Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Locations
Corrupt of Kashyapmeer, a northernmost region in India. Till the end of 18th
century the Muslims of Kashmeer remembered that they were originally Braahman
but were forcibly converted to Muslims. They asked the King of Kashmeer to help
them convert them back to Hindu. The King asked the high priest of Vaaraanasee,
but he refused to take them back. Kashmeer was a great center of Shaiv sect of
its own kind known as Kashmeer Shaivism.
Kaiyyat-like grammarian was also from here only Kalhan and Vilhan-like Sanskrit poets
also were from here only.
Bhagavatee Shaaradaa also incarnated here. The legend goes on that once Devtaa requested
Maharshi Durvaasaa to sing. He was in a flux, but he sang. It was very out of the tune,
so Shaaradaa could not stop laughing at it. Durvaasaa is a very angry Rishi, so he got
very angry at this and he cursed her. At this she requested him to free her from his
curse. Rishi told that he was very sorry and that nothing could be done then. There
was only one way that she could take birth in Aarya Lok in Kashyap Puree-like
beautiful place and thus she was born in Kashyap Puree - in modern Kashmeer. And for
the same reason Kashmeer was called the "Forehead of Bhaarat".
Ancient epics narrate that the valley of Kashmir was originally a great lake called - Satisar. Rishi Kashyap through rigorous penance, drained all the lake water and created number of rivulets which merged with rivers like Jhelum and Indus. He made this area worthy of habitation for people. Therefore Kashmir gets its name from Kashyap.
Through his Tapasyaa Kashyap invited Shiv to bless the place. So Shiv himself came to bless it. The place where Shiv came is known as Amarnath .It is believed that God Shiv dwells in a cave here even today in the form of ice lingam. Amarnath is 145 km north of Srinagar. Millions of Hindu pilgrims come here every year.
Rulers of Kashmeer
Later Kashmeer was ruled by the Maurya (322 -185 BCE) and Kushaan (100 AD) Empires. Kashmeer remained under Hindu rule for centuries. Islam arrived around 1200 AD through traders and missionaries.
In 1327 AD, Rinchen Shah the Hindu ruler of Kashmeer was persuaded to convert to Islam by Abdur Rehman Bulbul who came from central Asia. The last Hindu king, Udiana Deva was replaced in 1346 by the first Muslim Sultaan - Shams-ud-Din Iltutmush who was from a noble family of the Ilbari Turks of East Turkistaan…….
Change of rule took place when Mugal Emperor Akbar conquered Kashmeer in 1586.
Durraanee Empire (1747-1823) with its capital at Kandahar, defeated the decaying Mugal Empire's rule in Kashmeer and Ahmed Shah Durraanee ruled Kashmeer from 1757 till 1819. The Sikh Confederacy of Punjab under Ranjit Singh won Kashmeer in 1819 from Durraanee .Ranjit Singh ruled over Kashmeer and the greater part of what is now in Pakistaan. Its capital was Amritsar and Lahore.
In 1846, the British defeated the Sikhs. Lord Harding sold Kashmeer for Rs 7.5
million to Ghulab Singh .
Sheik Abdullah then formed the party - Muslim Conference, which was later renamed as National Conference in 1932. Sheik Abdullah kept opposing Hari Singh and in 1946 launched "Quit Kashmeer" movement against Hari Singh.
In the end of 1947 Nehru started discussing with Sheik Abdullah the terms of integration with India. This was a significant departure from the practice being followed, as for merging Princely States with India was being handled by Sardar Patel. Over a disagreement with Nehru, Sardar Patel resigned. However Gandhijee brokered a compromise and Sardar stayed on.
It was Nehru and Sheik Abdullah who produced Article 370 - a temporary provision -
the most debated article during the past 60 years!
“India is Kashmeer to Kanyaa Kumaaree ” is not correctly worded as Kashmeer is not
the Northern most tip of India; Laddaakh is.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 02/12/14