Mahaabhaarat | General
|9-5 Gems in MBH|
9-5 Gems in MBH
Mahaabhaarat is considered as the 5th Ved. It is a bright light which provides a complete picture of our Dharm, culture and civilization.
yena twayaa bhaarata taila poornaha, prajwaalito gyaanamayah pradeepah
In order to show us the correct path, it has the specialty of using the three methods - of Prabhu Sammita, Mitra Sammita and Kaantaa Sammita (ordering us like a king, advising like a friend and with pleasing words like a beloved wife). With 18 Parv (sections) and 2,109 chapters, it is perhaps the biggest ever story in the world. It has the four Purushaarth - Dharm, Arth, Kaam and Moksh - and what is not here is not found anywhere else.
Several stories including Harivansh, Shakuntalopaakhyaan, Saavitree, Nalopaakhyaan etc adorn this beautiful garden where, in addition to these, there are several other invaluable gems - Bhagvad Geetaa (Beeshm Parv), Vishnu Sahastra Naam, Bheeshm Stavaraaj, Anu Smriti and Gajendra Moksh are the most famous commonly recognized five gems in it. But there are several others also like Sanatsujaat and Dhritraashtra discussion (Udyog Parv), Yaksh-Prashn, Anu Geetaa, Shiv Sahasra Naam, Raam Rakshaa Stotra etc, in this great ocean.
Bhagavad Geetaa : -
"Bhagvad Geetaa Kinchit Adheetaa
......Tasya Yamah Kim Kurute Charchaa" said Aachaarya Shankar.
Geetaa has been extolled in several Puraan like Varaah Puraan, Skand Puraan and Padm Puraan. It is usual for us to loose balance and search for light under different circumstances in life. Arjun also faced such a situation and Krishn using the opportunity has given us a set of guidelines which contains a balanced treatment of Bhakti, Gyaan and Karm. The first part is Karm Kaand followed by Upaasanaa Kaand and finally, Gyaan Kaand. Some consider that it is an explanation for the famous words of Chhaandogya Upanishad, "Tat, Twam, Asi" in the order of "Twam Tat Asi".
The details of the circumstances for the generation of the Geetaa is the starting point of the song celestial followed by Saankhya Yog. Here it is explained as to how Karm helps in attaining Chitta Shuddhi which finally leads to Gyaan. The characteristics of the Gyaanee is explained and it is followed by Karm Yog wherein it is asserted that with dedicated Karm, Gyaan sets in. In the next Gyaan Yog, Brahmaarpan Bhaav, Gyaan-Karm-Sanyaas Yog, Bhakti through intellect, Karm through dedication etc are dealt with. The Karm-Sanyaas Yog deals with how Mukti is attempted through understanding the Self. In Dhyaan Yog, self control, practice of meditation and how the internal and external features change with these are discussed. This finishes the Karm Kaand.
Continuing, Krishn deals with Gyaan Vigyaan Yog, Akshar Brahm Yog, Raaj Vidyaa Raaj Guhya Yog, Vibhooti Yog, Vishwaroop Darshan Yog, and Bhakti Yog. These form the Upaasanaa Kaand. The last part deals with the Gyaan Kaand consisting of Kshetra-Kshetragya Yog, Gunatraya Vibhaag Yog, Purushottam Yog, Devaasur-Sampatti Vibhaag Yog, Shraddhaatraya Vibhaag Yog, Moksh-Sanyaas Yog.
Its Main Teachings or Message :-
Vishnu Sahastra Naam : -
For any Praayashchitt, for progress and even for getting Moksh there is no other method than reciting this Sahasra Naam. The fact that apart from Shankar, fifteen other great teachers like Madhwaachaarya, Sant Tukaaraam, Paraashar Bhatt etc, have eulogized the greatness of this prayer makes it undoubtedly a great composition. According to Aachaarya Madhwa, Mahaabhaarat which is the essence of all Shaastra has Geetaa and Vishnu Sahasra Naam as its kernel. It is generally believed that the diseases which cannot be cured with medicines get cured with the chanting of the Sahasra Naam. Baan Bhatt, in one of his epics, states that this was being chanted in the delivery rooms in order that the delivery takes place without difficulty.
Without discrimination of caste, creed, religion, old or young, male or female, rich or poor, all can chant it and derive the benefits. It is our proud privilege that we can chant this Mantra Roopee hymn and come out of all our difficulties at all times.
Bheeshm Stavaraaj : -
Shooline tridasheshaaya tryambakaaya
mahaatmane, bhasm digdhaang lingaaya tasmai rudraatmane namah.
Thus, Ved Vyaas in the Mahaabhaarat which is generally considered as Krishn Charit has indicated clearly that there can be no difference between Hari and Har. It should be noted that Shiv Sahastra Naam is also an important part of Mahaabhaarat. It is also interesting to note that Shree Krishn Himself describes the thousand names of Shiv to Yudhishthir.
Anu Smriti :-
Gajendra Moksh :-
Now, let us understand the inner meaning of this story. Elephant represents the Jeev which takes births and deaths. Our body is the Trikoot Mountain and its three peaks are the Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas Gun. A-Gyaan and the consequent desires and the Karm keep haunting us. The feeling of I and Mine is represented by the crocodile. When time comes for us to die, no one except the Lord can help us. He will be satisfied with a single Patra (leaf), Pushp (flower), Phal (fruit) and a drop of water. He was satisfied with a single lotus that was offered by the elephant king.
There is an interesting anecdote concerning this story between Akbar Baadashaah and his Minister Birbal. Once Akbar taunted Birbal when he heard this story with a mischievous question, "Why your God could not send one of his assistants? Did he not have even an assistant?" Birbal requested for some time to answer this question. Next day, the King's son went out to the swimming pool to learn swimming. By a previous arrangement, Birbal had managed to throw a wax model of the Prince in the pool and made the servant there to shout, "Oh, the Prince has drowned in the pool." As Akbar heard this shouting, rushed to the pool himself and immediately jumped into the pool to restore the wax statue of the Prince. Birbal smilingly asked as to why the King did not send his assistants and came down all by himself?" Akbar had got his answer. This is how God loves us.
Created by Sushma Gupta On 05/27/04
Modified on 11/29/12