1-Devtaa Built Cities
Bhavishya Puraan, 3/19]
It is really interesting to know
that some cities were established by Devee and Devtaa only. Bhavishya Puraan
describes the origin of Braahman, in its 3-Pratisarg, 4th Part. It says that
after 1,000 years of Kali Yug passed a Braahman named Kaashyap
came on Prithvi by the order of Devtaa. He had 10 sons. One of those sons' name
was Shukla. All these cities were built by Devee for Agni Vanshee kings.
by Lakshmee Jee for Brahmaa Jee. Vayahaani (Chapahaani or Chauhaans) ruled there.
Built by Ambaa Devee, King Pramar ruled there.
Krishn gave this Dwaarakaa to Shukla (Kaashyap's son), as Shukla pleased
Krishn by doing Tapasyaa on Raivat mountain.
[Which is this Dwaarakaa? Dwaarakaa is said
to be sunk in the sea by Krishn Himself when He wanted to leave Prithvi.]
This place was not only built by
her, but she lived there. Shak named king, worshipped Mahaalakshmee. After 3
years, she lived there in the form of Kaamaakshee to please her Bhakt.
Initially Indraprasth city was inhabited by Paandav with the help of Indra, that is
why it was named as Indraprasth.
Vayahaani's son was Tomar who worshipped Shiv for one year, so pleased with his worship
he gave him Indraprasth city.
From Chauhaan Vansh, there was a king named Mantradev whose son was
Jayasinh. He inhabited this city.
Kaanyakubj (present Kannauj)
Raashtrapaal's son Prajaya also worshipped Shaaradaa Devee. Pleased with
his worship, she appeared before him in the form of a Kanyaa (girl) and
asked him to ask for a Var. He asked for a city, so she gave him this city.
Since it was given by a Kanyaa and the place itself was a bit odd shaped,
that it was called Kaanyakubj - Kaanya means Kanyaa, and Kubj means odd
Kalikaataa Puree (present Calcutta)
Kaalivarmaa, a descendent of Parihaar,
worshipped Mahaakaalee. Pleased with him, she showered many buds of several flowers
which created a city, which became famous with the name of Kalikaataa Puree.
[According to "A New History of India" by
Lumpert - " There was a Kaalee shrine from which "ghaat" (steps)
descended to the water, hence its name was Calcattaa may have been derived from the
words "Kaalee-Ghaat"." It matches with the above description.]
Parihaar, a knower of Atharv Ved, worshipped Devee. Pleased with his worship,
Devee built a beautiful city (of 1 and 1/2 Yojan extension) on Chitrakoot Parvat
for him. Kali was imprisoned in this city and Kali never enters this city, that
is why this city became famous with the name "Kalinjar".
Raashtrapaal worshipped Shaaradaa Devee and attained Vaishnavee Power.
Devee kindly gave him this city protected by Mani Dev.
Padm Puraan, 5/16,
this city was built by Devtaa.
According to MBH, 3-youth/8
Paudanya city was inhabited by Ashmak, the son of Saudaas and Madayantee, born
from Vashishth Jee.
According to Bhavishya Puraan, p 99, Saambpur was inhabited by Saamb, Krishn's
son from Jaambvatee.
Built and inhabited by Emperor Shaah Jahaan, during 17th century AD. It was built
in 10 years.
There are some other
cities and countries which have their own stories -
A kingdom in the region which later became known as Udeesaa (Orissa). The name of this
kingdom became immortal in the history of India because of the tragic invasion
of Emperor Ashok in 260 BC. He captured it by winning perhaps the fiercest war
in the history of India. It is said that in this war 100,000 soldiers were killed,
more than the number of helpers and civilians died, and 150,000 were made prisoners
of war. Even though Ashok won this war, killing of so many people and destruction
of the society at this scale changed his mind and he had decided to win people not
by war but by goodness. He converted to Buddhism and started spreading Buddhism with
the same vigor with which he used to wage wars. Kaling kingdom again flourished and
[Aangiras, p 101]
Name of a country, later called Cambodia. The word Cambodia is derived
from the Sanskrit word Kambuj. Part of what became Cambodia was called
Funnan in the 2nd century AD. This kingdom was established by Kaundinya
- a Hindu King who along with his descendants ruled the country for a
100 years. In the 4th century, another descendant of Kaundinya took over
the country and established Hindu culture throughout the country. Hindu
ruled this country until the end of the 13th century, where Ved were
recited regularly. The last great Hindu King of Kambuj was Jayavarmaa,
the VIIth, who, extended his empire to include what later became Northern
Myanmaar, Vietnaam, Laaos, Thaailand and northern Malayasia.
In the 13th century Kambuj
was taken over by a Buddhist monarch. From then on Hindu rule was
replaced by Buddhist. Cambodia contains the famous
Angkor Vat Temple of
Vishnu which reflects the height of achievement of Hindu architecture. Its
many ideas have been incorporated in the construction of Taaj Mahal.
[Aangiras, p 97]
A city in western UP. This is one
of the oldest city of the world. It is 4,000 or more years old. It was the
capital of Kaanyakubj kingdom, when Jahnu, the ancestor of King Kaushik, the
grandfather of Vishwaamitra, ruled. Perhaps Jahnu was the founder of this
kingdom. The kingdom of Kaanyakubj came to an end when Vishwaamitra decided
to leave it and become an ascetic Braahman.
King Harshvardhan made it his capital
in the beginning of the 7th century AD. Harsh is famous for organizing a religious
conference in which close to 1,000 religious leaders participated, including the
Buddhist Chinese visitor Huen Saang. This conference lasted for 21 days. The lecture
of Huen Saang on Mahaayaan annoyed Heenyaan Buddhists and they tried to harm him
physically, but Harsh saved him. While the deliberations of the conference annoyed
Braahman and they tried to kill the King himself, but failed.
It became famous again, after 100 years,
when Yashovarmaa became its King and extended it to all the way to what later became
Bangaal. In 12th century AD, Jayachand became its ruler. After him its culture decayed
[Aangiras, p 95]
A town where Siddhaarth (later known as
Gautam Buddha or Shaakya Muni) was born.