has three sides.

Three Dimensions
A Cube has three dimensions.

In North India, on some festivals, a certain amount of food is taken out, and is given to elders, normally to in-laws and their family members. It is called Baayanaa. When this food is taken out, women circumambulate it three times with water and some money in hand.

For example, when women do Chandra (Moon) Poojaa, and Taaraa (star) Pooja on Karavaa Chauth, or Poornmaasee (Full Moon day), or on Hoee Ashtamee day, they offer water, flowers, Rolee, rice etc. to Chandra Devtaa and Taaraa only three times, and take out the Baayanaa by circling that food with some money and water three times only.

Three Qualities of Wind
Sheetal (Cool),  Mand (Slow),  Sugandhit (Scented)

Three Times Aachman
At the time of worship the worshipper does Aachman (drinking only a gulp of water to clean mouth) only three times.

Three Taap (Diseases, or Troubles)
Aadhi-Daivik (Given by Devtaa)
Aadhi-Bhautik (Worldly related)
Aadhyaatmic (Spiritual)


Four Yug
There are four Yug: Sat Yug, Tretaa Yug, Dwaapar Yug, and Kali Yug (now we are in Kali Yug). Do you know how many years are in each Yug? Each Yug has different number of years and all of them jointly are called a Mahaa-yug:

Sat Yug          = 1,728,000  years
Tretaa Yug      =  1,296,000 years
Dwaapar Yug   =    864,000 years
Kali Yug            =    432,000 years
                        4,320,000 = 1 Chatur-yug or 1 Mahaa-yug

Four Ved
There are four Ved - Rig Ved, Yajur Ved, Atharv Ved, and Saam Ved. Among them Rig Ved contains verses of God's praise. Yajur Ved contains verses related to Yagya and gods worship. Atharv Ved contains verses related to Tantra Vidyaa (magic). Saam Ved contains verses related to music.

Four Seasons
There are four Seasons in Temperate Regions - Winter (Dec 21 - Mar 21), Spring (Mar 21- Jun 21), Summer (Jun 21-Sep 21), and Fall or Autumn (Sep 21-Dec 21).

At 40 degree North of Equator, on December 21, the shortest day of the year is only 10 hours long and the night is 14 hours long. On the contrary, on Jun 21, the longest day of the year is 17 hours long and the night is 7 hours long only.

Four Aashram
There are four Aashram in a person's life. These Aashram are based on the age of 100 years.

(1) Brahmcharya Aashram - (Up to 25 years of age) - In this Aashram the person is a child and he earns the knowledge to use it in the world in Grihasth Aashram. He goes to a Guru after 5 or 7 years of age, and stays there to learn the style of living in the world.

(2) Grihasth Aashram - (25 years of age to 50 years of age) - This is the most important Aashram of the life as the person gets all kinds of opportunities to do many things only during this period. After earning knowledge, he returns to the world, marries and produce children. In this Aashram, the person performs all his duties related to family and pays all the Rin (debts) - Pitra Rin, Dev Rin, and Brahm Rin. The Pitra Rin is paid by offering food to the dead Poorvaj (Pitar or dead elders). Dev Rin is paid by doing Yagya and Havan etc. and by donating worldly things. And Brahm Rin is paid by producing children.

(3) Vaanprasth Aashram - (50 years of age to 75 years of age) - In this Aashram the person tries to detach himself from the worldly things and spends more time in worship and meditation. This he does living in the world with his family but detaching himself from the world gradually.

(4) Sanyaas Aashram - (75 years of age to 100 years of age) In this Aashram, he leaves the world and his family and goes in the forest to worship, meditation and Tapasyaa (penance). During this period he passes his time in preparing to meet Paramaatmaa.

Four Varn
There are four Varn (castes) - Braahman, Kshatriya, aishya and Shoodra. Each Varn has its specific duties in the society.

A Braahman's duties are to learn, to teach, to do Yagya, to take donations to conduct research etc.

A Kshatriya's duties are to protect the society, to see that justice is done, and if some kind of injustice is done with anybody then to stop that - means to keep peace in the society.

A Vaishya's duties are to feed the society by producing grains etc. and take them where they are short, means by trading.

A Shoodra's duties are to do all kinds of odd jobs for all these Varn.

All the latter three Varn take help of Braahman to fulfill their Grahasth Aashram duties - Yagya, donation etc.

Four-fold Goals of Human Existence
Vaidik Astrology is an indispensable tool for achieving, what the Vedas proclaim as the four-fold goals of human existence :-

Dharm - Life Purpose, duties
Arth    - Prosperity, related to wealth
Kaam  - Pleasure
Moksh - Spiritual Liberation

Four Sides of a Rectangle
A rectangle and a square have four sides too.

Four Holy Abodes (Dhaam)
There are four Dhaam of Bhagavaan - Badareenaath in North, Jagannaath Puree in East, Raameshwaram in South, and Dwaarakaa in West. But they are incomplete if Pushkarjee is not visited in the last. Pushkar Jee is near Ajmer, Raajsthaan.

Four Things Related to Moon
(1) Chakor bird - Chakor is crazy after the Moon. It continuously looks at it.
(2) Chakavaa bird - Chakavaa and its female Chakavee cannot see each other while the Moon is out, even if they are sitting next to each other. They just call each other the whole night.
(3) Kamalinee flower - Kamalinee flower blooms seeing the Moon and closes in the morning before sunrise. 
(4) Lotus flower - Opposite to the Kamalinee flower, the lotus flower blooms seeing the Sun and closes with sunset. To add to it, Bhramar (Bhanvaraa, or bumble bee) loves lotus flower very much. It sits there to extract honey, but in love it forgets when evening falls and thus closes itself inside the lotus flower when it closes in the evening. When lotus flower blooms in the morning, the bee is already dead thus loses its life in love of lotus flower.

Four Life-long Brahmchaaree
(1) Hanumaan Jee (2) Naarad Jee (3) Bheeshm Pitaamah (4) Sankaadi Muni

Four Places of Kumbh
Every 12 years Kumbh falls in one of these places.
(1) Haridwaar, (UP) (2) Allaahaabaad, (UP) (3) Ujjain, (Madhya Pradesh) (4) Naasik, (Mahaaraashtra)



Five Gyaan Indriyaan
Out of eleven Indriyaan, are main in our body, that is our five Gyaan Indriyaan through which we earn knowledge and serve Bhagavaan (God). Eyes - by seeing Bhagavaan, ears - by hearing Bhagavaan's praise, nose - by smelling Bhagavaan's presence, skin - by touching Bhagavaan's Swaroop (Form), tongue - by pronouncing Bhagavaan's word.

Five Karm Indriyaan
There are five Karm Indriyaan - hands to work, feet to walk, reproduction organ for producing children, excreting organ to remove waste, and tongue to speak.

Five Mothers
There are five mothers -
Gaayatree, Tulasee, Gangaa, Kaamdhenu, and Arundhatee (Vashishth's wife).

Five Maidens or Panch Kanyaa
There are five maidens or Panch Kanyaa -
(1) Ahalyaa Gautam's wife),  (2) Draupadee (Paandav's wife),  (3) Seetaa (Raam's wife),  (4) Taaraa (Baali's wife), and  (5) Mandodaree (Raavan's wife).

Five Devee (Goddesses)
There are five Devee (goddesses) -
Umaa (Shiv's wife), Ushaa (goddess of dawn), Vaidehee (Raam's wife), Ramaa (Vishnu's wife Lakshmee), and Gangaa (River).

Five types of Vaayu
There are five types of Vaayu (air) in our body  -
Praan, Apaan, Vyaan, Samaan, and Udaan.

Pentagon of Five Sides
A Pentagon has five sides.

Five Elements (Panch Mahaa Bhoot)
(1) Vaayu (Air), (2) Prithvi (Earth), (3) Jal (Water), (4) Aakaash (Space or Ether), (5) Agni (Fire)

Five Satee
There are five Satee Stree (faithful to husband):  
(1) Satee Draupadee (Paandav's wife) (2) Satee Mandodaree (Raavan's wife)
(3) Satee Sulakshanaa (Meghnaad's wife) (4) Satee Anasooyaa (Rishi Atri's wife)
(5) Satee Saavitree (Satyavaan's wife)

There are Five Immortal Purush
(1) Naarad Jee, (2) Ashwatthaamaa (Dronaachaarya's son), (3) Hanumaan Jee, (4) Kaagbhushundi Jee, and (5) Kripaachaarya
Others are - Takshak Naag, Maarkandeya Muni, Vibheeshan, Parashuraam Jee

Five Holy Cities
(1) Kaashee (UP) (2) Mathuraa (UP) (3) Ayodhyaa (UP) 
(4) Avantikaa, or Ujjain (MP) (5) Puree, Jagannath Puree (Orrissa)


Cube of Six Sides
A Cube has six sides.

Six Seasons
There are six Seasons in India in a year - Sharada Ritu, Vasanta Ritu (Spring), Greeshma Ritu (Summer), Varshaa Ritu (Rainy Season), Patjhara (Fall or Autumn), Sheet Ritu (Winter)

Six Types of Food
There are six types of food - Bhakshya (which is swallowed), Bhojya, Lehya (which is licked), Choshya (which is sucked)

Six Chakra
There are six Chakra in a human body where six lotuses bloom, They are:

Moolaadhaar Chakra - Gudaa Mandal (Anus) Chakra, (yellow color lotus with four petals
Swaadhishthaan Chakra - in the root of the penis, (red color lotus with six petals)
Manipur Chakra - in the root of navel, (blue color lotus with ten petals)
Anaahat Chakra - in heart, (golden color lotus with twelve petals)
Vishuddh Chakra - in neck, (red color lotus with sixteen petals)
Aagyaa Chakra - in the center of eye brows, (white color lotus with two petals)

The seventh lotus, the white color lotus, is in the head of the human being, which has thousand petals and on that Lord Vishnu, the symbol of man's spiritual knowledge, sits.


Seven Days in a Week
There are seven Days in a week - Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday.

Seven Colors of Rainbow
Rainbow has seven colors in it - violet, indigo, sky blue, green, yellow, orange and red popularly known as VIBGYOR or ROYGBIV).

Seven Horses of Soorya's Chariot
There are seven horses yoked in Soorya's chariot.

Seven Mothers
There are seven mothers - (1) Brahmaanee,  (2) Maheshwaree,  (3) Kaumaaree,  (4) Vaishnavee,  (5) Varaahee,  (6) Indraanee,  (7) Chaamundaa.

Seven Music Notes
There are seven Swar (music notes) - Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Nee (Shadaj, Rishabh, Gaandhaar, Madhyam, Pancham, Dhaivat, Nishaad)

Sapt Rishi
There are seven Rishi (Saints), in the form of seven stars, near the Dhruv Taaraa (Polar Star). They revolve around it. Together they are called Sapt Rishi Mandal. They are different in every Manvantar. One Manvantar is equal to little more than 71 Mahaa-Yug or 4-Yug or Chatur-Yug period.

Seven Sacred Cities
There are seven sacred Cities - (1) Ayodhyaa (UP), (2) Mathuraa (UP), (3) Haridwaar, (4) Kaashee or Vaaraanasee or Banaaras (UP), (5) Kaanchee (Tamilnaadu), (6) Avantee or Ujjain (MP), and (7) Dwaarakaa (Gujaraat).

Seven Sacred Rivers
There are seven sacred Rivers - (1) Gangaa, (2) Yamunaa, (3) Sindhu, (4) Saraswatee, (5) Godaavaree, (6) Narmadaa, and (7) Kaaveree.

Seven Visible Planets
There are seven visible planets - (1) Sun, (2) Moon, (3) Mars, (4) Mercury, (5) Jupiter, (6) Venus, (7) Saturn


There are eight Deviyaan, who are worshipped during Navraatri period:

(1)  Lakshamee Devee
(2)  Kaalee Devee
(3)  Saraswatee Devee
(4)  Sheetalaa Maataa
(5)  Paarvatee Jee, or Gauraa Devee
(6)  Durgaa Maataa
(7)  Hingalaaj
(8)  Bhuvaneshwaree

There are eight elephants who are born in Devtaa Yoni - 

(1) Kumud
(2) Airaavat
(3) Padm
(4) Pushpdant
(5) Vaaman
(6) Suprateek
(7) Anjan
(8) Saarvbhaum


There are nine Grah (Planets)  -

(1) Sun, (2) Moon, (3) Mars, (4) Mercury, (5) Jupiter, (6) Venus, (7) Saturn, (8) Raahu and (9) Ketu. Raahu and Ketu are not real planets but are only Shadow planets. These nine planets are imagined in human body too.

Sun lives in forehead
Moon lives just one finger below the Sun, in Bindu Chakra
Mars lives in eyes
Mercury lives in heart
Jupiter lives in navel in Manipoorak Chakra
Venus lives in semen
Saturn lives in navel
Rahu lives in mouth
Ketu lives in from heart to neck

There are nine Gems (Nava Ratn), - which are useful to wear in various Planets' periods. These nine Gems (Nav Ratn), govern the nine Planets (Nav Grah given above, traditionally accepted in Hindu astrology. These are --

Ruby (Laal) governing Sun,
Pearl (Motee) governing Moon,
Coral (Moongaa) governing Mars,
Emerald (Pannaa) governing Mercury,
Pukharaaj (Yellow Sapphire) governing Jupiter,
Diamond (Heeraa) governing Venus,
Blue Sapphire (Neelam) governing Saturn,
Hessonite governing Rahu and
Cat's Eye governing Ketu.

There were nine Gems (Nav Ratn) in Emperor Akbar the Great's court. Akbar ruled India from 1560 to 1605. Their names were:

(1) Birbal - the very witty Minister and personal advisor of Akbar. He has lots of his stories on his credit for everybody to laugh at and learning
(2) Taansen - the renowned musician of India. He used to light fire and bring rains through his singing
(3) Raajaa Todarmal - his financial wizard,
(4) Raajaa Maan Singh -  mighty general, famous for his chivalry,
(5) Abul Fazal - a great historian 
(6) Faizi - brother of Abul Fazal, a great poet 
(7) Daswant - a great painter
(8) Abdu us-Samad - a brilliant calligrapher and designer of Imperial coins
(9) Mir Fateh-ullah Shirazi - financier, philosopher, physician and astronomer

There were nine Gems (Nav Ratn) in King Vikramaaditya's court also

(1) Dhanvantari - enlightened the world upon the subjects of medicines and incantations.
(2) Kshapanak - treated the primary elements.
(3) Amar Singh - compiled a Sanskrit dictionary and a philosophical treatise.
(4) Shanku - compose comments, and Ghatakarpar - a poetical work.
(5) Varaahmihir - produced works on astrology and Arithmetic.
(7) Vararuchi - introduced improvements in grammar, commented upon incantations and wrote a poem in praise of King Maadhav.
(8) Kaalidaas - wrote Sanskrit dramas - Shakuntalaa and Vikram and Urvashee, and many other books in Sanskrit
(9) Vetaal Bhatt - a Braahman who is attributed to a Neeti booklet of 16 stanzas - Neeti Pradeep (Lamp of Conduct)

There are nine main Incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The tenth one is yet to come. See their details in section for number TEN.



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Created by Sushma Gupta on May 27, 2001
Modified on 03/31/12