Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Sketches
See this site, Namboodari Web Site for his detailed life description
Read a story about Vararuchi and Nand in Panchtantra Stories
Vararuchi of Kerala legend was also an astute astronomer believed to be the author of Chandra Vaakya (Moon sentences), a set of numbers specifying the longitudes of the Moon at different intervals of time. It is a set of 248 numbers for calculating the position of the Sun and the Moon. This work is also known by the name Vararuchi Vaakya. These numbers are coded in the Katapayaadi system of numeration and it is believed that Vararuchi himself was the inventor of this system of numeration. The name Vararuchi is associated with more than a dozen works in Sanskrit, and the name Kaatyaayan is associated with about sixteen works. There are around ten works connected with astronomy and mathematics associated with the name of Vararuchi.
Raamam Dasharatham Vidih Maam Vidih Janakaatmajam
And the most important phrase in it is "Maam Vidih Janakaatmajam" (consider Seetaa as your mother). At the same time the birds also brought the unhappy tidings that "Vararuchi is destined to marry the girl just born in a Paraayan (low caste) family."
Vararuchi's Marriage and Life
Many years later, one day Vararuchi went to a poor Braahman's house to have food and told him the conditions of taking food to the Braahman, that a girl from inside indicated that his all conditions will be met. Vararuchi got very surprised at the same time he got very impressed by her intelligence that she could understand his complicated conditions. He was attracted to her and married her.
Vararuchi soon realized that she was the same girl who was floated in the river some years ago and nothing could change his Destiny. So he excommunicated himself from Braahman community because of marrying a low community girl. He set off for pilgrimage along with his wife. During the travel his wife gave birth to 12 children. Each time he told her to go into a dense forest, and after delivery he asked her if the baby had a mouth. If she said "Yes", he would say "God will give him or her his feed", ask her to leave the child then and there and proceed. The wife was so much grieved by this that when she delivered her 12th child she said "The baby has no mouth." So he allowed her to take that baby along with them.
Later when she wanted to breastfeed the baby, she found that the mouth was actually not there. It proved that when great people say something, it is true. He left the baby on a hill. All the children eventually were found, adopted and raised by families. Later they used to have get together at the eldest son's place on their father's Shraaddh day.
His 12 children's sons names are found thus - These twelve sons are: Mezhathol Agnihotree (Braahman, supposed to have lived between 343 and 378 CE), Paakkanaar (Parayan, a very low caste), Rajakan (washerman), Naaraanathu Bhraanthan (Elayathu, a lower class Braahman), Kaarakkal Maatha (high caste Nair), Akavoor Chaathan (Vysyan), Vaduthala Nair (Nair Soldier), Vallon (Thiruvalluvar of Tamil Naadu), Uppukottan (Muslim), Paananaar (Paanan, a very low caste of country musicians), Perumthachan (carpenter), and Vaayillaakkunnilappan (deity).
Vararuchi of Kathaa Sarit Saagar
Once Paarvatee pleaded Shiv to tell her a story which nobody had heard before. So after much persuasion, Shiv told her a story of Vidyaadhar. Nobody could hear that story that is why Paarvatee asked Nandee Jee to guard the door. When Shiv was telling the story, a trusted Gan of Shiv named Pushpdant appeared at the door and asked Nandee to let him enter, but Nandee refused. So using his special powers Nandee entered the room unseen and heard the whole story. Pushpdant told that story to his wife Jayaa and Jayaa, in turn, told the same story to Paarvatee. Paarvatee got very angry at Shiv, she said to him - "You told me that you were telling a story which was not told to anybody else except me, but Jayaa knows it." Shiv meditated and knew that Pushpdant overheard it and told it to his wife Jayaa. Hearing this Paarvatee filled with rage and she cursed Pushpdant to take birth on Prithvi. Both Pushpdant and Jayaa fell on Paarvatee's feet and asked her when her curse would end? Paarvatee said - "A Yaksh named Suprateek, who has been made a Pishaach by the curse of Kuber, is residing in the Vindhya forest under the name of Kaanaabhooti. When you will see him, and calling to mind your origin, tell him this story; then only you will be released from this curse."
Thus Pushpadant was born on
Prithvi under the name of Vararuchi in the city called Kaushaambee in the
house of a Braahman named Som Datt and Vasu Dattaa. Vararuchi was also known as
Kaatyaayan. At the time of his birth there was a heavenly pronouncement
Once he went to visit to the shrine of Durgaa. Goddess Durgaa, being
pleased with his austerities, ordered him in a dream to go to the forests
of the Vindhya Parvat to behold Kaanaabhooti. Proceeding to Vindhya, he
Vararuchi in Panchtantra Stories
* Some say that there was a Brahman named Vidyaa Saagar and he married four women from four Varn as according to Dharm Shaastra that a Braahman can have 4 wives. So he got Vararuchi from his Braahman wife, Vikramaaditya from his Kshatriya wife, Bhattee from his Vaishya wife and Bhartrihari from his Shoodra wife. Thus Vararuchi, Vikramaaditya, Bhatti and Bhartrihari were brothers.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 10/20/12