Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Locations
The name of the city and a country mentioned in Raamaayan where Raavan ruled. Majority of modern people now believe in the modern myth that the present Sri Lankaa is related to Raavan's Lankaa, although Vaalmeeki Jee has given exact distance in Yojan (100 Yojan) which proves that Raavan's Lankaa was on the peak of Trikoot Mountain at equator. Other ancients texts also say it explicitly. But the foreign corruption of Sinhal (Dweep) as Ceylon was appended with "ka" to make Ceylonka which gave rise to Sanskritized form "Sri Lanka", a modern invention which has no mention in even mediaeval literature. So now it is associated with Shree Lankaa of modern times. According to Puraan, it was built for the three Daitya - Maalee, Sumaalee and Maalyavaan by Maya Daanav on Trikoot Parvat. Later it was taken by Kuber - Vishravaa's son, when Maalee was killed and Sumaalee and Maalyavaan abandoned it. And Later it was won by Raavan defeating Kuber.
Lankaa was the city of Raavan built by Divine architect on the summit of Trikoot Parvat. Lankaa was 100 leagues long and 20 leagues wide. It had stately domes and tall turrets, encircled by a wall built of blocks of gold, and by moats whose waters were bright with lily blossoms. The stately mansions rose like pale-hued clouds in the autumn skies ; there were streets broad and bright, gates rich with the sheen of burnished gold and guarded by many a Raakshaa sentinel, and banners waved on every, height* 'The courts were inlaid with turkisesj and there were rows of crystal stairs and porticoes. The broad imperial street was bright and sweet with fresh blown flowers. The houses were decorated with varied ornaments, and about their crystal columns hung leaves and blossoms deftly strung together. The lords had their homes about the court, and the imperial palace, guarded by dames and the female retinue, .armed with sword and spear and mace, had picture-halls and green bowers and lovely chambers and latticed, windows bright with Turkis - and lazulite - Its polished floors were spread with fresh white and red buds and blossoms.
In the spacious balls were lances, and bows, and shells, in fair array. Everywhere the softest carpets were spread, which were delightful to the sight and tread. The Jadies bowers were supported by golden pillars, over which there were jeweled arches. The banquet-hall of the palace had rows of gold plates loaded with dainties of the earth, sea and air, and of cups wrought of gold, in wrought-wffh gems. The royal dormitory had a crystal dais on which were golden couches and over which was a canopy famous for its artistry. Near the palace were lovely lakes full of lilies and lotuses. The palace looked so glorious that it matched in show an earthly paradise. The City of Lanka was, on the whole, A glorious city fair to see "as Indra's Amaraavatee; a towering height of solid wall, Flashing afar, surrounds it all Its golden courts enchant the sight, And gates aglow with lazulite ; Steeds, elephants, and cars are there, And drums' loud music fills the air."
The golden ramparts wide and high with massive strength where inner walls their ricfa Of coral Turkis, pearl display Her arch moats are broad and deep Where ravening monsters dart and Jeap.
The City of Lankaa is surmised to be the present Kandy, which is the very center of Ceylon, beautiful with many fine temples and tombs and which was the metropolis of a dynasty of Kings for years. Some say that the city was lost in the ocean, the city of "Lankaa, girt by boundless ocean, is of royal towns the best, seated in her pride and glory on a mountain's towering crest". Ceylon, or the Isle of Palms, is a pear-shaped island, 271.5 miles long and 137.5 miles wide, about half the size of England.
The Sirigalar are the aborigines of the island. The Sinhalese, occupying the south, are said to have immigrated from Bengal about 600 BC and the Tamils, found in the north, i.e., Jaffna or Yal-panam, were immigrants 3000 years ago from the three East-coast districts of South India, viz. Tanjore, Maduraa and Raamnaad, Now, the capital of the island is Colombo, one of its large harbors, and the meeting place of many a nation of the world.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 06/14/13