Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Literature
Shankaraachaarya-4 (Events of His Life)
(1) Maneesh Panchakam, (2) Aatm Shatakam or Nirvaan Shatakam, (3) Kanakdhaaraa Stotra, (4) Kaupeen Panchakam,
(5) Saundarya Laharee, (6) Bhaj Govindam, (7) Dakshin Moorti Stotra,
Shankar's Kaupeen Panchakam
Now as he went for his own Bhikshaa, he asked for a little milk for the cat too. Everyday he troubled them for milk. After a while the villagers advised him - "O Govinda, This is all troublesome to give you milk everyday. We will give you a cow. You need not come here daily for milk." Govinda understood the logic, took the cow from them and came to his Kutiyaa. Now when he went for his own Bhiksha to the villagers, he asked for some grass for the cow. For a few days it continued, but then the villagers said - "O Govinda, to supply you every day grass is very, very troublesome. Do one thing. You can have a small plot of land. You can till, put on paddy, vegetables and have plenty of grass also. Thus you will not only get the grass for your cow but your food also for yourself." Now Govinda had a plot of land.
Since he did not have any means to grow anything in it, he again asked the help of villagers for some laborers to plough the field and to manure the land. He got some labors, then he put up a big compound, erect a storehouse, central bungalow, sheds for cows, outhouses for servants, two wells, etc etc. He did everything. Now he was drinking plenty of good milk and taking Basmati rice. Gradually he had nice complexion and a stout body. He entirely forgot all the instructions of his Guru about Tyaag, Vairaagya, Jap, meditation, Mitaahaar, etc. He had a nice comfortable life.
After some time Shankaraachaarya Jee returned from Vaaraanasee. He was unable to trace Govinda's Kutiyaa, because Govinda is now living in a bungalow with a compound wall all its around. One of the villagers pointed out the bungalow as his residence. Shankaraachaarya went inside and could not recognize Govinda. Govinda was not the same lean Brahmchaaree who lived on alms. Shankaraachaarya found much ghee in Govinda's pot belly, which could only be removed by rigorous practice of Chaandraayan Krichchhra Vrat etc. Govinda prostrated before Guruji and said: "Guruji Mahaaraaj, It is all for the sake of one Kaupeen only." He narrated in detail the whole story. Shankaraachaarya pitied him as he was only a boy, and impressed in his mind that he ought to be very careful in future in the destruction of all Sankalp and desires which are the root causes of all misery, pain, delusion, birth and death.
Note carefully how a single desire for one Kaupeen multiplied into several desires for cat, milk, cow, grass, paddy, bungalow, servants, etc. This is known as Maayaa. Maayaa creates havoc through loopholes and weaknesses of men. One desire multiplies into" millions of desires. "It is insatiable like flame." These are the words from the Geetaa. A single craving multiplies into thousands of cravings. Crush them. Nip them in the bud. You will rest in Yogaaroodh state "Sarv Sankalp Sanyaasee Yogaaroodh astadochyate". He is said to be enthroned in Yog when he has renounced all thoughts." You should not allow any desire to crop up even though it may appear to be a sheer necessity and very simple in the beginning.
Shankaraachaarya's Kaupeen Panchakam
Vedaant Vaakyeshu Sadaa ramanto, Bhikshannaamaatrena trishtimanta,
Who is reveling in the thoughts of Vedaantik declarations, Whom does a meager
portion of begged-food satisfy,
Moolam tharo kevalam aashrayanta, Paanidwayam bhoktam mantrayanta,
Who rests (sleeps) at the roots of a tree, Taking only two hands-full of food
Swanand bhava paritushti manta, Sushasnta sarvendriya vrstee manta,
Always contented in the joy of ones own self, Who is peaceful by curbing desires his senses
Dehaadi bhavam parivartayantaa, Swaatmana aatmanyavalokayantaa,
Always witnessing the changes of his own body, Who is seeing himself as the Self, the changeless,
Brahmaaksharam pavanamucharanto, Brahmahamasmeeti vibhaavayantaa,
Always singing the sacred glory of Brahm, the eternal, Always contemplating that ‘I am Brahm’,
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 03/04/14