Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Locations
Description of many courts are given in MBH, G-3-Youth/19
Brahmaa - Brahmaa Jee lives in Brahm Lok.
Chandramaa - Chandramaa lives in Vibhaavaree Nagaree. Located to the North of Meru Parvat.
Indra - Indra's Nagare is Swarg and his garden's name is Nandan Van. MBH, G-3-Youth/19 says that his court's name is Pushkarmaalinee.
Kuber - Kuber's city is Alakaa Puree, situated in North, and MBH, G-4-Van/13 says his garden's name is Chitrarath. His name is Vaishravan
Naag - Naag live in Bhogvate Nagaree which is in Paataal Lok.
Shiv - Shiv lives on Kailaash Parvat.
Varun Dev - Varun's city is Nimlochanee Puree located to the west of Meru Parvat. Some say that his city's name is Vibhaavare Puree. Bhaagvat Puraan, 8/2 says that there was a mountain in Ksheer Saagar named Trikoot. It was 10,000 Yojan long, wide and high. It had three peaks, one of gold, another of silver and the third one of iron. Its other peaks were also illuminated with their different kinds of gems. In its foothills there was a garden which belonged to Varun. Its name was Ritumaan. His Minister's name is Sunabh.
Vishnu - Vishnu lives in Vaikunth Lok.
Yam Puree -
- Yam Raaj lives in Sanyamanee Puree and it is
located at the south of the Meru Parvat. His court's name is also Pushkamaalinee. In Varaah
Puraan, Nachiketaa describes Yam Raaj's Yam Puree like this --
Yam Puree has two entrances – one through which only virtuous souls like sages and hermits are allowed to enter and the second through which sinners enter Yam Puree. The former entrance is such that even heat loses its quality in its vicinity. The latter entrance is situated in the south and has a large iron gate. I also saw three large ditches called Audoombar, Avirchiman and Uchchavach which are meant for the sinners. Sinners are also forced to pass through the flames that continuously keep on erupting to the west of Yam Puree.
"I saw a grand assembly hall where truthful and virtuous people live. It is graced by the presence of sages like Manu, Vyaas, Atri, Gautam, Angiraa, Bhrigu and others. There, I saw a goddess who is worshipped by Yam Raaj. The goddess controls all the functions of the world. I also saw the ferocious Kaal. He possesses extreme anger and is very powerful. Time does not have any influence on him as the result of which he enjoys eternal youth. I also saw various types of demons and giants in the hell.”
"I saw many messengers of Yam Raaj punishing the sinners. Some were beating the sinners with sticks in their hands while some sinners were being forced to enter fire. I saw the entire sinner wailing and repenting for their sinful deeds. Many sinners were kept at a very dark place where there was no light. Those who had committed graver sins were put in boiling oil. I saw many sinners being given all sorts of severe punishment. I saw a place where iron nails were spread all around. This was the place where people who breached the modesty of women were given punishment.”
“Sinners like liars, greedy people, jealous people, calumniators, treacheries etc, go to hell. Similarly, one who kills a child or a woman, or kills a Braahman, or one who criticizes the Ved, or lends money on interest, or one who abandons his parents, or faithful wife, or one who criticizes his Guru, or one who sells liquor, or a Braahman who sells Ved, goes to hell and tastes the fruits of his sinful actions.”
"I saw ten different hells – Tapt, Mahaa-tapt, Raurav, etc; each of the latter is more ferocious than the former. The sinners are sent to all these hells on the basis of the gravity of their sins. Yam Raaj himself instructs Chitragupt on the punishment to be given to these sinners."
Description of various celestial courts is given in MBH, G-3-Youth-19.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 02/10/13