Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Literature
|Dakshinaa Moorti Stotra|
(1) Maneesh Panchakam, (2) Aatm Shatakam or Nirvaan Shatakam, (3) Kanakdhaaraa Stotra, (4) Kaupeen Panchakam,
(5) Saundarya Laharee, (6) Bhaj Govindam, (7) Dakshin Moorti Stotra
Dakshin Moorti Stotra
Known for its philosophical import, subtlety of expression and confident
assertion, the Dakshin Moorti Stotra is one of the highly inspired
1 - The first stanza indicates the pluralistic world of perceptions and
shows that they are the play of one infinite reality realizing which is
Though the meanings appear simple, there is an unknown depth in them. It is necessary for the students to have studied at he Upanishads, the Geetaa etc. These ten stanzas are a summary of the declarations of the Brahma Sootra, the Geetaa and the Upanishad. They elucidate the subtle imports of the Upanishad. It is necessary for the serious students to go deep into the ocean of knowledge in this Stotra to get the pearls of wisdom.
Dakshina Moorti Stotra of Aadi Shankar :-
shree shankaraachaarya krit - stavokt mahimaabdaye
brahmavartasth bhaandeer vatamool nivaasine
bhasmodhoolit sarvaang sundaraaya mahaatmane
sarv lok samaaraadhya charanaambhoruhaaya cha
phanibhooshaaya chandraardhaa dhaarine krittivaasine
veenaa kshamaalaa chinmudra pustakaadyakaraaya cha
yogapattaabhiraamaaya vyaaghracharmaasanaaya cha
prasaanashaant gambheera mukhaayaanand rochishe
aatmaanand mahaasindhu nimagnodaar chetase
jigyaasu vriddhasishyaali - samaavritaa yuvaatmane
maun vyakhyaa suprakaashit aatmaa tattwaanubhootaye
medhaatmane kripaapoorn shishya hridgranthi bhedine
gurumoorti stavam idam yah pathet susamaahitam
Dhanyaashtakam of Aadi Shankar:-
Dhanyaashtakam of Aadi Shankar explains in eight verses who the real blessed persons are in the world. These deal with the goal of blessedness, the means to achieve it, possible obstacles and the method to overcome these impediments. The meaning and explanations of this poem are so vast that books have been written on it alone. It is as potent as the Dakshinaa Moorti Stotra.
tajjnaanam prashamakaram. ......paribhrama ntaha. |1|
Meaning:- Knowledge is that which quietens the senses. That is worthy of knowing which is the ascertained theme of the Upanishad. They alone are blessed persons who decisively strive to realise the supreme truth whereas all others are wandering in the world of delusion.
Aadou vijitya..... .vichiranti dhanyaah. |2|
Meaning:- Blessed are they who in the beginning having subdued the sense objects and a host of other enemies such as arrogance, delusion, likes and dislikes conquer the kingdom of yoga and realising the truth, live in the abode of the forest enjoying the happy company of the beloved wife (spiritual knowledge).
tyaktvaa grhe,,,,,viraktasan gaaha. |3|
meaning:- Blessed are they who having renounced the pleasures of the home, with a desire for the Self, always drink the nectar of the truth of the Upanishad. Free from all longings and dispassionate towards the host of sense pleasures, they roam about in solitary places without attachment to company.
tyaktvaa mamaahamiti. .......dhanyaaha . |4|
meaning:- Blessed are they who renouncing these twobinding notions of "my" and "I" have become men of equal vision and are unaffected by honor and dishonor, understanding the lord alone to be the doer, they perform Karm dedicating these and their fruits to Him.
tyaktvaishanaartra. ......... ..hrdyavalOkayan ti. |5|
meaning:- Blessed are those Braahman who giving up the three kinds of desire, walk the path of liberation and sustain their bodies with the nectar of alms. Living in solitude they meditate in their hearts on the light of consciousness which is beyond the beyond, the supreme self.
naasanna sanna....bhavapaash abaddhaaha. |6|
meaning:- Those blessed ones alone shine in glory who meditate with single
pointed mind on that Brahm which is neither real nor unreal, nor the
combination of these two. Neither small nor big, neither man nor woman nor
eunuch. But it is the one seed of the universe. All others are bound
ajnaanapanka. .....vinishchaya nti. |7|
meaning:- This bondage of the ephemeral, ever changing world is sunk in the slushy mud of ignorance and has no real essence in it. It is an abode of sorrow associated with birth, old age and death. They are blessed who seeing this bondage closely, cut it with the sword of knowledge and determine the nature of that reality which is beyond this world.
shaantyrananyamati. ......... .vimrshanti dhanyaaha. |8|
meaning:- Blessed are they who living in the forests always discuss that reality with the sages who have realised the self and are serene with no thought of otherness in their minds; whose disposition is pleasant and who have ascertained the oneness of the self with Brahm.
Maatri Panchakam :-
Mother has been extolled as a god form in several places in the Puraan and also God has been approached as a son approaches his mother by many great savants. She is Dhatree (One who bears the child), Jananee (one who gives birth to the child), Ambaa (One who nourishes the limbs of the child) and Veerasu (One who makes him a hero), Shushroo (One who takes care of him).
But Shankar in these poems is not dealing either of God in the form of mother nor mother in the form of God. He laments to the lady who was his mother and points out how his conscience is pricking him for being not able to do the duty of a son.
aasthaam tavaddeyam prasoothi samaye durvara soola vyadha, nairuchyam tanu
Oh mother mine,
gurukulamupashruti a swapnakaale thu drishtwa,yathi samuchit vesham
Clad in a dress of a Sanyaasee,
ambethi thathethi shiveti tasmin, prasootikale yadavocha
Oh mother mine,
na dattam mathasthe maran samaye thoyamapi vaa, swadhaa vaa no dheyaa
Neither did I give you water at thine time of death,
muktaa manisthwam, nayanam mameti, rajeti jeeveti chiram sthutha
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 03/04/14