Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Sketches
1st century BC
See also Vikramaaditya-2, Vikram and Vaitaal Stories, Sinhaasan Batteesee,
Avantee (Ujjain) was ruled by Gardabhilla, when Shak people captured Avantee and killed Gardabhilla. Four years later, the son of Gardabhilla Vikramaaditya expelled the Shak king and recaptured the kingdom. Then he ruled it for 60 years. Two stories about him are very famous - Vikram and Vaitaal, and Sinhaasan Batteesee.
King Vikramaaditya, Vikram in short, has been famous among children in reference to Vikram- Vaitaal stories. Historically, King Vikramaaditya might have lived in the 1st century BC and may have been defeated by Shaalivaahan. According to "Kathaa Sarit Saagar" account, he was the son of Ujjain's King Mahendraaditya of the Paramaar Dynasty. Traditional Indian dating, Vikram Samvat, also makes him 1st century BC king. However general Indian history dates do not place any Vikramaaditya during this period.
He was an ideal king, very brave and very just. His justice was very famous, that is why Vaitaal all the time expected him to reply with full justice, and since his justice was very famous, he could not keep silence also, so he had to answer his question. As soon as he spoke Vaitaal's condition was broken and he went back to the same tree from where Vikram brought him. This he did 24 times, but the 25th time he could not answer, so Vaitaal could not run away. Then he told him how to save himself from that Yogee. Vikram remembered it, saved himself and killed that Yogee.
Besides he had a special throne which had 32 female figures who once told Raajaa Bhoj 32 stories about Vikram's qualities. This happened when Raajaa Bhoj found this special throne and wanted to use it for himself. The 32 female figures laughed as soon as Bhoj wanted to ascend the throne and Bhoj used to be scared. They used tell a story about his qualities and asked him whether he had any qualities like Vikramaaditya, and Bhoj had to agree that he didn't. Thus when all the 32 figures had told about Raajaa Vikram abandoned the idea of using throne for himself and returned that throne to the same place from where he got it. These stories are famous as " Sinhaasan Batteesee". Both, Vikram and Vaitaal and Sinhaasan Battessee stories are found in various versions in Sanskrit and Hindi languages.
Nava Ratn in Vikramaaditya's Court
Dhanvantari kshapanak Amarasinh Shanku, Vetaal Bhatt Ghatakarpar Kaalidaasaa |
The names of the nine gems
and their traditional claims to fame are the following:
Vikramaaditya Who Started an Era
In fact, several kings have taken the name "Vikramaaditya" as their title. Chandra Gupt II was also called Chandra Gupt Vikramaaditya (375-415 BC).
About 850 years ago, "Chaalukya-Vikram" era was in vogue in Karnaatak state. King Vikramaaditya, the VIth, ascended the Karnaatak throne on 26th January, 1077 AD; so the Chaalukya-Vikram era starts from the same date. Karnaatak's history is very old, more than 2000 years old. Chaalukya dynasty was one of the greatest dynasties among the rulers in Karnaatak state. They came twice on the throne. First time their capital was Badaamee or Vaataapee. They ruled for 250 years and after they were defeated by Raashtrakoot of Maanyakhetaa. They came again and ruled for 225 years. Vikramaaditya, the VIth, belonged to this dynasty.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 01/25/13