Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Sketches
Some parts taken from the book Mayoor's Sanskrit Works
See also Mayoor
Bhojpur is a small town in Raayasen District of Madhya Pradesh State in India. It is located at about 25 kms from south-east of Bhopaal city and is of great historical and religious importance. Bhojpur got its name from the legendary founder Paramaar king called Raajaa Bhoj. Bhojpur is popular for its 7.5 ft high Shiv Ling in Bhojeshwar Temple. Betavaa River passes through Bhojpur. A cyclopean dam was constructed by King Bhoj to make a large lake to full-fill the requirement of water for the region which was later destroyed by King Hoshang Shaah of Maalavaa region.
Paramaar dynasty ruled Maalvaa region of Central India from 10th century to 12th century. Today’s Dhaar city (older Dhaaraa Nagaree) close to Indore was also founded by Paramaar dynasty. During that time Dhaar was the capital of Maalavaa and became one of the prime intellectual centers of India. Even Abul Fazal (a Nava Ratn in Akbar's court) has written in his "Aaeene Akabaree" that Raajaa Bhoj moved his capital from Ujjain to Dhaaraa Nagaree. A little book entitled "Bhoj Prabandh" shows how Raajaa Bhoj got the throne of Maalavaa from his uncle Munj (a Paramaar king of Maalavaa) in 11th century AD.
King Bhoj was the son of notable conqueror called King Sindhuraajaa. In the beginning of his carrier, Bhoj suffered problem of brain tumor which resulted often severe headaches. Two Braahman brothers from the school of Ujjain, who were eminent surgeons of the time, performed a successful crucial brain surgery on the brain of Bhoj.
It is the King Bhoj who took initiative with Solankee King Bheem of Gujaraat, to rebuilt the famous Temple of Somnaath between 1026 to 1042 after being ransacked by Mahmood of Ghazanee in year 1024. After the ransacking of famous Somnaath Temple of Gujaraat, Bhoj organized his army to attack Mahmood Ghaznavee who retreated back via Sindh due to fear of his powerful army. Bhojeshwar Temple is also known as Somnaath Temple of East.
Gems in Bhoj's Court
Completing the Verse of Bhoj
One day, Raajaa Bhoj was composing
a verse describing his wealth and fortunes. The first three lines of the verse were:
Raajaa Bhoj had finished composing the above three lines of the verse and
did not know what to say in the fourth line. Just then, the great Sanskrit
poet, Kaalidaas, came by.
He asked the king his problem. The king showed him his unfinished verse.
The great poet said, "O Scholarly King, If you please, I can complete
the verse." The king agreed. Poet Kaalidaas added the fourth line as
Completing the Verse of Bhoj - Another Version
There is another version of this
story, I found it on Internet. One night Raajaa Bhoj was lying in his bed and
he was not able to sleep so he started to speak out a new verse -
And here he stopped
finding himself unable to complete the fourth line. He kept thinking and
repeating the three lines again and again. It so happened that a thief lay
under his bed waiting for him to drop to sleep so that he could steal. If a
person likes to dance he cannot keep still if some music is playing. If he
cannot dance at least he would start to tap his feet. By chance that thief
was very wise. Circumstances had forced him to steal. He heard the king
repeat the three lines again and again and at last when he could no longer
restrain himself he blurted out -
Everyone Was a Poet in Bhoj's Kingdom
This Shlok has its own charm and beauty and its humility, and its final play with the three words - Kavayaami Vayaami Yaami, where each subsequent verb is obtained from the previous one by deleting the first syllable.
Bhoj and Kaalidaas
The King was so much moved by his expression that he moved in Kaalidaas'
house. Everybody was taken aback and wondered what would Kaalidaas do now? In
the meantime, Kaalidaas had realized what had happened, so he immediately came
up with a new verse, echoing the first one, still completely a new one -
Kaalidaas In and Out of Bhoj's Court
The King continues his search but remains unsuccessful. So one night he composes half stanza, and next day he asks his other poets o complete that half stanza, but nobody succeeds to complete it. Finally they all send Baan Bhatt to King to ask to increase the term to 8 days to complete that stanza with the missing lines. Eight days pass. On the 9th day, Baan Bhatt says to the assembled poets that they were unable to complete that stanza because they banished a good poet by jealousy. At this point the story of Mayoor comes in. The other poets decide that they should go out of the city themselves, otherwise the King himself will banish them and they would have to go even without their belongings. So all went home, collected their valuables, loaded on a cart drawn by oxen and went out of the city at midnight.
Since Kaalidaas was still in the city, he heard the noise of moving carts. He learnt that who the fugitives were and determined to know the reason of their flight. So he hid himself in disguise, ran ahead and met them face to face. They told him their trouble, so he solved their problem by telling them the remaining lines of that half stanza. They thought that they met Saraswatee in disguise, they were very happy to have those missing lines. Next day they came back to the court with those missing lines and recited them to Raajaa Bhoj. Raajaa Bhoj immediately knew that nobody else except Kaalidaas had completed his stanza. So he concluded that Kaalidaas must be somewhere nearby. He made the efforts and soon found his favorite poet and reinstated him on his former position.
Other Poets in Bhoj's Court
At this Mayoor said -
Then Kreedaachandra recited several stanzas to support Kaalidaas appreciation and made the King loosen his purse. Mayoor also recited one stanza in praise of poets, and after that Vararuchi also recited a stanza in praise of poets and poetry. Pleased with all this King Bhoj gave Kreedaachandra 5 villages and 20 elephants.
(p 46-47) Shukdev in Bhoj's court - One day Bhoj was sitting on his lion throne that a very poor looking man asked his permission to enter his court, that he was a poet and his name was Shukdev. Bhoj asked his poets if they knew about his reputation. Kaalidaas and a poetess Seetaa spoke about in a very high terms, and then Mayoor recited a Shlok which meant - "The man, who unasked, says anything in the assembly of the King, gets not only dishonor, but also mockery." He recites another one and urges the admission of Shukdev in the assembly. Bhoj followed Mayoor's suggestion and allowed him to come in the court. Bhoj listened to his only one stanza and gave him 400 elephants and gold dish full of rubies.
Mayoor did not like this, this
disfavor is showed in this stanza which means - "Once upon a time, the
gardener of the pleasure gardener, going up to a single stalk of sugar-cane
broke it off in the presence of the king. The King took it in his hand."
Then Mayoor, relying on his great intimacy and having in mind the disesteem
felt by the King towards himself, said, under pretext of addressing the
sugar-cane, but really referring to the King -
Bhoj is Not Contemporary of Mayoor and Baan
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 11/17/12