Mahaabhaarat | Notes
Quotes From MBH
Manu says -
"There are five kinds of sons - (1) those begotten by one's self upon
one's own wedded wife; (2) those obtained in gift by others; (3) those purchased
for a consideration; (4) those reared with affection; and (5) those begotten upon
other women than one's own wedded wife. Sons support religion, enhance joys,
and rescue deceased ancestors. That is why one should never abandon a son.
Bheeshm says in this regard, "The son belongs to whom that had
married the mother."
The dedication of
a tank is more meritorious than of a hundred wells. A sacrifice is more
meritorious than dedicating a tank. A son is more meritorious than a
sacrifice. Truth is more meritorious than a hundred sons. Truth is
heavier than even a hundred sacrifices. Truth is equal to all Ved. There
is no virtue equal to truth; there is nothing greater than truth; truth
is God Himself; truth is the highest vow.
Shukra said to
Devayaanee - "Who has even a little mind should not speak evil
about others. Who doesn't give rise to anger, he wins everything. Boys
and girls quarrel with each other because they cannot discriminate
between right and wrong, but the wise never imitate them."
Sharmishthaa said to Yayaati - "It has been said that it is not sinful to lie
in a joke, in respect of women to be enjoyed, on occasions of marriage, in the danger
of immediate death, and at the loss of whole fortune. Lying is excusable on these
Yayaati replied to
Indra -] "I told him that forgiveness was superior to unforgiving;
man is superior to animals; among men learned men are superior to
unlearned people; if other person does any wrong, you should not do so;
never utter such scorching speech that may pain others; you should
disregard other's harsh words; make a wise man your model and try to
copy him; there is nothing better than kindness, friendship, charity,
sweet speech to worship God."
Paandu describes 12 kinds of sons - six of those who are heirs and
kinsmen and six kinds of those who are not heir and kinsmen.
On failure of offspring of a prior class, the mother should desire to
have offspring of the next class. In times of distress, men solicit offspring
from accomplished younger brothers. Manu has said that men failing to have
legitimate offspring of their own may have offspring begotten upon their wives
by others, for sons confer the highest religious merit.
Individual judgment does not prevail the ordinances, rather ordinances prevail
against individual wishes.
Men are born on this Prithvi with four debts - to ancestors, to Devtaa, to
Rishi and to other men. The ancestors are satisfied by producing children; Devtaa
by Yagya; Rishi by study, meditation and asceticism; and other men by leading an
Kripaa said to Ashwatthaamaa - "Who lacks intelligence, and who has no control on
his passions, in my opinion cannot understand the considerations of
morality, even if he listens to his elders. Similarly, an intelligent
person who does not practice humility, fails to understand the results
of morality. A brave man, who lacks understanding, even by living under
learned people, fails to know his duties. While a wise man, by waiting
upon a learned person for even a moment, succeeds in knowing his duties.
An intelligent person who has controlled his passions, and who waits
upon his superiors, succeeds in knowing all the rules of morality, and
never disputes with what is accepted by all. A person having brain
disorder does not welcome soothing words. Do something only which is
truly beneficial, not just to yourself only, so that you don't repent
Similar words are heard from Krishn also, when Yudhishthir abuses Arjun's Gaandeev and Arjun gets ready to kill Yudhishthir. Krishn says - "Paarth, You have not waited upon the elders. You don't know the morality that is why you are acting like this. You are unable to think what you should and what you should not do. Of course, it is not easy to decide, that is why even learned people take the help of scriptures. You don't know the scriptures. You think that you know the morality and virtue but in fact you are ignorant about them. Killing a living being is sin, and saving an animal from an injury is the highest virtue. One can speak the untruth, but one should never kill. How could you become ready to kill your eldest brother who is so conversant with morality? Who is not engaged in battle, who is enemy, who is running away from the battle field, who is seeking protection, who has joined his hands, who has lost his chariot should never be slaughtered. All these attributes are in your superior. Don't rush to kill him in your foolishness without knowing morality.
took your vow before in foolishness, and after that foolishness you are going to
do another foolishness? There is nothing higher than speaking Truth, But there are
some situations where speaking Untruth is better than speaking Truth. In the loss
of somebody's entire property; or for the sake of Braahman; on an occasion of marriage,
or of enjoying a woman, or when life is in danger; these five situations are when a
lie can be spoken. These five kinds of lies are declared to be sinless. On these
occasions a lie becomes the Truth and a Truth becomes a lie. He is a fool that practices
Truth without knowing the difference between the Truth and a lie. A man of wisdom, by
doing a cruel act may obtain great merit like
Balaak did by slaughtering the blind beast; and that a foolish and ignorant person
earns great sin like Kaushik (living) among
Vyaas Jee said - "There is no
fault of yours in this. The deities are possessed of great Yog, they
have the capability to enter other's bodies. They can get children by
thought alone. They can have children by word, by sight, by touch, and
even sexual union also. These are the five methods they can have
Created by Sushma Gupta On 5/27/04
Modified on 02/23/13